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Francesca Gimigliano

Francesca Gimigliano
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" · of Mental and Physical Health and Preventive Medicine

MD, PhD

About

209
Publications
28,187
Reads
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2,472
Citations
Citations since 2017
110 Research Items
1906 Citations
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Publications

Publications (209)
Article
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Background: Balance impairment is a common disability in post-stroke survivors, leading to reduced mobility and increased fall risk. Robotic gait training (RAGT) is largely used, along with traditional training. There is, however, no strong evidence about RAGT superiority, especially on balance. This study aims to determine RAGT efficacy on balanc...
Article
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Beyond brain deficits caused by strokes, the effectiveness of neurorehabilitation is strongly influenced by the baseline clinical features of stroke patients, including a patient’s current nutritional status. Malnutrition, either as a pre-stroke existing condition or occurring because of ischemic injury, predisposes patients to poor rehabilitation...
Article
Background: Robotic therapy (RT) has been internationally recognized for the motor rehabilitation of the upper limb. Although it seems that RT can stimulate and promote neuroplasticity, the effectiveness of robotics in restoring cognitive deficits has been considered only in a few recent studies. Objective: To verify whether, in the current stat...
Article
Background: Robot-assisted arm therapy (RAT) has been used mainly in stroke rehabilitation in the last 20 years with rising expectations and growing evidence summarized in systematic reviews (SRs). Objective: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of SRs about the effectiveness, within the ICF domains, and safety of RAT in the rehabilit...
Article
Background: The use of robotic technologies in pediatric rehabilitation has seen a large increase, but with a lack of a comprehensive framework about their effectiveness. Objective: An Italian Consensus Conference has been promoted to develop recommendations on these technologies: definitions and classification criteria of devices, indications a...
Article
Background: Many robots are available for gait rehabilitation (BWSTRT and ORET) and their application in persons with SCI allowed an improvement of walking function. Objective: The aim of the study is to compare the effects of different robotic exoskeletons gait training in persons with different SCI level and severity. Methods: Sixty-two stud...
Article
Background: The recovery of walking after stroke is a priority goal for recovering autonomy. In the last years robotic systems employed for Robotic Assisted Gait Training (RAGT) were developed. However, literature and clinical practice did not offer standardized RAGT protocol or pattern of evaluation scales. Objective: This systematic review aim...
Article
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Background Osteosarcopenia has been defined as the concomitance of low bone density (osteopenia/osteoporosis) and sarcopenia. Osteoporosis is characterized by alterations in bone microarchitecture and decrease of bone mineral density (BMD), whereas sarcopenia is the progressive decrease of both muscle mass and function that increase the risk of fal...
Article
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Objective To investigate the correlations between clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes in inpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods In this observational study, we recruited inpatients affected by moderate COVID-19 disease. The clinical evaluation comprised the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS), numerical rating s...
Article
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Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and fibromyalgia (FM) are underestimated painful mus-culoskeletal conditions that could impact function and quality of life. A consensus about the most appropriate therapeutic approach is still not reached. Considering the long course of the diseases, prolonged assumption of drugs, such as NSAIDs and pain killers, cou...
Article
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Background: This review examined the effectiveness of behavioral interventions for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) triggered by physical injury or medical trauma. It discusses implications in support of rehabilitation management for COVID-19 survivors diagnosed with PTSD. Methods: This study adhered to the Preferred Reporting I...
Article
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Introduction: Bone loss is a major issue in patients affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare musculoskeletal disorder, particularly in those treated with glucocorticoids (GCs). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of neridronate in terms of bone mineral density (BMD) changes in this population. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed...
Article
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Background: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) are often followed by chronic back pain which may have a nociceptive, neuropathic, or mixed component. However, literature on this topic is lacking. Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional study is to characterize the neuropathic component of chronic back pain in patients with OVFs. M...
Article
Background: Gait impairments are common disabling symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Among the approaches for gait rehabilitation, interest in robotic devices has grown in recent years. However, the effectiveness compared to other interventions, the optimum amount of training, the type of device, and which patients might benefit most remains un...
Article
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Metabolic bone disorders are one of the most frequent extra-intestinal manifestations in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) that might result in an increase of skeletal fragility and risk of fracture. These disorders are a consequence of bone–gut crosstalk alterations, particularly due to inflammation, which involves the RANK-RANKL-Ost...
Article
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Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an umbrella term covering different clinical scenarios. It is a rare condition characterized by regional persisting pain, disproportionate to its underlying cause, usually coupled with sensorimotor, vasomotor, sudomotor, and trophic abnormalities. Different forms of CRPS have been identified: CRPS type I (al...
Article
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Bone fragility is the susceptibility to fracture even for common loads because of structural, architectural, or material alterations of bone tissue that result in poor bone strength. In osteoporosis, quantitative and qualitative changes in density, geometry, and micro-architecture modify the internal stress state predisposing to fragility fractu...
Article
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Upper extremities limitation is a common functional impairment in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS). Novel technological devices are increasingly used in neurorehabilitation to support motor function improvement and the quantitative assessment of motor performance during training in patients with neurological diseases. In this review, we syst...
Article
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In the last two decades, a growing interest has been focused on gait and balance robot-assisted rehabilitation in children with neurological disabilities. Robotic devices allow the implementation of intensive, task-specific training fostering functional recovery and neuroplasticity phenomena. However, limited attention has been paid to the protocol...
Preprint
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The upper extremities limitation represents one of the essential functional impairments in patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Electromechanics assisted devices and robots are increasingly used in neurorehabilitation to help functional improvement in patients with neurological diseases. This review aimed to systematically report the evidence...
Article
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Nel corso degli ultimi anni, l'implementazione nella pratica riabilitativa di dispositivi robot-assistiti per la rieducazione dell'arto superiore si è progressivamente consolidata. Tale tecnologia si è proposta come strumento in grado di erogare una pratica intensa e ripetitiva di gesti motori funzionali o meno dell'arto superiore, in un ambiente t...
Article
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Early osteoarthritis (EOA) still represents a challenge for clinicians. Although there is no consensus on its definition and diagnosis, a prompt therapeutic intervention in the early stages can have a significant impact on function and quality of life. Exercise remains a core treatment for EOA; however, several physical modalities are commonly used...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Sport-related musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a common health issue in athletes that can lead to reduced performance. The aim of this scoping review was to synthetize available evidence on injury incidence rates (IIRs), types, and sites that affect the musculoskeletal (MSK) system of adult athletes. Materials and Me...
Article
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Muscle injuries occur frequently in athletes, accounting for more than one-third of sport-related trauma. Athletes most affected by these injuries are those practicing football and track and field, with hamstrings and gastrocnemius-soleus as the mainly involved sites. Muscle injuries lead to loss of competitions, long recovery times and risk of re-...
Article
Background: Mental practice, which is proposed for the rehabilitative training of people post-stroke, is a training method based on the repetition of the internal representation of a movement or a task with the aim of improving the performance. Objective: The aim of this commentary is to discuss Cochrane evidence on the efficacy of mental practi...
Article
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Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I)-or algodystrophy-is a rare disease that usually occurs after a traumatic event. It is characterized by typical clinical findings such as severe and disabling pain disproportionate to the injury, functional limitations, as well as sensory and vasomotor alterations. However, some people do not report any...
Article
Introduction: There is growing evidence on the efficacy of gait robotic rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but most of the studies have focused on gait parameters. Moreover, clear indications on the clinical use of robotics still lack. As part of the CICERONE Italian Consensus on Robotic Rehabilitation, the aim of this system...
Article
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Background: In patients with Parkinson disease (PD), severe postural and gait impairments are rarely observed in early stage of disease and non-motor symptoms (NMS) are often overlooked. Objective: This observational study aimed to characterize the impact of non-motor impairments on walking kinematics in early stages PD patients, and to assess t...
Article
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Introduction: Fractures have been identified as one of the 20 major health conditions for the World Health Organization's (WHO) Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation (PIR) - that includes also the needs of children and youth. The identification of existing interventions for rehabilitation and related evidence is a crucial step along the deve...
Article
Background: Robot-assisted Arm Therapy (RAT) has been increasingly applied in the last years for promoting functional recovery in patients with disabilities related to neurological health conditions. Evidence of a knowledge-to-action gap for applying robot-assisted technologies in the rehabilitation of patients with neurological health conditions...
Article
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Background: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are leading causes of mortality. These conditions are also known as chronic diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Physical activity (PA) is a main factor to delay symptoms and consequences of NCDs. In last decades, reduced physical exercise has been observed across all ages. Despite e...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the third leading cause of adult disability worldwide, and lower extremity motor impairment is one of the major determinants of long-term disability. Although robotic therapy is becoming more and more utilized in research protocols for lower limb stroke rehabilitation, the gap between research evidence and its use in clinica...
Article
Introduction: The rapid development of electromechanical and robotic devices has profoundly influenced neurorehabilitation. Growth in the scientific and technological aspects thereof is crucial for increasing the number of newly developed devices, and clinicians have welcomed such growth with enthusiasm. Nevertheless, improving the standard for th...
Article
Background: Familial amyloid polyneuropathies (FAPs) are a group of rare autosomal dominant transmitted disorders that can progressive lead to disability from neuropathy, autonomic failure and other system involvement. Objective: The aim of this commentary is to discuss Cochrane evidence on the efficacy and safety of disease-modifying drugs (DMD...
Article
Introduction: In rehabilitation practice, the term “feedback” is often improperly used, with augmented feedback and biofeedback frequently confused, especially when referring to the human-machine interaction during technologically assisted training. The absence of a clear differentiation among these categories represents an unmet need in rehabilita...
Article
During its fourth year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation went on to promote evidence-informed health decision-making in rehabilitation. In 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has made it necessary to alter priorities. In these challenging times, Cochrane Rehabilitation has firstly changed its internal organisation and established a new...
Article
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Introduction: Postural instability is a cardinal feature of Parkinson's disease, together with rest tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia. It is a highly disabling symptom that becomes increasingly common with disease progression and represents a major source of reduced quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. Rehabilitation aims to enabl...
Article
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The aim of this scoping review was to summarise current knowledge about the effects of bone anabolic drugs on periodontitis, in order to identify new therapeutic strategies for preventing disease progression and reducing tooth loss. A technical expert panel (TEP) was established of 11 medical specialists, including periodontists and bone specialist...
Article
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Background: Several pharmacological therapeutic approaches have been proposed to manage osteoarthritis (OA), including intra-articular (IA) injections. Although the discovery of clodronate, a bisphosphonate, dates back to the 1960s and the effects of its IA administration have been investigated for decades in animal models, mechanisms of action of...
Article
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Background: People affected by osteoporosis and fragility fractures often report disability and poor health-related quality of life. Albeit rehabilitation has a crucial role in older people, post-menopausal women and other subjects with high risk of fragility fractures, the rehabilitation perspective has been poorly investigated in the available g...
Article
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Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) is a rare condition with huge variability in triggering factors and clinical scenarios. The complexity of the pathophysiology of this condition fosters the proposal of several therapeutic options with different mechanisms of action in both research and clinical practice. An interdisciplinary and multim...
Article
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The outbreak of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide with a huge impact on the healthcare system. Compared to the previous coronaviruses-related pandemics, COVID-19 is more transmissible with potential systemic involvement and peculiar neurological manifestations, such as Guillan-Barrè syndrome up to critical illness myopathy, occurri...
Article
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Introduction: In recent years, robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) has been proposed as therapy for balance and gait dysfunctions in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Through this systematic review, we aimed to discuss the impact of RAGT on balance and gait outcomes. Furthermore, characteristics of the training in terms of robots used, partic...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Upper limb motor impairment is one of the most frequent stroke consequences. Robot therapy may represent a valid option for upper limb stroke rehabilitation, but there are still gaps between research evidences and their use in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine the quality, scope, and consistency of guidelines...
Article
The International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) has recently started an educational initiative named “ISPRM Webinar Series,” broadcasting a series of live interactive online webinar sessions over 3 months. The objectives of the webinars were to connect rehabilitation professionals worldwide, share experiences/expertise, an...
Article
Introduction: Health systems worldwide are challenged to address the health-care needs of persons with COVID-19. After the immediate need to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 and scale up relevant health-care capacities, one major challenge has emerged – scaling up rehabilitation to address the functioning limitations experienced by COVID-19 patients...
Article
Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting upper and lower motor neurons. The current practice of caring for patients affected by ALS involves a multidisciplinary team without any indication about oral health care. Objective: We sought to investigate the functional status and oral health in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are leading causes of mortality. These conditions are also known as chronic diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Physical activity is a main factor to delay symptoms and consequences of NCDs. In last decades, reduced physical exercise has been observed across all ages. Despite educat...
Article
Full-text available
Management of COVID-19 post-acute syndrome is an emerging health issue in rehabilitation. This article aims to present a proposal, based on the principles of clinical governance, health management and information technology (IT), and to respond to the need for a structured organization model for post-acute COVID-19 rehabilitation. The authors prese...
Article
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Background The identification of existing rehabilitation interventions and related evidence represents a crucial step along the development of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation (PIR). The methods for such identification have been developed by the WHO Rehabilitation Programme and Cochrane Rehabilitatio...
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer fatigue (BCF) is a complex and multidimensional condition characterized by a persistent sense of physical and/or mental stiffness, resulting in a substantial impairment of health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of a 4-week re...
Article
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) has been declared a global public health emergency. The demand for services has altered the organization of medical services resulting in significant changes that have altered dramatically the education of residents in various medical specialties including physical and rehabilitation medicine. In this rapid commu...
Chapter
Osteoporosis represents an important issue for men with a growing burden for public health system. About 40% of new osteoporotic fractures occur in men with more severe consequences in comparison with women. Indeed, disability and mortality as results from hip fractures are significantly higher in men than those reported in women, due to a higher c...
Article
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After the global spread of a severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by a coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), factors that influence viral diffusion have gained great attention. Human-to-human transmission mainly occurs through droplets, but viral RNA clearance in different biological fluids in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains unclear. We aimed t...
Article
This article was accidentally published in Volume 54 issue 5 as well as Volume 54 issue 4 of publishing year 2018 with different DOIs and different page numbers. The correct and citable version of the article remains Antimo MORETTI, Francesca GIMIGLIANO, Chiara ARIENTI, Joel POLLET, Carlotte KIEKENS, Stefano NEGRINI. The Cochrane Rehabilitation eBo...
Article
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Objective: In this study, we aimed to assess the reproducibility and reliability of a three-dimensional laser scanner (3DLS) in measuring the upper limb volume of BRCL women undergoing a 2-week complete decongestive therapy (CDT). Patients and methods: 3DLS and CM were used to measure the upper limb volume in a cohort of BCRL women before (T0) a...
Article
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Osteoporosis and fragility fractures are relevant health issues because of their impact in terms of morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic burden. Despite this alarming scenario, both underdiagnosis and undertreatment are common features of osteoporotic patients, particularly those who have already sustained a fragility fracture. Pharmacotherapy o...
Article
During its third year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation goals included to point out the main methodological issues in rehabilitation research, and to increase the Knowledge Translation activities. This has been performed through its committees and specific projects. In 2019, Cochrane Rehabilitation worked on five different special projects at d...
Article
Objective: To develop a revised version of the International Classification of Service Organization in Rehabilitation (ICSO-R). Design: Qualitative study. Subjects: Not applicable Methods: The revision was based on testing the first version of the ICSO-R; 2 discussion rounds invited by the ICSO-R working group of the Standardized Rehabilitatio...
Article
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Spasticity is one of the major complications after stroke. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection is commonly used to manage focal spasticity. However, it is uncertain whether BoNT-A can improve activities of daily living function of paretic arm. The recovery of functions of the affected arm is also the aim of robotic upper limb (UL) therapy. Th...
Article
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Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are characterized by a multifactorial partially unknown etiology that involves genetic, immunological and environmental factors. Up to 50% of IBD patients experience at least one extraintestinal manifestation; among them is the involvement of bone density which is referred to as metabolic bone disease (MBD), inclu...
Article
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BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) serves as a framework for defining and categorizing health and functioning. ICF could be used to classify research outcomes in a systematic manner. AIM: The aim of this study was to classify the primary outcomes used in Cochrane Systematic Reviews (CSRs) into t...
Article
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During its second year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation worked hard to accomplish new and old goals. The Review Committee completed the massive task of identifying and "tagging" all rehabilitation reviews in the Cochrane library. The Publication Committee signed agreements with several international journals and started the publication of Coch...
Article
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BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) serves as a framework for defining and categorising health and functioning. ICF could be used to classify research outcomes in a systematic manner. AIM: To classify the primary outcomes used in Cochrane Systematic Reviews (CSRs) into the ICF domains of functio...
Article
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This article is meant as an update on the previous articles published about the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM). It reflects the current organizational structure and describes its core activities. Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the society are analyzed to define a strategic plan for the fu...
Article
Purpose: To assess the burden of hip fractures in elderly Italian population moving from our previous researches documented a reduced incidence of hip fractures in Italian women aged 65-74 years old. Methods: We analyzed national hospitalization records from 2007 to 2014 to compute age- and sex-specific rates at national and regional level. Res...
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Sarcopenia, defined as the loss of muscle mass and function, has important consequences in terms of increasing frailty, disability, and social and healthcare costs. The diagnosis of sarcopenia should be considered in all patients presenting a decline in physical function , muscle strength and general health conditions. Given that the progressive re...
Article
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Background. Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most frequent cancer worldwide with about 25% of new cases in female population. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are recommended by National and International guidelines as treatment for women affected by BC estrogen receptor-positive tumors. However, these drugs, blocking the enzyme converting an-drogens int...
Article
Background: Denosumab is a fully human IgG2 monoclonal antibody that, neutralizing the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL), inhibits the osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. It is yet to be defined if denosumab can reduce osteoporosis-related disability and improve health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with frag...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the rate of publication of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews and meta-analysis in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) and its variation over time. Design: We performed a bibliometric study and searched PubMed from inception to 2017, using National Library of Medicine 3 level MeSH terms ("Rehabi...