• Home
  • Florian Lüdeke-Freund
Florian Lüdeke-Freund

Florian Lüdeke-Freund
ESCP Europe Berlin · Chair for Corporate Sustainability

Prof. Dr.
Head of the Chair for Corporate Sustainability, ESCP Business School, Berlin

About

111
Publications
184,133
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
6,865
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
ESCP Europe Berlin
Position
  • Professor
October 2017 - December 2018
ESCP Europe Berlin
Position
  • Lecturer
March 2014 - September 2017
University of Hamburg
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
The circular economy requires companies to rethink their supply chains and business models. Several frameworks found in the academic and practitioner literature propose circular economy business models (CEBMs) to redefine how companies create value while adhering to circular economy principles. A review of these frameworks shows that some models ar...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on sustainable business models (SBMs) offers different classifications of the available kinds of SBM. Our careful reading of this literature reveals that the received classifications have developed ad-hoc from multiple divergent perspectives. As a consequence, the proposed classifications are only partly overlapping and difficult to...
Article
Full-text available
Business models are developed and managed to create value. While most business model frameworks envision value creation as a uni-directional flow between the focal business and its customers, this article presents a broader view based on a stringent application of stakeholder theory. It provides a stakeholder value creation framework derived from k...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces the business models for sustainability innovation (BMfSI) framework to study how business models mediate between sustainability innovations and business cases for sustainability. The BMfSI framework integrates two major perspectives (implicitly) found in the sustainable business model literature. The first is the agency pers...
Book
Full-text available
We live in a time where we have reached broad agreement on ‘why’ to act for sustainability in business. The challenge is now to understand ‘how’. In this book, sustainability and innovation experts Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Henning Breuer, and Lorenzo Massa explore sustainable business model design. What it is, why it matters, and – most importantly –...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Die Circular Economy markiert einen Paradigmenwechsel: von einem derzeit linear strukturierten „Take-Make-Waste-Wirtschaftsmodell“ zu einer Abkehr vom heutigen – dem Produktionsprozess nachgelagerten – Umgang mit Abfall. Für eine Umkehr dieser dominanten linearen Strukturen in Wertschöpfungsketten müssen alle beteiligten Akteure umdenken. Das begin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The persistent problems confronting contemporary modern societies necessitate a sustainability transition through radical transformation and new business models towards a sustainable society. In this chapter and throughout the book we combine the two research streams of sustainability transitions and business models for sustainability to offer new...
Book
'It is in exploring the complementarities of business model innovation and sustainability transitions where this book makes a major contribution. Bridging related but so far separate areas of research and generating new insights for strategy and policy making is key to destabilising unsustainable business practices, and to accelerate processes of t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: We illustrate how cross-disciplinarity in business model research (multi-, inter-and transdisciplinarity) can help scholars overcome silo-building and span disciplinary boundaries. The seven articles contained in the special issue 'Fostering Cross-Disciplinarity in Business Model Research' are summarised, and the authors' perspectives on t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The circular economy has become a dominant perspective for better integrating firms' value creation activities with sustainable development. In contrast to the linear take-make-waste approach, it is based on closed product, component, and material flows with the aim to maximise material productivity and resource efficiency at the level of the produ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Circular Economy (CE) represents a disruption of today’s linear ‘take-make-waste economic’ paradigm. It is not an end-of-pipe approach to tackling ‘waste’. Turning the dominant linear structures into value cycles requires a rethinking by all involved actors. It starts with circular product redesign and demands a consistent realignment of all su...
Article
Full-text available
In this impact paper we argue that sustainability paradigms such as degrowth offer an inspiration for a post-crisis economy. There is increasing demand from politicians, civil society and industry for programmes that do not just protect and revive business as usual, ‘whatever it takes,’ but provide new ideas to motivate more ecological, social, and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The circular economy represents a disruption of today’s linear ‘take-make-waste economic’ paradigm. It is not an end-of-pipe approach to tackling ‘waste’. Turning the dominant linear structures into value cycles requires a rethinking by all involved actors. It starts with circular product redesign and demands a consistent realignment of all subsequ...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainability challenges typically occur across sectoral boundaries, calling the state, market, and civil society to action. Although consensus exists on the merits of cross-sector collaboration, our understanding of whether and how it can create value for various, collaborating stakeholders is still limited. This special issue focuses on how new...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sustainable business models (SBMs) are about value creation with and for a company’s stakeholders. This normative approach builds on an extended notion of value which integrates ecological, social, and economic forms of value. So far, the SBM discourse has a bias towards issues of business model development, business model innovation and evolution,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the past decade, a significant body of knowledge about the various forms of sustainable business models (SBMs) have emerged. This knowledge is distributed across various publications from several domains, such as social and ecological entrepreneurship, innovation and design, and operations research. The available categorizations include typolo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The circular economy has become the dominant perspective for better integrating firms' value creation activities with sustainable development. In contrast to the linear take-make-waste approach, it is based on closed product, component, and material flows with the aim to maximise resource efficiency of the entire production and consumption system....
Article
Full-text available
We discuss traditional assumptions about value creation and confront these with current views on sustainable value creation (SVC). Against this backdrop, the articles contained in the special issue 'Sustainable Value Creation Through Business Models' are introduced, and their contributions to the exploration of SVC are highlighted. The proposed fra...
Chapter
Full-text available
The main ideas discussed in this chapter relate to the role of business models in supporting strong sustainable consumption (SSC), different sustainability strategies and how sustainable business model patterns can become a means to design better production-consumption systems. These ideas can serve as a starting point for more comprehensive and ba...
Chapter
Stakeholders have acquired an active and even pivotal role in strategic management decisions and collaboration formats due to ongoing substantial changes in the corporate world, impacting established management frameworks, concepts and methods. This chapter discusses some of these fundamental changes and demonstrates the impact of (missing) stakeho...
Chapter
As any type of innovation, business model innovation is a means to alter and extend the ability of firms to act effectively and efficiently. With its focus on proposing and creating value, business model innovation has become a major technique to develop new and change existing forms of organizational value creation. The emerging field of research...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers have debated the relative importance of technology push and demand pull policies in the adoption of environmental technologies. Here, we examine how internationally distributed technology push and demand pull policies interact to support the diffusion of a renewable energy technology. We analyze 40 years (1974–2013) of solar photovoltai...
Book
Full-text available
The 4th International Conference on New Business Models (1-3 July 2019, in Berlin) aimed to motivate vivid discussions on new business models with the potential of contributing to a sustainable development of the natural environment and humanity. Corresponding business models and business activities require entrepreneurs and innovations that foster...
Article
Financial markets play a decisive role in the transition to a low-carbon economy. This study investigates the role of climate information presentation for climate-friendly investing among retail investors. We conduct a choice experiment in which we vary the presentation format of climate information by means of three label designs to test their inf...
Article
In recent years, several scholarly attempts have been made to conceptually outline the contours of the sharing economy. However, there is still limited consensus on fundamental characteristics of sharing models, the markets they create, and the controversies surrounding them. Based on an assessment of existing typologies of the sharing economy, thi...
Chapter
This chapter describes avenues for future research to develop a “sustainable business model pattern language.” The chapter reflects on how sustainable business model (SBM) patterns can be identified, described, and turned into a design language to support the development of more sustainable organisations. Such organisations solve ecological, social...
Research
Full-text available
Society faces a broad range of urgent sustainability challenges, described, for example, by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. For businesses, public institutions, and civil society it is no longer a question whether they should aim for more than just economic value creation, but how they can integrate multiple forms of value creati...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the theoretical and conceptual foundations of sustainability balanced scorecard (SBSC), which have been published and developed further over the past fifteen years. It provides a theoretical and conceptual overview of the SBSC approach according to F. Figge and S. Schaltegger and T. Dyllick. The chapter presents a summary of...
Chapter
Post-heroic management and research on innovation culture suggest bottom-up strategies to enhance innovation capabilities in organisations. Meanwhile, the open innovation paradigm suggests complementing inside-out activities by outside-in sourcing of ideas, knowledge, and capabilities. Observing an increasing demand for orientation in these activit...
Data
This figure shows the SBM pattern taxonomy on the fine-grained level of single patterns, located on a sustainability triangle. The patterns are spread around the pattern groups’ average locations, evoking the image of a ‘SBM pattern map.’ This map shows that three areas remain untouched by the currently available SBM patterns: strong economic, stro...
Data
This table summarises the SBM pattern taxonomy. It distinguishes four levels to organise the available knowledge about SBM patterns. First, five major categories of value creation are distinguished. Second, the 11 SBM pattern groups offer an efficient way of structuring the rich knowledge about SBMs found in the reviewed 14 studies. Third, the 45 S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Business model innovation is increasingly discussed as an approach to address societal challenges, such as those formulated by the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The lab of tomorrow (lot) project facilitates business model innovation for the SDGs through collaborations between European companies and entrepreneurs from develop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Business model innovation is regarded as a promising approach to foster corporate sustainability and, in turn, advance sustainable development. Although the value of business model patterns has been recognized in general, only very few studies have examined patterns to support ecologically and socially motivated business models in particular. In th...
Article
Full-text available
A shared understanding of the basic requirements for modelling sustainability-oriented business is currently missing. This is hindering collaboration, exchange, and learning about sustainability-oriented business models as well as the development of suitable and widely-accepted modelling tools. We contribute toward such a shared understanding based...
Chapter
CSR und Nachhaltigkeit werden in deutschen Unternehmen zunehmend professionell gemanagt. Im Gespräch mit CSR- und Nachhaltigkeitsverantwortlichen treten jedoch häufig zwei Sorgen zutage: zum einen die unmittelbare Abhängigkeit von teils unsicheren Budgets, Markttrends und gesetzlichen Rahmenbedingungen; zum anderen die oftmals fehlende Verknüpfung...
Chapter
Aravind wurde 1976 als kleine Augenklinik im indischen Madurai gegründet. Heute umfasst Aravind mehrere große Augenkliniken, die jährlich über 400.000 Operationen durchführen. Obwohl das Unternehmen seinen Patienten die Wahl lässt, ob sie für die Behandlung zahlen wollen bzw. können oder nicht, arbeitet Aravind profitabel. Dieses Beispiel zeigt, wi...
Chapter
Verantwortliche in CSR und Innovations- und Nachhaltigkeitsmanagement stehen vor der Herausforderung, Beteiligte aus unterschiedlichen Wissenskulturen und mit unterschiedlichen Interessen in einen werteorientierten Gestaltungsprozess einzubinden. Hier setzen Methoden der wertebasierten Geschäftsmodellierung und Innovation an. Mehrere dieser Methode...
Article
A shared understanding of the basic requirements for modelling sustainability-oriented business is currently missing. This is hindering collaboration, exchange and learning about sustainability-oriented business models as well as the development of suitable and widely-accepted modelling tools. We contribute toward such a shared understanding based...
Research
Full-text available
Value creation is a core issue in business model research. Although business model scholars sometimes refer to value creation with and for stakeholders, this notion is mostly limited to value propositions for customers and contributions from and to business partners such as suppliers or investors. This call for papers asks authors from various disc...
Article
There is ambivalence and uncertainty surrounding the stakeholder value impacts of increasingly influential collaborative consumption (CC) business models. While we observe such models expanding from developed to emerging economies we lack an understanding of the role played by the local context in which they are embedded. It can be assumed that sta...
Article
Full-text available
This article reflects on the current state of the dynamically growing research and practice related to sustainable business models (SBMs), motivated by the question of whether dealing with SBMs is just a passing fancy or an emerging field, maybe even a field in its own right. We follow Ehrenfeld (2004), who asked a similar question for the field of...
Chapter
Supply chains and business models are of general importance for any company. Due to these concepts’ overarching and interlinking nature, they are of particular importance for companies engaging in sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainability management. These companies look over the rim of their organizations’ boundaries—motivating research and...
Research
Full-text available
The purpose of this special issue is to explore the role of cross-sector collaboration and partnerships for new and potentially sustainable business models and sharing platforms. Collaboration and partnerships are crucial as the value creation, delivery and capture of an organization is always intimately related to the collaborative ties with its s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this research project is to consolidate the currently available knowledge about business model patterns that have the potential to support solutions to ecological and social problems, such as greener products, new mobility systems, or social enterprises. This consolidation will lead to a new pattern taxonomy that can be used to suppo...
Presentation
Full-text available
The purpose of this research project is to consolidate the currently available knowledge about business model patterns that have the potential to support solutions to ecological and social problems, such as greener products, new mobility systems, or social enterprises. This consolidation will lead to a new pattern taxonomy that can be used to suppo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To explain and promote the adoption of new technologies, researchers have debated the relative importance of technology push and demand pull factors . Here we examine a crucial problem of contemporary innovation policy — promoting the adoption of renewable energy to reduce anthropogenic global warming — that challenges prior models for large scale...
Article
Innovation management falls short in solving urgent societal problems, if it neglects the power of networks and the values of their constituent actors. Even though network and business model innovation have been acknowledged as innovation categories in their own right, their problem-solving potential remains unexplored. In this article, we argue th...
Chapter
Das Thema unternehmerische Nachhaltigkeit hat seine akademische Nische verlassen und ist zu einem prominenten Bestandteil der unternehmerischen Praxis geworden. Während es zum guten Ton gehört, sich als wettbewerbsfähig und zugleich ökologisch und sozial verantwortungsvoll zu positionieren, haben sich einige Pioniere auf den Weg gemacht, dieses The...
Chapter
Full-text available
Whether and how “sustainable business models” effectively support sustainable development is not just a matter of design, but also of the measurability and manageability of business model effects. While the interrelations between organisations’ sustainability performance and their business models is discussed in an increasing number of academic and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we explore the role of leadership in enabling and accelerating the impact of strategic sustainability initiatives. We do this by first identifying the central integration challenges that strategic sustainability presents through an examination of the five levels of the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD). We describ...
Book
Full-text available
Every human and every company holds values, but these values remain widely untapped as sources of and drivers for innovation. This book takes a valuesbased view on innovation and its management. It demonstrates the potential of values to integrate diverse stakeholders into innovation processes, to direct collaborative efforts, and to generate innov...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Practitioners and researchers have witnessed the rise of two new, yet very popular, concepts: business model innovation and shared value creation. To better understand their joint potential, this NBS South Africa report examines how business models can provide a platform for sustainability and shared value creation. This report provides a synthesis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The idea that companies (and other kinds of organisation) should strive for “sustainable business models” in order to contribute to a sustainable development of the natural environment, society, and economy is becoming increasingly popular. But it is misleading. A business model per se cannot be sustainable. It is a model. And as such it integrates...
Conference Paper
A shared understanding of basic requirements for sustainability-oriented business models is still currently missing, hindering collaboration, exchange and learning in this domain as well as the development of suitable and widely accepted modelling tools. This paper seeks to contribute towards such a shared understanding based on a theoretical discu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Shared value is the idea that by addressing society’s needs and challenges, companies can create economic value in a way that also benefits society. Shared value seems promising, but many managers struggle to make it happen. This executive guide provides a new approach to pursuing shared value by focusing on business models. Prepared by researchers...
Conference Paper
This paper argues that only fundamental innovations in the governance structures, technologies, and business models of companies will enable the full development of sustainable manufacturing. This argument motivates the development of an analytical framework that integrates the concepts of governance, eco-design, and business model. This framework...
Book
Full-text available
The global sustainability challenge is urgent, tremendous and increasing. From an ecological perspective, the current worldwide resource footprint requires approximately 1.5 planets to sustain existing life, and with current usage would require two planets by 2030. The social impact of ever-growing resource use disproportionately affects the worlds...
Chapter
Supply chains and business models are of general importance for any company. Due to these concepts’ overarching and interlinking nature, they are of particular importance for companies engaging in sustainable entrepreneurship and sustainability management. These companies look over the rim of their organizations’ boundaries—motivating research and...
Article
While a consensus appears to have evolved among many sustainability researchers and practitioners that sustainable development at the societal level is not very likely without the sustainable development of organizations, the business model as a key initiating component of corporate sustainability has only recently moved into the focus of sustainab...
Article
The relevance of business models for corporate performance in general and corporate sustainability in particular has been widely acknowledged in the literature while sustainable entrepreneurship research has started to explore contributions to the sustainability transformation of markets and society. Particularities of the business models of sustai...
Conference Paper
A shared understanding of basic requirements for sustainability-oriented business models is still currently missing, hindering collaboration, exchange and learning in this domain as well as the development of suitable and widely accepted modelling tools. This paper seeks to contribute towards such a shared understanding based on a theoretical discu...
Conference Paper
This paper aims to seek conceptual integration between two major concepts that oftentimes have been treated as separate issues: sustainable supply chains (SSCs) and sustainable business models (SBMs). The purpose is to enhance our understanding of both by identifying shared theoretical and conceptual features. Although both concepts share some comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The on-going race towards innovation and growth, continuously sustained by new products, has shaped a “throwaway era” overwhelmed by waste. The European economy is surprisingly wasteful in its model of value creation and sustains a take-make-dispose system. To face with this challenge, the European Waste Framework Directive suggests a hierarchy for...
Article
While a consensus appears to have evolved among many sustainability researchers and practitioners that sustainable development at the societal level is not very likely without the sustainable development of organizations, the business model as a key initiating component of corporate sustainability has only recently moved into the focus of sustainab...
Article
Die Erwartungen an nachhaltiges Unternehmertum sind groß. Es soll Bestehendes kreativ zerstören, indem nachhaltig Neues gestaltet und auf dem Markt durchgesetzt wird. Nachhaltigkeitstransformationen bedeuten Risiken für viele bisherige Geschäftsbereiche, aber auch Chancen für nachhaltige Unternehmer.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The values-based view on innovation focuses on the role of values and normative orientations in triggering and directing innovation within and beyond organisations. This paper presents a theoretical framework in which values, understood as subjective notions of the desirable and criteria for decisions and evaluations, provide heuristic and integrat...
Conference Paper
While companies around the globe are trying to position themselves as economically competitive and at the same time as ecologically and socially responsible, some pioneers are looking at new and more fundamental ways to meet sustainability challenges by transforming their current business models or developing new, sustainable business models. Findi...