Francesca Ugolini

Francesca Ugolini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of BioEconomy -IBE

Forestry and Environmental Sci

About

69
Publications
22,031
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838
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Additional affiliations
July 2008 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Plant responses under drought stress and growing on remediated substrates and technosoils. Science education - research knowledge transfer through Inquiry methodologies and environmental education with LBG technologies.
April 2004 - October 2004
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Field measurements on carbon fluxes: soil respiration on grazed grasslands, vegetation and soil sampling

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
The potential benefits of public urban green spaces (UGS) are widely recognized and well documented, but the actual realization of these benefits depends on appropriate design and ongoing maintenance. To properly consider the needs and preferences of users, the professionals who plan and manage UGS should ideally be guided by the same perceptions t...
Article
Sustainable soil management aims at safeguarding the natural resource, and accordingly, there is a need to implement soil quality indicators that respond rapidly to management changes, especially in vulnerable environments such as the Alpine region. Soil organic carbon is usually considered the most important indicator to assess soil quality, but t...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past 30 years, farming in the Alpine region has undergone important changes: the average number of animals per farm and the use of external inputs have increased while the diversity of farming practices has decreased, becoming similar to intensive farming. This change has led to a reduction in the supply of agroecosystem services and the s...
Article
COVID-19 has had economic, social and environmental impacts worldwide. Governments have adopted containment measures to limit the spread of the virus. Urban green spaces (UGSs) were included among the non-essential activities and were consequently closed during the lockdown periods in some countries. This study analysed tweets posted by users to un...
Chapter
Protecting the natural environment for future generations is a central concern of modern humanity. European policy acknowledges how important it is for younger citizens to have sufficient knowledge about global issues, and the competences required to act on this knowledge, in order for society to achieve sustainable solutions to its development cha...
Article
Full-text available
Perennial crops are emerging as an effective strategy for adapting to climate change, but also for mitigating net greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. This study aims to investigate the agronomic and physiological performance of selected perennial wheat genotypes derived from crosses between Triticum aestivum L. and Thinopyrum spp to evaluate...
Article
The multiple functions of urban soils secure the supply of ecosystem services to the urban population, but they are seldom taken into account in current urban planning. The purpose of this study is to highlight the multifunctionality of the soils of urban green spaces and to assess the influence of different types of urban green (i.e. parks and gar...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the results of an exploratory study carried out in Birjand, Iran, during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the study was to explore the behavioral change in the use and the motivation to visit a green space (public or private) during the pandemic as compared to the pre-pandemic period, the effect of green spaces...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RIASSUNTO Nell'ambito della 25ma edizione del Professional Master on Geomatics and Natural Resources Evaluation è stato svolto un caso di studio nella contea di Shouyang (provincia dello Shanxi, 400 Km a Sud Ovest di Pechino) finalizzato alla creazione di una carta delle unità di terra (Land Unit Map) e delle potenzialità di sviluppo basandosi su u...
Article
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This paper describes the antigerminant capacity of water extracts of silver fir needles created by means of hydrodynamic cavitation processes. Fir needles (2 kg fresh weight) collected in the winter were blended and crushed in ice, poured in water only (120 L) and processed in a controlled hydrodynamic cavitation device based on a fixed Venturi-sha...
Article
This study investigated perceptions and behavioral patterns related to urban green space (UGS) in Italian cities, during the period of national lockdown imposed due to the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in the spring of 2020. A survey was used to examine the responses of population groups in different municipal areas, comparing those in government-defined...
Article
Climate change models predict an increase in rainfall variability, leading to floods and drought events, hence intensifying the need for reservoirs. However, up to 50% of reservoirs' capacity is lost by evaporation, affecting their function of ensuring water availability and stability. Over decades biological, chemical and physical barriers “covers...
Article
Full-text available
The looming climate crisis and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the importance of green infrastructure in and around cities, prompting an urgent call for more functional and sustainable urban planning and design. A number of recent studies have shown that green infrastructure offers a wide range of ecosystem functions and services ess...
Article
Full-text available
Most urban greening interventions involve soil de-sealing and management to enhance fertility. Management typically requires translocating fertile topsoil to the site, which comes at great environmental costs. We hypothesized that de-sealed urban soils would undergo an increase of their fertility without exogenous topsoil application. We assessed e...
Article
Achieving urban regeneration through the creation of new green areas is a widely promoted strategy to improve the quality of life in densely built neighborhoods. "De-sealing" actions can compensate for the creation of new built-up areas, as demonstrated by the EU-funded Life + project ‘Save our Soils for LIFE’ (SOS4LIFE, LIFE15ENV/IT/000225), in wh...
Article
Full-text available
The expansion of biofuels produced from cooking oils and vegetal oils is expected to increase, together with the production of exhausted clay used in the refinery process. Clay produced in the process is considered waste as it is not intended for further applications. This study has assessed a sample of clay produced by a vegetal oil refinery plant...
Article
Urban green space (UGS) is an essential element in the urban environment, providing multiple ecosystem services as well as beneficial effects on physical and mental health. In a time of societal crisis these effects may be amplified, but ensuring that they are maintained requires effective planning and management – which is a complex challenge give...
Article
Full-text available
Kúpele Vyžne Ružbachy spa and San Giovanni spa are very well known spas located in Slovakia and in Italy. Both spas are surrounded by environmental and historical richness, including geological features that hold considerable potential for geotourism. In order to gauge the promotional value of these geological features, this study investigates: (a)...
Article
Full-text available
Direct and indirect effects of extremely high geogenic CO 2 levels, commonly occurring in volcanic and hydrothermal environments, on biogeochemical processes in soil are poorly understood. This study investigated a sinkhole in Italy where long-term emissions of thermometamorphic-derived CO 2 are associated with accumulation of carbon in the topsoil...
Article
Sustainable agricultural practices that enhance soil fertility and increase its capacity for carbon sequestration are increasingly needed. This study evaluates two types of sheep wool residues (SWRs)—carbonized (black wool, BW) and non-carbonized (white wool, WW) to enhance soil fertility and act as a N-source. The two SWRs were tested on two plant...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Climate change and global food demand in coming decades urge effective actions for more efficient uses of water and soil resources. This paper reports the preliminary findings of a study assessing the potential of sheep scoured wool residues (SWRs) as soil amendments to enhance the physical and hydraulic properties of a sandy loam soil unde...
Presentation
Full-text available
Among the goals of the EU funded LIFE project SOS4LIFE is the development of methods for the assessment and mapping of soil ecosystem services in urban and periurban areas and the impact of soil sealing on the provision of ecosystem services
Article
Full-text available
Urban parks can provide a range of valuable benefits, including essential ecosystem services. Their successful management is often in the hands of government agencies, who rely on interaction with other stakeholders for specialized knowledge. In order to examine the attitudes of different actors toward professional collaboration and to identify way...
Article
The sediments dredged from a waterway and decontaminated through a phytoremediation process have been used as substrates alternatively to the traditional forest nursery substrate for pot productions of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) planting stocks. The substrates, made by mixing decontaminated sediments to agricultural soil at different degrees, were...
Article
When canals and harbours are dredged, huge amount of polluted sediments has to be stocked and transported to the landfill with incredibly high costs of management. Among the remediation techniques for the reclamation of polluted sediments and soils, phytoremediation represents a sustainable and effective technique though still not fully promoted or...
Article
Full-text available
Sediments are fundamental resources for productive activities like plant nursing, which are also likely to be responsible of their loss. In contrast, other activities like the dredging of canals and waterways involve the extraction and continuous accumulation of sediments. Most dredged sediments are polluted, and need to be stocked and transported...
Article
Nowadays kids are incredibly familiar and skilled to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) like computers and mobile devices. These tools are mostly used for connecting individuals to social networks, downloading music and videos, playing but also searching information and developing school tasks. Among the technological tools availa...
Chapter
River sediments are an integral and dynamic part of river basins but where human activities interfere with sediment quantity or quality, their management becomes necessary. Dredging and especially stocking polluted sediments is highly expensive, therefore it would be valuable to find ways to make them a reusable product instead of throwing to landf...
Article
Full-text available
The area of the Siena clay lands is famous for its aesthetic value, acknowledged at a national and international level. Though landscapes may have a strong visual attractiveness, other factors are also relevant in determining the extent to which they are appreciated. In this study, we hypothesized that a deeper knowledge of landscape is ever more r...
Article
The establishment and management of green infrastructure in cities require the involvement of a complex network of stakeholder groups, who may differ sharply from one another in their expectations and approaches. Bridging the communication gaps between them is essential for creating and maintaining urban green spaces and expressing their full poten...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environmental education is acquiring more importance due to an increasing awareness for environmental protection and the importance to provide the public with the necessary skills to make informed decisions and take responsible action. Youth love nature though they are not so much used to experience nature or volunteering actions for its protection...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In Report Training school Implementation of green infrastructure approach to link environmental and social aspects in the research on urban forests ( COST Action FP1204 “GreenInUrbs” ): Training School Report
Article
Key message This study shows that deficit irrigation can be encouraged in productive activities like plant nursing, especially with the most resistant species. Abstract Drought acclimation is attained by avoidance mechanisms in the short term and by adaptation changes in the long term. In this study, we applied deficit irrigation at nursery stag...
Book
Full-text available
The Learning Guide is a Handbook for introducing the INVOLEN learning methodology to teachers and facilitators of intergenerational learning. The Guide includes a documentation of the pilot-courses in the form of case studies and suggestions for suitable practical nature conservation activities as identified by project experts. The Guide also featu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Considerando la varietà di questioni che le comunità affrontano nella pianificazione urbana, nella gestione del paesaggio e nel controllare l’urbanizzazione, l’integrità di una rete di elementi identificabili nell'infrastruttura verde (GI) è considerata vitale per garantire nel tempo benefici e servizi ambientali. Ma su che cosa si basa la governan...
Book
Full-text available
The Learning Toolkit is divided in two parts, one for volunteers and one for facilitators. It provides examples of the learning material necessary for practicing volunteering, conservation activities and intergenerational learning.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
River sediment is integral and dynamic part of our river basins but where human activities interfere with sediment quantity or quality, sediment management becomes necessary. Dredging and especially stocking sediments is highly expensive, therefore it would be valuable to find ways to make them a reusable product instead of throwing to landfill. O...
Article
Full-text available
Drought acclimation is attained by avoidance mechanisms in the short term and by adaptation changes in the long term. In this study, we applied deficit irrigation at nursery stage to elicit species-specific physiological responses and biomass production in two ornamental shrub species, comparing two settings: open air (OA) and greenhouse (GH). Vibu...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of deficit irrigation on water relations in two ornamental species at nursery stage with different behavior and water requirement: Photinia × fraseri 'Red Robin' (evergreen) and Viburnum opulus L. (broadleaf). The experiment investigated the plant physiological response during the treatment. It wa...
Article
Dryocosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu, the Asian chestnut gall wasp (ACGW), is an invasive alien species, which is causing alarm in the chestnut stands of Italy and Europe. It has extensively colonised the Castanea sativa Miller range throughout the country and highly conspicuous, alarming symptoms have appeared on plants. In addition, chestnut trees gro...
Data
Full-text available
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / u f u g Quercus ilex L. as bioaccumulator for heavy metals in urban areas: Effectiveness a b s t r a c t In recent years the use of plants as bioaccumulators or bioindicators has increased because enable the prediction of pollution for mo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes how science education is a powerful tool to understand and appreciate the characteristics of the territory. Two classes of Acariss project were involved in two didactic modules based on IBL and using the 5E Learning Cycle Instructional Model (Bybee et al., 2006). These modules concerned two distinguishing features of the territ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to present a didactic module developed in the framework of the project ACARISS (Increasing the knowledge on environment and risks of pollution involving Schools with experimental activities), funded by Tuscany Region– Italy. Three scientific partners, Institute of Biometeorology-CNR (Florence), Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Pi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the case study of ACARISS project, as an example of collaboration between schools and universities. In particular, the project aims to combine the competences of teachers and researchers in order to facilitate the learning of science and technology in secondary schools. In this contest, a specific website was developed to help...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study is part of the ACARISS Project promoted in Italy by the Region of Tuscany with the aim of developing innovative approaches for improving learning of the scientific disciplines and enhancing talents of students. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention for promoting career choice in the scien...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In secondary schools there is a progressive decline in motivation and interest in learning and attending science lessons. Teaching methodologies based only on frontal lessons are not effective anymore and the use of new tools and materials seems more and more attractive for the students. Nevertheless, an exacerbating home work is required from teac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Experimental activities are a powerful tool in science teaching and stimulate students learning and reasoning. In this paper we describe the framework of activities of the ACARISS (Increasing the knowledge on environment and pollution risks involving schools in experimental activities) project that adopted the IBSE (Inquiry Based Science Education)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Intergenerational Learning (IL) describes the way that people of all ages can learn together and from each other. Beyond the transfer of knowledge, IL fosters reciprocal learning relationships between different generations and helps to develop social capital and social cohesion in our ageing societies. On the other hand, the role of Information and...
Chapter
Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is a didactic approach that stimulates pupils to experiment, observe, and investigate, to answer the questions on phenomena and find problem solutions. In certain countries the approach is widely and ordinarily used in science teaching while in other contexts the use of textbooks is still rooted as traditional teaching...
Article
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . d e / u f u g Leaf gas exchanges and photosystem efficiency of the holm oak in urban green areas of Florence a b s t r a c t In urban environments, trees are often faced with limiting physical factors at above-and below-ground levels. These factors include poo...
Article
Full-text available
The ACARISS project (Increasing knowledge of the environment and risks related to pollution in the schools with experimentation) promoted by the Tuscany Region aims to connect school work with the research world, developing innovative approaches to facilitate learning of the scientific disciplines. Researchers and teachers cooperated in the creatio...
Article
Full-text available
Within the frame of the regional project 'Acariss' (Italian acronym for: Increasing the knowledge on Environment and Risks of Pollution involving Schools with Experimental activities), scientific partners (Institute of Biometeorology of CNR and Polo Sant'Anna Valdera) and psychologists of the University of Florence have developed scientific didacti...
Article
When studying Science goes beyond the coursebook: CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) can be effective and challenging for students cooperating with real scientists in a profitable partnership promoted by CarboSchools. A project funded by the EU Science and Society programme. A great educational adventure researching local and global cl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the main priority for our future society is to increase the interest of young people in science and technology. The cooperation between researchers, who produce scientific knowledge, and teachers, who disseminate it among students, is an effective method to reach this goal. In fact Science dissemination at school, overseen by researchers, ca...
Article
Full-text available
The net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange (NEE) of nine European mountain grassland ecosystems was measured during 2002–2004 using the eddy covariance method. Overall, the availability of photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD) was the single most important abiotic influence factor for NEE. Its role changed markedly during the course of th...