Flavio Comim

Flavio Comim
Universitat Ramon Llull | URL · IQS School of Management

Professor

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103
Publications
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1,212
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Publications

Publications (103)
Article
The paper introduces the methodology of partially ordered sets to evaluate sustainable human development indicators. It shows its importance to the integration of human and environmental indicators, clarifying the limitations of composite indicators and emphasising the need to move towards higher levels of conceptual consistency and solid informati...
Article
This paper investigates the evolution of human capital in China for 31 provinces over the period of 1985–2016 from a club convergence perspective. Per capita human capital stocks, estimated using the Jorgenson-Fraumeni lifetime income approach, are for the first time examined within a non-linear latent factor framework that allows to model a wide r...
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The paper introduces a poset-generalizability perspective for analysing human development indicators. It suggests a new method for identifying admissibility of different informational spaces and criteria in human development analysis. From its inception, the Capability Approach has argued for informational pluralism in normative evaluations. But in...
Article
This paper proposes and estimates three novel higher education indices for 31 Chinese provinces: i) the Chinese Higher Education Density Index (CHEDI) to analyze the evolution of the quantitative distribution of higher education institutions (HEIs) in each province from 2001 to 2017, which is further decomposed into subgroups based on the type of c...
Conference Paper
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Book
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Preprint
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This paper introduces the 'Global Aporophobia Index'. It provides a full analysis of the phenomena of aporophobia.
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Este artigo busca aproximar interesse público e desenvolvimento humano sob a hipótese de que aquele é critério deste. Partindo-se da aceitação de uma abordagem abrangente do interesse público (na qual o seu desenvolvimento jurídico, relacionado à realização de direitos humanos e liberdades básicas, é somado à perspectiva do desenvolvimento humano),...
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Despite widespread attention and praise from policy‐makers, practitioners and individual academics for the Human Development Report, the paradigm of human development has often lacked sustained academic and operational policy‐making attention. Investigating this undesirable disconnect and discussing the possible reasons behind it, this article reve...
Chapter
Agency and Democracy in Development Ethics - edited by Lori Keleher March 2019
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Cambridge Core - Economic Development and Growth - Agency and Democracy in Development Ethics - edited by Lori Keleher
Conference Paper
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Talk at the Kellogg Institute, Oct 23 2018
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Cambridge Core - Economic Development and Growth - New Frontiers of the Capability Approach - edited by Flavio Comim
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This paper explores how the human development perspective can be enlarged by further using the capability approaches of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum. It delves into the main characteristics of their contributions, highlighting the role of social choice and normative exercises in human development evaluations. The paper examines alternative measu...
Article
Subjective information about people's quality of life has always received bad press in the human development paradigm and the capability approach, despite their influence in the promotion of human-centred policies. But, there are arguments put forward by their founders, Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, that subjective information, or happiness, can...
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Este artigo busca identificar características dos jovens ligadas à decisão entre trabalhar e estudar. Para tal, duas definições de trabalho são utilizadas: a de ocupação remunerada e a que inclui os trabalhos sem remuneração, entre estes, a responsabilidade sobre os afazeres domésticos. Na primeira definição, verificou-se a importância do papel da...
Conference Paper
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O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar o desenvolvimento infantil do Chile desde uma perspectiva multidimensional, levando em conta dimensões como a cognitiva, socioemocional e físico-motora e, ao mesmo tempo, considerando a influência da família através das características estruturais definidas por fatores demográficos e socioeconômicos assim como de d...
Chapter
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Este artigo explora o papel da família no desenvolvimento da primeira infância, destacando a importância das práticas e estilos parentais na formação de habilidades cognitivas e socioemocionais. A família é considerada a rede mais imediata de cuidado e afeto, mas também na qual pode existir privações para as crianças. Nesse sentido, define-se um ma...
Conference Paper
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The paper briefly examines the literature that criticises the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from a Latin American perspective. It presents some key stylised facts of development from the contemporary history of the region. It focuses on three structural features of Latin American development, namely, inequality, conflict and low State capacit...
Conference Paper
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Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar os efeitos da creche no desenvolvimento infantil, especialmente na dimensão cognitiva e socioemocional na idade de 4 a 5 anos. Em particular, examina-se como os efeitos da intensidade no uso da creche variam conforme as características da família definidas pelo status socioeconômico assim como pela sensibil...
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RESUMO Este artigo pretende identificar e analisar os processos através dos quais a mudança climática influencia o desenvolvimento humano. Com tal objetivo, propõe-se uma estrutura para caracterizar e sistematizar os impactos potenciais sobre dimensões tais como: saúde, educação, segurança, meios de subsistência, valores culturais e relações sociai...
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Resumo O principal objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma abordagem multidimensional para medir pobreza. Assim, são discutidos os principais limites da abordagem tradicional, que é baseada, principalmente, no aspecto renda. Posteriormente, é apresentada a abordagem da capacitação como uma alternativa que possibilita uma avaliação mais ampla e compl...
Conference Paper
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Resumo Este artigo busca identificar características ligadas à alocação do tempo entre trabalhar e estudar entre os jovens. Para tal duas definições de trabalho são utilizadas, a de ocupação remunerada, e outra que inclui também os trabalhos sem remuneração, entre estes à responsabilidade sobre os afazeres domésticos. Na primeira definição, destaca...
Book
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About the Book Questions of gender, injustice and equality pervade all our lives, and as such, the capabilities or 'human development' approach to understanding well-being and basic political en-titlements continues to be debated. In this thought-provoking book, a range of authors provide their unique refl ections on the capabilities approach and,...
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The objective of this article is to explore the impacts of climate change on human development from Sen's Capability perspective. Its main contribution lies in the analytical structure that it offers articulating well-being dimensions such as health, education, security, livelihoods, cultural values and social relation with natural resources, i.e.,...
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The objective of this article is to explore the impacts of climate change on human development from Sen’s Capability perspective. Its main contribution lies in the analytical structure that it offers articulating well-being dimensions such as health, education, security, livelihoods, cultural values and social relation with natural resources, i.e.,...
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The dominance of the ‘growth fetish’ ideology has much contributed to lure societies into believing that people’s value judgements are unnecessary for a better life and social justice. The theme ‘human values’ became the central research topic for the United Nations Development Programme Human Development Report team in Brazil after the promotion o...
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The objective of this paper is to analyze factors related with the behavior of adolescents in Conflict with the Law through the study of the relationship between recidivism in youth detention centers (YDC) and their family context, social and neighborhoods context. In this paper we identify a negative correlation between a good performance on the S...
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This paper aims to discuss the importance of multidimensionality in understanding poverty in Porto Alegre, as well as to identify the spatial and gender disparities among its regions. The paper was based on a dataset from a survey conducted in 2007, in a two-stage methodology in which 16386 people living in poverty were interviewed. The results ena...
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Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é contribuir com o debate conceitual sobre pobreza extrema e propor a incorporação de novos elementos para a compreensão desse complexo fenômeno. A inexistência de clareza sobre o que é e como se mede pobreza extrema é um fato que continua a desafiar os pesquisadores. Além disso, e apesar dos avanços, as contribuiçõe...
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Much of the applied work on the capabilities approach has focused on evaluation. The approach has been used as a foundation for the human development perspective and for evaluating human well-being in a variety of situations. Most notably, in Martha C. Nussbaum's work the approach has been used to put forward minimum requirements of justice, questi...
Chapter
Exploring a wide variety of case studies and developmental issues from a capability perspective, this book is an original contribution to both development and children's studies that raises a strong case for placing children's issues at the core of human development. © Mario Biggeri, Jérôme Ballet & Flavio Comim 2011. All rights reserved.
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The aim of this chapter is to explore the possibilities for fruitfully using the capability approach (CA) as a theoretical foundation for understanding children as subjects of human development. This means considering children not simply as recipients of freedoms, but as active social actors and agents in their communities with their own priorities...
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The general argument that pervades this book is that using the CA to address children’s issues can provide a fruitful path to evaluate and promote their development. Different chapters delve into distinct methodologies and perspectives, illustrating the diversity of solutions that can be found by applying the CA to children’s development. In partic...
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This book tries to show that a new conceptual framework and shift in policy design is required to help promote children’s well-being and enhance their “evolving capabilities”. The arguments in this book have been developed and refined following workshops, seminars and conferences held over a number of years and are likely to be the subject of futur...
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Childhood and adolescence are periods in life that are distinct for a variety of reasons. It is during the early years of life that individuals experience the most important cognitive and emotional developments that subsequently shape their identity and world-views. The capabilities of children and adolescents are formed through social interaction...
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The objective of this chapter is to show that the Capability Approach can serve as an appropriate conceptual framework and a normative tool to analyse children’s well-being and other relevant children’s issues. To meet this objective, the second section reviews the literature on children and the Capability Approach with a special focus on empirical...
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The impact of environmental change on the incidence of poverty through the changes in the livelihood options is expected to be significant. The resilience and condition of environment and ecosystems to deliver services within vulnerable regions is quite often crucial for ensuring livelihood security for the poor. However, understanding the links be...
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Human well-being in industrialized and developing nations continues to be influenced by disparate components and there is growing evidence that climate change is a new and potentially damaging global threat. Context affects the prospect of finding solutions because socio-economic elements, ethical considerations, and moral norms all play their part...
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Introduction Evaluating the impact of educational changes on children's capabilities can be done in a diversity of ways. Indeed, there is no unique way of using the CA (capability approach) for normative purposes. One possible route is to define a methodology based on the most striking characteristics of the approach and then to create different ca...
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The human development index (HDI) is currently used for many different purposes, from a comparative index to a decision-making instrument for public policy decisions. It is also used as a 'blaming and shaming' index in the media. For this reason, in this paper we delve into the foundations of the HDI, exploring to what extent it can be considered a...
Conference Paper
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There are many designations used to categorise 'the poor'. Quite often, emphasis has been given only to monetary aspects of poverty. In order to deal with this problem we propose a multidimensional index of deprivations (or vulnerabilities) based on Census 2000 database because it allows us to focus our attention on setores censitários, the minor u...
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Flavio Comim argues that climate injustice is a pervasive feature of current climate change problems. Injustice is manifested in terms of cost–benefit asymmetries and in the erosion of individuals' capabilities. To understand the overall impact of climate change on poverty and human development, it is relevant to contextualize this discussion withi...
Book
The capability approach developed by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen has become an important new paradigm in thinking about development. However, despite its theoretical and philosophical attractiveness, it has been less easy to measure or to translate into policy. This volume addresses these issues in the context of poverty and justice. Part I offers a...
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Este trabalho analisa o impacto das heterogeneidades individuais na pobreza multidimensional em Porto Alegre. Com a estimação de um modelo econométrico, controla-se o efeito individual e conjunto das variáveis para testar alguns fatores de conversão de meios em fins, ou seja, verifica-se o quanto a intensidade da pobreza é sensível às característic...
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Introduction: The measurement of capabilities is the most pressing challenge ahead for the operationalisation of the capability approach (CA). Yet the idea of measurement would seem prima facie inimical to the CA. Measurement in social sciences is usually identified with a narrowness of understanding about the application of concepts and theories....
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The concept of sustainable consumption (SC) has been proposed as a way of operationalising sustainable development (SD). However, until now, in view of the difficulties in conceptualising SC, emphasis has been placed mainly on a pragmatic approach. In an a-conceptual and pragmatic account of SC, many problems remain unaddressed, such as the danger...
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The importance of assessing the impact of microfinance schemes on poverty reduction cannot be overestimated. Poverty reduction is the raison-d’être of microfinance. It is because other forms of finance are not usually accessible to the poor (due to high transaction costs, the poor’s lack of collateral, etc) that microfinance has been explored as a...
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Response to Sandra J. Peart, “Jevons and Menger Re-homogenized?: Jaffé After 20 Years,” 1998. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 57(July): 307-325.
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The paper compares two prominent approaches to assessing Human Well-Being, the Capability Approach and the Subjective Well-Being Approach. It investigates the differences and the similarities between these approaches. An argument is made for exploring the potential synergies between them. Finally, the papers of this special edition are briefly intr...
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The Capability Approach (CA) as developed by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, has in part been a response to the problem of adaptive preferences. Their argument says that people might adapt to certain unfavorable circumstances and any self-evaluation in terms of satisfaction or happiness will in this case necessarily be distorted. To evaluate peopl...
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History of Political Economy 36.3 (2004) 475-495 Philip Wicksteed (1844–1927) holds a curious place in economics. For those familiar with his work, it is certainly a conundrum that he has not received more attention from the academic community. Although some economists recognize the innovation and merits of his work, the general consensus among his...
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The paper investigates the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction in Brazil during the period 1980s-1990s. It briefly reviews the literature on 'pro-poor growth', emphasizing the importance of certain qualitative aspects of growth responsible for enhancing human well-being in Brazil. The paper follows the methodology put forward...
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This essay examines the notion of a 'Scottish Tradition' and the role of common sense in Adam Smith's thought. It is a contribution to the contemporary literature on the 'Scottish Approach' and on the historical investigation of Adam Smith's intellectual background. It argues that a notion of common sense was behind Smith's view of science and that...
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John Richard Nicholas Stone was a prolific and innovative writer. His contribution to economics covered a wide range of areas including empirical analysis of consumer behavior, economic growth, economic demography, and education. His work also covered topics such as index numbers, time series and cross-section surveys, environmental and sociostatis...
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The paper examines the characteristics of the ‘Santa Fe approach’ (hereafter SFA) to complexity and attempts its evaluation in terms of the Marshallian intellectual tradition. The paper is organised into three parts. The first part outlines the main features of the SFA The second describes Marshall’s views on complexity and his appeal to common sen...
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Response to Sandra J. Peart, "Jevons and Menger Re-homogenized?: Jaffé After 20 Years," 1998. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 57(July): 307-325.
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Full-text available
This paper consists in an empirical application of the capability approach. It examines one of the most important tenets of the capability approach, that is, that resources are imperfect indicators of well-being and therefore that an informational approach to a plural system of evaluation should be based on capabilities. The paper starts by examini...
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Abstract The paper examines the time dimension in the capability literature. It suggests thatthis literature has so far been limited to informational spaces,that are static. This paper argues that assessments of quality of life and well-being are in fact dynamic and that are best understood from an evolutionary perspective.The question of capabilit...
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This paper aims to emphasize the importance of different dimensions in poverty studies in Porto Alegre and, to identify spatial and gender disparities among its regions. The paper was based in a dataset from a survey conduced during 2007 by a partnership among two Universities and the Municipal Administration of Porto Alegre and sponsored by REDE U...
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Current concern with human well-being assessment was historically built from contributions by different approaches, such as Economic Development, Human Needs & Basic Needs, Rawlsian and, more recently, by the Capability Approach (CA). In particular, this paper investigates the advantages of using capability indicators vis-à-vis other indicators of...

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