Francesca Bagnoli

Francesca Bagnoli
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources

PhD

About

55
Publications
16,344
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Introduction
Francesca Bagnoli currently works at the Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources, Italian National Research Council. Francesca does research in Forestry, Genetics and Molecular Biology.
Additional affiliations
November 2011 - September 2014
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
High genetic variation and extensive gene flow may help forest trees with adapting to ongoing climate change, yet the genetic bases underlying their adaptive potential remain largely unknown. We investigated range-wide patterns of potentially adaptive genetic variation in 64 populations of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) using 270 SNPs from 139...
Preprint
Full-text available
High genetic variation and extensive gene flow may help forest trees with adapting to ongoing climate change, yet the genetic bases underlying their adaptive potential remain largely unknown. We investigated range-wide patterns of potentially adaptive genetic variation in 64 populations of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) using 270 SNPs from 139...
Article
Full-text available
Trees play a key role in the structure and function of many ecosystems worldwide. In the Mediterranean Basin, forests cover approximately 22% of the total land area hosting a large number of endemics (46 species). Despite its particularities and vulnerability, the biodiversity of Mediterranean trees is not well known at the taxonomic, spatial, func...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Progress in the field of evolutionary forest ecology has been hampered by the huge challenge of phenotyping trees across their ranges in their natural environments, and the limitation in high-resolution environmental information. Findings: The GenTree Platform contains phenotypic and environmental data from 4,959 trees from 12 ecolog...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The Mediterranean Basin is a major hotspot of plant biodiversity, including forest trees. Over the past centuries, Mediterranean forests have been fragmented and over‐exploited, to which the threats of climate change are now added. Our aim is to better understand patterns and processes of tree biodiversity in the Mediterranean and to provide in...
Article
Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying the stress response in plants is essential to understand evolutionary processes that result in long-term persistence of populations. Populations inhabiting marginal ecological conditions at the distribution range periphery may have preserved imprints of natural selection that have shaped functional g...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation: Trait variation within species can reveal plastic and/or genetic responses to environmental gradients, and may indicate where local adaptation has occurred. Here, we present a dataset of rangewide variation in leaf traits from seven of the most ecologically and economically important tree species in Europe. Sample collection and trait a...
Article
Full-text available
Severe bottlenecks significantly diminish the amount of genetic diversity and the speed at which it accumulates (i.e. evolutionary rate). They further compromise the efficiency of natural selection to eliminate deleterious variants, which may reach fixation in the surviving populations. Consequently, expanding and adapting to new environments may p...
Article
Key message Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold has an ecological and economic interest in Europe, but many of the planted populations have an unknown origin and infraspecific taxonomy. Six Portuguese P. nigra populations characterised with microsatellites revealed high intra-population diversity structured into two clusters with low differentiation that might...
Article
Only few woody species of North Africa have been the subject of biogeographical studies, despite the importance of this region, in the Mediterranean area, for the presence of hotspots of endemism and biodiversity, and of refugia. Here, we present research on the Afro-Mediterranean Cupressus spp., which have a discontinuous and fragmented distributi...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
The dataset presented here was collected by the GenTree project (EU-Horizon 2020), which aims to improve the use of forest genetic resources across Europe by better understanding how trees adapt to their local environment. This dataset of individual tree-core characteristics including ring-width series and whole-core wood density was collected for...
Article
We produced the first time-calibrated phylogeny of all 64 native tree genera occurring on the European side of the Mediterranean Basin. This phylogeny is based on 3 plastid DNA sequences (rbcL matK and trnH-psbA), 4 recognized fossil dates and 10 secondary calibrations. Based on the inferred topology, we then tested whether the investigated tree fl...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Mediterranean stone pine is currently on its way to domestication. Its genuine Mediterranean pine nuts are among the most expensive nuts in the world because they are mainly wild-collected from pine forests and woodlands. Despite the wide current distribution of stone pine over the whole Mediterranean biome, old-growth forests are scarce, often...
Book
The Mediterranean stone pine is currently on its way to domestication. Its genuine Mediterranean pine nuts are among the most expensive nuts in the world because they are mainly wild-collected from pine forests and woodlands. Despite the wide current distribution of stone pine over the whole Mediterranean biome, old-growth forests are scarce, often...
Conference Paper
Pinus peuce Griseb is one of the two European pine species from subgenus Strobus. It is tertiary relict and endemic to the Balkans, occuring at the upper tree line in high mountains in Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, FYR Macedonia, Greece, and Bulgaria. The species is characterised by small and scattered populations often influenced by the Mediterrane...
Article
Aim The Hyrcanian forests, in a region of lowland and montane temperate pure and mixed broadleaf forests located in Iran, near the southern shores of the Caspian Sea, form part of the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot. In this region, species experienced suitable and stable environmental conditions over historic periods and even some Arcto‐Tertiary rel...
Article
Full-text available
Climate fluctuations of the Quaternary caused radical changes in distribution of tree species and resulted in large-scale range shifts, population contractions and expansions. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) a widely distributed conifer of the boreal regions underwent spatio-temporal changes, which shaped the modern-day genetic structure and phylo...
Article
Full-text available
Historical evolutionary events highly affect the modern-day genetic structure of natural populations. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), as a dominant tree species of the Eurasian taiga communities following the glacial cycles of the Pleistocene, has survived in small, scattered populations at the range limits of its south-eastern European distribut...
Article
Full-text available
• Background and Aims Olive is considered a native plant of the eastern side of the Mediterranean basin, from where it should have spread westward along the Mediterranean shores, while little is known about its diffusion in the eastern direction. • Methods A wide set of olive ecotypes and varieties collected from several provinces of Iran, represen...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean refugial areas are generally underrepresented in large-scale genetic surveys of forest trees. In the case of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.), this has led to divergent hypotheses about the exact location of glacial refugia and the trajectory of recolonization routes. Based on the comprehensive sampling of Apennine populations, we aimed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Analysis of genetic diversity in natural �Quercus pubescens populations from Sardinia �through nuclear and chloroplast SSR markers
Article
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Aim Phylogeographical studies of Eastern Mediterranean species are rare. We aim to fill a gap in the current understanding of the role of Eastern Mediterranean glacial refugia, and their connections with other refugia across Europe. To this end, we studied the genetic diversity distribution and genetic structure of the modern population of Quercus...
Conference Paper
Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii H. Christ. (1863) syn. Pinus leucodermis Ant. (1864), also reported as Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis), has a discontinuous and restricted distribution in Europe. Its natural distribution consists of small and disjunct populations located both in southern Italy and in the Balkan peninsulam with little knowledge a...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime pine provides essential ecosystem services in the south-western Mediterranean basin, where it covers around 4 million ha. Its scattered distribution over a range of environmental conditions makes it an ideal forest tree species for studies of local adaptation and evolutionary responses to climatic change. Highly-multiplexed single-nucleoti...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the large body of research devoted to understanding the role of Quaternary glacial cycles in the genetic divergence of European trees, the differential contribution of geographic isolation and/or environmental adaptation in creating population genetic divergence remains unexplored. In this study, we used a long-lived tree (Taxus baccata) as...
Article
The Patagonian region is characterized by a complex biogeographic history, with evidence of deep phylogeographic breaks shared among species. Of particular interest to conservation is the nature of colonization and settlement patterns after the last glacial period, including the detection of secondary contact between different lineages and/or hybri...
Article
Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) is a relevant conifer species for studying adaptive responses to drought and fire regimes in the Mediterranean region. In this study, we performed Illumina next-generation sequencing of two phenotypically divergent Aleppo pine accessions with the aims of i) characterizing the transcriptome through Illumina RNA-S...
Article
AimThe relationship between isoprenoid emission and hygrophily was investigated in woody plants of the Italian flora, which is representative of European diversity. Methods Volatile isoprenoids (isoprene and monoterpenes) were measured, or data collected from the literature, for 154 species native or endemic to the Mediterranean. The Ellenberg indi...
Article
Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) dominates in tidally active areas of neotropical mangrove forests. Despite the ecological and economic importance of this species, we still know little about the genetic structure and diversity of its natural populations. In particular, Nicaraguan populations have not yet been investigated although they could be imp...
Article
Full-text available
Background and AimsGlobe artichoke and leafy cardoon, two crops within the same species Cynara cardunculus, are traditionally cultivated in the Mediterranean region and play a significant role in the agricultural economy of this area. The two cultigens have different reproductive systems: artichoke is generally vegetatively propagated, while leafy...
Article
Full-text available
Background Genetic markers and linkage mapping are basic prerequisites for comparative genetic analyses, QTL detection and map-based cloning. A large number of mapping populations have been developed for oak, but few gene-based markers are available for constructing integrated genetic linkage maps and comparing gene order and QTL location across re...
Data
Description of the SSCP method implemented on a Licor DNA sequencer.
Data
Estimation of genome length in cM for LOD score ranging from 3 to 5.
Data
Clustering of Blast2GO categories using the four sets of sequences containing EST (CR: Coding Region, NCR: Non Coding Region, 5’UTR: 5’ Un-Transcribed Region, 3’UTR: 3’ Un-Transcribed Region).
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes the many applications for neutral genetic markers from the perspectives of population and conservation genetics, phylogeography and gene flow studies of conifers and includes a comprehensive review of the studies performed in these research fields. The chapter starts with a review of the different kinds of neutral genetic mar...
Article
Full-text available
The Azores provide an excellent field test for research activities aimed at developing conservation strategies for endangered tree species. In this work, the urgency to promote Picconia azorica conservation programs addressed (a) insights into the biotaxonomy of the species (including an evaluation of its origin and relationships with the only cong...
Article
Volatile terpenes have been proposed as chemotaxonomic markers, despite the strong environmental control on their synthesis. To clarify whether chemical profiles match biological diversity, cork oak, a monoterpene-emitting species that has been bred by humans and frequently hybridizes with other oaks, is a useful case-study. Analysis of the availab...
Article
Full-text available
This study represents the first large-scale analysis using nuclear molecular markers to assess genetic diversity and structure of Cupressus sempervirens L.. Genetic and fossil data were combined to infer the possible role of human activity and evolutionary history in shaping the diversity of cypress populations. We analysed 30 populations with six...
Article
Full-text available
Two cDNA clones encoding catalase (Cat1 and Cat2) from peach [ Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] were identified, that show homologies to other plant catalases. The nucleotide sequences of the two coding regions showed 88% identity to each other. The amino acid sequences predicted from the two full-length clones showed the highest homology to a catalase...
Article
Full-text available
Two cDNA clones encoding mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutases (MnSODs) from peach ( Prunus persica [L.] Batsch) were identified, which show homologies to several plant MnSODs. The amino acid sequence predicted from one full-length clone ( MnSOD1) showed the highest homology to an MnSOD from Nicotiana plumbaginifolia (94%) and included a 24...
Article
Full-text available
 Catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity profiles were examined by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in different tissues of seedlings and microcuttings of oak (Quercus robur L.) initiated from crown material (NL100A) and from basal epicormic shoots (NL100R), which differ in rooting ability. Two CAT isoforms were differential...
Data
On Oct 19, 1999 this sequence version replaced gi:6006618.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) have proven to be in herbaceous species excellent models for the study of differential gene expression; moreover, because of their physiological significance these gene enzyme systems represent an advantageous tool to approach the study of metabolic changes and stress conditions impo...
Article
Full-text available
Catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), two of the major antioxidant enzyme systems, were examined by native PAGE at different stages of zygotic and somatic embryogenesis of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.). During both zygotic and somatic embryogenesis, CAT and SOD specific activities increased, but electrophoretic analysis reveal...
Article
Full-text available
A group of maize defective kernel (dek) mutants, defective in embryo and endosperm development and showing altered or suppressed germination, was characterized with the aim to identify genes involved in embryogenesis and related to hormone action. The defects in seed germination and seedling establishment were explored using two different approache...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
B4EST is a H2020 funded European collaborative project, with 19 partners from 9 European countries, and led by Dr Catherine Bastien, INRA, France. The goal of B4EST is to increase forest survival, health, resilience and productivity under climate change and natural disturbances, while maintaining genetic diversity and key ecological functions, and fostering a competitive EU bio-based economy. B4EST is working with the most economically, ecologically, or socially important tree species in Europe. These include: six native species (Scots pine, Norway spruce, common ash, stone pine, maritime pine), and two non-native species (Douglas-fir, and Eucalyptus species). This list also provides northern, southern, oceanic and continental interest across Europe. It also provides a range of species to study: climate impacts (biotic and abiotic), levels of genetic diversity and adaptive potential, phenotypic plasticity and acclimation potential, genomic breeding tools, the potential of genetic polymorphisms, and the local and regional aspects of forest reproductive material management to improve forest survival, health, resilience and productivity under climate change. The project will provide forest tree breeders, forest managers and owners, and policy makers with: 1) better scientific knowledge on adaptation profiles and sustainable productivity, and added value of raw materials in important European tree species for forestry, 2) new and flexible adaptive tree breeding strategies, 3) tree genotypes of highly adaptive and economical value, 4) decision-support tools for the choice and use of Forest Reproductive Material (FRM) while balancing production, resilience and genetic diversity, including case studies developed with industrial partners, 5) integrative performance models to guide FRM deployment at stand and landscape level, 6) economic analyses of risks/benefits/costs, and 7) policy recommendations.
Project
GenTree brings together 22 public and private research organizations and enterprises, lead by INRA (France), contributing a wide variety of skills, expertise and long-standing experience in the area of forest genetic resources. The goal of GenTree is to provide the European forestry sector with better knowledge, methods and tools for optimising the management and sustainable use of forest genetic resources (FGR) in Europe in the context of climate change and continuously evolving demands for forest products and services. To reach its goal, GenTree will make scientific, technological and implementation breakthroughs in: - Designing innovative strategies for dynamic conservation of FGR in European forests. - Broadening the range of FGR used by European breeding programmes - Preparing new forest management scenarios and policy frameworks fully integrating genetic conservation and breeding aspects, to adapt forests and forestry to changing environmental conditions and societal demands. GenTree focuses on economically and ecologically important tree species in Europe, growing in a wide range of habitats and covering different societal uses and values. http://www.gentree-h2020.eu/about/overview/
Archived project
The goal of the research consist on genetic characterization of Sardinian green oak leaf roller moth populations (Tortrix viridana) and its associated hosts (Quercus spp). Specific planned activities consist on detect pubescent, holm and cork oak stands infested by Tortrix viridana and sampling both, insect and trees, for further molecular analysis. In field phenotypic characterization of insect/plant populations for bud-burst/egg-hatch. Semi-field and laboratory trials to evaluate temperature effects on egg development in term of diapause completion and egg-hatch.