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Flora Angela Rutigliano

Flora Angela Rutigliano
University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Italy · Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies

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62
Publications
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Publications

Publications (62)
Article
High concentrations of trace elements in the soil can have toxic effects on the microbial community which plays a key role in fundamental ecosystem processes like the organic matter decomposition and nutrient cycles. The aim of this study was to evaluate if trace element concentrations in soils chronically exposed to industrial and agricultural act...
Article
Full-text available
Social networks enable anyone to publish potentially boundless amounts of information. However, such information is also highly prone to creating and/or diffusing mistakes and misunderstandings in scientific issues. In 2013 we produced a website (www.sunability.unina2.it) reporting on some research outputs from the University of Campania Luigi Vanv...
Conference Paper
Understanding prescribed burning effects on tree productivity and on plant ecophysiological responses is of crucial importance to define burn prescriptions aiming at reducing fire hazard in Mediterranean pine plantations, such as Pinus pinea L. stands. In this context, a combination of dendroecological, isotopic and wood-anatomical approaches can b...
Chapter
An experimental prescribed burn was conducted in February 2011 in a Quercus cerris forest in the Cilento e Vallo di Diano National Park (Southern Italy) to analyze fire effects on vegetation and soil. Fuel fire behavior characteristics and were assessed to define the burning conditions that allowed a rate of fire spread between 0.10 and 0.22 m min-...
Chapter
Full-text available
An experimental prescribed burn was conducted in February 2011 in a Quercus cerris forest in the Cilento e Vallo di Diano National Park (Southern Italy) to analyze fire effects on vegetation and soil. Fuel fire behavior characteristics and were assessed to define the burning conditions that allowed a rate of fire spread between 0.10 and 0.22 m min-...
Article
Biochar is known to enhance soil fertility and C sequestration, but relatively little information is currently available about its effect on soil microbial community, a component of terrestrial ecosystems that plays a key role in nutrient cycling. This study tested the effects of soil amendment with two loads of woodderived biochar (30 and 60 t ha�...
Conference Paper
I risultati delle ricerche in campo ambientale raggiungono il grande pubblico principalmente attraverso i mass media, che usano spesso un approccio superficiale. D’altra parte le riviste specializzate "peer reviewed" utilizzano un linguaggio incomprensibile ai non addetti ai lavori. La rete internet offre l’opportunità di divulgare dati scientifici...
Article
Full-text available
Prescribed burning experiences in Italy: an integrated approach to prevent forest fires. Prescribed burning is used in many geographical areas for multiple and integrated objectives (wildfire prevention, habitat con -servation, grazing management). In Europe the collaboration between researchers and fire professionals has brought to implement this...
Article
Biochar has been recently proposed as a management strategy to improve crop productivity and global warming mitigation. However, the effect of such approach on soil greenhouse gas fluxes is highly uncertain and few data from field experiments are available. In a field trial, cultivated with wheat, biochar was added to the soil (3 or 6 kg m(-2)) in...
Article
A new process-based model of litter decomposition, characterized by detailed climatic data input and simple litter quality parameters, is proposed. Compared to existing litter carbon models, specific implementations for temperature and moisture limiting effects have been adopted. The model is capable to represent decomposition processes in Mediterr...
Article
Concerns about groundwater contamination as well as pesticide residues in food and soil have fuelled vigorous debates about the sustainability of chemical-intensive agriculture. Search has been prompted for agronomic strategies with lower environmental hazards. In this multidisciplinary study we compared the characteristics of soils from 20 agricul...
Article
Concerns about groundwater contamination as well as pesticide residues in food and soil have fuelled vigorous debates about the sustainability of chemical-intensive agriculture. Search has been prompted for agronomic strategies with lower environmental hazards. In this multidisciplinary study we compared the characteristics of soils from 20 agricul...
Article
We used long-term litter decomposition data to estimate final decomposition levels using an asymptotic function. The estimated final limit values for decomposition were compared with available chemical data for the different litter types. A total of 41 limit values were estimated from as many different decomposition studies, and 20 different litter...
Article
Full-text available
We synthesized available data for decomposition of pine (Pinus) needle litter in pine forests to determine the litter chemical characteristics and climate factors that explained variation in the limit value, i.e. the level of accumulated mass loss at which the decomposition process either continues at a very low rate or possibly stops. Our data bas...
Article
The impact of different land use types on soil quality was evaluated by measuring several soil properties that are sensitive to stress or disturbance and by using two synthetic approaches, i.e. a numerical quality index and multivariate analysis. A Minimum Data Set of soil indicators was selected including physical (texture, bulk density and water...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between pollution by heavy metals and soil microbial community was investigated in an area of Southern Italy mainly used for agriculture but also affected by industrial and extractive activities as well as vehicular traffic. Soil samples were seasonally collected in permanent crop fields (i.e. citrus and peach orchards, olive grove...
Article
Wildfire has historically been a major disturbance in Mediterranean European ecosystems and prescribed burning is increasingly used here to mitigate possible damage and reduce hazard. This raises the issue of a possible negative impact on soil from repeated burning treatments. We investigated the effects of a single and repeated prescribed burning...
Article
Soil microbial activities and chemical properties related to the N cycle were investigated in function of variations in plant cover type in a Mediterranean area of Southern Italy. Several biological (microbial biomass, soil respiration, protease activity, degradation of 7 amino acids, net N mineralization, net nitrification, potential net nitrifica...
Article
Full-text available
We studied late-stages decomposition of four types of coniferous needle and three types of deciduous leaf litter at two sites, one nutrient-poor boreal and one nutrient-rich temperate. The late stage was identified by that reached by litters at the onset of net loss of lignin mass, i.e. at about 1year after the incubation when the highest amount of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Intensive agricultural practices can determine a decline in soil fertility which represents the main constraint to agricultural productivity. In particular, the progressive reduction in soil organic matter, without an adequate restoration, may threaten soil fertility and agriculture sustainability. Some soil management practices can improve soil qu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An intensive management of agricultural soils is widely carried out to increase vegetation productivity. Nevertheless, the large use of machineries, chemical fertilizers and pesticides can often cause, in time, a substantial decline in soil fertility by affecting soil physical and chemical properties and, in turn, growth and activity of soil microb...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the impact of fire (low and high severity) on soil fungal abundance and microbial efficiency in C assimilation and mineralisation in a Mediterranean maquis area of Southern Italy over 2 years after fire. In burned and control soils total and active fungal mycelium, microbial biomass C, percentage of microbial biomass...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a frequent perturbation in Mediterranean-type ecosystems, altering soil organic matter turnover. In a Mediterranean shrubland subjected to experimental fire, soil CO2 emissions were measured over an annual cycle in burned and unburned sites using static chambers. Some chemical-physical parameters affecting soil C turnover (soil nitrogen and...
Article
Volcanic soils affected by different numbers of polluted river flooding events were investigated. Chromium and Cu were the major soil contaminants. Nickel, Fe, Zn and Mn total content never exceeded the Italian mandatory limits. The distribution of Cr and Cu total contents among studied soils indicated that only Cr contamination was related to over...
Article
The effect of heavy metal contamination on biological and biochemical properties of Italian volcanic soils was evaluated in a multidisciplinary study, involving pedoenvironmental, micromorphological, physical, chemical, biological and biochemical analyses. Soils affected by recurring river overflowing, with Cr(III)-contaminated water and sediments,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the procedure of Ecological Risk Assessment in terrestrial ecosystems a big uncertainty is associated with the limit and significance of endpoints related to soil microflora. This represents a critical component of terrestrial ecosystems as it plays a critical role in the degradation of soil organic matter and recycling of nutrients. Despite its...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a disturbance in the Mediterranean region associated with frequent drought periods, and can affect the soil microbial community, which plays a fundamental role in nutrient cycling. In the present study the effect of low- and high-severity experimental fires on the soil microbial communitywas evaluated in an Italian Mediterranean maquis. Bur...
Article
The Mediterranean area of Southern Italy is characterized by different natural plant covers that mainly reflect different successional stages (i.e. low maquis, high maquis, Quercus ilex wood) and managed areas with introduced plant species (such as Pinus species). Soil properties could be affected by plant cover types as well as by plant species. O...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Mediterranean shrublands N represents a limiting factor for primary productivity. This might depend on the low net mineral N content, typically observed in shrubland soils, which results from a complex equilibrium between mineralization, nitrification, immobilization denitrification, leaching. Each of these processes is influenced by biotic and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heavy metals can significantly affect soil microbial biomass and functions, thus altering the role of soil microflora, which is mainly involved in organic matter degradation and recycling of soil nutrients. Microbial processes involved in N transformations are particularly important as their rates influence the amount and the form of mineral N pres...
Article
Several microbial parameters (microbial biomass, respiration, dehydrogenase, phosphatase, sulphatase, glucosidase, protease and urease activities) were measured in soils from five sites located in urban green areas close to roads differing in traffic density. Our aims were to evaluate the suitability of such parameters as field biomarkers of stress...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The long-term effects of addition of Cr(III) on soil microbial biomass and microbial activity were evaluated following the incubation of soil with increasing chromium concentrations (0, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000 mg Cr kg-1 dw) and under laboratory conditions (25 °C, 55% WHC). The aim of this study was to determine the minimum chromium concentrat...
Article
The decomposition dynamics of four types of needle litter and three types of leaf litter were followed for 3 years at two very contrasting coniferous forest systems, a nutrient-rich silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) forest in south Italy (Monte Taburno) and a nutrient-poor Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forest in central Sweden (Jädraås). Decompositi...
Article
The dynamics of Mn, Zn, Fe, Cu, Pb, and Cd during litter decomposition was studied to understand how litter and soil metal concentrations influence the accumulation and/or the release of metals. Three types of leaf litters (green and brown leaves of Populus tremula L., green leaves of Betula pubescens Ehrh.) and four types of needle litters (green...
Article
This chapter examines the effects of light, intense experimental fires, and of wildfire on the soil microbial biomass and activity and on organic carbon turnover in a coastal area of southern Italy. In the study discussed in the chapter, wildfire that mainly affected plant cover caused a rise in the input of organic matter to the soil but did not s...
Article
The fungal mycelium ingrowth and the rates of mass loss and respiration of needle litter of Pinus pinea, Pinus laricio, Pinus sylvestris, and Abies alba were investigated, in three coniferous forests, over a 3-year period by means of a composite set of incubations. In the early stages, the fungal flora of the decomposing needles was dominated by de...
Article
Needle decay and N dynamics of Pinus pinea, P. laricio, P. sylvestris and Abies alba were studied at three forest sites differing in their level of soil N. Only the N-rich Abies alba needles released N from the start of the incubation. In the first year, the litters P. pinea and P. sylvestris accumulated N up to 220% of the initial amount on the so...
Article
 The dynamics of nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) in decomposing beech and fir litters was studied. N, P, Mg and Ca content increased in all litters, whereas K content decreased. Nutrient content correlated to mass loss with a few exceptions for K and P. Final N, K, Mg and Ca content was higher the lower the initial content and the higher the initial C/...
Article
In order to evaluate the influence of air pollutants influx on leaf elemental composition, the concentration of N, S, Cu, Fe and Pb were analyzed in the surface deposit and tissue of Quercus ilex L. leaves from 8 sites of the urban area of Naples. The soil from the trunk base area of Q. ilex trees in the same sites was also analyzed for total conte...
Article
Lignin decomposition in litter of beech leaves and fir needles as related to litter N concentration and litter mass loss was studied for 7 y in two forests at Mount Taburno (41°05′N., 12°07′E.; Campania Apennines). Both types of litter showed a pattern of decomposition characterized by two stages with significantly decreasing decomposition rates. L...
Article
The concentrations of Pb, Cu, Fe, and Mn were analyzed in surface deposit and tissue ofQuercus ilex leaves from several sites of the urban area of Naples, exposed to different degrees of air pollution. These included some major roads with heavy traffic loads, squares, and three urban parks. The soil from the trunk base area ofQ. ilex trees in the s...
Article
The decomposition dynamics of needle litter of Stone pine (Pinus pinea), Corsican pine (Pinus laricio), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Silver fir (Abies alba) were investigated in a comparative study including five coniferous forest sites. Initial chemical composition, mass-loss rates, and the water-holding capacities of the litters were determi...
Article
The kinetics of decomposition of beech leaves (Fagus sylvatica L.) and fir needles (Abies alba) in the forests of M. Taburno (Campania Apennines) were compared in a beech stand and in a beech-fir stand and, within the beech-fir stand, in the Aoo layer and at 1.5 m above the forest floor. Beech leaves decompose at a lower rate in the 1st year but ra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effect of high- and low-intensity experimental fires on oribatid mite communities was investigated in the Mediterranean maquis at “Castel Volturno” Nature Reserve (Southern Italy). Experimental design included 9 plots (5x10m): 3 plots treated with high-intensity fire, 3 plots with low-intensity fire and 3 unburned plots used as controls. The dr...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics of N, K, Mg, Mn, Fe and Cu was investigated during litter decomposition, at Mount Vesuvius, of four different pine species (Pinus pinea L., P. laricio Poiret, P. sylvestris L., and P. nigra Arn.). Initial chemical composition of the brown needle litters differed among species. The data presented suggest that nutrient dynamics in studie...

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