Francesca Marina Bosco

Francesca Marina Bosco
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Psicologia

Ph.D.

About

126
Publications
42,591
Reads
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Introduction
My research team interest focuses in determining the role of neuronal correlate and cognitive skills, i.e. inferential ability, executive functions and theory of the mind, in allowing a social communicative interactions in a life span and cross cultural perspective and in different clinical populations. For more details please visit https://www.dippsicologia.unito.it/do/gruppi.pl/Show?_id=za8x
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - April 2020
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine the communicative abilities of traumatic brain injury patients (TBI). We wish to provide a complete assessment of their communicative ability/disability using a new experimental protocol, the Assessment Battery of Communication, (ABaCo) comprising five scales--linguistic, extralinguistic, paralinguistic,...
Article
We propose a mentalistic and nativist view of human early mental and social life and of the ontogeny of mindreading. We define the mental state of sharedness as the primitive, one-sided capability to take one's own mental states as mutually known to an interactant. We argue that this capability is an innate feature of the human mind, which the chil...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a critical review of current theories of developmental pragmatics. The underlying assumption is that such a theory ought to account for both normal and abnormal development. From a clinical point of view, we are concerned with the effects of brain damage on the emergence of pragmatic competence. In particular, the paper deals with direct...
Article
A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind (ToM) deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects...
Article
Full-text available
We outline a theory of human agency and communication and discuss the role that the capability to share (that is, intersubjectivity) plays in it. All the notions discussed are cast in a mentalistic and radically constructivist framework. We also introduce and discuss the relevant literature.
Article
Full-text available
Deficits in social cognition and more specifically in communication have an important impact on the real-life functioning of people with schizophrenia (SZ). In particular, patients have severe problems in communicative-pragmatics, for example, in correctly inferring the speaker’s communicative intention in everyday conversational interactions. This...
Article
Indirect speech acts communicate more than their literal meaning, and their comprehension relies on the listener’s ability to draw the appropriate inferences in a given context. We used eye-tracking to investigate the cognitive processing involved in the comprehension of simple (direct) and complex (unconventional indirect) communicative acts, a mo...
Conference Paper
Brain-Computer Interfaces allow interaction between the voluntarily produced human cerebral activity and a computer. The output produced by the user’s performance can serve as an input to the technologic device that can decode this information and transform it to a command. Literature has usually focused on processing and classification often negle...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Narrative skills require the interplay of micro-linguistic and macro-linguistic structures: the micro-linguistic level is responsible for lexical-semantic, morphological, and morphosyntactic processes, while the macro-linguistic level ensures the pragmatic functionality of the text, through coherent and cohesive devices. In particular, coherence de...
Article
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex pathology that includes impaired social interaction abilities. Insufficient attention has been paid to programs specifically devoted to improving communicative-pragmatic skills. Moreover, the majority of studies have focused on children, while programs specifically developed for the adolescents are lackin...
Article
Full-text available
Extensive research has demonstrated the benefits of cochlear implants (CI) in contributing to improve the linguistic skills of children with hearing impairment; however, few studies have focused on the development of pragmatic ability and its relationship with age of implantation. Pragmatics is the ability to use language in different contexts and...
Article
Full-text available
An impairment in pragmatic communication is a core feature of schizophrenia, often associated with difficulties in social interactions. The pragmatic deficits regard various pragmatic phenomena, e.g., direct and indirect communicative acts, deceit, irony, and include not only the use of language but also other expressive means such as non-verbal/ex...
Article
Full-text available
Efficient communication requires the interplay of linguistic, cognitive and social skills, including the ability to make contextual inferences and to understand others’ intentions and emotions. The capacity to effectively use language in specific contexts (i.e., pragmatic ability) develops with age, and an assessment of this ability is important fo...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) have a core impairment in the communicative-pragmatic domain, characterized by severe difficulties in correctly inferring the speaker’s communicative intentions. While several studies have investigated pragmatic performance of patients with SCZ, little research has analyzed the errors committed in the comprehension...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals with schizophrenia (SCZ) frequently show a severe and widespread impairment in the communicative-pragmatic domain. They exhibit difficulties in the comprehension of a wide range of communicative- pragmatic expressions, such as indirect speech acts (ISA), irony, metaphors, proverb and idioms. Communicative disorders play an im...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Schizophrenia is associated with a severe impairment in the communicative-pragmatic domain. Recent research has tried to disentangle the relationship between communicative impairment and other domains usually impaired in schizophrenia, i.e. Theory of Mind (ToM) and cognitive functions. However, the results are inconclusive and this relati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to provide preliminary results about the assessment of the pragmatic language ability in school-aged children with prelingual deafness and fitted with a early cochlear implant.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Children with Hearing impairment (HI) show difficulties in language and communication development. Recently, HI children are fitted with Cochlear Implants (CI). However, the benefits of the CI on the communicative-pragmatic ability development in HI children with CI have not been sufficiently studied. The aim of the present research is to provide...
Poster
Full-text available
Hearing impaired (HI) children show difficulties in language and communication development (Svirsky, 2000). Recently, HI children are fitted with Cochlear Implants (CI), prosthetic devices that convert sound into electrical signals and transmit them to electrodes surgically implanted in the cochlea (Clark, 2004). By enabling HI children to hear sur...
Article
Third parties punish, sacrificing personal interests, offenders who violate either fairness or cooperation norms. This behavior is defined altruistic punishment and the degree of punishment typically increases with the severity of the norm violation. An opposite and apparently paradoxical behavior, namely anti-social punishment, is the tendency to...
Article
Ostracism threatens the human need for social interactions, with negative consequences on cognition, affect and behavior. Understanding the mechanisms that can alleviate these consequences has therefore become an important research agenda. In this study, we used behavioral and fMRI measures to advance our understanding how social support can buffer...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with schizophrenia are often described as impaired in several cognitive domains. Specifically, patients with schizophrenia often exhibit problems in solving tasks requiring theory of mind (ToM), i.e., the ability to ascribe mental states to oneself and others, communicative-pragmatic ability, i.e., the ability to use language and non-verba...
Article
Full-text available
Identity disturbance is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Autobiographical memory is a process of reflective thinking through which we form links between elements of life and self. It can be considered as an indirect index of identity integration. The present study was aimed to investigate the differences in brain activity pa...
Article
Objective Pragmatic impairment and narrative difficulties commonly affect individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Rehabilitative programs may improve such impaired capacities and promote social recovery. Cognitive Pragmatic treatment (CPT) is a rehabilitative group program that encompasses different communicative skills, including sessions...
Article
Pragmatic communication refers to the ability to use language and other expressive means, i.e. non-verbal/extralinguistic means such as gestures and facial expressions, in order to convey and interpret meaning in a specific context. Pragmatic abilities are important in everyday life in interpersonal interactions as they affect the way people commun...
Article
Numerous studies have examined mindreading in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, the empirical data obtained to date have not facilitated the development of a clear clinical profile of mindreading impairment in BPD due to a lack of consistency or incongruence across studies. One possible explanation for these inconsistencies and diverg...
Article
Full-text available
Aim of the paper is to discuss the extent to which pragmatics, i.e., the ability to use language and other expressive means to convey meaning in a specific interactional context, overlaps with Theory of Mind (ToM), i.e., the ability to ascribe mental states to oneself and the others. We present empirical data available in the current literature con...
Article
Objective The pragmatic impairment often characterizing individuals after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) significantly limits their independence, preventing social participation. Rehabilitation programs aim to improve the impaired capacities to help participants communicate effectively, increasing their self-perceived life quality. The aim of this...
Poster
Full-text available
Communication is a complex ability characterized by the interplay of many elements such as language, use of gestures and paralinguistic connotation that allows people to communicate effectively in everyday life. Elderly adults, even when healthy, may exhibit a reduction in the ability to communicate efficiently, due to a generalised cognitive decli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
https://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/MySubmissionViewDetails.aspx?stage=100&articleid=390444&submissionid=402693
Article
Quality of life and social integration are strongly influenced by the ability to communicate and previous research has shown that pragmatic ability can be specifically impaired in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition, TBI usually results in damage to the frontotemporal lobes with a consequent impairment of cognitive functions,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD, APA 2013)1 is a complex pathology that includes within the distinct symptoms, difficulties in the social interaction. Some authors2,3 have identified an impairment in empathic/theory of mind (ToM) ability as the core problem of individuals with ASD. Several authors have argued that an intact and fully d...
Article
Full-text available
Background Individuals with schizophrenia frequently exhibit a wide range of communicative-pragmatic disorders. Previous studies reported deicits in the comprehension of non-literal and figurative forms of language, such as indirect speech acts, deceit, irony, metaphors and idioms, as well as deficits in conversational and narrative skills. Moreove...
Chapter
The ability to communicate effectively allows people to solve several vital functions in everyday life, such as establishing and maintaining social relationships, obtaining health care and satisfying personal needs. Older adults may exhibit a reduction in the ability to communicate due to the generalised cognitive decline that can characterise old...
Article
Patients with schizophrenia usually show an impairment in their communicative-pragmatic performance; they also have difficulties in cognitive functioning and Theory of Mind (ToM). In the literature it has been proposed that ToM and cognitive deficits have a role in explaining the communicative-pragmatic difficulties of patients with schizophrenia....
Article
Neuroimaging studies have shown that a left fronto-temporo-parietal cerebral network is recruited in the comprehension of both deceitful and ironic speech acts. However, no studies to date have directly compared neural activation during the comprehension of these pragmatic phenomena. We used fMRI to investigate the existence of common and specific...
Article
Full-text available
Persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience macrolinguistic (i.e., pragmatic and discourse) difficulties. However, it is still not clear whether these difficulties are related to their cognitive impairments and little research has investigated communication abilities across the severity spectrum of TBI. This study compared the cognit...
Article
Previous research has shown that communicative-pragmatic ability, as well as executive functions (EF) and Theory of Mind (ToM), may be impaired in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the role of such cognitive deficits in explaining communicative-pragmatic difficulty in TBI has still not been fully investigated. The study examin...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship among age, first- and second-order Theory of Mind and the increasing ability of children to understand and produce different kinds of communicative acts – sincere, ironic, and deceitful communicative acts – expressed through linguistic and extralinguistic expressive means. To communicate means...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. The present study was intended to evaluate the effects of a rehabilitative training, the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), aimed at improving communicative-pragmatic abilities and the related cognitive components, on the cerebral modifications of a single case patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods. The patient underwent two...
Chapter
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit a range of pragmatic difficulties which compromise communicative interaction. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of these difficulties and to analyze whether impairments of cognitive factors such as theory of mind (ToM), executive functions and intelligence quotient (IQ) could be helpful in explain...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to explore the neural correlates involved in altruistic punishment, parochial altruism and antisocial punishment, using the Third-Party Punishment (TPP) game. In particular, this study considered these punishment behaviors in in-group vs. out-group game settings, to compare how people behave with members of their own national gro...
Data
Correlations between IAT score and punishment behavior. (DOC)
Article
BACKGROUND: Pragmatic disorders are a core problem in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite the clinical importance of detecting specific impairments, there are relatively few tools available to assess pragmatic abilities in these individuals. The present study aims to gain greater insight into the pragmatic skills of individuals...
Article
Aim of the present study is to provide a multifocal assessment of pragmatic abilities in patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD). Pragmatics refers to the ability to use language and non-verbal expressive means (e.g., gestures) to convey meaning in a given context, and it also involves the appropriate use of connotative elements such as rhythm...
Article
Methods: We investigated whether performance in ToM tasks was related to both the type and frequency of self-injuring behavior and attitude toward life and death, using a semi-structured interview and different self-report questionnaires. Results: NSSI participants performed less well than the control group in all the ToM dimensions investigated...
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed at the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale (Th.o.m.a.s.). Th.o.m.a.s. is a semi-structured interview meant to evaluate a person’s Theory of Mind (ToM). It is composed of several questions organized in four scales, each focusing on one of the areas of knowledge in which such faculty ma...
Article
Full-text available
A targeted training program for the rehabilitation of communicative abilities - Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT) - has been developed and previously tested on a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), whose performance was found to have improved. Since cortical plasticity has been recognized as the main mechanism of functional reco...
Article
We analyzed the role played by theory of mind (ToM) in children's ability to recognize and repair different kinds of communicative failures. In particular, we analyzed three different kinds of communicative failures: failure of the expression act, communicative meaning, and communicative effect. We administered videotaped stories, in which people a...
Article
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate noetic vs. autonoetic memory in persons with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, a population with severe and well-documented memory impairments. METHODS: We created a new assessment tool (REmembering Public Events - REPE) to investigate noetic and auto-noetic aspects of memories concerning public even...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to verify the efficacy of Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), a new remediation training for the improvement of the communicative-pragmatic abilities, in patients with schizophrenia. The CPT program is made up of 20 group sessions, focused on a number of communication modalities, i.e., linguistic, extralinguistic and paralinguistic...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims at exploring the decision-making process involved in third-party punishment (TPP) within an economic frame, using the TPP game. We investigated altruistic punishment, that is, the behaviour of spending one’s own money, with no personal gain, to punish those who violate the norms of cooperation. We analysed this behaviour, in an in-g...
Article
Full-text available
There are several reasons why adolescence is interesting. It is in this phase that an individual finds herself fully facing the external world: basically equipped with the kind of social cognition that s/he has acquired at home, at school and through the media during childhood, s/he has now to meet a host of other, diverse views of what " reasonabl...