Firooz Sadighi

Firooz Sadighi
Shiraz University · Department of Foreign Languages and Linuistics

Phd

About

80
Publications
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367
Citations

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Reflecting one of the state-of-the-art issues in SLA, this study aimed at inspecting the correspondence between Persian and English writing skills to see whether or not they emerged from a single entity called multi-competence (Cook, 1991, 2016). Besides, the impact of genre on Persian and English writing skills was examined to explore if the skill...
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Accountability has been widely considered the leading cause of student achievement and received much attention in recent years. Unlike the researchers in America and European countries, few scholars have addressed learner accountability in Iran to evaluate its effect on different EFL contexts. This mixed-method research design study compared the le...
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Learning a foreign/second language is a dynamic and complicated process that benefits from learners taking strategic steps to facilitate their own learning. Accordingly, the current study investigates the differences between Iranian high and low English vocabulary learners in terms of vocabulary learning strategies. Two hundred and eighteen univers...
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The purpose of this study was twofold. Firstly, it explored Iranian EFL (English as a foreign language) teachers’ receptive and productive metalinguistic knowledge as a function of educational contexts including language institutes and high schools. Secondly, the study delved into EFL teachers’ perceptions of metalinguistic knowledge development in...
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Understanding students’ learning strategies is important for teachers and researchers since they try to develop a learning environment that stimulates high-quality learning outcomes. To this end, the present study examines a sample of 218 EFL students on BA, MA, and Ph.D.s of English language studies at an Iranian university. It was an attempt to f...
Article
This study attempted to scrutinize the disciplinary and cross-disciplinary generic variations of textbook introductions in humanities and basic sciences with reference to the onion model. The data included a sample of 60 introductions (i.e. ten each from applied linguistics, sociology, and psychology within humanities, and ten each from biology, ag...
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This study aimed at discovering the influence of identity processing style on personal experience narratives of Iranian IELTS candidates in terms of the narrative structure used in oral narratives. For this purpose, 10 Iranian IELTS candidates' oral narratives were collected orally and analyzed. Personal narratives were examined in terms of Labov's...
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This mixed methods study aimed at examining the relationship between EFL learners’ use of language learning strategies and the extent to which they achieved foreign language skills, namely writing, reading, listening, and speaking. The study also sought to identify possible differences between high and low achieving language learners regarding the...
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The purpose of this study is twofold. Firstly, to investigate if there are significant relationships between burnout, intention to leave, and job satisfaction among EFL instructors. Secondly, to examine whether job satisfaction mediates the potential relationship between intention to leave and burnout. To this end, 120 EFL instructors selected from...
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The purpose of this study was to explore the function of English restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses in discourse cohesion and also intended to examine the possible differences between comprehension and production of restrictive relative clauses and non-restrictive relative clauses and their sub-types. Centering Theory was adopted as a...
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Foreign language learners face learnability problems in the perception and production of English verbs’ argument structures manifested by different verbs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the problems Iranian learners encounter when perceiving and producing English verbs’ argument structures. A number of 75 students whose major was Engl...
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Recent innovations in formative assessment have turned the spotlight on the implementation of assessment for learning in the classroom. Notwithstanding a considerable wealth of research on assessment for learning in mainstream education, few research studies in the field of language teaching thus far have touched upon assessment for learning. This...
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Second language learning is the long-term time process of commitment to seeking a high degree of success. In this manner, the majority of learners get more experience of success than failure. However, a small number of learners involve a string of repeated failures arising from the lack of self-confidence and a feeling of hopelessness. Thus, the ro...
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According to Montano and Kasprzyk (2008), attitude is determined by the individual's beliefs about outcomes or attributes of performing the behavior (behavioral beliefs), weighted by evaluations of those outcomes or attributes. This study examined Iranian EFL learners' attitudes toward the Task-Based Language Assessment (TBLA) and the traditional a...
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Acquisition of verbs and their syntactic and semantic properties can act as the core of any sentence across languages. EFL learners encounter learnability problems in the perception of English verbs’ argument structures manifested by different verbs. The current study aimed at investigating and diagnosing the problems Iranian EFL learners face when...
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Establishing high standards for educational accountability and informing those not already familiar with the basic components of a strong accountability system is a fresh avenue in EFL context, particularly in Iran, where the perceived shortcomings of English learning in the public sector are evident. The present mixed methods study used educationa...
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The study aimed at investigating the impacts of mobile-assisted instruction on improving Iranian female EFL learners’ speaking skill and exploring their perceptions of the experience. Random sampling was applied to select 90 female students at the Zand Higher Education Institute in Shiraz, Iran. Their ages ranged from 18 to 24. They were randomly a...
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The purpose of this study is threefold: firstly, to explore the relationship between EFL learners’ cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence, and language learning achievement, secondly, to find out the relationship between EFL learners’ language learning styles and strategies and their L2 achievement, and thirdly, to uncover the relationship...
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The mixed methods study reported here explored the extent to which Iranian EFL teachers perceived to adopt monitoring and scaffolding practices of assessment for learning. The study also investigated EFL teachers’ perceptions of assessment for learning as a function of textbooks taught and the teaching context. To this end, 384 Iranian EFL teachers...
Article
The present study compared British English speakers’ (native) and Iranian EFL learners’ (nonnative) mental lexicon structure focusing on how words are selected and used by the two groups. The types of word association links, syntagmatic and paradigmatic, more frequently applied by the two groups of the participants, were probed into. To this end, 4...
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The role of technology in educational settings all around the world has changed the methods of teaching and assessment in the last few decades. Unfortunately, the shortcomings of e-learning in Iran has deprived students of many advantages of it. This research paper tries to answer questions regarding the effect of e-portfolio on the students' writi...
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Recent trends in formative assessment seek innovations to link assessment, teaching, and learning characterized as assessment for learning. This new assessment stance has rarely been studied in the context of English language teaching. Hence, there is a need for research to shed light on assessment for learning practices. The current study set out...
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Electronic portfolios are one of the potentially influential e-learning developments that could successfully find its way into language learning classes all around the world, although in Iranian EFL context students are not entirely familiar with them yet. The primary objective of this paper was to answer questions regarding the effect of e-portfol...
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To capture the unique nature of collective teacher efficacy as reflected in ELT settings, the current study attempted to develop and validate a context-specific collective efficacy scale and use it in exploring collective efficacy beliefs in different ELT contexts. To achieve this goal, guided by the related literature, the most prominent constitue...
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In Iran the age of learning English as a foreign language is decreasing yearly. It is obvious that learning English at a very early age is a most appropriate time to start. The investigation in this study is focused on the speech act of request. Instructional effects of learning request strategies are assessed in preschoolers who received instructi...
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p>This research is aimed at investiagting the influence of using pictorial mode towards children’s learning of L1 new lexical items. This study is based on an experimental design. To reach the goal, 20 children as the sample were randomly selected from nurseries in Shiraz, Iran. The participants were 3 years old children divided in two groups of ex...
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Although using Dynamic Assessment especially in educational setting has been revealed to be a useful approach in helping learners to achieve higher levels of learning, not much consideration has been given to the role of teacher mediation through Dynamic Assessment in teaching writing literacy (Persian language). This study aimed to explore possibl...
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The current study aimed at exploring the most prominent constituent elements of collective teacher efficacy beliefs and their contributing factors in the specific context of English language teaching. To this aim, 30 English language teachers and instructors’ perceptions of collective teacher efficacy were inspected through a series of in-depth int...
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Following an emergentist approach, the authors examined the comprehension of four different types of restrictive relative clauses (direct object/oblique vs. subject/indirect object) with animate/inanimate referents by Iranian EFL learners. To this end, an Oxford placement test and two sets of comprehension tests within a week’s interval were admini...
Article
This study was an attempt to examine Iranian EFL learners’ realization of the condolence speech act in English and to compare their realization with English native speakers’ (NSs) realization patterns. The study was further interested in investigating whether Iranian EFL learners’ realization of the condolence speech act is associated with their le...
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This study investigated the effect of dynamic Assessment (DA) on the acquisition of L2 grammar by EFL learners. The focus was on teaching Conditional Type II, or Unreal Conditional, which is a difficult structure for language learners to acquire. To this end, two intact classes of intermediate EFL learners, each consisting of 23 male students were...
Conference Paper
This study has a threefold objective. First, considering Flynn's Match and Mismatch theory, it examines the role of lexical items in a match-parametric situation in the performance of English prepositions by Iranian EFL learners. Second, it investigates the differences between the two mentioned mismatch types of lexical items. Third, it identifies...
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Multiple-choice tests are among the most widely used test formats throughout the world due to their ease of administration and other advantages; however, one of the shortcomings of this test format is the role of guessing inherent in it. To solve this problem, different scoring methods have been proposed. Confidence-based scoring is a scoring metho...
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Foreign language learning anxiety is one of the affective factors which influence language learning negatively. It has several sources and different types. The present study aimed at investigating the sources of foreign language speaking anxiety of Iranian EFL learners. To do so, 154 EFL learners participated in the study. They were required to fil...
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This study aimed at comparing the effect of the formative use of confidence-based scoring and standard scoring on the Iranian EFL learners' grammar improvement. Participants of this study were 72 freshman students majoring in English translation. The study was conducted in three English grammar classes. These classes were divided into two groups: o...
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In this study, we followed an emergentist view on the acceptability of "want to" contraction in both comprehension and production of Subject Extraction Question (SEQ) and Object Extraction Question (OEQ). Earlier experimental work (e.g. ) showed that such a contrast is not robust for EFL learners. To study this hypothesis, one hundred EFL learners...
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It has been found that translation is an efficient means to teach/learn grammar, syntax, and lexis of a foreign language. Meanwhile, translation is good for beginners who do not still enjoy the critical level of proficiency in their target language for expression. This study was conducted to examine the teachers and learners' perceptions of employi...
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This study sought to examine the sort, frequency, and sources of writing wrongs committed by adult Iranian EFL students. To score the participants’ written essays and speaking interviews, the four criteria specified for the IELTS Speaking and Writing Band Scores (British Council, 2014) were taken into consideration. The study also tried to comparat...
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Collocations are among the pervasive features of languages, and English seems to be particularly rich in such multi-word lexemes. Since they have not received due attention pedagogically, this research aimed at identifying problems facing advanced Iranian learners of English in producing collocations. Over 100 pages of materials written by 30 parti...
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The present study investigated the relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ use and preferences of language learning strategies and their meta-knowledge and the tasks of pragmatic competence. Quick Oxford Placement Test, version 2 (2004) was administered and 120 upper-intermediate EFL university students majoring in English translation and TEFL w...
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Abstract: Macro-setting is perceived to have a great potentiality for first language acquisition. Informal macro-setting is believed to provide unconsciously and incidentally acquisition opportunities through exposure to the texts such as books, magazines or authentic language input through technology which give rise to learner’s outcomes. Fortunat...
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p>The English grammar is usually taught to undergraduate EFL learners in Iran during the first academic year. It may be supposed that they have acquired a good mastery of the English grammar as they are on the verge of graduation. At the same time, it may be assumed that some English grammar features are more difficult/less difficult than others fo...
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Learning is an extremely complex human process (Gass, 1997). Teachers have used many strategies to enhance student learning and to teach new concepts (Ohta, 2000). Nevertheless, they still are not convinced how learners learn. Corrective feedback has recently gained prominence in studies of ESL and other L2 education contexts, as a number of resear...
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In syntax, a model of a grammar is economical if it is doing the least work possible in order to generate grammatical forms, and rule out ungrammatical forms. In the minimalist program, economy has been applied to every level of representation, every principle, every structure, leading to a type of plainness never seen before in generativist. The s...
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The present study is a review of the usage based theory of language acquisition introduced by Tomasello (2003). Based on this theory structure emerges from use. Among semantic, syntax, and pragmatics, the usage based theory emphasizes the primary role of pragmatics in human communication. At the first sight it may looks contrary to the nativism. Ho...
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The present article reports the effects of place of residence on linguistic representations of symbols of power used in Persian proverbs. Based on the assumption of the effect of residence areas on language, a sample comprising 600 respondents was selected from a population of more than 254,000 people based on random sampling method. A validated re...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the individual and contextual factors conducive to teacher professional development. The study which aimed at identifying the predictors of teacher development consisted of in-depth interviews with 15 teachers. Data gleaned from in-depth interviews were analyzed utilizing content analysis. Some common th...
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This study aimed at investigating the reliability, predictive validity, and self-esteem and gender bias of confidence-based scoring. This is a method of scoring in which the test takers receive a positive or negative point based on their rating of their confidence in an answer. The participants, who were 49 English-major students taking their gramm...
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This study seeks to expand research in the area of test fairness by the application of an argument-based approach to test fairness, developed by Xi (2010), to samples of standardized high-stakes tests of IELTS and TOEFL iBT. The target objective of this study was to delineate potential sources and degrees of unfair testing and contribute to further...
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The central role of teachers in enhancing education quality and promoting education reform has been largely acknowledged by various researchers. However, professional development (PD) in Iran is far from satisfactory. This paper initially outlines major shifts in professional development. It then provides a critical appraisal of professional develo...
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This empirical study reports on the issue of L1 lexicalization. Participants were 74 juniors at the Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch. The investigation pursued (i) the pedagogical impact of the provided treatments (ii) the psycholinguistic importance of the issue of L1 lexicalization. The results of the independent t-test indicated a signif...
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Objectives: A large number of congenitally deaf children are born annually. If not treated, this will have destructive effects on their language and speech development, educational achievements and future occupation. In this study it has been tried to determine the level of language skills in children with Cochlear Implants (CI) in comparison with...
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The present article reports the effects of individuals' social class on linguistic representations of symbols of power used in Persian proverbs. Based on the assumption of the effect of social class on linguistic representations, a sample consisting of 600 respondents was selected from a population of more than 254,000 people based on random sampli...
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The central role of teachers and instructors in enhancing education quality and promoting education reform has been largely acknowledged by various researchers. However, professional development for university instructors in Iran is far from satisfactory. This paper initially outlines major shifts in professional development. It then provides a cri...
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The present study aims to investigate the relative effectiveness of different types of pragmatic instruction including two collaborative translation tasks and two structured input tasks with and without explicit pragmatic instruction on the production of apologetic utterances by low-intermediate EFL learners. One hundred and fifty university studen...
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The quasi-experimental design used in this study aimed at investigating the merits of using two types of corrective feedback, namely recasts and elicitations. Sixty EFL learners were randomly assigned to three groups (recast, elicitation and control group). The instructional intervention targeted the relative clauses. Acquisition was measured by a...
Article
This study aimed at investigating the most frequent cohesive errors committed by Iranian undergraduate EFL learners at different levels of proficiency as well as the sources of cohesive errors. An overall number of 67 undergraduate students at Shiraz Azad University participated in this study. To have three groups of learners with different profici...
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This paper aims at investigating the acquisition of third person singular/plural verb inflection in the comprehension and production of Persian sentences. It argues that children's comprehension lags several years behind their production. Seventy Persian children (4 to 6 years) attending kindergarten were selected to investigate their comprehension...
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This study investigates the relationship between intelligence and foreign language learning in general, and the learning of vocabulary and grammar in particular. It also investigates the effect of extra practice on foreign language learning on learners with equal intelligence. The participants were 182 high school students at grades two and three....
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The phenomenon of limiting tense-aspect markers to a restricted class of verbs (Vendler's, 1967 four-way classification) according to the inherent aspect of the verb is known as the Primacy of Aspect (Robison, 1995; Andersen and Shirai, 1996). By taking the POA principles into consideration it is possible to account for language learners' tense-asp...
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Ever since the concept of dynamic assessment (also DA) was introduced into the literature on language pedagogy, it has received various interpretations in terms of its scope, meaning, purpose, and even its practical realization. This difference in interpretation, the raison d'être of DA, however, has resulted in a burgeoning variation in the number...
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Research in the area of reading comprehension strategies (RCSs) suggests that not all learners use these strategies in the same fashion and that various factors affect the type and frequency of the strategies used by second/foreign language learners. This study attempted to investigate the effect of two factors, namely, L2 proficiency and L1 readin...
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This study was an attempt to explore the effects of EFL students’ L2 proficiency and age on their overall pattern of vocabulary learning strategy use. In order to conduct the study, two hundred and thirteen language students (112 male and 101 female) from different levels of language proficiency and different age groups (13-60) took part in the stu...