Florencia Pulhin

Florencia Pulhin
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research | CGIAR

PhD in Forestry

About

53
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (53)
Chapter
The Philippine’s National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) aims primarily to build the adaptive capacity of local communities and increase the resilience of natural ecosystems to climate change to promote climate-risk resilience. Climate change is expected to have far-reaching impacts on the structure, ecological conditions, and functions of vari...
Article
Climate Disaster Risk Assessment (CDRA) and Local Climate Change Action Plan (LCCAP) provide the scientific and legal platform for climate change adaptation and mitigation in the Philippines. This APN CAPaBLE project responds to the limited technical capacity of local government units (LGUs) to comply with this requirement through collaborative cap...
Article
This study examined the involvement of women in agricultural decision-making among farming households in Ligao City, Albay, Philippines and related this to enhancement or decline of their adaptive capacity to extreme weather events. Data were collected through a household survey in the three selected barangays representing coastal, lowland and upla...
Book
Full-text available
The IPCC warns that the window to keep global temperatures down to less than 2°C is rapidly closing. Can the Philippines help reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, even as it seeks to accelerate national development? The Oscar M. Lopez Center, in partnership with the Climate Change Commission, recently released the Philippine Climate C...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter synthesizes the experiences and challenges in community-based mangrove management in the Philippines in the context of changing climate. Over the past three decades, mangrove rehabilitation and protection has received considerable attention considering its declining condition vis-a-vis its ability to provide a mix of environmental good...
Data
In the context of climate change and global warming, carbon sequestration receives a considerable attention now. In the latest assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global mean temperature has dramatically increased over the past decades. There is also mounting evidence that this increase will remain as problems...
Article
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This study assessed the effectiveness of and barriers to adaptation of upland farming households in Bukidnon Province, Southern Philippines to climate variability. Using focus group discussions, key informant interviews and household surveys combined with the analysis of climate variability in the area, the study described key adaptation strategies...
Article
This study determined the potential effects of present and future climates on the geographical distribution of Shorea palosapis (Blanco) Merr. and Shorea polysperma (Blanco) Merr in Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park (NSMNP) using Maximum Entropy model. A total of seven models were generated for each species: one Climatic Only model, four Partial m...
Article
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The enactment of the Philippine Biofuels Act in 2006 led to rising interest in biofuels and the potential to help mitigate the negative impacts of climate change in view of the ability of plant biomass to sequester carbon from the atmosphere. The carbon sequestration potential of oil palm has been recognized for several years but no study has been...
Article
There is a high level of interest in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation plus (REDD+) carbon (C) financing as a way to accelerate forest conservation and development. However, there is very limited information on the potential costs and benefits of REDD+ in developing countries like the Philippines. In this paper, we estima...
Article
Full-text available
Payments for environmental services such as carbon sequestration propose a win-win solution to mitigate climate change, protect mangroves, and address poverty in the rural coasts. Recognizing the economic benefits that local communities can derive from investing into a carbon sequestration project, a cost and benefit study was done in a mangrove pl...
Article
Full-text available
The study used the total economic value as a framework for estimating the values of the different uses of mangroves in Palawan and Bohol, Philippines. Market surveys were conducted to estimate the revenues from the major mangrove products collected in the two study sites. Contingent valuation method and travel cost method questionnaires were used i...
Article
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There is growing interest globally in REDD+ initiatives to help mitigate climate change; the Philippines is no exception. In this paper, we review early REDD+ project experiences in the country. The guiding document for REDD+ in the Philippines is the National REDD+ Strategy (PNRPS) which was prepared by a multisectoral group of authors. There are...
Article
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The Philippines is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate risks both current and future. Annually, the country experiences the havoc caused by tropical cyclones. Every few years, the ENSO phenomenon adds another layer of confusion to the weather patterns. As a result, small farmers in the country have developed ways of adapting to such see...
Article
Full-text available
Many sectors in the Philippines are looking at the potential of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation-plus (REDD+) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to help finance forest protection and rehabilitation in the country. However, one major problem is that there is little information on the potential be...
Article
Forests and the goods and services they provide are essential for human well-being (Seppälä, Buck, & Katila, 2009). Forests provide three types of ecosystem services that directly support human well-being: provisioning services such as food, fuelwood, medicine, etc.; regulating services such as water purification, climate regulation, erosion contro...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based forest management (CBFM) is the principal strategy in managing inhabited ‘forest land’ in the Philippines. It involves the participation of local communities in various forestry activities to achieve sustainable forestry, advance social justice and improve socioeconomic welfare, and promote a stable and healthy environment. This pap...
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The Philippines, as an archipelago and a developing country, is very vulnerable to climate change. Current efforts to address the impacts of climate change exist but may not be sufficient. The first part of this paper reviews current knowledge on mainstreaming climate change adaptation into development. It then assesses how far climate change has b...
Article
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Forest ecosystems can both be sources and sinks of carbon. Here, we review the state of knowledge on carbon budgets of Philippine forests types. The following are the main findings of the review: Carbon (C) density in aboveground biomass (AGB) declines by about 50% after logging, deforested areas covered with grasses and annual crops have C density...
Article
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This paper proposes a way to classify PES projects based on how environmental service payments are justified and determined. Using the IPCC1 approach as a model, we recommend the use of the tier system to classify PES projects. The three tiers are summarized below: Tier 1: Payments based on established ecological principles and local knowledge Tier...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and Philippine forests are directly linked to each other. Changes in climate are affecting the forests and its ability to deliver its environmental services. In the same manner, degradation of the forest resources results to emission of carbon dioxide (CO 2) in the atmosphere which contributes to climate change. To enhance the mitiga...
Article
No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for...
Article
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This paper provides a qualitative assessment of the impacts of climate variability and extremes to local communities in the Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed located in Northern Philippines. It also analyzes the local adaptation practices and their effectiveness in mitigating adverse impacts based on the experiences and perceptions of the local comm...
Article
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The role of forestry projects in carbon conservation and sequestration is receiving much attention because of their role in the mitigation of climate change. The main objective of the study is to analyze the potential of the Upper Magat Watershed for a carbon sequestration project. The three main development components of the project are forest con...
Book
This book titled “Small Grants Program for Operations to Promote Tropical Forests (SGP-PTF) & Poverty Reduction in Forest Communities: Experiences from the Field” presents experiences of communities and grantees in the Philippines in managing and implementing the SGP-PTF Program. It is part of an overall effort to share the knowledge and lessons ga...
Article
Full-text available
This study determined effects of selective logging on carbon (C) stocks of a dipterocarp forest in the Philippines. Biomass C was determined from fixed plots using a chronosequence of 1-21 years after logging. The total C budget within an existing timber concession in the area, including that in the wood processing mill, was analysed. Unlogged fore...
Article
Tropical forests are important source and sink of carbon (C). However, there are limited information on the ability of tropical forests to store and sequester C. This study is aimed at quantifying the C stocks of a secondary forest in Mount Makiling Forest Reserve, Philippines. The total biomass (above and below ground) of the forest was 576 Mg ha-...
Article
The direction and magnitude of the impacts of El Niño and La Niña on the water budget of watersheds in the Philippines were assessed with particular focus on runoff. The WatBal and BROOK 5 models were chosen because of their simple structures and the availability of the database required to run these models. The expected decrease in rainfall due to...
Article
Full-text available
ropical forests have a valuable role in relation to climate change, being a source and sink of carbon. This paper reviews the state of knowledge on carbon stocks and rate of sequestration of various forest ecosystems in the Philippines. Carbon density ranges widely from less than 5 t/ha to more than 200 t/ha in the following order: old growth fores...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon dioxide is the most abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) that causes global warming. Thus, land uses such as an agroforestry system have a significant role in moderating climate change since they can be sources and sinks of carbon. The aim of the study was to generate data on the carbon stocks of two agroforestry systems, specifically a Gmelina arb...
Article
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This paper summarizes studies of carbon (C) mitigation potential and costs of about 40 forestry options in seven developing countries. Each study uses the same methodological approach – Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP) – to estimate the above parameters between 2000 and 2030. The approach requires the projection of baseline and m...
Article
The forest sector in the Philippines has the potential to be amajor sink for carbon (C). The present study was conducted to evaluatepotential forestry mitigation options in the Philippines using the Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP)model. The baseline scenario (BAU) assumes that current trends continue upto the year 2030 (`busines...
Article
Tropical forests in countries like thePhilippines are important sources and sinks of carbon(C). The paper analyzes the contribution of Philippineforests in climate change mitigation. Since the 1500s,deforestation of 20.9 M ha (106 ha) of Philippineforests contributed 3.7 Pg (1015 g) of C to theatmosphere of which 2.6 Pg were released this century....
Article
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Philippine forest lands have a great potential to s equester and store carbon. Here we present CFM-based climate change mitigation projects in the Philippines. Two projects are relatively advanced in developing A/R projects: the Laguna Lake project and the Sierra Madre project. For the former, the m ain proponents/sellers are the Municipality of Ta...

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