Francesca Calo

Francesca Calo
The Open University (UK) · Department of Public Leadership and Social Enterprise

PhD

About

31
Publications
4,961
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
233
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
232 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
My current research aims at understanding how social enterprises can measure and demonstrate their social impact in comparison with the other providers (specifically in health and social care sector). Specifically I am studying the feasibility of improving the evidence base related to social enterprises via a controlled comparative study. Moreover I am trying to understand the causal mechanism behind the achievement of impact.
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - September 2016
Georgetown University
Position
  • Visiting Researcher
September 2014 - present
Glasgow Caledonian University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Seminars and Lectures related to Social Enterprise
September 2013 - present
Glasgow Caledonian University
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 2013 - September 2016
Glasgow Caledonian University
Field of study
  • Social Enterprise
September 2007 - December 2009
Fudan University
Field of study
  • International Management
September 2007 - December 2009
Università commerciale Luigi Bocconi
Field of study
  • International Management

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
In many countries, social enterprise has been introduced into a competitive market-oriented environment as a substitute for publicly owned services, particularly in healthcare. In the United Kingdom, evidence for this move seems to derive from case studies where social enterprise operates in collaboration – as opposed to competition – with publicly...
Article
Full-text available
Since the late 1990s social enterprises have been increasingly utilised as a means of delivering of health and social care services. However, there is little evidence on if, and how, provision by social enterprise might achieve positive health outcomes, particularly in comparison to other modes of delivery. In this paper, we draw upon the multiple...
Article
Full-text available
The centrality of the third sector in the co-production of public services is seemingly based on the assumption that it can act as an effective proxy for service users. However, the third sector encompasses a broad range of organisational forms, interests and governance arrangements, which all have implications for the type and nature of relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
The capacity of public sector of co-creating with other stakeholders is challenged by the increasing presence of disruptive turbulent events, such as the COVID-19. At this regard, robustness has been identified as a suitable response to deal with this kind of events. Through a systematic literature review, we analysed how public sector organisation...
Article
Full-text available
The discourse of deservingness has been mobilised against certain groups in the UK society navigating UK labour markets, among them refugees and asylum seekers. These discourses, leading to the stigmatisation of the unemployed are coupled with an emphasis on the importance of individuals taking responsibility to develop their ‘employability’. Littl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Migrants’ agency is a promising analytical tool and approach in migration and refugee studies as it shifts the focus of analysis (and attention) from the weaknesses or ‘faults’ of the migration experience to the opportunities and capacities it can generate for migrants and the community where they settle. Still, political, institutional, cultural,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper serves as an introduction to a special issue that discusses the role of civil society in the labour market integration of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in six European countries: the Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and the UK. The paper presents a typology of civil society's involvement in migrant labour integ...
Article
In this article focused upon the UK context, we sought to better understand how political elites shaped public debate to reinforce rather than challenge the hostile policy environment for those seeking asylum. We undertook a political claims analysis (Koopmans and Statham, 1999) focusing on a venue that has been pivotal in shaping the discourse aro...
Article
Full-text available
Recent work in children’s geographies and geographies of education has presented the argument that when conceptualising the various roles that adults occupy in children’s lives, it is equally important to conceptualise adultism. In this paper we argue that this existing work critiques adultism’s logics but does not adequately conceptualise adultism...
Article
Full-text available
Although increasingly prominent in research, policy and practice, little is known about social innovation in a rural context. To address this knowledge gap, our paper explores how rurality might affect the social innovation process. Drawing on 68 interviews carried out with beneficiaries, service providers and external stakeholders of a rural socia...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a detailed overview of the UK legal and institutional factors at the macro-level that can be regarded as decisive for explaining the effective capacity of the country to integrate migrants, refugees and asylum seekers into the labour market. By doing so, we aim to better understand the conditions within whi...
Article
This article provides preliminary analyses on how the Covid-19 pandemic is affecting the labour market positions of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers in Italy and in Great Britain. Our research interest stems from the findings of the EU funded SIRIUS project (Skills and integration of migrants, refugees and asylum applicants in European labour...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: As the provision of public services in many advanced welfare states has increasingly come to be marked by competition, social enterprises have actively been encouraged by governments to become involved in the delivery of public services. While the evaluation of complex public health interventions has arguably become increasingly more sophi...
Article
Full-text available
Literature in the field of employability and the third sector has focused upon the impact of marketisation on third sector providers, elaborating how commissioning processes have led to a contraction of (smaller) third sector organisations (TSOs) and an expansion of larger private sector bodies. Extant research does not however explore the role of...
Research
Full-text available
This research report discusses individual level barriers and enablers in migrants' labour market integration across seven European countries. It draws on over 100 biographic interviews with migrants, refugees and asylum seekers carried out in early 2020.
Article
Full-text available
The Social Innovation Fund (SIF) - funded by Scottish Government and the European Social Fund - adopts a ‘public venture capital’ model to support socially innovative organisations. This article critically explores the use of public venture capital programmes to fund and grow the social economy through the case study of Heavy Sound Community Intere...
Article
Full-text available
COOL Music was a twelve-month collaborative project between researchers at Glasgow Caledonian University and practitioners at the Edinburgh-based social enterprise Heavy Sound. The project began in October 2017 and involved sixteen sessions of participatory music making with thirty-two ‘hard to reach’ young people (aged twelve to seventeen) aimed a...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, music‐based interventions have been utilised as a tool for improving public health, reducing inequalities and promoting well‐being of young people. Although some researchers have begun to draw links between music‐related interventions and positive health outcomes, there is little understanding as to how such effects are produced. R...
Article
Full-text available
Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is a mantra for nonprofit studies in recent years and for foundations in particular which are considered to be well-positioned to measure the impact of their grants. This paper aims to explore what foundations mean with impact, the ways they measure it and the barriers in performing evaluations. Its mixed method appro...
Chapter
This is the "Governance and Social Enterprise" entry in the Springer Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance edited by Ali Farazmand (Springer, Cham, 2018)
Book
This book provides comparative, multi-disciplinary research on the surplus food distribution in Europe and its relation to food poverty, with a focus on the interaction of for-profit and non-profit organisations. It offers an informed and rich discussion in understanding the collaboration between profit and non-profit organisations involved in food...
Chapter
This chapter presents the research rationale underpinning the book. It addresses the intertwining challenges of food security and surplus food management, discussing recent data and literature. It also presents how social innovation is conceptualized in the book as the theoretical framework to analyse partnerships between business and non-profit or...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we apply the established ‘neo-contingency approach’ from organizational theory into the field of community-led social ventures which, by necessity, have to be embedded within their local community context in order to achieve their social mission. Through our analysis of three heterogeneous case studies from around rural Japan, we show...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The ‘Community Orientated and Opportunity Learning’ (COOL) Music project engages groups of hard-to-reach young people through participatory music-making, offering alternative approaches to education and literacy, so as to improve their health and wellbeing. Working with community music practitioners in multiply-deprived areas of Scotland, the project helps participants dealing with trauma, while developing transferable skills for further study and future employment.
Project
www.sirius-project.eu Despite the polarization in public and policy debates generated by the post-2014 influxes of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants, European countries need to devise an evidence-based strategy towards tackling migration and asylum issues using a constructive and sustainable approach. The proposed project, SIRIUS, builds on a multi-dimensional conceptual framework in which host country or political-institutional, societal and individual-related conditions function either as enablers or as barriers to migrants’, refugees’ and asylum seekers’ integration via the labour market. SIRIUS has three main objectives: A descriptive objective: To provide systematic evidence on post-2014 migrants, refugees and asylum applicants especially women and young people and their potential for labour market employment and, more broadly, social integration. An explanatory objective: To advance knowledge on the complexity of labour market integration for post-2014 migrants, refugees and asylum applicants, and to explore their integration potential by looking into their spatial distribution (in relation to the distribution of labour demand across the labour market), while taking into account labour market characteristics and needs in different country and socio-economic contexts. A prescriptive objective: To advance a theoretical framework for an inclusive integration agenda, outlining an optimal mix of policy pathways for labour market integration including concrete steps that Member States and other European countries along with the EU can take to ensure that migrant-integration policies and the broader system of workforce-development, training, and employment programmes support new arrivals’ access to decent work opportunities and working conditions. The research design consists of a multidimensional theoretical framework that combines macro-level (legal/policy/institutional), meso-level (organizational), and micro-level (individual) enabling and hindering factors impacting on (the potential for) labour market and social integration, a cross-national comparative design that includes seven European countries with different degrees of exposure to the recent migration and refugee crisis, different institutional and socio-economic contexts, an integrated methodological approach based on multiple methods (quantitative data gathering and analyses of macro-economic, labour market forecasting, qualitative analyses and related data gathering tools such as in-depth interviews, focus groups, observations, organizational study) and an innovative dissemination plan involving online priority action networks, film essays, festival, job affair and an applied game for young migrants, refugees, asylum applicants, scientific and policy dialogue workshops and conferences).
Project
The project “For a Better Tomorrow: Social Enterprises on the Move” (FAB-MOVE) is funded by the EU Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE). It brings together researchers and practitioners from 17 countries worldwide in order to explore the question of how social enterprises can grow and flourish. http://www.uni-muenster.de/IfPol/FAB-MOVE/