Fortunato Musella

Fortunato Musella
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Social Sciences

PhD in Political Science, University of Florence

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36
Publications
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139
Citations

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
En el texto se mostrará el desarrollo de una tendencia monocrática en España y Italia gracias al uso de variables como la fragmentación y la polarización, la iniciativa legislativa y el uso de decretos de gobierno. Estos aspectos aquí se analizan en un marco de doble personalización que ve este fenómeno interpenetrando tanto el frente institucional...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing involvement of judicial institutions in the realm of policymaking represents a widespread phenomenon in Western democracies. Especially when political actors enter periods of instability and low performance, courts increasingly and incisively intervene in policymaking. This is the case in Italy, where, over the last two decades, the...
Article
Personalization is the most relevant political phenomenon of our time. With the weakening of the structural and ideological foundations of Western democracies, a radical shift from collective to individual actors and institutions has occurred in several political systems. Since the 1990s, Italy has provided one of the most evident examples of the r...
Chapter
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The figure of the Italian President of the Council (i.e., the prime minister) – as well as the broader form of government – is constitutionally underdefined. As a consequence, the prime ministerial role has been particularly subjected to party and party system changes. In the first fifty years of the republic, the prime minister worked as the conne...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of personalized party organizations has called for a redefinition of the concept of party institutionalization (PI). This article brings different strands of literature together and proposes a new multidimensional index of PI. PI is conceived of as the interplay of objective and internal party features with the external environment. T...
Chapter
Political personalization is one of the most relevant processes of our time, affecting every aspect of contemporary politics. Yet when it occurs in political parties, this is the last place we want to see it happening. This chapter investigates the reasons why party leadership remains a quite neglected theme in political science and presents the cu...
Chapter
This chapter investigates on the impact of personalization on party organization and ideology. The idea that parties tend to concentrate power at the top of their organization dates back to Robert Michels’ “iron law of oligarchy” and was followed by the Weberian reflection on charismatic leadership. In the last few years, the field of party organiz...
Chapter
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This chapter deals with career paths of political leaders by showing how they do not stop with politics, but continue through a complex system of relationships that politics opens up for them. Whether we are talking about advisory and/or consultancy posts, or company directorships, the number of democratic leaders who go into business following the...
Chapter
In this conclusive chapter, the main thesis of the book is summed up, and question of the future of political parties and democracies is raised. In particular, personalization is viewed as a “Sword of Damocles” for party leaders, as while it reinforces them as the “dominus of political parties” and sometimes of the political system, they experience...
Chapter
Thanks to the process of the presidentialization of politics, party leaders are gaining a crucial position in legislative and governmental activities. An increasing number of contemporary democracies show the combining of the figures of chief executive and party leaders, as well as in countries with different political histories. Many empirical ind...
Chapter
This chapter deals with the new way of nominating party leaders in Western democracies. The topic of leader selection has been the subject of great attention by a growing body of political science literature, with a particular focus on the effects of such changes on both intra-party power and the relationship between leaders and party affiliates. O...
Article
This book studies party leaders from selection to post-presidency. Based on data covering a large set of Western countries, and focusing on the trends of personalisation of politics, the volume is one of the first empirical investigations into how party leaders are elected, how long they stay in office, and whether they enter and guide democratic g...
Article
The revolution of personal leaders - Volume 45 Issue 3 - Fortunato Musella, Paul Webb
Article
Introduzione Party leaders have become more powerful and autonomous actors in recent years by developing a direct and personal relationship with citizens. As anticipated in the United States (Lowi, 1985), the rise of the ‘personal leader’ seems to have occurred in many European democracies, both in old parties and in more recently formed parties, w...
Article
The rise of personal parties is one of the most relevant and innovative political phenomena to emerge from the Italian Second Republic. During the 1990s, Forza Italia presented a new type of party political organisation where personalisation, professionalisation and centralisation represented the keys to success that led Silvio Berlusconi to three...
Article
Deep changes regard the political careers of democratic leaders. Until recently, becoming president or prime minister was the last step before retirement or withdrawal to an undemanding seat on the back benches. On the contrary recent heads of government are enthusiastically seeking alternative ways to capitalize on their prestige and contacts port...
Article
In December 2012, for the first time, the Italian Partito Democratico held primary elections for the selection of candidates to run for the general election—the so-called ‘Parlamentarie’. The event has received far less scholarly attention than it deserves. Although the relevance of these elections in terms of numbers of participants and candidates...
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Full-text available
After the introduction of the direct election for the ltalian mayors in l993, the comune of Naples has become one of the most relevant example of the so called "metro politan spring". Antonio Bassolino obtained a quasi plebiscitary consensus thanks to his ambition program of radical change. After about twenty years from that experience, the local e...
Article
Italy is rightly considered as an ideal type case of the presidentialization process that is changing many parliamentary democracies, with the quasi-direct election of the Prime Minister and the strengthening of his hold on both the party and the government. Yet, a stronger, premier-centred government also means depriving Parliament of many of its...
Chapter
A great part of the rhetoric accompanying the rapid diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Western societies in recent decades has put the spotlight on their potential for generating economic growth and development in the socio-political arena. Yet mechanisms that generate disparities among citizens do not go away with th...
Article
The ‘challenge of convergence’ has become a core element of the European policy-making agenda. Many programs have been initiated by European institutions with a view to ensure uniformity in administrative actions and structures. In this article, we will investigate the formation of a ‘European administrative space’ as a result of a process of conve...
Chapter
A great part of the rhetoric accompanying the rapid diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Western societies in recent decades has put the spotlight on their potential for generating economic growth and development in the socio-political arena. Yet mechanisms that generate disparities among citizens do not go away with th...
Article
The chapter is dedicated at analyzing the strategic use of new technologies in the United States. An evident synergy has been noted between the digital policy projects and the neo-liberal ideology wave that has traced origin in the fiscal crisis of the State in the 1970s. About four decades have transformed some political directions in true imperat...
Article
Full-text available
The challenge of convergence has becoming a core issue in the European agenda, as the existence of «widely accepted administrative standards» represents one of the most important preconditions to promote socio-political development and to reinforce the single Market. Indeed many initiatives have been launched by European institutions to ensure unif...
Chapter
A great part of the rhetoric accompanying the rapid diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Western societies in recent decades has put the spotlight on their potential for generating economic growth and development in the socio-political arena. Yet mechanisms that generate disparities among citizens do not go away with th...

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