Florian Fort

Florian Fort
L'institut Agro | Montpellier SupAgro | SUPAGRO · Department of Biology and Ecology

Phd

About

37
Publications
14,626
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
I currently teach at the Department of Biology and Ecology of Montpellier SupAgro and do my research at the CEFE (Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology). My research focuses on functional ecology, community ecology and agroecology. My main research axis deals with the influence of functional diversity on above and below ground interactions between plants.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
L'institut Agro | Montpellier SupAgro
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2016 - August 2017
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2014 - September 2016
L'institut Agro | Montpellier SupAgro
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2010 - October 2013
Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse
Field of study
  • Functional and community ecology
October 2009 - June 2010
October 2008 - June 2009

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
A classic example of phenotypic plasticity in plants is the suit of phenotypic responses induced by a change in the ratio of red to far‐red light (R∶FR) as a result of shading, also known as the shade avoidance syndrome (SAS). While the adaptive consequences of this syndrome have been extensively discussed in natural ecosystems, how SAS varies with...
Article
Full-text available
Agroecosystem diversification through increased crop genetic diversity could provide multiple services such as improved disease control or increased productivity. However, we still poorly understand how genetic diversity affects agronomic performance. We grew 179 inbred lines of durum wheat in pure stands and in 202 binary mixtures in field conditi...
Article
Full-text available
1. Calls for the application of ecological principles in agriculture have gained momentum. Intercropping systems are designed by growing two, or more, annual crop species in the same field, aiming for a better resource use efficiency. However, assembly rules for their design are lacking. Notably, it is unknown whether species performances are maxim...
Preprint
Full-text available
Calls for ecological principles in agriculture have gained momentum. Intercropping systems have long been designed by growing two, or more, annual crop species in the same field, aiming for a better resource use efficiency. However, assembly rules for their design are lacking. Notably, it is still unknown whether species performances are maximized...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a trend towards diversifying cultivated areas, varietal mixtures are regaining attention to manage diseases. Besides the epidemiological effects of varietal mixtures on pathogen propagation, little is known about the effect of intra-specific plant-plant interactions and their impact on plant response to disease. Genotypes of rice or duru...
Article
Ecological theories suggest that higher plant genetic diversity can increase productivity in natural ecosystems. So far, varietal mixtures, i.e. the cultivation of different genotypes within a field, have shown contrasting results, notably for grain yield where both positive and negative mixing effects have been reported. Such discrepancy between e...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the large morphological and physiological changes that plants have undergone through domestication, little is known about their impact on their microbiome. Here we characterized rhizospheric bacterial and fungal communities as well as the abundance of N-cycling microbial guilds across thirty-nine accessions of tetraploid wheat, Triticum tur...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Mineral-associated organic matter, mainly derived from microbial by-products, persists longer in soil compared to particulate organic matter (POM). POM is highly recalcitrant and originates largely from decomposing root and shoot litter. Theory suggests that root traits and growth dynamics should affect carbon (C) accumulation into these diffe...
Article
Full-text available
AimsExtensive knowledge of perennial forage root systems is essential, given their critical role in below-ground C input.Methods Root length and diameter were quantified periodically from 2016 to 2018 with minirhizotrons in a field experiment with three forage management systems: mixture of timothy (Phleum pratense L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arun...
Article
Full-text available
1. Fine‐roots play key roles in the capacity of plants to face environmental constraints and their traits reflect adaptations to the environment, including soil structure, resource availability and climate. However, the inaccuracy of global soil and climate databases to account for the large environmental variation occurring at small spatial scale...
Article
Selection of the fittest can promote individual competitiveness but often results in the erosion of group performance. Recently, several authors revisited this idea in crop production and proposed new practices based on selection for cooperative phenotypes, i.e. phenotypes that increase crop yield through decreased competitiveness. These recommenda...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Competition is a critical process that shapes plant communities and interacts with environmental constraints. There are surprising knowledge gaps related to mechanisms that belie competitive processes, though important to natural communities and agricultural systems: the contribution of different plant parts on competitive outcomes and...
Article
Full-text available
Deciphering the mechanisms that drive variation in biomass production across plant communities of contrasting species composition and diversity is a main challenge of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Niche complementarity and selection effect have been widely investigated to address biodiversity-productivity relationships. However, the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Competition is a critical process that shapes plant communities and interacts with environmental constraints. Though important to natural communities and agricultural systems, there are surprising knowledge gaps related to mechanisms that belie those processes: the contribution of different plant parts on competitive outcomes and the eff...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the challenges in low-input annual arable mixed crops (i.e. species and variety mixtures) is to determine which species / varieties go well together to improve overall system performance. Theories coming from community ecology suggest that two ecological processes are particularly involved in mixed crops performance by improving resource use...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: The CSR classification categorizes plants as stress tolerators (S), ruderals (R) and competitors (C). Initially proposed as a general framework to describe ecological strategies across species, this scheme has recently been used to investigate the variation of strategies within species. For instance, ample variation along the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and aims The ‘CSR classification’ categorizes plant species between stress-tolerators, ruderals (R) and competitors (C). Initially proposed as a general framework to describe ecological strategies at the interspecific level, this scheme has recently been used to investigate the variation of strategies within species. For instance, ample...
Article
Full-text available
Plants respond to resource stress by changing multiple aspects of their biomass allocation, morphology, physiology and architecture. To date, we lack an integrated view of the relative importance of these plastic responses in alleviating resource stress and of the consistency/variability of these responses among species. We subjected nine species (...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Genotypic mixtures have been receiving a growing interest as genetic diversity could increase crop productivity. Resource-use complementarity is an expected key underlying mechanism, provided that varieties in the mixture differ in resource-related traits, notably root traits. We aimed at examining how trait differences and resource-use comple...
Article
Full-text available
Human selection, changes in environmental conditions and management practices drove the phenotypic trajectory of crops during domestication. The characterization of the crop domestication syndrome lies mostly on reproductive characters. However, biophysical and ecophysiological constraints during vegetative growth are also at play and can strongly...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the water-use of plants is timely under increasing drought stress due to climate change. Despite the crucial role of roots in water uptake, relationships between water-use and root traits are seldom considered. Combining a functional traits-based approach with a water balance model, we tested whether root functional traits are related...
Article
Full-text available
Ecosystem functioning relies heavily on belowground processes, which are largely regulated by plant fine-roots and their functional traits. However, our knowledge of fine-root trait distribution relies to date on local- and regional-scale studies with limited numbers of species, growth forms and environmental variation. 2.We compiled a worldwide fi...
Poster
Full-text available
As a consequence of Global Changes, perennial pastures have to face more and more extreme climatic conditions such as longer drought periods which impact forage production and, as a consequence, reduce the sustainability of livestock systems. In that context it is important to evaluate the capacity of grassland species to tolerate water shortage. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La sélection variétale des espèces fourragères est une activité chronophage et coûteuse. De nouvelles méthodes d'évaluation précoce du potentiel des génotypes permettraient aux opérateurs semenciers d'obtenir plus rapidement du matériel génétique innovant et, de ce fait, à l'ensemble de la filière d'être plus réactive notamment face aux changements...
Poster
Full-text available
Journées AFPF - Paris- Les légumineuses fourragères et prairiales... Paris 21-22 Mars 2016
Article
Full-text available
The fundamental trade-off between fine root trait attributes related to resource acquisition and conservation is well documented at species and community levels. However, relations remain unclear between this trade-off and community adaptation to environmental factors. As a result we ask: (1) how do fertility changes influence community position al...
Article
Full-text available
Cover crops can produce ecosystem services during the fallow period, as reducing nitrate leaching and producing green manure. Crop growth rate (CGR) and crop nitrogen acquisition rate (CNR) can be used as two indicators of the ability of cover crops to produce these services in agrosystems. We used leaf functional traits to characterise the growth...
Article
Full-text available
Water, N and P shortages are three major factors that limit plant development worldwide. Understanding which plant strategies allow them to cope with these stresses may encourage the selection of species or genotypes better able to make the most of non-optimal growth conditions in grassland agrosystems. To test which strategies allowed species to b...
Article
Full-text available
Fabaceae species play a key role in ecosystem functioning through their capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen via their symbiosis with Rhizobium bacteria. To increase benefits of using Fabaceae in agricultural systems, it is necessary to find ways to evaluate species or genotypes having potential adaptations to sub-optimal growth conditions. We eval...
Article
Full-text available
The link between species’ functional traits and competitive abilities has been described as a major factor structuring plant communities. However, two diverging hypotheses have been proposed to explain this process: competition-trait similarity and competition-trait hierarchy.We performed a greenhouse experiment to determine whether grasses’ root f...
Article
Full-text available
Root systems play an essential role in grassland functioning in both acquisition and storage of resources. Nevertheless, root functional traits have not received as much attention as those measured on above-ground organs, and little is known about their relations. Our objec-tives were to test whether morphological and root system traits allowed ide...

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