Fiona Bakas

Fiona Bakas
Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias | ULHT · Tourism Department

PhD Tourism

About

44
Publications
12,887
Reads
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330
Citations
Introduction
For an updated academic record please check out: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5699-8178. Fiona Eva Bakas, PhD, is a critical tourism researcher with international teaching experience. She holds a PhD in Tourism (Otago University, 2014), has 20 years of varied work experience (corporate and academic), and is currently a lecturer at Lusofona University, Lisbon. In 2017-2020 she was a contracted postdoctoral researcher in a nation-wide project on creative tourism.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - January 2016
University of Aveiro
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Drawing on recent research conducted in Portugal, male and female tourism managers' perceptions of how gender roles influence managerial discourse are analyzed. The data, gathered through focus groups, is questioned from the ontological position that participants represent gendered economic subjectivities and hence participant accounts illustrate t...
Article
Tourism is now seen as a discursive area, and as such there is a call for a fresh angle on knowledge production in tourism studies. Addressing the theme of innovative methodologies that extend gender in tourism scholarship, the present study focuses on reflexivity in knowledge production in the context of tourism entrepreneurship and gender researc...
Article
In a time of socio-economic turmoil, when family structures and economic demands are altering constantly, this paper probes into how gender roles influence tourism recruitment. To do this, 'ideal worker' discourses in tourism are explored using questionnaire and focus group data from a unique six-year project on gender in tourism labour, in Portuga...
Chapter
This study takes the meaning of travel to be a profound and transforming experience, providing the feelings of freedom and personal satisfaction, as assumptions of the leisure experience. In this sense, we will analyse ‘travel’ under the gaze of the uniqueness of female gender, trying to identify which elements influence the motivation and performa...
Chapter
A significant challenge faced by the tourism and hospitality industries in a rapidly changing world, isthe ability to sustain organisational growth. Some of the main strategies for achieving organisationalgrowth are those related to innovation, internationalisation and networking. Addressing tourism studies'contemporary shift to a focus on social i...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue aims to promote the discussion around lifestyle entrepreneurship which, although being important, as presented in the commentary by Dias and Patuleia, little attention has been paid to the subject. In specific, it is intended to know this specific group of entrepreneurs in more detail in its dimensions of attraction factors, inno...
Poster
Full-text available
Conceived as “global conversations,” the webinars aim to create a platform for connecting creative tourism research and practice in a spirit of co-learning. We are presenting a series of three webinars: April 1, May 6, and June 3. Each webinar will bring together practitioners and researchers, and feature guests from creative tourism and allied are...
Chapter
A humanistic paradigm framework is used to examine leading practices in contemporary creative tourism, with a particular focus on the rural and small-city context. These experiences are drawn from a research-and-application project, CREATOUR, which catalyzed a network of 40 creative-tourism initiatives in Portugal. Focusing on eight initiatives, it...
Chapter
This book provides a synthesis of current research and international best practice, including practitioner perspectives and a range of case study examples. It covers types of creative tourist, trends, designing and implementing creative tourism products, embedding activities in a community and place, and addressing sustainability challenges.
Chapter
This book provides a synthesis of current research and international best practice, including practitioner perspectives and a range of case study examples. It covers types of creative tourist, trends, designing and implementing creative tourism products, embedding activities in a community and place, and addressing sustainability challenges.
Article
Full-text available
Creative tourism is a relatively new field of research with most attention directed to creative tourism activities in large cities. Little research has been conducted on creative tourism development strategies in extra-metropolitan contexts. The CREATOUR project aimed to improve understanding of the processes (under different conditions and situati...
Book
Organised in four parts, this book examines how events tourism is designed, planned and delivered. The first part engages with the core, fundamental concepts of events tourism which establish a basic understanding of the field. The second part addresses contemporary issues related to visitor attractions, music festivals, small and user-generated ev...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to address the gaps in research on strategic planning for the social impacts of small-scale events in rural areas and small cities. This is achieved by investigating the social utility inferred by small-scale art festivals with a creative tourism element in terms of increasing social capital and positive social...
Article
Full-text available
Within tourism research, there has been little attention to research–practice knowledge exchange during the research process nor to practice-based research. This article examines a research-and-application project on creative tourism in which research–practice collaboration is explicitly foregrounded and made central. Through a reflexive process, t...
Article
Addressing the theme of how sustainable rural futures can be realized by considering 21st century realities, this paper presents a unique project on the future of rural economic development and social cohesion through the initiation of creative tourism products in rural areas and small cities. The promotion of crafts to fuel rural socio-economic de...
Chapter
Full-text available
A significant challenge faced by the tourism and hospitality industries in a rapidly changing world, is the ability to sustain organisational growth. Some of the main strategies for achieving organisational growth are those related to innovation, internationalisation and networking. Addressing tourism studies' contemporary shift to a focus on socia...
Article
Purpose: Given limited research about how artisans become integrated into tourism, this paper investigates the emergence of artisan entrepreneur-mediators who link artisans to tourism in rural areas and small cities in Portugal. Using social embeddedness as a conceptual framework, this paper views artisan entrepreneur-mediators as existing within a...
Article
Addressing the theme of tourism as a social force, this article approaches a subject upon which limited research has been undertaken: children's role as economic actors in tourism. As the concept of children as economic actors comes into antithesis with UN models of childhood as a care-free time, family business literature illustrates how children...
Article
Tourism is a highly gendered industry, with strong horizontal and vertical segregation of occupations and this inevitably contributes to an elevated gender wage gap in comparison to other industries. This article investigates some of the underlying causes of the gender wage gap and the ways in which gendered stereotypes and gender norms continue to...
Chapter
Full-text available
Drawing on the theme of gender equality in tourism, this book aims to identify the main obstacles to women's advancement in the tourism industry, and to discover and share successful strategies to overcome them, drawing on case studies from all over the world. Interlaced between the 12 chapters of the book are stories from women who work in tourism...
Chapter
A significant challenge faced by the tourism and hospitality industries in a rapidly changing world, is the ability to sustain organisational growth. Some of the main strategies for achieving organisational growth are those related to innovation, internationalisation and networking. Addressing tourism studies’ contemporary shift to a focus on socia...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to contribute to entrepreneurship theorising by highlighting the salience of feminine caring positions in creating novel entrepreneurial roles and investigating how these roles contribute to community resilience. Using a critical feminist economics lens, alternative conceptualisations of the economy are expanded upon to rev...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to investigate the ways in which gender influences entrepreneurial motivations and barriers in the Brazilian tourism sector. As an economic process, tourism entrepreneurship is widely spread in Brazil, with tourism development programs promoting it as a strategy to empower women, however limited research exists on how gender...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to present results from an exploratory study that aims to investigate why gender role alterations in leadership positions is slow. The tourism managers’ perceptions of gender equality, within the workplace, were obtained resorting to focus groups. We chose thematic analysis to identify themes and patterns. This thematic...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on the contemporary shift in tourism research to a sociological focus on the producers within tourism, this study profiles Brazilian tourism entrepreneurs through a gender lens. Empirical evidence collected via online questionnaires administered to tourism managers on a nationwide scale, provides the data on entrepreneurial characteristics...
Article
Full-text available
For tourism micro-entrepreneurs who work 14-hour days, seven days a week during peak season, gendered responsibilities for childcare do not stop, and at the same time, welfare provision for childcare during the summer when the schools are closed is limited. This reality for tourism micro-entrepreneurs instigates the need to look beyond the obvious...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on the contemporary shift in tourism research to a sociological focus on the producers within tourism, this study profiles Brazilian tourism entrepreneurs through a gender lens. Empirical evidence collected via online questionnaires administered to tourism managers on a nationwide scale, provides the data on entrepreneurial characteristics...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
CREATOUR is an incubator/demonstration and multidisciplinary research initiative, supporting collaborative research processes. The three-year project aims to connect the cultural/creative and tourism sectors through the development of an integrated research and application approach to catalyzing creative tourism in small cities and rural areas throughout Portugal. During the project, five research centres will work with a range of cultural/creative organizations and other stakeholders located in small cities across Portugal in the Norte, Centro, Alentejo and Algarve regions.
Project
Project funded by FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) between 2012 and 2015. This project aimed to:       » Diagnose gender equality in tourism companies and organisations;       » Unveil why women do not reach top managerial positions in tourism companies and organisations;    » Analyse whether and how internationalisation, innovation and network strategies have the potential to boost gender equality within companies as well as women’s entrepreneurship;       » Evaluate whether and how women may play a renewed role to boost new forms of economic growth;       » Assess and compare the constraints affecting the growth of male and female ruled companies;       » Study the relationship between economic growth, gender equality and internationalisation strategies, networks and innovation. More info: www.genderintourism.com
Project
Especificamente, este projeto tem como objetivos: » Diagnosticar a igualdade de género em empresas e organizações do turismo; » Identificar as razões que impedem as mulheres de atingir cargos de gestão em empresas e organizações do setor do turismo; » Analisar o potencial das estratégias de inovação, internacionalização e da criação de redes para impulsionar a igualdade de género dentro das empresas, bem como o empreendedorismo das mulheres; » Analisar como as mulheres podem impulsionar novas formas de crescimento económico; » Avaliar e comparar os constrangimentos que afetam o crescimento de empresas geridas por homens e por mulheres; » Estudar a relação entre crescimento económico, igualdade de género e estratégias de inovação, internacionalização e redes.