Florence Lespiau

Florence Lespiau
Université de Nîmes | Unimes · APSY-v

PhD

About

23
Publications
4,248
Reads
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24
Citations

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Primary knowledge is the knowledge for which our cognitive architecture has evolved so that we acquire it quickly and effortlessly. We are intrinsically motivated to process it. Secondary knowledge is the knowledge for which our cognitive architecture has not had enough time to evolve: it requires time, cognitive resources and is hardly motivating....
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Les effets délétères de la pandémie sur la santé des étudiants sont désormais largement démontrés. Cependant, certains domaines de recherche sont encore sous-explorés. En effet, 1. La majorité des recherches sont descriptives et n’identifient pas les facteurs impliqués dans ces détériorations de santé ; 2. Les études ont essentiellement été menées...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact on university students, particulary on their mental health. However, little is yet known about how to prevent and/or reduce this impact. Prior to COVID-19, some studies have shown that online stress management programs were successful enough to improve students' mental health and stress adjustment strate...
Article
Birth order supposedly influences individuals’ cooperative attitudes: firstborns are more family-oriented and favor their kin, while laterborns are more likely to turn to non-kin. However little direct experimental evidence exists concerning costly resource sharing between full siblings. The present study investigates sharing decisions with respect...
Chapter
Learning at school requires cognitive effort. Optimizing these efforts is one of the keys to academic learning achievement. Many controlled experiments, for example within the cognitive load theory framework, have identified the factors that impact this optimization. The temporal dimension of this optimization was evoked in 2018: certain academic l...
Article
Full-text available
According to Geary’s evolutionary approach, humans are able to easily acquire primary knowledge and, with more efforts, secondary knowledge. The present study investigates how primary knowledge contents can facilitate the learning of formal logical rules, i.e., secondary knowledge. Framing formal logical problems in evolutionary salient contexts sh...
Conference Paper
School enables students to learn knowledge that is difficult to acquire by themselves or through simple social interactions (e.g., grammar rules, mathematics). Yet individual acquire knowledge outside school without special instructions (e.g., oral mother tongue, food identification, face recognition). The evolutionary approach to knowledge differe...
Conference Paper
Introduction: On the one hand, Cognitive Load Theory effects are obtained when learning and processing materials are demanding. When they are less demanding, when the learners have more knowledge, then an expertise reversal effect is obtained. What works for novices does not work for experts nor for advanced learners. In other words, improving lear...
Conference Paper
Introduction: The evolutionary approach defines two types of knowledge: primary knowledge (the knowledge emerged early in evolutionary time, processed effortlessly, quickly and intrinsically motivating; e.g. recognizing kin faces, food, speaking a mother tongue) and secondary knowledge (the knowledge emerged more recently in evolutionary time, req...
Conference Paper
Introduction: On one hand, there would be knowledge that is difficult to learn by oneself, that requires time, effort and high motivation (e.g., "academic" knowledge such as mathematics or grammar.). On the other hand, there would be knowledge so easy and quick to acquire that one could not even explain how to do it (e.g., to recognize kin faces, f...
Article
Full-text available
Biologically secondary knowledge is the kind of knowledge taught at schools. Efforts, motivation and time are needed when learning this type of knowledge. It can be opposed to biologically primary knowledge which is acquired easily, effortlessly and quickly. Our main goal is to test the characteristics of these two knowledge types, challenging the...
Thesis
Full-text available
L’apprentissage donne souvent l’impression d’être un processus long et difficile, notamment quand il fait penser à l’école et à la difficulté que tout le monde a déjà ressentie pour maintenir sa motivation pour telle ou telle matière. Pourtant, il y a des choses que l’on apprend sans enseignement. Par exemple, apprendre à parler sa langue maternell...
Conference Paper
Learning in school demands conscious efforts, motivation (often extrinsic) and time. The main aim of schools is to teach culturally important knowledge which would be very difficult to learn by oneself or by simple social interactions: biologically secondary knowledge (e.g. reading, written language). Following recent theories in evolutionary educa...
Conference Paper
One of the point of views on domain specific vs. domain general knowledge is argued by Tricot and Sweller (2014) as follow: If domain-specific knowledge is defined as “memorized information that can lead to action permitting specified task completion over indefinite periods of time” and domain general knowledge as the one that “can be used to solve...
Article
Full-text available
In terms of sexual intercourse, the very last people we think about are our kin. Imagining inbreeding intercourse, whether it involves our closest kin or not, induces aversion in most people who invoke inbreeding depression problems or cultural considerations. Research has focused on the disgust felt when facing inbreeding intercourse between close...
Poster
People display moral, emotional, and social aversion to sexual relations between kin. This aversion is influenced both by personal characteristics of the judge (e.g., sex, birth order, years of co-residence with opposite-sex siblings), but also by characteristics of the inbred couple. In particular, evolutionary psychology models predict that avers...
Poster
In the framework of evolutionary psychology, models point out that individuals develop an aversion to sexual acts between close relatives. According to the theory of inclusive fitness, the costs of inbreeding depend on the degree of relatedness between the two people involved, but implications of inbreeding also pass on their relatives. Thus, inbre...
Conference Paper
Evolutionary psychology and theories linked to it point out a specific treatment of relatives concerning altruism and sexual behavior. These models predict that individuals develop an aversion to sexual acts between close relatives. According to the theory of inclusive fitness, the costs of inbreeding depend on the degree of relatedness between the...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Since the beginning of the pandemic, university students have faced many challenges and without any preparation. Studies conducted during the first lockdown all show a deterioration in students' mental health and an increase in unhealthy lifestyles. Yet, we have no knowledge of the long-term effects of the pandemic on university students. To provide a better understanding of the short- and long-term consequences on the health and well-being of university students a first line of research of this project aims to identify the role of individual factors and situational factors on students' psychological health and lifestyle, at different times of the pandemic (with four measurement times). To provide decision support for universities to reduce the impact of the pandemic on students, a second line of research will evaluate the health effects of two innovative programs (one focused on stress and learning, the other on physical activity). To realize these two axes of research, our project adopts a pluridisciplinary approach based on clinical psychology, health psychology, cognitive psychology, social innovation by design, nutrition and physical activity.