Florian Leiber

Florian Leiber
Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau | FiBL · Department of Livestock Sciences

PhD
Animal Sciences in the context of ecological and ethical sustainability.

About

167
Publications
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4,485
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - October 2012
ETH Zurich

Publications

Publications (167)
Article
Full-text available
Adaptivity of eating and rumination behavior are assumed to play a particular role for cows in low-input systems, because they are more frequently challenged by altering forage quality. The present study examined relations between forage quality, chewing behavior and efficiency estimates in dairy cows from Swiss zero-concentrate organic farming sys...
Article
In organic pig production, one important aim is to achieve 100% organic feeding. This generates the challenge of achieving adequate protein quality in pig feed. Until 31st December 2021, the protein quality in organic pig feed in Europe was improved by using 5% conventional components, mainly potato protein. To investigate the effects of 100% organ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the influence of heat and drought stress on the economic performance of the European dairy sector. Climatic data from the Gridded Agro-Meteorological data in Europe were combined with dairy enterprise data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network, resulting in a data set of 4412 farms in 22 European Union (EU) countries over the p...
Article
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Climate change, with its increasing frequency of environmental disturbances puts pressures on the livestock sec-tor. To deal with these pressures, more complex traits such as resilience must be considered in our managementstrategies and in our breeding programs. Resilient animals respond well to environmental challenges, and havea decreased probabi...
Article
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Further advancing black soldier fly (BSF) farming for waste valorisation and more sustainable global protein supplies critically depends on targeted exploitation of genotype-phenotype associations in this insect, comparable to conventional livestock. This study used a fully crossed factorial design of rearing larvae of four genetically distinct BSF...
Article
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To increase the sustainability of egg production, alternatives to soybean in poultry nutrition are intensively searched for. Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) could have a great potential, but the comparative protein value to soybean is not well known. The main objective of this study was to facilitate this comparison by using experimental diets clea...
Article
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Insects, a staple feed for wild birds and free ranging poultry, have a relatively high protein quality and are a promising feed for commercial poultry. Replacing soybean meal with insect derived feeds potentially reduces dependency on feed imports, increasing the sustainability of egg production – but only if maintaining or enhancing their nutritio...
Article
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1. Due to the increasing global demand for more sustainably produced animal protein, there is an intensive search for feeds to replace soybeans. Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) appear to have great potential for replacing soybeans in poultry diets. The main objective of this study was to determine if the nutritional value of BSFL is superior to soy...
Article
In two different goat farms, producing Picodon and Mutschli cheese respectively, two groups of lactating goats were fed alfalfa pellets (ALF) or sainfoin pellets (SNF) for 6 weeks. The cheeses produced at the end of the trial were analysed for sensory properties, composition, fatty acid profile, proteolysis, and rheology. The SNF Picodon had higher...
Article
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Duckweed is a potential collector of nitrogen from animal liquid manure and a source of protein suitable as feed for livestock and fish. Therefore, it provides opportunities for circular economy systems. Two duckweed species, Spirodela polyrhiza and Landoltia punctata, were grown in five recirculating systems each connected to a reservoir tank fill...
Article
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Although input use in organic agriculture is strictly regulated, and significantly less contentious inputs are applied in organic than in conventional farming systems, copper, mineral oil, external nutrient input, anthelmintics, antibiotics and vitamins are still commonly used among organic farmers in the EU, partly due to the scarce availability o...
Article
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2022) Riboflavin for laying hens fed organic winter diets: effects of different supplementation rates on health, performance and egg quality, Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 38:1, 1-16, ABSTRACT For reasons of aspired naturalness and cost reduction, vitamin additions should be kept low in organic livestock systems. To define safe lower thres...
Article
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Data from breeder hens and chicks are particularly critical for the development of vitamin B2 recommendations for organic poultry. To test safe thresholds of supplementation, 100 breeder hens (Hubbard JA 57 K) and ten cockerels were allocated to ten housing groups, with each receiving supplementation of either 4.0 (treatment CON) or 2.5 mg (treatme...
Chapter
Worldwide, grasslands provide an agricultural resource with large potentials for global food security and ecosystem services. However, productivity potentials are currently poorly realized. In many regions, grasslands are degraded through abandonment or overstocking, as well as by climate change effects. Nonetheless, there are great opportunities t...
Article
In the majority of mixed or sequential gazing studies with sheep, cattle performance remained unaffected. However, the treatment regime of the sheep in these studies was often intense and this may have limited cross-transmission of nematodes from sheep to cattle. We conducted a sequential grazing trial with cattle and sheep with moderate anthelmint...
Article
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Certification in agriculture ensures compliance with tangible standards and should generate economic opportunities for farmers. This study quantifies the variable profit and efficiency impacts of organic certification in dairy farming across Europe, using farm‐level FADN data from 25 countries while accounting for heterogeneity through a class spli...
Article
Feeding monogastric livestock in organic agriculture is challenging due to several tradeoffs between animal welfare aspects, resource efficiency, as well as ecological and social sustainability. Organic standards may even increase such conflicts, as is currently the case with upcoming new regulations regarding restrictions of feed sources for organ...
Article
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Background: The black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is the most promising insect candidate for nutrient-recycling through bioconversion of organic waste into biomass, thereby improving sustainability of protein supplies for animal feed and facilitating transition to a circular economy. Contrary to conventional livestock, genetic resources of farm...
Article
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Background The black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) is the most promising insect candidate for nutrient-recycling through bioconversion of organic waste into biomass, thereby improving sustainability of protein supplies for animal feed and facilitating transition to a circular economy. Contrary to conventional livestock, genetic resources of farme...
Article
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In a two-factorial feeding trial 120 growing-finishing pigs from eleven sires were fed on an organic (ORG) or a conventional (CON) diet. Diet ORG contained mainly oil press cakes and legume grains as protein source containing higher protein and crude fiber content along with slight deficiencies of limiting amino acids. Pigs were allocated to treatm...
Article
Implementing insects, such as the black soldier fly larvae (BSFL), as animal feed commonly includes the previous removal of substantial amounts of fat. This fat may represent an as yet underutilized energy source for livestock. However, transfer of lauric and myristic acid, prevalent in BSFL fat and undesired in human nutrition, into animal-source...
Article
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A case study was conducted with the objective to determine the effects of the tanniferous legume sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) on protein utilisation of dairy cows, which were exposed to excessive dietary crude protein during autumn pasture grazing in a zero-concentrate feeding system. The study was conducted under practical conditions, delibera...
Article
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Context. High concentrations of crude protein in ruminant diets may lead to excessive production of ruminal ammonia, which may stress the animal's metabolism and impact nitrogen efficiency. This may become a problem in zero-concentrate feeding systems when pasture grass is rich in crude protein. Polyphenols such as tannins may protect part of dieta...
Article
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Currently, there is a great interest in finding alternative protein and energy sources to replace soybean-based feeds in poultry diets. The main objective of the present study was to completely replace soybean in layer diets with defatted meal and fat from black soldier fly larvae without adverse effects. For this purpose, 5 × 10 Lohmann Brown Clas...
Article
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Alternatives to riboflavin (vitamin B2) production by recombinant microorganisms are needed in organic poultry production, but are cost-intensive, so that a demand-oriented riboflavin supply is necessary. Details on the riboflavin requirements of organic poultry are not available. A feed material with high native riboflavin content from fermentatio...
Article
This research communication presents a study evaluating the effects of dried sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) supplemented to dairy goats on their milking performance and feed protein efficiency under commercial conditions. During July and August 2015, a herd of 20 Alpine goats was divided into two treatments (n = 10), balanced by milk yield and da...
Article
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An on-farm experiment was conducted in order to evaluate effects of graded supplementation with chestnut tannin extract to cows in situations of excessive dietary protein supply on a low-input organic dairy farm. Respectively 10 Swiss Fleckvieh cows received twice per day 1 kg of experimental pellets containing either 0, 50 or 100 g/kg of chestnut...
Article
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In this position paper, we argue that the realisation of forage diversity and feed choice for ruminant livestock should be considered as an essential aspect of animal welfare because selection from an array of different plants is an important experience for such animals. We provide examples that diet balancing with regard to nutrients and plant sec...
Article
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Riboflavin (vitamin B 2 ) is essential for monogastric animals. It is mainly produced by recombinant microorganisms ( Candida famata, Bacillus subtilis and Ashbya gossypii ). The availability of genetically modified organism ( GMO )-free riboflavin, obligatory in European organic agriculture, is a major issue. Besides, requirements for organic live...
Conference Paper
Duckweed, the family Lemnaceae, comprises a group of around 40 different aquatic flowering plant species. They can grow very fast, producing higher biomasses compared to terrestrial plants (up to 79 t DM ha-1 a-1, Leng et al. 1995). Furthermore, they are very efficient in uptake of nitrogen and phosphorous and are producing protein of high quality...
Presentation
Presentation about effects of feeding dried and fermented duckweed to carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry on growth performance and feed utilization
Article
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Although the use of local breeds is recommended by organic regulations, breed comparisons performed under organic production conditions with similar production intensities are scarce. Therefore, we compared data of local and widely used Holstein dairy cattle breeds from 2011 to 2015 regarding production, fertility and health from German and Swedish...
Article
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In agricultural settings, plant diversity is often associated with low biomass yield and forage quality, while biodiversity experiments typically find the opposite. We address this controversy by assessing, over 1 year, plant diversity effects on biomass yield, forage quality (i.e. nutritive values), quality-adjusted yield (biomass yield × forage q...
Article
In contrast to natural and historical diets of wild and domesticated ruminants, the diversity of plant species is limited in diets of modern dairy cows. Are “production diseases” linked to this? We conducted a trial to test the effects of a multicomponent herbal feed additive (HFA) on health, performance and fertility traits. A dose‐finding study (...
Article
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Comparison of performance and fitness traits in German Angler, Swedish Red and Swedish Polled with Holstein dairy cattle breeds under organic production – ERRATUM - A. Bieber, A. Wallenbeck, A. Spengler Neff, F. Leiber, C. Simantke, U. Knierim, S. Ivemeyer
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Für den Inhalt der Beiträge sind allein die Autoren verantwortlich. Moderne Nutztierfütterung und Nachhaltigkeit-ein Widerspruch? Leiber 5 7. Jahrestagung der BAT e.V.
Article
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Liquid manure from livestock production systems is a major source of nitrogen and phosphorus release from nutrient cycles and a cause of ecosystem eutrophication. Duckweeds, small aquatic plants, may be used to recover N and P from livestock slurry while producing high-quality protein feed. In order to assess N and P uptake efficiency and utility f...
Article
Our aim was to map the performance of local (native) dairy cattle breeds in Austria, Switzerland, Poland, and Sweden with regard to production, fertility, longevity, and health-associated traits and to compare them with commercial (modern) breeds. For this purpose, we analyzed test-day records (July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2014) and treatment records...
Article
The known influence of forage composition on fatty acid (FA) profiles in ruminants’ meat and milk may be different for other organs. Therefore, in the present study FA profiles of phospholipids in lung tissue, heart muscle and brain (medulla oblongata) were examined in growing Engadine and Valaisian Blacknose sheep grazing 4 pastures of different b...
Article
To promote efficient grassland utilisation and reduce resource use, it is necessary to minimize the amount of concentrates fed to ruminants. Research findings and practical knowledge are available concerning dairy cow management without concentrates, but there is not much literature on rearing calves without concentrates. Textbooks on animal feedin...
Article
To promote efficient grassland utilisation and reduce resource use, it is necessary to minimize the amount of concentrates fed to ruminants. Research findings and practical knowledge are available concerning dairy cow management without concentrates, but there is not much literature on rearing calves without concentrates. Textbooks on animal feedin...
Conference Paper
The organic regulation in the EU will implement the 100% organic feeding for monogastric animals in Organic Agriculture from 2019, and high quality potato and corn gluten from conventional sources will be banned. In preparation, it is necessary to generate optimized feed rations especially for young animals, which will not compromise animal health...
Conference Paper
Insect-based protein meals are in discussion as sustainable components in livestock and fish diets, with a potential to recycle wasted food materials and to replace partly feeds from arable land. Black Soldier Fly (BSF; Hermetia Illucens) is of particular interest in this context. Since insect production for animal feed appears as an additional tro...
Article
The fatty acid (FA) profile of ghee produced from milk of cattle–yak hybrids grazing five mountain pasture sites along a high-alpine transhumance route in Nepal was analysed. Pastures differed in altitude above sea level (2600–4500 m), time period of being grazed and phytochemical composition of the swards. Additionally, a comparison of ghee from p...
Article
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Organic agriculture is proposed as a promising approach to achieving sustainable food systems, but its feasibility is also contested. We use a food systems model that addresses agronomic characteristics of organic agriculture to analyze the role that organic agriculture could play in sustainable food systems. Here we show that a 100% conversion to...
Article
Full-text available
In response to increasing efforts for reducing concentrate inputs to organic dairy production in grassland-rich areas of Europe, a long-term study was conducted, which assessed the impacts of concentrate reductions on cows’ performance, health, fertility and average herd age. In total, 42 Swiss commercial organic dairy cattle farms were monitored o...
Article
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In a 7-week on-farm feeding trial rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were provided with a diet containing 28% mechanically de-fatted insect meal prepared from larvae of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (HIM) and compared to a control that received a certified organic and fishmeal based diet. In the test diet insect meal replaced almost 50%...
Chapter
Ruminants play a key role in organic systems, due to their ability to use grassland resources, legumes from crop rotations and crop residues, and to supply manure for the soil. Grassland-based milk production therefore is likely to be the most sustainable system for dairy cattle in organic agriculture. However, digestion of fibre is a prominent sou...
Article
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The growth performance of male layer hybrids fed diets containing different protein sources and protein contents was examined in three fattening trials. As expected, the comparison of the Lohmann Brown (LB) and Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL) genotypes with Hubbard JA 757 (HUB) broiler hybrids demonstrated that the male layer hybrids showed a lower...
Article
Protein sources other than soybean for the diets of poultry are needed for agricultural systems in temperate regions to help avoid some negative social and ecological impacts of large-scale soybean imports from overseas. The aim of the present study was to test the suitability of alternative protein sources in diets for slow-growing organic broiler...
Article
Chewing behaviour of 23 lactating Swiss Fleckvieh cows was analysed in order to evaluate the predictive potential for quantitative dry matter intake in a roughage-based indoor cattle feeding system. Cows were fed total mixed rations (TMR) based on silages and hay with different concentrate supplements. They were kept in a tie stall enabling individ...
Article
On steep slopes, grazing is associated with elevated physical activity. This is assumed to influence muscle metabolism, carcass and meat quality in beef cattle. However, there is a lack of experiments which allow distinguishing between physical activity and other factors of influence. In the present experiment, a setup was applied which excluded ot...
Chapter
With its high contents of starch, buckwheat grain can be a valuable source of carbohydrates in diets for any kind of livestock and poultry. Although the crude protein concentrations are limited, its amino acid profile is advantageous due to the high intrinsic proportions of lysine and methionine. In many regions with temperate climate conditions it...
Article
While glucogenic substances in ketosis prevention are commonly used, there is a lack of clinical studies about the effectiveness of ketosis therapy in particular by means of sodium propionate and herbal extracts. Fresh cows between 5 and 50 days in milk of 25 Swiss and German dairy farms were tested weekly for ketone bodies in blood. From 283 cows,...
Article
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Healthy replacement heifers are one of the foundations of a healthy dairy herd. Farm management and rearing systems in Switzerland provide a wide variety of factors that could potentially be associated with intramammary infections (IMI) in early lactating dairy heifers. In this study, IMI with minor mastitis pathogens such as coagulase-negative sta...