Fiona Macdonald

Fiona Macdonald
RMIT University | RMIT · Centre for People Organisations and Work (CPOW) / School of Management

PhD

About

38
Publications
6,791
Reads
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347
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - October 2014
University of South Australia
Position
  • Research Fellow, Decent Work and Gender Equality

Publications

Publications (38)
Chapter
The landscape of social care provision and employment in Australia is fundamentally changing due to the establishment of a cash-for-care individualised market for social care consumers of disability support and care services. In a largely unregulated publicly-managed and funded market, a growing number and diversity of for-profit service providers...
Chapter
Australia’s new cash-for-care scheme for support and care for people with disability provides a unique and important opportunity to examine the impacts of an individualised and highly marketised model of social care on the low-paid social care workforce. This book details the findings of research investigating how social care work and employment ar...
Chapter
This chapter continues the exploration of workers’ experiences, examining individualised risks for social care workers. Risks of isolating and individualising workers include risks arising from transfers of responsibility that occur in the individualised system and devolve decision-making and duty to individual people with disability and to frontli...
Chapter
Social care policy and employment regulation are both significant in producing the conditions for individualised risk for social care workers. Solutions for decent work for care and support workers lie in the design and regulation of the care system; however, employment regulation also needs rejuvenation. The achievement of an equitable person-cent...
Chapter
This chapter examines how Australia’s new individualised social care system, the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), introduces new risks for frontline social care workers. It focuses on risks of reinforcing the gendered undervaluation of social care work. While gendered undervaluation of social care work is a long-standing problem, it is...
Chapter
In the United Kingdom continuing debates about individualised funding of social care have accompanied the development and implementation over 20 years or so of what is known there as personalised social care. Questions about the implications of individualised funding for frontline social care workers are sometimes raised in these debates. However,...
Chapter
Australia’s new individualised National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) establishes a market in which service providers compete with each other to provide services to individual social care ‘consumers’ within the context of tight pricing and an individualised hourly-based pricing arrangement. The NDIS has the potential for a very large proportio...
Chapter
Many gaps and deficiencies in standards and protections in Australia’s employment regulation reflect and reinforce historically strong gendered norms including a male breadwinner model. Compared with full-time jobs, part-time and casual forms of employment, in which women predominate, offer fewer benefits and less protection from employment risks a...
Article
This article explores the potential of regulatory and policy reform for gender-equitable decent work in social and community services, a rapidly growing sector of female employment in many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Along with other feminised sectors, employment in this sector is marked by low rates of unionis...
Chapter
This chapter examines on-demand (or ‘on-call’) work in Australia, understood as work arrangements in which the worker agrees to be available for work and is called into work as and when she/he is needed by the employer. We focus on the two main types of on-demand work: (a) zero hours work arrangements; and (b) minimum-hour work arrangements. Both a...
Article
Full-text available
Using a case study of Australia's National Disability Insurance Scheme, this article examines the role of prices in individualised funding schemes. It argues that prices were set too low to cover the full costs of disability support, placing pressure on relationship-building and other tasks required for high-quality care. We argue that the use of p...
Article
Workplace and industrial relations regulations are key sites for policy intervention to address Australia's gender pay gap, which, at 15.3 per cent, is almost as large as it was in 1997. In both the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) and the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012 (Cth) the goal of equal pay has a more central place than it did in predecessor leg...
Article
Full-text available
Perspectives on the informal economy having evolved over time from a notion of a separate and disappearing sector to a broader focus that takes account of the wide range of economic activities that comprise informal work and focuses on processes and on the interdependencies of the formal and informal economic spheres. In this article we consider co...
Article
Full-text available
Mental health peer work is attracting growing interest and provides a potentially impactful method of service user involvement in mental health design and delivery, contributing to mental health reform. The need to effectively support this emerging workforce is consequently increasing. This study aimed to better understand the views of management i...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue examines the interaction of gender with informal work, processes of informalisation and experiences of informality as a defining feature of work under contemporary capitalism. The articles interrogate the interactions between the experiential, discursive and structural dimensions of informality as they emerge in relation to the s...
Article
Marketised models of social care provision in Australia are placing pressures on service providers and driving changes in work organisation and employer practices, with potential to degrade social care jobs. While international experience of marketised social care has demonstrated the vulnerability of social care workers to wage theft and other vio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report explores prospects for quality services and decent jobs under Australia's National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). It is concerned with how the prices set by the National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA) are: • affecting disability support workers; • enabling employers of disability support workers to meet their industrial obligat...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines how regulatory interventions such as unpaid parental leave, personal/carer’s leave, and a limited right to request flexible work arrangements have been used to mitigate some of the gendered consequences of the interaction of the domestic and market spheres. Our analysis, which focuses on the Australian case, suggests that such...
Article
Full-text available
The Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) introduces a national cash-for-care model for disability support and care. The NDIS has been hailed as a significant advance in social care provision for people with disability, bringing both additional funding and choice and control. However, little attention has been paid to how the shift...
Article
This paper provides a review of Australian policy and regulatory developments in 2014 that influence the working conditions of over 5.4 million women. After an assessment of progress against key gender equality indicators, we focus on two key components of the current gender equality architecture': employment regulation and policy and the work and...
Article
The International Labour Organization's Decent Work Agenda offers a valuable alternative to the traditional framing of most contemporary employment regulation. It moves beyond the standard employment relationship to include workers in non-standard employment and the attainment of gender equality has a central place, illustrated in the ILO's 2009 ca...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a review of Australian policy and regulatory developments in 2014 that influence the working conditions of over 5.4 million women. After an assessment of progress against key gender equality indicators, we focus on two key components of the current gender equality ‘architecture’: employment regulation and policy and the work and...
Article
Australia’s equal pay laws have recently been renovated through the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012 and the Fair Work Act 2009. In light of these changes, it is timely to ask how effective Australia’s legislative approach is likely to be for progressing pay equity. This article presents an analysis of Australia’s current equal pay provisions, as...
Article
Labour law changes in Australia in 2006 significantly reconfigured industrial relations institutions and the balance of power in the employment relationship – in favour of employers and against the low-paid in particular. This article analyses the changes as they affected low-waged women workers, using a moral economy framework. While acknowledging...
Article
This article summarizes the effects of the Howard Government's `Work Choices' amendments to the Workplace Relations Act 1996, based on qualitative analysis of its impact on 121 low paid women workers. The main effects of the regulatory changes are on job security, income, voice, working time and redundancy pay. The analysis draws attention to the n...
Article
This report examines changes in the incidence and distribution of family-friendly provisions in British workplaces, based on the Workplace Employment Relations Survey 1998-2004 Panel. Overall, we find a number of reasons for optimism about the ‘familyfriendly workplace’ in Britain. There has been a marked, although not uniform, increase in the inci...
Article
This report presents the findings of a qualitative assessment of the impact of changes in national work regulation on women in low-paid employment in Queensland. Following the introduction of the ‘Work Choices’ legislation in March 2006 Australia’s industrial relations regulatory regime has changed significantly. The full impact of these changes wi...
Article
Full-text available
Provides a comprehensive picture of the nature and extent of these changes for individuals requires close study not just of pay packets, but of total earnings, hours worked, employment security, employee voice, and workplace climate. Such a study can be conducted by means of large, comprehensive surveys and / or by qualitative analysis of experienc...

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