Foong Ha Yap

Foong Ha Yap
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen (CUHKSZ)

PhD in Applied Linguistics, UCLA

About

65
Publications
19,658
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475
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
261 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202301020304050

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Based on the Discourse Grammar framework, this study investigates what mechanisms are deployed in the rise of Korean DM com. The development of DM com involves two distinct mechanisms, namely grammaticalization and cooptation proposed by Heine et al. (2013a,b, 2020, 2021). More specifically, the rise of DM com involves the following three major sta...
Article
Pragmatic markers are linguistic resources, many of them highly ubiquitous, that provide speakers with a means to display their stance toward a given proposition and, at the same time, toward their fellow interlocutors and others. Using naturally-occurring spoken data from the Sejong Spoken Corpus, we examine the role of Korean pragmatic marker com...
Article
In this paper, we investigate how Korean -ki and -m nominalization constructions have come to also express speaker stance. We first identify the semantic distinctions between Korean -ki and -m nominalization constructions in terms of their realis/irrealis semantics, then further examine how differences in their syntagmatic affinity—more specificall...
Article
Previous studies using diachronic data from the Sejong Historical Corpus have traced the semantic extension of voice marker -eci from middle to passive uses (e.g. Ahn & Yap 2017). In this study, based on data from the Sejong Contemporary Spoken Corpus, we further examine the relationship between middle and passive uses of -eci constructions, with s...
Article
Research has shown that demonstratives are used beyond their basic meanings to encode various extended discourse functions. Based on data from the Lobr dialect of Dagaare (Niger-Congo: Gur/Mabia), the present study hypothesises that the syntactic position of demonstratives and their ‘qualitative features’ (i.e. non-deictic semantic features) influe...
Article
This paper investigates the extended uses of a Wugang Xiang classifier di⁴⁵ beyond the referential domain, specifically its attitudinal uses. Using conversational data from Wugang Xiang, a Sinitic variety spoken in south-eastern Hunan province in China, we first examine the uses of di⁴⁵ within the referential domain, namely, expressing a quantity o...
Article
In this study, we investigate how the discourse marker kunyang in Korean is employed to help manage and negotiate the stances of interlocutors and their relationship with each other in conversational interaction. In particular, we examine the use of kunyang as a face-threat mitigator in contexts where the current speaker (i) expresses a divergent s...
Article
In this paper, we analyze the clitic YUM (< ‘thing’) in Khalkha Mongolian which, in different syntactic contexts, reinforces assertiveness or expresses different shades of presumption or presupposition. The former holds for declaratives where the presence of YUM conveys the speaker’s strong subjective commitment. In question clauses, YUM is used to...
Article
Full-text available
Politicians frequently face adversarial questions during election time. They often provide evasive replies to veer away from the controversial issues, but such equivocation also distances them from the audience. To deal with this problem, politicians often use the inclusive ‘we’ to identify themselves with the interest of the general public when th...
Article
Voice-markers enable speakers to profile a situation/event in ways that reflect their perspective of ‘who’ or ‘what’ is being foregrounded as the discourse unfolds. Our diachronic study focuses on how a versatile voice marker evolves new functions as it competes for its semantic niche with other voice markers. Using data from Old Korean texts writt...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the expression of subjective and intersubjective stance through a particular class of possessive markers in Central Mongolian. Central Mongolian has two morphologically distinct sets of possessive pronominal markers, and while those used in prenominal position fulfill referential functions, the postnominal possessives conv...
Chapter
This chapter examines how politicians use metaphor, humor and sarcasm to construct favorable political identities for themselves and unfavorable ones for their rivals. Data for analysis come from five televised debates during the 2012 Hong Kong Legislative Council Election. The chapter adopts Fauconnier and Turner’s (2002) Conceptual Blending frame...
Article
This paper examines the relationship between middle and passive voice constructions in Korean, in particular how they have come to share the same grammatical marker -eci. Based on diachronic data from the UNICONC (Korean historical) database, spanning Old, Middle and Modern Korean (15th to 20th century), our analysis reveals that -eci was initially...
Article
This paper examines the life-cycle of versatile nominalizers in Chinese, with special attention to how they develop into attitudinal stance markers. Based on cross-dialectal and diachronic data, we first identify a wide range of extended uses of nominalization constructions within the Sinitic language family, among them relativizing and subordinati...
Article
For the past half century, the versatile nature of demonstratives across languages has increasingly attracted attention in language typology. The present study contributes to this research agenda by examining the grammaticalisation pathways of two distal demonstratives in the Lobr dialect of Dagaare (Niger-Congo: Gur), namely, nɛ, an adnominal demo...
Article
This article examines the pragmatic uses of the verbal inflections in Bajjika, a Bihari language within the “eastern” group of the Indo-Aryan family. Previous studies have shown that Bajjika has a very complex system of verb-agreement, which is typical of Bihari languages but atypical of other Indo-Aryan languages. Of particular interest here is th...
Article
This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. Using Schiffrin’s (1987) model of discourse coherence, and focusing in particular on the Cantonese particle ho2,1 we show how an interrogative particle is often also used as an interactio...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the characteristics of unaccusative ‘give’ constructions in Chinese, and additionally identify the pathways for their emergence in some Chinese dialects, in particular Southern Min and Mandarin varieties.1 We distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 unaccusative ‘give’ constructions, the former involving reversible ‘escape’-t...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the characteristics of unaccusative 'give' constructions in Chinese, and additionally identify the pathways for their emergence in some Chinese dialects, in particular Southern Min and Mandarin varieties. 1 We distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 unaccusative 'give' constructions, the former involving reversible 'escape'-...
Article
This paper examines how Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney’s use of rhetorical questions (RQs) in the 2012 US presidential election varies depending on the target audience. We first classify the US states into: (i) Democrat-safe states, (ii) Republican-safe states, and (iii) swing states. We then examine Romney’s use of RQs in his 48 spe...
Article
This article explores how metaphors are deployed as a tool by politicians to create a negative political identity for their adversaries. Drawing on five televised debates from the Hong Kong Legislative Council election campaign in 2012, the present study examines the use of defamation metaphors in electoral discourse from a socio-pragmatic and cogn...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how hearsay evidential markers in Korean are used within the pragmatic domain to serve a wide range of epistemic and politeness functions. In particular, we focus on a new paradigm of hearsay evidential markers — more specifically, the V-ta ha-X > V-ta-X type, among them -tako, -tamye, -tamyense, -tanun, and -tanta (see Ahn & Ya...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the development of five hearsay evidential markers in Korean, namely, tako, tamye, tamyense, tanun and tanta, and traces their extended pragmatic functions in discourse. We first identify their functions over time, from Middle Korean to Modern and Contemporary Korean, then quantitatively analyze the usage frequency of these func...
Chapter
This chapter examines how sentence final particles emerged in Chinese. More specifically, it identifies a number of morphosyntactic and phonological processes that contribute to the rise of pragmatic markers at the right periphery, many of which are also found in other languages. One type of morphosyntactic process is verb concatenation in the form...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine how Chinese light nouns zhe and suo evolved into agent and patient nominalizers respectively. The link between nominalization, relativization and genitivization is explored from a grammaticalization perspective; likewise the frequent relationship between nominalization and clausal subordination. Other uses derived from nom...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines three versatile morphemes – yang,-nya and punya – that contribute to the formation of nominalization constructions in Malay. In particular, we examine how these morphemes give rise to both referential and non-referential uses of nominalization constructions. We also highlight that nominalizing elements in Malay can be derived fr...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines a wide range of nominalization strategies found in Asian languages, and identifies robust grammaticalization pathways that trace the life of versatile nominalizers, particularly those that develop from light nouns and noun phrase markers such as classifiers, plural markers, demonstratives, and case markers. It also focuses on th...
Article
Full-text available
This study reviews extended uses of nominalization constructions in a wide range of Asian languages. It combines typological and diachronic perspectives, and traces how nominalization constructions over time develop from referential to non-referential uses. The latter include modifying functions (e.g. relativization and adverbialization); in some c...
Article
This study reviews extended uses of nominalization constructions in a wide range of Asian languages. It combines typological and diachronic perspectives, and traces how nominalization constructions over time develop from referential to non-referential uses. The latter include modifying functions (e.g. relativization and adverbialization); in some c...
Article
Full-text available
This paper identifies a number of different pathways that give rise to sentence final particles in Chinese. In particular, it focuses on a strategy referred to as 'clausal integration'. Diachronic evidence is given for the emergence of sentence final particles er yi yi and ye yi yi in Old Chinese. Additional examples are further provided from Early...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper traces the semantic extension of the Chinese locative/spatial noun di ('bottom') into a nominalizer, which further develops into a relativizer and genitive marker, and also into an adverbial subordinator and an attitudinal or stance marker. As subordinator and stance marker, di is generally phonetically reduced to de. Indeed, de has now...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bilingualism is by no means a simple phenomenon. When it involves Chinese it is complicated further because of the huge geographical spread of Chinese communities around the globe. Bilingualism is better seen as a multiparameter, socio-political-linguistic phenomenon, the processing and final results of which may not, and should not, be directly co...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal information is important in the construction of situation models, and many languages make use of perfective and imperfective aspect markers to distinguish between completed situations (e.g., He made a cake) and ongoing situations (e.g., He is making a cake). Previous studies in which the effect of grammatical aspect has been examined have...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous studies have identified three major pathways for the emergence of sentence-final particles in Chinese. The first pathway involves the grammaticalization of nominalizers, as attested in Mandarin de (Yap, Choi & Cheung, to appear), Chaozhou kai (Xu & Matthews, to appear), and Cantonese ge (Yap & Matthews, 2008). The second pathway involves t...
Conference Paper
This paper begins by identifying three major pathways for the emergence of sentence-final particles in Chinese, with special emphasis on the third pathway. The first pathway involves the grammaticalization of nominalizers, as attested in Mandarin de (Yap, Choi & Cheung, to appear), Chaozhou kai (Xu & Matthews, 2008), and Cantonese ge (Yap & Matthew...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents evidence of recurring patterns as well as of language-specific variations in the development of nominalizers across several East Asian and Tibeto-Burman languages. Special attention is pa to the different grammaticalization pathways of nominalizer morphemes and to the links between different types of nominalization phenomena occ...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current mode of thinking about teacher's knowledge as a combination of teachers' pre-existing knowledge and the theories teachers learned in teacher training programs has been shown to be outdated and counterproductive to improving school education. As an alternative conception, the present article proposes that teacher's knowledge, the persona...
Article
Full-text available
Aspect contributes important temporal information for the construction of situation models in the human mind. Previous studies examining the effect of grammatical aspect on accomplishment verbs (e.g. bake a cake) show that perfective sentences/utterances are processed faster than imperfective ones (Madden & Zwaan, 2003; Chan et al., 2004; Yap et al...
Article
Full-text available
Although else is recognized as a cohesive device (e.g. Halliday & Hasan, 1976: 76), it has received relatively little attention in the literature. To help remedy the situation, this article investigates how native speakers use else in both written and spoken discourse. We first review the literature for a description of the meaning(s) of else, then...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 1999. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 465-475).
Article
Thesis (M.A.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 1992. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-57).
Article
Lexical items without any inherent attitudinal meaning sometimes evolve into stance markers. This paper examines one such phenomenon, and addresses the following questions: How do such stance markers emerge? What language-internal forces facilitate their development? In cases involving language contact, how do language-external forces interact with...

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