Francesco Asdrubali

Francesco Asdrubali
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre | UNIROMA3 · Department of Industrial Electronic and Mechanical Engineering

Civil Engineering

About

322
Publications
188,243
Reads
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6,689
Citations
Introduction
Editor in Chief of Building Acoustics https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/building-acoustics/journal202470 Editor of Noise Mapping http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/noise?rskey=5woYLL&onlyResultQuery=noise%20mapping Member of the Management Committee of the Cost Action DENORMS https://denorms.eu/ Coordinator of various EU projects: - NADIA, EU LIFE+ - MACCSol, EU 7FP - MUSAE, EU LIFE+ Director of CIRIAF, a National Research Centre in the field of Environment, 2004-2013
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - present
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2015 - January 2016
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2002 - June 2015
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
November 1991 - November 1994
November 1985 - November 1990

Publications

Publications (322)
Article
Full-text available
There is a considerable number of research publications on the characterization of porous media that is carried out in accordance with ISO 10534-2 (International Standards Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2001) and/or ISO 9053 (International Standards Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1991). According to the Web of ScienceTM (last accessed 22 Se...
Article
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The present paper reports a socio-acoustic survey carried out in three large urban parks in Rome, selected on the basis of the outcome of a preliminary on-line survey. According to the experimental protocol applied in a previous study carried out in Milan and Naples, binaural recordings in 85 sites and interviews to 266 users of the three parks wer...
Article
Despite its low enthalpy content, sewage water from civil buildings could represent an interesting source for energy saving, especially when heating and cooling is supplied by heat pumps. A complete prototype plant was realized to assess the characteristics and performance of heat recovery from civil wastewater, used as ancillary thermal supply to...
Article
Application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in buildings is usually performed at the envelope scale, mainly for comparison of several sample-solutions, and provides in-depth analyses of the related energy and environmental performances. In this way, it is possible to identify those solutions that perform best in energy and environmental terms, and t...
Article
Energy efficiency and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are actual key issues in all the economic sectors and, in particular, in buildings which is acknowledged worldwide as one of the most energy-consuming. In this context, it would be desirable to duly address those issues by searching for and assessing proper solutions and strategies: th...
Article
Geothermal is a very promising renewable energy, which differently from variable renewable energies is independent of external/climate conditions and can cover both power and heat demands. Nonetheless, albeit these advantageous characteristics, traditional geothermal power plants may have not negligible environmental impacts: these range from emiss...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, experimental tests related to building components through laboratory facilities have relatively matured. The techniques are based on one-dimensional heat transfer by creating a permanent temperature difference over a specimen to control heat fluxes. The three main methods are the Guarded Hot Box (GHB) method, the Calibrated Hot Box...
Article
Acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) have become so far a resourceful solution for standard materials’ physical limitations, and their tuneable acoustic properties have shown potential for noise reduction and absorption over standard materials. At the same time, the building’s features’ ergonomics value has been discovered to play a key role in indoor wel...
Article
In this work, a Guarded Hot Box (GHB) was employed to evaluate the effects of environmental boundary conditions on the internal surface thermal resistance of a wall. For this purpose, the study was carried out through an experimental setup to measure temperature - surface and ambient - in the two chambers of the GHB and air velocity near the specim...
Article
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La presente ricerca è finalizzata a definire un modello per valutare le emissioni di gas climalteranti di un'intera flotta veicolare, in ottica di ciclo di vita, in funzione dei risultati di specifiche simulazioni di traffico. Sulla base del calcolo dell'impatto di ciclo di vita delle diverse categorie di veicoli circolanti e sulla base del flusso...
Article
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Ma cosa è esattamente un'isola di calore urbana (Urban Heat Island, UHI) [1]? Si tratta della formazione di microclimi all'interno delle aree urbane in grado di generare l'aumento delle temperature rispetto alle zone rurali limitrofe. Questo incremento avviene con maggiore intensità in settori urbani più densamente edificati. L'isola di calore urba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the last years several studies have demonstrated how the same environment can lead to different perceptual outcomes if the surrounding sounds change. Soundscape studies promote a user-centred approach for the characterization and management of acoustic environments in cities. There are several available protocols to gather perceptual data abou...
Article
Green building concept plays a fundamental role in reducing the use of resources and the impacts on human health and environment, during the whole building life cycle. Therefore, a method to measure the building sustainability rate is crucial for comparing various alternatives in terms of use of different materials, energy resources, production pro...
Article
The Heat flow Meter (HFM) method is a non-destructive technique used to evaluate the thermal transmittance (U-value) without damaging walls when the stratigraphy is unknown. However, not all walls have an optimal orientation to perform HFM measurement. Walls facing north are certainly desirable to exclude solar radiation effects. Nevertheless, ther...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a procedure for the detection of the sources of industrial noise and the evaluation of their distances is introduced. The above method is based on the analysis of acoustic and optical data recorded by an acoustic camera. In order to improve the resolution of the data, interpolation and quasi interpolation algorithms for digital data...
Article
It is known that energy efficiency passes through the renovation of the built heritage. However, the technical data may be unknown, thus applying not always suitable assumptions. Documents may have been lost and uncertainties may occur. In this context, the description of multilayer walls through equivalent models could solve the information lack i...
Article
Climate change (CC) is predominantly connected to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the construction sector. It is clear how it is necessary to rethink construction materials in order to reduce GHG emissions. Among the various strategies proposed, recent research has investigated the potential of smart materials. This study in particular aims to...
Article
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The construction sector is one of the most energy-intensive in the industrialized countries. In order to limit climate change emissions throughout the entire life cycle of a building, in addition to reducing energy consumption in the operational phase, attention should also be paid to the embodied energy and CO 2 emissions of the building itself. T...
Conference Paper
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Il progetto nasce dalla collaborazione tra University College London (UCL) e Università degli Studi Roma Tre. Il progetto è finanziato tramite i Cities Partnerships Programme Funds, promossi dall'UCL Global Engagement Office. L'obiettivo è approntare una proposta metodologica per il paesaggio sonoro e luminoso, con applicazione in un caso studio pr...
Article
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An extensive and updated review of 223 values about the embodied energy and carbon of building insulation materials, mainly retrieved from 156 Environmental Product Declarations, is proposed with attention to innovative and emerging insulation materials. Comparative analyses were carried out thanks to the adoption of the same functional unit (1m² w...
Article
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Among the super insulating materials, aerogel has interesting properties: very low thermal conductivity and density, resistance to high temperatures and transparency. It is a rather expensive material, but incentives in the field can improve its economic attractiveness. Starting from this, the thermal behavior of a test building entirely insulated...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, convective heat transfer phenomena were investigated by means of a Guarded Hot Box (GHB) apparatus. An experimental setup characterized by air and surface temperature probes, and a hot-wire anemometer was used. Five small fans were installed in the metering chamber to generate a forced air flow characterized by different velocity val...
Article
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The majority of Italian schools (70%) were built in the absence of any legislation related to energy efficiency, and therefore have very low energy performance due to aging or poor quality of construction. An energy retrofit of this building stock is needed to meet the current European goals on greenhouse gas emission reduction. The retrofit is als...
Article
This paper introduces a review on sustainability-related concepts at a neighbourhood scale. 3909 abstracts of papers on "neighbourhood sustainability" published between the late eighties and February 2020 were down-loaded from Scopus in order to perform a text mining analysis. The concept of neighbourhood sustainability is studied and discussed at...
Article
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Green Houses Gases (GHG) are negatively influencing the climate, increasing the Global Warming (GW) of the planet. Improving the energy performance of buildings is one of the main strategies that have to be adopted as soon as possible. In this contest, “Super Insulation Materials” (SIM) have been recently developed. The paper fits into this framewo...
Article
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Life Cycle Analysis applications in the construction sector are growing due to the increased importance of embodied components in low energy buildings. In this study, standard building reference scenarios were compared with highly efficient building typologies, classified as low-energy or nearly Zero Energy Buildings. Energy consumptions were simul...
Article
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Green roofs have a thermal insulating effect known since ancient times. In the building sector, green roofs represent a sustainable passive solution to obtain energy savings, both during winter and summer. Moreover, they are a natural barrier against noise pollution, reducing sound reflections, and they contribute to clean air and biodiversity in u...
Article
Full-text available
The urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon is strictly related to climate changes and urban development. During summer, in urban areas, the lack of green zones and water sources causes local overheating, with discomfort and negative effects on buildings’ energy performance. Starting from this, an experimental and numerical investigating of the climatic...
Article
Construction is considered as one of the most relevant sectors in terms of environmental impacts, due to the significant use of raw materials, fossil energy consumption and the consequent Greenhouse Gases emissions. The use of unconventional and environmentally-friendly materials and technologies is worldwide recognised as a key factor to enable th...
Article
The European Union has committed itself to reduce significantly greenhouse gas emissions. To achieve this goal, the European Green Deal is focused on energy efficiency and the decarbonization of the building stock. The implementation of energy saving measures in old buildings is one of the most effective strategies, but this needs the comprehension...
Article
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The research presented in this paper is focused on the definition of a new methodology for evaluating how illuminated crosswalks influence drivers’ behavior when approaching the zebra in nighttime conditions. The proposed methodology is based on in situ speed measurements, and cars’ speed was detected in an urban road segment of the city of Rome wi...
Article
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Building performance is strongly influenced by the performance of their structural parts, consequently affecting annual energy demands. The thermal characterization of building components can be achieved thanks to the knowledge of their internal layers and the thermal properties of each material. Considering existing buildings, technical data may b...
Article
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In the building sector, both passive and active systems are essential for achieving a high-energy performance. Considering passive solutions, green roofs represent a sustainable answer, allowing buildings to reach energy savings, and also reducing the collateral effect of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon. In this study, a roof-lawn system was...
Article
This work aims at investigating the existence of an optimal solution from the life cycle energy point of view of an autonomous building. The life cycle energy demand of a building can be divided into three parts: the operational energy, the embodied energy and the end-of-life one. The introduction of renewable energy resources generally causes a sh...
Article
Abstract Nowadays, Zero Energy Buildings (ZEBs) and Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEBs) can be achieve on one hand through the new construction, on the other hand, by implementing significant retrofit interventions on the existing buildings, both by means of active and passive strategies. In particular, among the existing passive strategies, gree...
Article
Understanding the thermal performance of building envelopes and of their components is a critical issue under energy saving and sustainability points of view. High performance buildings are commonly characterized by passive solutions able to avoid overheating during summertime or to take advantage of solar radiation during wintertime. This study pr...
Article
Walls thermal characterization is fundamental for the evaluation of the energy performance of buildings and for the energy certification practice and simulations. The evaluation of the thermal characteristics of building walls can be achieved through mathematical calculations (when the stratigraphy is known, and technical data are available) or non...
Article
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Most of the developed countries are struggling to reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere to meet the international agreements. One of the strategies to reduce climate change impacts is the decarbonisation of the electricity production: generation mixes are more and more based on renewable energy sources that are replacing the traditional fossi...
Article
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Zero Energy Buildings (ZEBs) and nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEBs) can be designed from scratch or they can be obtained after deep refurbishments of existing constructions. Both passive and active strategies are fundamental to achieve the ZEB or nZEB target. According to this, among passive systems, green roofs can be a viable solution because t...
Article
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Building energy performance has a key role in the international energy scenario. Labelling procedures have been developed in several countries for certifying the environmental sustainability of buildings, aiming at reducing energy consumptions and environmental impacts. In this study, the impacts of the insulating materials on the energy and enviro...
Article
The need to put in place alternative energy policies stems from the awareness that fossil fuels are exhaustible and harmful to the environment. For this reason, during the last decades the scientific world has focused on systems able to use and convert renewable energy sources, particularly solar radiation. Nowadays, solar thermal collectors use so...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a model to evaluate the life cycle greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, expressed in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq), of a generic fleet composition as a function of the traffic simulation results. First we evaluated the complete life cycle of each category of the vehicles currently circulating; next, by defining a gener...
Article
This paper presents the results of a Carbon Footprint (CF) study of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) and their environmental impact on the transportation network. By assuming that fully AVs are battery electric vehicles (BEVs) with connectivity, light detection and ranging sensors, this study measures the environmental impact at the urban mobility level....
Article
Full-text available
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recently released technical specifications about minimum reporting requirements in soundscape studies and methods for data collection (ISO/TS 12913-2:2018). The document provides an informative annex with three alternative methods: two are based on soundwalks and questionnaires, whilst the th...
Chapter
Eco-materials employed to reduce noise are used either independently or as components of complex composite materials, which are a growing area of research. These eco-materials have the potential to be used as high-performance sound-absorbing noise isolators in a number of applications in areas such as transportation, architectural, industrial, and...
Article
The characterization of thermal insulation properties of construction materials represents a fundamental step on the building insulation assessment. In recent years innovative materials have been introduced in the market to fulfill the continuously growing requirements of energy saving and sustainability, and their performance is not so reliable an...
Article
Since the early 20th century, many studies have been conducted on sky temperature models and sky emissivity. These models are related to local weather conditions and specific sites. Therefore, the existing variations among the models have been an important factor for the development of new models for different locations. The existing models do not...
Chapter
This paper is part of wider research on a stock of 80 schools and their energetic retrofit projects financed by the EU in the Lazio region in 2016 to reduce CO2 emissions. Because in these procedures the suggested retrofit strategies are often selected on the basis of common best practices (considering average energy savings), but are not supported...
Article
As of 2021 all new buildings within the European Union will be nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB). Different plans are being promoted by member states to reach this goal, to increase the number of NZEBs and to facilitate the retrofit of existing constructions. Within this frame, several analyses of cost benefits have been developed to evaluate...
Book
Handbook of Energy Efficiency in Buildings: A Life Cycle Approach offers a comprehensive and in-depth coverage of the subject with a further focus on the Life Cycle. The editors, renowned academics, invited a diverse group of researchers to develop original chapters for the book and managed to well integrate all contributions in a consistent volume...
Article
Over the last years, various sustainability evaluation tools for universities have been developed and have gained a certain diffusion. This paper reviews the applications of the most widespread university ranking index, Green Metric (GM) index, focusing on the analysis of its characteristics and its capability to assess how the campus urban morphol...
Article
Nowadays, understanding the actual performance of building components is one of the key factor to achieve energy savings. For this reason, on-site measurements are essential but the boundary conditions during surveys can affect the final results. This can occur during heat flow meter measurements, when the thermal transmittance value of a wall can...
Article
Full-text available
According to the European Commission, “a Smart City is a city seeking to address public issues via ICT-based solutions on the basis of a multi-stakeholder, municipally based partnership”. The smart city concept “encompasses a more interactive and responsive city administration and safer public spaces”. The new paradigm of smart city, which is close...