Florin Ioras

Florin Ioras
Buckinghamshire New University | bucks · Institute for Conservation, Sustainability and Innovation

29.72
 · 
BSc, MA, PhD

About

137
Publications
24,130
Reads
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765
Citations
Introduction
Prof Florin Ioras currently works at Buckinghamshire New University. His current projects include SoClimPact - DownScaling CLImate ImPACTs and decarbonisation pathways in EU islands, and enhancing socioeconomic and non-market evaluation of Climate Change for Europe, for 2050 and Beyond- This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No776661.
Research Experience
January 2012 - December 2013
Buckinghamshire New University
Position
September 2002 - August 2018
Buckinghamshire New University
Position
  • Director of Research and Enterprise
January 2000 - August 2012
Buckinghamshire Chilterns Univertsity College
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
Education
October 2006 - June 2008
Buckinghamshire New University
Field of study
  • Leadership and Management
May 1996 - June 2000
Brunel University London
Field of study
  • Forest Ecology
September 1988 - June 2003
Universitatea Transilvania Brasov
Field of study
  • Forest Management

Publications

Publications (137)
Article
Full-text available
Developing allometric biomass models is an important process because reliability of forest biomass and carbon estimations largely depend on the accuracy and precision of such models. The effects of tree sampling on tree aboveground biomass (AGB) prediction accuracy and precision are complex and can, therefore, be difficult to quantify. In this pape...
Article
Full-text available
Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) has emerged as the most important source of wood raw material in Malaysia. Being a plantation crop, it is regarded as a green and environmental-friendly material that has found applications in almost all sectors of the wood industry. Despite its importance as a socioeconomic sector, the future of the rubberwood indus...
Article
Full-text available
The traditional forestry practice is under increasing pressure to transform, driven primarily by a shifting public perception of sustainability, and developments in science, communications, and global markets. In this context, the existing forestry education model is poorly equipped to cope with changes sweeping through the forestry sector that are...
Article
This article aims to analyze the adoption of FSC Chain of Custody certification scheme in connection with the adoption of the main general meta-standards (e.g.ISO certifiable standards), in a challenging context such as that faced by Romanian forestry companies. Using a questionnaire-based survey covering a large number of recently certified firms,...
Article
Full-text available
Short rotation poplar forests are a viable alternative in producing high quality wood for industrial applications. Their success depends on timely and high-quality implementation of a series of operations. Weed control operations are implemented to favor the trees in their competition for soil resources, and cultivation is an option typically used...
Article
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Although it is commonly assumed that biomass allometric models are site specific, evaluations of site-effects are rarely undertaken. In this paper we develop biomass-allometric models to determine site influences. This study is based on data from 240 Norway spruce trees (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), growing in 24 early-growth plantations. A multilevel...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the consequences of ignoring the clustered data structure on allometric models. Clustered data, in the form of multiple trees sampled from multiple forest stands is commonly used to develop biomass allometric models. Of 102 reviewed papers published between 2012 and 2016 that reported biomass allometric models, 84 (82%) have...
Data
The parameter estimates and their associated standard errors. Resulting from the Linear model and from the Multilevel model. (SEuα is the underestimation of standard errors of the intercept and SEuβ is the underestimation of standard errors of the slope). (PDF)
Data
The location and characteristics of investigated plantations. (PDF)
Data
Durbin-Watson statistic, ICC and the t-score overestimation. (PDF)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The network-centric world of the 21st century and explosive growth of the internet related technologies brought modern cybersecurity culture with complex threat landscape in the Higher Education environment. Cybersecurity landscape is always changing and education providers often do not have remit or in fact the means and capacity to cover the rang...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Master's Program in Management and Ecological Tourism combines sustainability and tourism in an educational program, in a high quality education program, with professionals and experts, in a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach that allows improving product competitiveness and increasing cultural, social and environmental sensitivit...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we report an investigation of how forest stand mixture may affect biomass allometric relationships in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). Analysis of aboveground biomass data was conducted for 50 trees: 25 sample trees from a pure Norway spruce stand and 25 from a mixed stand of Norway spruce with European beech (Fagus sylvatica...
Article
Full-text available
The potential use of residues from the logging process was evaluated for electrical energy generation by direct combustion. The findings were based on logging residues accrued from 1990 to 2015 and were enumerated using a 43% residue recovery rate. The available logging residues were insufficient to supply the primary electrical energy demand as we...
Article
Full-text available
Casein formaldehyde was manufactured between 1904 and 1982 in Western Europe both by International Galalith Gesellschaft (IGG) and Erinoid Ltd. (amongst others). Charles Rennie Mackintosh used it in his designs for furniture commissioned by Wenman Joseph Bassett-Lowke. Casein formaldehyde may be identified through a range of simple and analytical m...
Article
Rubberwood is an important wood resource for the wood-based industry in Malaysia and the neighboring countries in the Southeast Asian region. Many studies have been conducted to assess rubberwood’s properties and economic viability for value-added wood products manufacturing. However, information on the material’s environmental performance and gree...
Conference Paper
The UK Higher Education arena is changing; apprenticeships are currently experiencing a revival through the Apprenticeship levy Scheme launch. Behind the introduction of the levy lies the UK government’s belief that apprenticeships offer a solution to the skills gaps that are holding the economy back, and a new way for individuals to access higher...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to assess the most frequent non-conformities identified in different European countries in the processes of forest management certification according to FSC standards. A total of 31 active certificates from five countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Estonia, Romania, Slovenia and the United Kingdom) were analysed, includi...
Article
Full-text available
The paper aims to explore whether long run benefits can be obtained through the sustainable management of forest ecosystems within protected areas when compared to immediate benefits of doing business as usual. Total economic value of forest ecosystems services is estimated using commonly used valuation techniques under the innovative umbrella of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) is almost a new paradigm that is transforming our society and our life. IoT is the concept of smart sensors or the IP-enabled devices, denoted as “smart objects” interacting with one another through an online connection. Gamification is not new, nor is it unique to IoT user experiences. Based on what we know of the high...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Master on Management of Sustainable and Ecological Tourism (MEST) was designed as a specialized postgraduate degree, whose aim was to create future graduates able to carry out a comprehensive ecotourism management. It was an official Master Programme, adapted to European Higher Education Area. The project, leaded by School of Forestry ­ Technical U...
Article
Full-text available
Furniture manufacturing in Malaysia is an established industry driven primarily by the availability of raw materials and labor. However, the industry suffers from the low-recovery rate of its materials, as it produces a substantial amount of waste during the manufacturing process. Although smaller waste fragments, or off-cuts, are recovered for oth...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effects of felling season on the discoloration of rubberwood sawn timber during conventional kiln drying. The samples were collected throughout the year 2015 to monitor the variation of free sugars and starch content in the rubberwood logs. Two batches of logs, one from the rainy season and the other from the dry season,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet of Everything (IoE) is the essential prerequisite for the creation of virtual communities and ecosystems of institutions, communities and smart objects. IoE is built on the connections among people, processes, data and things. IoE are explicitly linked to global higher education (HE) and betterment to economic development, new research...
Article
In Malaysia, the primary forested land change process is due to the establishment of plantations on logged-over forests and areas used for shifting cultivation. While standing carbon stocks of natural forest have been the focus of many studies, reports on the carbon stocks in Acacia and rubber plantations in Malaysia is sparse. Therefore, this arti...
Article
The paper mainly applies three-dimensional (3D) scanners to carry out mapping for traditional furniture parts, making a systematic study on the parts size, recognising the application potential of 3D furniture mapping. In the course of the study, firstly an historic wenge bench is selected with its components acting as measurable objects, and then...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out to assess the dust emission and working conditions in the bamboo and rubberwood furniture manufacturing industries in Malaysia. The emission of wood dust arising from these industries was measured in each main work station in the mills. Meanwhile, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 5900 workers in 45 companies...
Conference Paper
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European islands are confronted with an increase number of people returning from mainland back to family home due to economic difficulties encountered through loss of jobs. Many of these people are aged between 22 and 30. Since 2010 the unemployment encountered on the European Islands has witnessed a sharp increase and in some places, according to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
MSc Degree on Management of Sustainable and Ecological Tourism (MEST) is focused in tourism alternatives and natural heritage preservation, trying to combine conservation of nature with socioeconomic development of many local communities. Thus, it establishes a link between local people, tourists and nature. MEST is integrated in a Erasmus programm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The central aim of this article is to demonstrate how a University-Industry European funded project investigated and proposed best practices for restructuring the wood processing sector in 5 EU countries with a view to reduce the consumption of energy in processing wood. The study refers to the cooperation between universities and industries and th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tourism is, nowadays, one of the most growing sectors worldwide, and a source of richness and job, especially in development countries. United Nations highlighted the importance of joint tourism development to sustainability, in order to guarantee future viability of tourism. Master on Management of Sustainable and Ecological Tourism, MEST, is desi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new fast growing trend in tourism is ecotourism, in which tourists visit natural ecosystems under low impact, nonconsumptive and locally oriented activities. Through these activities species and habitats are maintained and typically, underdeveloped regions are emphasized. Ecotourism provides a great alternative, especially for rural and undev...
Article
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Forested land in the world is about 28% of the global land area, accounting for 80% of the terrestrial carbon stored as biomass and soil organic carbon. Human activities, namely fossil fuel combustion and deforestation resulted in anthropogenic emissions into the atmosphere. Deforestation is being focused in this study in view of the role of forest...
Article
Full-text available
Group Technology (GT) a concept started in the 1920s to reduce transportation by standardising products in machine manufacturers is used here in the production technology of manufacturing furniture. The similarity in structural shape and technology of parts are classified arranging product parts into groups in order to organise and manage multiple...
Article
Full-text available
Social and industrial progress has been historically linked to water resources availability and management. Although water is a renewable resource, water scarcity and water resources degradation are, nowadays, worrying issues in many countries such as Spain. The implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive has not been straightforward in Spai...
Article
Full-text available
Forested land in the world is about 28% of the global land area, accounting for 80% of the terrestrial carbon stored as biomass and soil organic carbon. Human activities, namely fossil fuel combustion and deforestation resulted in anthropogenic emissions into the atmosphere. Deforestation is being focused in this study in view of the role of forest...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Technical University of Madrid (UPM), as a European project leader university, has developed a series of international actions to address the new challenges appearing in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) through the internationalization processes in higher education, society and economy. Five Erasmus actions have been developed in the l...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Many industrial activities are associated with some kind of occupational hazard that can cause injury in an insidious manner. The adverse effects of exposure to wood dust include nasal carcinoma, allergic and irritant cutaneous and respiratory reactions and chronic respiratory impairment. Exposure to wood dust may cause various diseases, including...
Article
The fatigue strength of two-pin dowel end to side-grain rubberwood furniture joints made from PVAc of different glueline thickness and joint assembly times were compared. Joints assembled immediately after machining had significantly higher strength compared to those joints assembled after 1 week and 1 month. The results showed that the allowable d...
Article
Full-text available
At the very early stage of idea generation, allegedly, a master craftsperson encounters cognitive dissonance to maintain beliefs/mindsets from various conceptual stimuli. We aim to capture the underlying form of cognition by examining the structure of thoughts collected from the subjective conceptualisation. A think-aloud protocol was employed to o...
Article
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In Serbia, as in other European countries, small and medium enterprises are recognized as a pillar of economic development. At the same time, a clear need for support to those enterprises and entrepreneurship, both in urban and rural areas, is emphasized in national strategic documents. In forestry, small and medium enterprises are of special impor...
Article
Full-text available
In this study the influence of tree’s age, location (i.e. latitude and altitude) and soil conditions (i.e. pH, humus content, carbon to nitrogen ratio, cation exchange capacity and percent base saturation) on tree allometry was investigated. The data was collected from 22 Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst) plantations located in Eastern Carpathia...
Article
Full-text available
In Serbia, as in other European countries, small and medium enterprises are recognized as a pillar of economic development. At the same time, a clear need for support to those enterprises and entrepreneurship, both in urban and rural areas, is emphasized in national strategic documents. In forestry, small and medium enterprises are of special impor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Europe is facing an accelerated climate change as a result of global warming, mainly for human activities, and because of population departure and consequent abandon of rural areas. In this line, higher education is exploring new horizons. Deforestation, climate change, sea pollution and other causes involve the need to conserve natural heritage....
Conference Paper
Environmental studies require both incremental and novel technical solutions. Both incremental and novel solutions have to fit in with societal, environmental and economic contexts. Moreover, they have to be robust to meet future uncertainties. E-learning has the capability to deliver these novel design solutions. We have developed a teaching metho...
Book
Full-text available
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, Durban 2011, delivered a breakthrough on the international community’s response to climate change. In the second largest meeting of its kind, the negotiations advanced, in a balanced fashion, the implementation of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, the Bali Action Plan, and the Cancun Agreements. Th...
Article
Zambia has one of the largest forest resources in southern Africa with almost 66% of its land mass under forest cover. However, indiscriminate harvesting of valuable timber resources for commodity-type products such as sawn-timber, charcoal and fuel-wood are the main drivers of forest depletion. Challenges related to customary-lands, land-tenure, l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyse the organization and development of two different e-learning MSc. programmes regarding to sustainability and protection of natural resources in the frame of the Erasmus multilateral projects. Environment is facing an accelerated climate change as a result of global warming, mainly for human activities, even in remote areas. In th...
Article
Full-text available
This article endeavours to assess public perceptions about the importance of forests for young people in the age group of 21-35 years in Malaysia based on 1,503 reliably answered interviews. Overall patterns show that timber production and environment protection are very important attributes among this age group. The interviews indicated high aware...
Article
This article endeavours to assess public perceptions about the importance of forests for young people in the age group of 21-35 years in Malaysia based on 1,503 reliably answered interviews. Overall patterns show that timber production and environment protection are very important attributes among this age group. The interviews indicated high aware...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Erasmus 2009-2013 is a cooperation and mobility programme in the field of higher education that aims to enhance the quality of European higher education. In 2012 it was proposed a training program (Master Degree) related to Climate Change and the restoration of degraded lands. The promoter of this project, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), has...
Conference Paper
Europe is facing an accelerated climate change as a result of global warming, mainly for human activities, and because of population departure and consequent abandon of rural areas. In this line, tourism alternatives are exploring new horizons. Deforestation, climate change, sea pollution and other causes involve the need to conserve natural herita...
Article
The ISO 9001 quality system is being advocated as a management tool to boost the performance of wooden furniture manufacturers in the South East Asian region. A study was therefore conducted to evaluate the status and challenges of the ISO 9001 quality system adoption among wooden furniture manufacturers in Malaysia and Vietnam. The data were compi...
Article
Full-text available
In the last two decades different methodologies for assessing the economic implications of protected areas have been developed within the framework of “Total Economic Value”, taking into account not only goods and services that have a price and a market but also those not priced or marketed. The present paper, by using a number of recognized method...
Article
Full-text available
The forest products industry is an important socioeconomic sector to many developing countries, both in terms of foreign exchange earnings and employment. In the case of Malaysia, the industry has been one of the fastest growing manufacturing sectors in the country, driven primarily by comparative advantages derived from factor inputs. However, wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Erasmus 2009 - 2013 is a cooperation and mobility program in the field of higher education that aims to enhance the quality of European higher education -Lifelong Learning Programme- and funded by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA). In 2012 it was proposed a training program (Master Degree level), designing and deliveri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Portal evaluation is an important component of successful academia industry know how programs. In this article, two portals that disseminated knowledge on green technology and historic furniture design are evaluated for overall quality. Interviews and a Web based survey were the major instruments employed. Data was collected from three groups assoc...
Article
The fatigue strength of rectangular mortise and tenon rubberwood furniture joints made from polyvinyl-acetate (PVAc) and urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesives were compared. The results showed that the allowable design stress for PVAc adhesive joints could be set at 30 % of its ultimate bending moment as compared to 25 % for the UF adhesive joint. Furth...
Article
Full-text available
Examination of wood sections using microscopy is often not very satisfactory for species identification, and this may be the case for samples taken from objects needing restoration. This could be caused by various parameters, namely small size of the section, condition of the section related to its age or degradation, finishes penetrating the wood...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Erasmus 2009 - 2013 is a cooperation and mobility program in the field of higher education that aims to enhance the quality of European higher education. ETSI Montes – UPM has participated as partner in two of these projects, and this year, we lead one of them. These projects intended to deliver new Master Programs in an integrated manner using the...
Article
The traditional forestry education schemes are no longer sufficient to train professional foresters to manage the forest resources in a changing world. Even in forest-rich nations such as Malaysia, the challenges faced by forestry education are growing. The declining student enrolment and interests in the field must be stopped, if the field is to...
Article
Full-text available
The traditional forestry education schemes are no longer sufficient to train professional foresters to manage the forest resources in a changing world. Even in forest-rich nations such as Malaysia, the challenges faced by forestry education are growing. The declining student enrolment and interests in the field must be stopped, if the field is to r...