Fiona Tasker

Fiona Tasker
Birkbeck, University of London · Department of Psychological Sciences

About

108
Publications
29,736
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2,775
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1995 - present
Birkbeck, University of London
Position
  • Reader in Psychology

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
The COVID‐19 pandemic led to major restrictions of everyday life activities. This worsened the social situation of many people, and marginalized groups have been especially affected. This article explores how LGBTQ+ young adults in Sweden have been affected by the COVID‐19 pandemic and the subsequent recommendations and restrictions. Fifteen partic...
Presentation
Introduction: The Empowering Adoptive Families [EAF] study is a cross-sectional multi-methods project about child development and family relationships in adoptive families across the U.K. Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine how adopted children represent and make sense of their family connections in different family types. Methods: A mix...
Article
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The coparenting relationship begins with a process of planning and negotiation about having children. Available psychological instruments have not been adapted to sexual minority people, which compromises their ecological validity. This mixed method study aimed to adapt and validate a prospective version of the Co-Parenting Relationship Scale in a...
Article
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Introduction This study explored the impact of sexual orientation and cultural context on the way lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB), and heterosexual cisgender adults without children from Portugal, Israel, and the UK anticipate the parenting experience. Higher levels of parenthood aspirations (e.g., desires and intentions) and more positive perceptions...
Article
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Parenting is a challenging life-cycle transition, particularly for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons who have to deal with prejudice and discrimination. Considering this position of social disadvantage and the potential protective role of social support, our aim in this work was to systematize existing knowledge about the role of social supp...
Article
Similarities between developing a deaf identity and a sexual minority identity have been postulated upon the parallel experience of oppressed minority positions. Sign language interviews with eight deaf gay British men explored their intersectional understanding of deaf-gay lived experiences, analyzed through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysi...
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The Parenting Daily Hassles (PDH) scale is a screening measure of hassles associated with parenting. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the PDH scale in a community sample of 444 Portuguese parents. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses provided evidence of factorial validity for both Intensity and Frequency dimensions. Inte...
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Structural open adoption has been beneficial to adoptees in integrating their birth her-itage and identity. Adoptive parents also may sometimes seek out others who are neither related biologically nor through partnership to support their child in developing an integrated sense of identity. To what extent do these intentional kinship relationships b...
Article
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Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of children placed with lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adopters, and to examine children’s problem behaviors and positive psychosocial adjustment across the three family types. Background There is evidence that children with hard-to-place profiles may be more likely to be match...
Article
This study compared Israeli, Portuguese, and British childless lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual adults on parenthood aspirations as indicated by their desire and intent to become a parent and their concern about childlessness. For this purpose, 168 childless adults (57 self-reported as LGB) in Portugal were matched on sociodemographic...
Chapter
The present study focuses upon an early step in the transition to parenthood when partners start to plan their pregnancies. We aimed to understand the determinants of coparenting in a triadic interactive system prior to conception, exploring the role of partners’ attachment histories in their coordination of pre-conception coparenting behaviors. We...
Article
Across the world, people have seen their lives interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Using an online survey, we explored how the psychosocial effects of the pandemic affected the mental health of LGBTQ+ young adults who were confined with their parents during the lockdown period (N = 1,934), from six countries: Portugal, UK, Italy, Brazil, Chile, a...
Chapter
Throughout the last century and the beginning of the present one, multiple events have contributed to the legitimization of families formed by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender/gender diverse individuals (LGBT). First, the social roles of men and women have come to be seen as not irrevocably linked to their sex assigned at birth. Second, the...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the life course identity projects of Chilean lesbian mothers who conceived their children within the context of a previous heterosexual relationship. By exploring the case of Chile, this study examined the family lives of lesbian mothers within the context of a Latino heteronormative society with a Christian (mainly Cath...
Article
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Findings are presented from the second phase of a UK longitudinal study of 33 gay father, 35 lesbian mother, and 43 heterosexual parent families when their adopted children reached early adolescence. Participants predominantly lived in urban/suburban areas and were mostly white and well‐educated. Standardized interviews, observations, and questionn...
Article
A Escala de Relação Coparental (ERC) é uma das medidas mais utilizadas para avaliar a relação de coparentalidade. Pretendeu-se avaliar as propriedades psicométricas das versões completa e breve da ERC numa amostra comunitária de 779 pais e mães portugueses, com idades entre os 23 e os 65 anos (M = 42.73; DP = 5.27). As análises fatoriais confirmató...
Article
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Parenthood is a highly valued life goal, independent of one’s sexual orientation. However, the majority of studies exploring young adults’ parenthood plans have relied exclusively on samples of heterosexual individuals. This study aimed (i) to explore differences in parenthood intentions as a function of sexual orientation, (ii) to investigate to w...
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The idea that people who are transgender or non-binary are not interested in becoming parents has been refuted by several studies. However, both medical unknowns and cisnormativity surround the process of becoming a parent for transgender or non-binary people, with little known about the psychosocial impact on the family formation dilemmas of trans...
Chapter
This chapter examines parenting among sexual and gender minorities post-heterosexual relationship dissolution (PHRD). Reviewing the literature around intersecting identities of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) parents, we consider how religion, race, and socioeconomic status are associated with routes into and out of heterosex...
Article
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This study explored differences in psychological well-being as assessed by life satisfaction, parenthood satisfaction, depressive symptoms and the Big Five personality dimensions among 219 Israeli fathers; 76 gay men who had become fathers through a heterosexual relationship, 63 gay men who had become fathers through surrogacy, and 78 heterosexual...
Article
This study examined the psychometric properties of the parent’s versions of the SDQ and the PANAS-X in a community sample of Portuguese parents. A total of 1,100 SDQ and PANAS-X were collected from an online sample of 761 parents, whose ages ranged from 23 to 65 years (M = 42, SD = 5). Confirmatory Factor Analyses provided evidence of the internal...
Article
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This study examined Chilean heterosexual women's discourses concerning lesbian and gay (LG) parenting following a social constructionist perspective. Data from a convenience sample of 15 first-year psychology female students attending an evening university program in Concepción, Chile, were collected through 3 focus groups. Findings through a thema...
Article
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Czech society has been increasingly more liberal toward LGBTI individuals and their parenting rights. However, the Czech legislative system still does not treat same-sex couples equally to heterosexual couples, and does not grant them the right to get married, nor to jointly adopt children. Attitudes of professionals who work with children and fami...
Article
We explored parenting desires, parenting intentions, and anticipation of stigma upon parenthood in a sample of 257 self-identified lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual childfree women in Portugal. No differences between the groups were observed concerning parenting desires. However, lesbian and bisexual women reported lower intentions to have childr...
Article
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Most studies of planned lesbian motherhood via donor insemination (DI) have sampled lesbian mothers in individualistic societies where adults have relatively distant connection to their family of origin. Our study examined the experiences of biological and non-biological lesbian mothers in five families who had children through DI after disclosing...
Article
Many LGBT people with a Christian upbringing experience conflict between their religious and sexual identities. Many resolve this conflict by leaving Christianity, others by moving to affirming churches. Some research has examined the experiences of LGBT people who choose to attend conservative churches; however, there has been very little research...
Article
The attachment security of children in 30 gay father families, 29 lesbian mother families and 38 heterosexual parent families was investigated using the Friends and Family Interview (FFI) at the second phase of a longitudinal study. Children in gay father families showed significantly higher levels of secure-autonomous attachment than children in h...
Article
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The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper published in Genealogy (Tasker et al., 2018), reflecting regrettable misrepresentation of one research participant’s experience [...]
Chapter
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) parenthood post-heterosexual relationship (PHR) dissolution was the focus of much of the early social science research on sexual minority parenting from the 1980s onward, and remains relevant today. The initial legal cases contesting LGB parenting involved mainly lesbian mothers seeking custody of their children PHR...
Article
Our special issue “New Frontiers of Family: LGBTQ People Pushing Back the Boundaries of Family” has brought together six exciting articles that each reconceptualize families formed by lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ) people beyond the Standard North American Family model (SNAF; Smith, 1993). The SNAF has been the dominant ideologica...
Article
A sea-change in attitudes toward the acceptability of same-sex relationships has taken place in the twenty-first century. The UK has been at the forefront of legal changes in allowing same-sex couples to adopt children (the Adoption and Children Act 2002) and groundbreaking research on the well-being of these children. Over a decade on from our pre...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore motivations for adoption among a diverse sample of LGBTQ adoptive parents and prospective adopters (n = 366), who were recruited through a U.K. network of LGBTQ adoptive and foster families to complete an online survey. Quantitative analysis showed that the majority did not think that being LGBTQ would negat...
Article
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Existing research suggests that embryo donation (ED) may be seen as similar to adoption by those who donate or receive embryos, or it may not. Our qualitative study explored whether having a child via embryo donation initiated kinship connections between embryo donor and recipient families as interpreted by recipient parents. Interviews were conduc...
Article
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This study explored the impact of sexual identity on attitudes towards parenthood among childless individuals from Portugal and the United Kingdom (UK). Compared to heterosexuals, lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals were less likely to: desire and intend to have children, be concerned about the prospect of childlessness or perceive children as a sourc...
Chapter
The aim of the Family Mapping Exercises (FMEs) is to explore and then chart the client’s self-definition of their family and the strength of their emotional, social, and practical connections with others in their family network. LGBTQ-parented families are often complex and rarely defined simply by biological or legal parenting. Thus, mapping famil...
Article
Family building by bisexual mothers is a neglected area of research, yet this is an important aspect of life course development that may reciprocally influence the sexual identity development of bisexual women and family processes around parenting. Family map drawings (genograms) and interview data were collected from eight cis-gender women from th...
Article
Methods: Using a life course perspective, the present qualitative interview study examined participants' reflections to discern pathways in and out of chemsex engagement. Six participants (aged ≥18 years) were drawn from a cohort of men who had completed the tailored therapeutic Structured Weekend Antidote Program. Transcripts were analysed using...
Article
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The purpose of the present systematic and critical review was to assess the findings and to identify the gaps in the literature concerning gay and bisexual fathers. A comprehensive search of relevant literature using electronic databases and reference lists for articles published until December 2016 was conducted. A total of 63 studies, spanning fr...
Poster
Full-text available
Empoderar as Famílias Adotivas
Poster
Full-text available
Empoderar as Famílias Adotivas
Article
This paper includes a systematic review and citation analysis of the literature regarding sexual minority parent families, particularly attending to what theories have been used, and how. We consider the importance of theoretical frameworks for future research and implications for policy, practice, and law related to sexual minority parent families...
Article
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Background: Both clinical care and genome-wide studies need to account for levels of severity in the etiology of depression. The purpose of the study is to estimate the genetic and environmental components of female depression as a function of the severity of the disorder. Methods: A genetic and environmental model analysis of depression inciden...
Article
Our prospective study investigated couples' expectations of adoptive parenthood and explored how these changed with their actual experience of parenthood. Six heterosexual couples were interviewed just before placement began and 6 months after the children had arrived. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyse both sets of...
Poster
Full-text available
Empowering Adoptive Families - A study about adoptive families in the UK and in Portugal
Article
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Our qualitative study investigated the ways in which bisexual mothers came to identify as such and how their identity interconnected with their personal relationship and parenting histories within the social contexts they experienced. Eight women (ages 28 to 56 years old) who had experienced sexual relationships with both women and men over their l...
Article
Our qualitative study explored the ways in which bisexual mothers came to identify as such and how they structured their relationships and parenting within hetero-patriarchal society. The experiences of seven self-identified White bisexual women (aged from 28 to 56-years-old) from across England and the Republic of Ireland were investigated through...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to address the question of how lesbian planned families remain healthy and stable despite the oppression they face. A qualitative design was employed to better understand the experiences of lesbian parented families. A purposive group of six self-identified lesbian-parented families whose children were conceived throug...
Article
Research has indicated that religious faith can help in coping with cancer. However, studies have not explored the specific faith meanings that support participants in coping with a life-threatening condition into older adulthood. Our narrative analyses of interviews with six British older Roman Catholic women in remission from cancer produced thre...
Chapter
The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four–volume reference, is the field–defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to th...
Article
This study aimed to explore the experiences of gay, lesbian, and heterosexual adoptive parents from 130 families. Parents’ reproductive experiences prior to adoption and their reasons for choosing to adopt were compared. Heterosexual couples were more likely to have experienced infertility than same-sex couples. Same-sex couples were more likely to...
Article
Fergusson, McLeod, and John Horwood (2014) have raised many interesting issues in their article considering the effects of parental separation/divorce in childhood on later adult partnership outcomes. In particular the article has contributed to our knowledge of the intergenerational transmission of marital instability. In my Commentary article I h...
Article
This research aimed to explore the influences of family’s values and religiosity on the sexual identity life course of Chilean young gay men. Volunteer participants were recruited through invitations published by two sexual minority organizations based in Santiago. Six same-sex-attracted Chilean men between 18 and 24 years old were interviewed usin...
Article
Objectives. This paper reports on a subset of findings from a wider ranging grounded theory analysis of therapy and recovery processes in psychosis. It describes therapist activities involved in maintaining an observational perspective during therapy and the links between these and other therapist activities. Design. Grounded theory was used to ex...
Article
Full-text available
Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior were...
Article
Extensive research into the offspring of divorced parents has indicated associations between parental divorce and developmental outcomes for young adults. Nevertheless the impact of cultural variation on the lives of young people with divorced parents has been neglected. Qualitative research using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was...
Article
Objectives: Research has shown that female interpersonal dependency is significantly associated with clinical depression but is only marginally related to childhood environmental factors. This study replicates the finding of O'Neill and Kendler that such dependency has a significant genetic component and no shared environmental component and exten...
Article
Book synopsis: Extraordinary changes in patterns of family life—and family law—have dramatically altered the boundaries of parenthood and opened up numerous questions and debates. What is parenthood and why does it matter? How should society define, regulate, and support it? Is parenthood separable from marriage—or couplehood—when society seeks to...
Chapter
This chapter begins by discussing initial research on same-gender parenting, which addressed theoretical questions on the influence of parenting on children’s social development and empirically investigated pragmatic concerns raised by restrictive divorce settlements. These early studies concurred that children raised by lesbian mothers or gay fath...
Article
Aim: This article is a report of a study of lesbian co-mothers' experiences of UK maternity healthcare services. Background: With the increase in fertility provision to lesbian couples, maternity healthcare services are increasingly coming into contact with lesbian co-mothers. Literature highlights the need to investigate donor-conceived lesbian f...
Chapter
Book synopsis: The editors and contributors of this comprehensive text provide a unique and important contribution to LGBT clinical literature. Spanning 30 chapters, they discuss the diverse and complex issues involved in LGBT couple and family therapy. In almost 15 years, this book provides the first in-depth overview of the best practices for the...
Article
We present a new genogram technique for exploring children's conceptualization of family membership: the Apple Tree Family (ATF). The ATF measure was used to investigate how children born to lesbian mothers via donor insemination (DI) described the composition of their family. Data were gathered from 17 children (age 4 to 11 years old) from 15 lesb...
Chapter
Die Beiträge dieses Bandes gehen der ethischen und gesellschaftlichen Vertretbarkeit einer Form der familialen Lebensgestaltung nach, die an fundamentale Überzeugungen, kulturelle Werthaltungen, gesellschaftliche Leitbilder und rechtliche Regelungen rührt: der gleichgeschlechtlichen Familie. Da sich die Forschung in Deutschland bisher kaum mit diff...
Article
Coming out to their children is a dilemma that concerns many gay, bisexual, and lesbian parents with children from previous heterosexual relationships. How children found out about having a father who identified himself as gay, and their feelings about their father's sexual identity, were explored through qualitative analysis of semi-structured int...
Article
Biblarz and Stacey (2010) have raised many interesting points in their consideration of how the gender of parents matters. They have amassed two types of evidence pertinent to this question: comparisons of families led by same-sex couples versus heterosexual couples and comparisons of families led by single (heterosexual) mothers versus single (het...
Chapter
Book synopsis: Edited by Dr. Michael Lamb—the recognized authority on the role of fathers in child development, The Role of the Father in Child Development, Fifth Edition brings together contributions from international experts on each subject to provide a thorough and current summary of the state of fatherhood across cultures, classes, economic sy...
Article
There has been little conceptual bridge building between what individuals report as helpful in recovery and how psychological therapy might impact on recovery in psychosis. This study explores the links between therapy and recovery in psychosis. Grounded theory was chosen as an appropriate methodology to distil an explanatory account across the qua...
Article
This study of 870 respondents aged 62-72 years investigates possible long-term effects on adult mental health due to temporary childhood separation by evacuation in the United Kingdom during World War 2. Using univariate and multivariate analyses associations were examined between upbringing, evacuation experience and certain life-course variables...
Article
This study set out to explore therapy processes in psychosis with an initial focus on reflexivity and how this might be expressed in therapy conversations. Leiman's (2000) definition of reflexivity was used as a starting-point for an exploratory investigation of the use of language as reflective activity. Grounded theory was chosen as an appropriat...
Article
This study investigates long-term effects on adult attachment due to temporary childhood separation as a result of the British evacuation of children during World War 2. A total of 859 respondents, aged 62–72 years, were recruited who had childhood homes in the county of Kent during the war. Of these, 770 had been evacuated and 89 remained at home...
Article
Gay and lesbian parenting is a fertile research field with many important new developments in content and methodology over the last decade. Gay and lesbian parenting occurs in a wide diversity of famly constellations, yet the cultural context of lesbian and gay parenting is a neglected topic. The relative depth of knowledge of lesbian parenting is...
Article
Lesbians and gay men are more likely to use psychotherapy services than are heterosexual men and women, yet little is known of the aspects of psychotherapy that lesbians and gay men find helpful. A postal survey with a community sample of lesbians and gay men in the UK who had used counselling or psychotherapy services examined this issue. Content...
Article
There is a variety of families headed by a lesbian or gay male parent or same-sex couple. Findings from research suggest that children with lesbian or gay parents are comparable with children with heterosexual parents on key psychosocial developmental outcomes. In many ways, children of lesbian or gay parents have similar experiences of family life...
Article
One of the challenges faced by GLBT families is defining and representing family relationships in a way that is not constrained by heterosexist notions of family. This study explores the usefulness of asking lesbian couples to depict family relationships by adapting the genogram (family tree) techniques used in family therapy. Six lesbian couples w...
Article
This paper discusses a questionnaire survey done with a sample of 130 systemic family therapists, which investigated their training in, and experience of, working with lesbian and gay male clients and attitudes towards lesbians and gay men using the Index of Attitudes to Homosexuals. The findings indicate that the majority of respondents had receiv...
Article
Issues concerning sexual identity are not uncommon in therapy with adolescents, although they may manifest in a variety of ways. For young people who have experienced same-gender attractions or sexual experiences there is the question of how to absorb these experiences within the construction of a coherent sexual identity. In many cases the family...
Article
This paper seeks to review the history of discussions about lesbian and gay male sexuality in family therapy theory and practice. It examines whether homophobic and heterosexist attitudes are present in family therapy thinking. Possible connections are explored between attitudes towards lesbian and gay issues and the professional backgrounds of fam...
Article
Full-text available
An investigation of the psychosocial development of children of transsexual parents provides a special opportunity to examine whether and how parental gender role influences children’s own gender development, mental health, family relationships and peer relationships. Data on the presence or absence of gender identity disorder, depression, peer rel...