France Collard

France Collard
Norwegian Polar Institute · Scientific Research Department

PhD in Science

About

34
Publications
20,808
Reads
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2,270
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2018 - present
Norwegian Polar Institute
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2016 - November 2017
Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne - Université Paris 12
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2012 - September 2016
University of Liège
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Neuston includes animals and plants inhabiting the surface layer of the water column. The neustonic area is an accumulation zone for bacteria, organic molecules but also terrestrial debris. The surface layer is also the air/water exchange region. Therefore, neustonic organisms are directly exposed to several constraints such as wind stress and turb...
Article
Neustonic microplastic and zooplankton abundance was determined in the North Western Mediterranean Sea during a summer cruise between July 9th and August 6th 2010, with a break between July 22 th and 25th due to a strong wind event. Ninety percent of the 40 stations contained microplastic particles (size 0.3-5mm) of various compositions: e.g., fila...
Article
Full-text available
Microplastic particles (MP) contaminate oceans and affect marine organisms in several ways. Ingestion combined with food intake is generally reported. However, data interpretation often is circumvented by the difficulty to separate MP from bulk samples. Visual examination often is used as one or the only step to sort these particles. However, color...
Article
Dead leaves of the Neptune grass, Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, in the Mediterranean coastal zone, are colonized by an abundant " detritivorous " invertebrate community that is heavily predated by fishes. This community was sampled in August 2011, November 2011, and March 2012 at two different sites in the Calvi Bay (Corsica). Ingested artificial...
Article
Full-text available
Northern Fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) are a pelagic seabird species distributed at northern and polar latitudes. They are often used as an indicator of plastic pollution in the North Sea region, but data are lacking from higher latitudes, especially when it comes to chicks. Here, we investigated amounts of ingested plastic and their characteristics...
Article
Full-text available
Microplastic contamination is an emerging issue in the marine environment including the Arctic. However, the occurrence of microplastics in the Arctic fjords remains less understood. Sample collections were conducted by trawling horizontally in surface water (0–0.4-m depth) and trawling vertically in the water column (0–200-m depth) to investigate...
Article
Plastic pollution is now pervasive in the Arctic, even in areas with no apparent human activity, such as the deep seafloor. In this Review, we describe the sources and impacts of Arctic plastic pollution, including plastic debris and microplastics, which have infiltrated terrestrial and aquatic systems, the cryosphere and the atmosphere. Although s...
Article
Full-text available
Arctic wildlife is facing multiple stressors, including increasing plastic pollution. Seabirds are intrinsic to marine ecosystems, but most seabird populations are declining. We lack knowledge on plastic ingestion in many arctic seabird species, and there is an urgent need for more information to enable risk assessment and monitoring. Our study aim...
Poster
The northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis (hereafter fulmar) is one of the few species studied in the frame of plastic pollution in Svalbard. The fulmar is an OSPAR species used for biomonitoring of plastic pollution in the North Sea and is well studied in the Arctic. However, data are lacking in some regions -including Svalbard- and for some life sta...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of marine plastic litter is unequal around the world, some areas being more polluted. Given that the Arctic is not a highly populated area, very low levels of plastics are expected. However, the Arctic is not significantly less polluted than populated areas further south. Plastic has already been found in most compartments of the A...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic debris is globally found around the world and the remote Arctic is no exception. Arctic true seals are sentinel species of marine pollution and represent the link between marine food webs and Arctic apex predators like polar bears and humans. With regard to true seals, ingested macroplastics have never been reported in an Arctic species. We...
Article
The research on plastic pollution is increasing worldwide but little is known about the contamination levels in the Arctic by microplastics and other anthropogenic particles (APs) such as dyed fibres. In this study, two different sampling designs were developed to collect 68 sediment subsamples in five locations in a remote Arctic fjord, Kongsfjord...
Chapter
Full-text available
The findings of microplastics in sea ice, snow, water, sediment, and biota samples in Svalbard show that the archipelago is not isolated from pollution generated in other parts of the world and plastic pollution in the region must be monitored.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Marine litter pollution affects oceans globally and has today also made its way to the pristine arctic environment adding to the microlitter from local pollution sources. Marine litter pollution is recognized as a serious threat to the marine environment at all levels, from the UN to regional (EU, OSPAR, HELCOM) and national authorities. The risk p...
Chapter
Full-text available
For over 30 years, the sources and the transfer dynamics of micropollutants have been investigated in the PIREN-Seine programme. Recent works included a wide range of chemicals and biological contaminants of emerging concern (i.e. contaminants whose occurrence, fate and impact are scarcely documented). This chapter presents a brief overview of rese...
Article
Plastic pollution, especially microplastics (MP) pollution, is a hot topic in both mainstream media and scientific literature. Although rivers are potentially the major transport pathway of this pollution to the sea, plastic contamination in freshwater bodies is comparatively understudied. Microplastic pollution in freshwater fish is of growing int...
Technical Report
Plastic pollution is recognized as a serious threat to the marine environment by the UN, the EU through the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the Arctic council, the Nordic council, and national governments worldwide. Marine litter may reach the Arctic with ocean currents from global and regional sources, but may also originate from local emissi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Beach litter deep dive» is a new method developed by SALT in cooperation with a broad range of experts. The method aims at providing knowledge on the sources of marine litter and the reasons behind littering, including whether litter originates from local-, regional- or global activities. It has proven a promising tool to costeffectively provide kn...
Book
For over 30 years, the sources and the transfer dynamics of micropollutants have been investigated in the PIREN-Seine programme. Recent works included a wide range of chemicals and biological contaminants of emerging concern (i.e. contaminants whose occurrence, fate and impact are scarcely documented). This chapter presents a brief overview of rese...
Article
Anthropogenic particles (APs) are a very broad category of particles produced directly or indirectly by human activities. Their ingestion by biota is well studied in the marine environment. In contrast, studies on AP ingestion in wild freshwater organisms are scarce despite high contamination levels in some rivers and lakes. In this study, we aimed...
Article
The annual production of plastic textile fibers has increased by more than 6% per year, reaching 60 million metric tons, about 16% of world plastic production. The degradation of these fibers produces fibrous microplastics (MPs). Such MPs have been observed in atmospheric fallouts, as well as in indoor and outdoor environments. Some fibrous MPs may...
Conference Paper
Plastic pollution is a growing concern worldwide but was mainly focused on the marine environment. Few studies dealt with plastic pollution in lakes and rivers and the associated biota. In our study, we aimed to evaluate plastic occurrence in three target tissues (stomach contents, liver and muscle) of a wild freshwater fish (the chub Squalius ceph...
Article
Microplastics (MPs) are thought to be ingested by a wide range of marine organisms before being excreted. However, several studies in marine organisms from different taxa have shown that MPs and nanoplastics could be translocated in other organs. In this study, we investigated the presence of MPs in the livers of commercial zooplanktivorous fishes...
Article
The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest that develops on tomato and other economically important solanaceous crops. Current semiochemically-based management strategies still fail to significantly reduce damages and need to be improved. Here we describe under scanning and transmission electron...
Article
Anthropogenic particles (APs), including microplastics, are ingested by a wide variety of marine organisms. Exposure of Clupeiformes (e.g. herrings, anchovies, sardines) is poorly studied despite their economic and ecological importance. This study aims to describe the morphology of the filtration apparatus of three wild-caught Clupeiformes (Sardin...
Poster
The aim of this study was to quantify and to characterize the ingested anthropogenic particles (AP) in herrings (Clupea harengus), sardines (Sardina pilchardus) and anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus). Twenty individuals of each species were sampled. Herrings and sardines were caught in the Channel and in the North Sea in January 2013 and in January...
Article
Full-text available
Dead leaves of the Neptune grass, Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, in the Mediterranean coastal zone, are colonized by an abundant " detritivorous " invertebrate community that is heavily predated by fishes. This community was sampled in August 2011, November 2011, and March 2012 at two different sites in the Calvi Bay (Corsica). Ingested artificial...
Poster
Full-text available
Plastic pollution is a huge environmental concern and affects each marine ecosystem. Plastics are produced by millions of tonnes each year in the world and finally accumulate in oceans. They adsorb many persistent organic pollutants, cause external and internal wounds, and provoke blockage of the digestive tract of marine mammals, birds and turtles...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Evaluating and identifying plastic contamination in several fish species by Raman spectroscopy
Project
Evaluation of the (micro)plastic pollution around Svalbard.