Florence Bernex

Florence Bernex
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · 34

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73
Publications
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Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
Background Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) treatment is currently restricted to chemotherapy. Hence, tumor-specific molecular targets and/or alternative therapeutic strategies for TNBC are urgently needed. Immunotherapy is emerging as an exciting treatment option for TNBC patients. The aspartic protease cathepsin D (cath-D), a marker of poor p...
Article
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Hematopoiesis is particularly sensitive to DNA damage. Myeloid tumor incidence increases in patients with DNA repair defects and after chemotherapy. It is not known why hematopoietic cells are highly vulnerable to DNA damage. Addressing this question is complicated by the paucity of mouse models of hematopoietic malignancies due to defective DNA re...
Poster
The emergence of new radiopharmaceuticals in the clinic for treating cancer, drives to better characterize the radiobiological response to offer an adapted treatment to the patients. With the final aim of monitoring and quantifying in vivo the involvement of T-cells response to radioimmunotherapy (RIT) by non-invasive imaging, we first investigated...
Article
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The role of the Pax3 gene in embryonic development of pigment cells is well characterized. By contrast, the function of Pax3 in melanoma development is controversial. Indeed, data obtained from cultured cells suggest that PAX3 may contribute to melanomagenesis. PAX3 is found to be overexpressed in melanomas and also in nevi compared with normal ski...
Article
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The role of the Pax3 gene in embryonic development of pigment cells is well characterized. By contrast, the function of Pax3 in melanoma development is controversial. Indeed, data obtained from cultured cells suggest that PAX3 may contribute to melanomagenesis. PAX3 is found to be overexpressed in melanomas and also in nevi compared with normal ski...
Article
Corneal transparency is maintained, in part, by specialized fibroblasts called keratocytes, which reside in the fibrous lamellae of the stroma. Corneal clouding, a condition that impairs visual acuity, is associated with numerous diseases, including mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VII. MPS VII is due to deficiency in β-glucuronidase (β-glu) enzyma...
Article
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GastroIntestional stromal tumours (GISTs), the most frequent sarcoma in the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract, are highly resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. These tumours have activating mutations in two closely related genes, KIT (75-80%) or/and PDGFRA (5-10%). Targeting these mutated activated proteins with imatinib mesylate has...
Article
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Severe deficiency in lysosomal ?-glucuronidase (?-glu) enzymatic activity results in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VII, an orphan disease with symptoms often appearing in early childhood. Symptoms are variable, but many patients have multiple organ disorders including neurological defects. At the cellular level, deficiency in ?-glu activity leads to...
Article
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AXL receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) is implicated in proliferation and invasion of many cancers, particularly in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), for which new therapeutic options are urgently required. We investigated whether inhibition of AXL activity by specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is efficient in limiting proliferation and migra...
Article
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Blood cell production relies on the coordinated activities of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and multipotent and lineage-restricted progenitors. Here, we identify Notchless (Nle) as a critical factor for HSC maintenance under both homeostatic and cytopenic conditions. Nle deficiency leads to a rapid and drastic exhaustion of HSCs and immature prog...
Article
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Melanoma diagnosis in dogs can be challenging due to the variety of histological appearances of canine melanocytic neoplasms. Markers of malignancy are needed. Receptor for activated C-kinase 1 (RACK1) was found to characterize melanomas in other mammals. We investigated the value of RACK1 detection in the classification of 19 cutaneous and 5 mucos...
Article
Tyr::NRas(Q61K) ; Cdkn2a(-/-) mice were generated to spontaneously develop metastasizing cutaneous melanoma. Despite wide popularity in the melanoma community, histopathological descriptions of melanocytic lesions in this model remain scarce. To fully characterize the variety of melanocytic lesions in this model, thorough necropsies were performed...
Article
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Recent studies have shown that factors involved in transcription-coupled mRNA processing are important for the maintenance of genome integrity. How these processes are linked and regulated in vivo remains largely unknown. In this study, we addressed in the mouse model the function of Omcg1, which has been shown to participate in co-transcriptional...
Article
We generated knockout mice for MCM8 and MCM9 and show that deficiency for these genes impairs homologous recombination (HR)-mediated DNA repair during gametogenesis and somatic cells cycles. MCM8(-/-) mice are sterile because spermatocytes are blocked in meiotic prophase I, and females have only arrested primary follicles and frequently develop ova...
Article
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Background Melanocytic proliferations are common in horses but the diagnosis of malignancy is not always straightforward. To improve diagnosis and prognosis, markers of malignancy are needed. Receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) protein may be such a marker. RACK1 was originally found to characterize malignant melanocytic lesions in the Melano...
Article
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The paired box gene 3 (Pax3) is expressed during pigment cell development. We tested whether the targeted allele Pax3(GFP) can be used as a reporter gene for pigment cells in the mouse. We found that enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP) can be seen readily in every melanoblast and melanocyte in the epidermis and hair follicles of Pax3(GFP/+) he...
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Summary The chick embryo was the first animal model used to study the extraordinarily complex process of embryonic development. The chick model led to the discovery of cell lineages involved in the constitution of the digestive muscle wall and of the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of structures and patterning of the digestive wall....
Article
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Serotonin (5-HT) has long been recognized as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, where it modulates a variety of behavioral functions. Availability of 5-HT depends on the expression of the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), and the recent discovery of a dual system for 5-HT synthesis in the brain (TPH2) and periphery (TPH1) has rene...
Article
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Certain precautions should be taken during a caesarean inciuding rapid extraction of puppies in order to limit their intake of anaesthetic substances, and verification of the integrity of the uterine sutures. Tearing or a lesion affecting the broad ligament is acomplication that may occur. Rarely mentioned in surgical textbooks, it is often dismiss...
Article
A 2.5-year-old ovariectomized female ferret developed multiple progressive linear and raised nodules on the skin. The first lesions occurred on the tail, which was then amputated. Over the following 3 years, additional lesions appeared in the vicinity of the scar and then further rostrally on the flanks and thorax. Histological and immunohistochemi...
Article
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The first step of Plasmodium development in vertebrates is the transformation of the sporozoite, the parasite stage injected by the mosquito in the skin, into merozoites, the stage that invades erythrocytes and initiates the disease. The current view is that, in mammals, this stage conversion occurs only inside hepatocytes. Here, we document the tr...
Article
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Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) represent the most common group of inherited progressive encephalopathies in children. They are characterized by progressive loss of vision, mental and motor deterioration, epileptic seizures, and premature death. Rare adult forms of NCL with late onset are known as Kufs' disease. Loci underlying these adult fo...
Article
Presenting his Mémoire sur la mélanose in 1806, René Laënnec gathered various clinical presentations under this single term. Today, melanoma is defined as any malignant tumor developing by transformation of melanocytes. Melanoma carries a severe prognosis due to its high metastatic capacity in both dogs and humans. An early identification of the pr...
Article
Les gastro-intestinal stromal tumors (GIST) sont des tumeurs mésenchymateuses digestives. Ces tumeurs rares en pathologie humaine restent peu diagnostiquées en médecine vétérinaire. Longtemps considérées comme des tumeurs dérivées des fibres musculaires lisses ou des cellules de Schwann, les GIST sont aujourd’hui reconnues comme une entité tumorale...
Article
Human and bovine respiratory syncytial viruses (HRSV and BRSV) are two closely related, worldwide prevalent viruses that are the leading cause of severe airway disease in children and calves, respectively. Efficacy of commercial bovine vaccines needs improvement and no human vaccine is licensed yet. We reported that nasal vaccination with the HRSV...
Article
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Les mélanomes cutanés se caractérisent par une considérable hétérogénéité intra et interspécifique. Ces tumeurs malignes censées dériver des mélanocytes ont été décrites sous un terme unique par René Laënnec en 1806. Par leur forte capacité métastatique, elles sont toujours de sombre pronostic. Pour améliorer celui-ci, leur diagnostic précoce est i...
Article
Cutaneousmelanomas are characterized by considerable inter and intraspecific heterogeneity. In 1806, René Laënnec used a single term to describe these malignant tumours believed to originate from melanocytes. Due to their highmetastatic potential, the prognosis ofmelanomas remains unfavourable. To improve it, early diagnosis is essential since meta...
Article
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The size of the mammalian body is determined by genetic and environmental factors differentially modulating pre- and postnatal growth. We now report a control of growth acting in the mouse from the first cleavages to the postnatal stages. It was evidenced by a hereditary epigenetic modification (paramutation) created by injection of a miR-124 micro...
Article
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A 1.5-year-old, neutered, male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with sudden lethargy, anorexia, and diarrhea. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed an intra-abdominal mass. An explorative laparotomy was performed. A neoplasm, located in the ileum wall, was submitted for histopathologic examination. The tumor consisted of weakl...
Article
The objective of this study was to confirm in various breeds of dogs the efficacy and safety of a parturition induction treatment described to be successful in Beagle dogs. Parturition was induced in seven various sized pregnant bitches of different breeds, with 15 mg aglepristone per kg at day 59-61 post-estimated ovulation day, followed 24 h late...
Article
There are a few investigations into endometritis in the bitch and its relationship with failure to conceive remains unclear. This may be because of the difficulty in collecting uterine samples for further investigations. Recently, transcervical catheterization by vaginal endoscopy has been introduced allowing the evaluation of the endometrium. In t...
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A case of atypical mucosal xanthomas in a 14-year-old Shi-Tzu dog is reported. Grossly, 1-6-mm granular plaques or slightly elevated papillary nodules were found in the oral cavity (dorsal and ventral sides of the tongue, inner upper lip) and in the upper digestive tract (esophagus, stomach). Microscopically, subepithelial aggregates of large foamy...
Patent
The present invention concerns a method for diagnosing a melanoma in a mammal comprising the detection of the overexpression of RACK-1 protein in a melanocyte cell of said mammal, and the deduction of the presence of a melanoma from the overexpression of RACK-1 protein. The invention is also directed to a method for determining the tumoral status o...
Article
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2 ecole nationale Vétérinaire d'alfort, Maisons-alfort, France LeMo, N., F. BerNex, C. Hadjaje, G. MariGNaC: Sterile neutrophilic dermatitis in a cat -a case report. Vet. arhiv 78, 261-267, 2008. aBStraCt A 6.7 kg 7 year-old castrated male domestic short hair cat was presented with several dermatological lesions on the ventral abdomen. The skin of...
Article
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In the gastrointestinal tract, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) generate a pacemaker activity. They produce electric slow waves that trigger and coordinate gut smooth muscle contractions. Interstitial cells of Cajal's slender shape is revealed by KIT immunostaining. Based on several features, including KIT expression and KIT dependence, ICC-like...
Article
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The Notch/RBP-J pathway is involved in a variety of developmental processes and in tissue homeostasis. In the melanocyte lineage, it has been shown that Notch signaling acts through Hes1 to maintain the melanocyte stem cell population in the hair follicle. This study was designed to determine whether Notch signaling is implicated in other steps of...
Article
Development of the urokinase plasminogen activator/SCID (uPA/SCID) transgenic mouse model has opened new perspectives for the study of different biological mechanisms such as liver regeneration, stem cell differentiation, and human hepatic pathogens. We observed that homozygous uPA/SCID mice (uPA+/+/SCID) had a small offspring, indicating a fertili...
Article
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Metastatic melanoma is a severe disease. Few experimental animal models of metastatic melanoma exist. MeLiM minipigs exhibit spontaneous melanoma. Cutaneous and metastatic lesions are histologically similar to human's. However, most of them eventually spontaneously regress. Our purpose was to investigate whether the MeLiM model could reveal markers...
Article
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A hepatic mass was identified in a 5-year-old, female mixed-breed cat that died spontaneously after a clinical history of progressive emaciation, ptyalism, and persistent coryza. At necropsy, a 7-cm-diameter, yellow-brown, firm, multilobulated tumor was identified in the liver. Microscopically, the mass consisted of neoplastic cells arranged in sma...
Book
Mice homozygous for the patchwork (pwk) recessive mutation are salt and pepper: their coat contains a mixture of unpigmented and fully pigmented hairs, but no partially pigmented hairs1. In the matrix of pwk/pwk unpigmented hair follicles, there are no mature melanocyte. This phenotype could be due to: (i) absence of the melanocyte stem cell (MSC)...
Article
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Dendritic cells (DC) are recognized as sentinels, which capture antigens in tissue and migrate to the lymph node, where they initiate immune responses. However, when a vaccine strain of green fluorescent protein-expressing Salmonella abortusovis (SAO) was inoculated into sheep oral mucosa, it induced accumulation of myeloid non-DC in the subcapsula...
Article
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Erythropoietic protoporphyria is an inherited disorder of heme biosynthesis caused by partial ferrochelatase deficiency, resulting in protoporphyrin (PP) overproduction by erythrocytes. In humans, it is responsible for painful skin photosensitivity and, occasionally, liver failure due to accumulation of PP in the liver. The ferrochelatase deficienc...
Article
A 6-year-old female pony died after 2 days of prostration. Clinical signs included hyperthermia and abnormal pulmonary auscultation sounds. Necropsy revealed diffuse severe necrohaemorrhagic colitis and splenitis, multiple visceral ecchymoses, petechial haemorrhages in the brain and lungs. Microscopical examination showed acute necrohaemorrhagic co...
Article
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The Notch signaling pathway controls several cell fate decisions during lymphocyte development, from T-cell lineage commitment to the peripheral differentiation of B and T lymphocytes. Deltex-1 is a RING finger ubiquitin ligase which is conserved from Drosophila to humans and has been proposed to be a regulator of Notch signaling. Its pattern of ly...
Article
A case of peritoneal sclerosing mesothelioma in a 3-year-old German shepherd dog is reported. The dog presented a severe abdominal distension. Cytological examination of the peritoneal fluid revealed anaplastic epithelioid cells. Necropsy findings revealed an irregular-shaped mass attached to the pancreas and stomach with numerous nodules covering...
Article
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Kit/stem cell factor (SCF ) has been reported to be involved in survival and proliferation of male differentiating spermatogonial cells. This kinetics study was designed to assess the role of Kit/SCF during spermatogenesis in mice, and the extent of male programmed germ cell death was measured between 8 and 150 days of age. For this purpose, 129/Sv...
Article
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Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are important regulatory cells in the smooth muscle coats of the digestive tract. Expression of the Kit receptor tyrosine kinase was used in this study as a marker to study their distribution and development in the striated musculature of the mouse esophagus. Sections and whole-mounts were studied by immunohistoche...
Article
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In the pancreas, ligands of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are thought to be implicated in the development and function of the islets of Langerhans, which represent the endocrine part of the pancreas. In a previous study, we randomly screened by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for RTKs expressed in the embryonic pancreas. One cDNA...
Article
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The kinetics of infection and the pathogenic effects on the reproductive function of laboratory mice infected with Bartonella birtlesii recovered from an Apodemus species are described. B. birtlesii infection, as determined by bacteremia, occurred in BALB/c mice inoculated intravenously. Inoculation with a low-dose inoculum (1.5 × 103 CFU) induced...
Article
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The KIT receptor, present on oocyte and theca cells in ovarian follicles, and its ligand, KIT LIGAND, produced by granulosa cells, are encoded at the Kit gene and the Mgf gene, respectively. Both Kit and Mgf mutations affect oogenesis and folliculogenesis. In this study, the ovarian function of heterozygous mice with a mutation Kit(W-lacZ) was exam...
Article
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The roles of the interstitial cells of Cajal in the stomach and intestine are becoming increasingly clear. Interstitial cells of Cajal in the colon are less well known, however. We studied the development and distribution of the interstitial cells of Cajal in the mouse colon, using the tyrosine kinase receptor Kit as a marker. Sections and whole mo...