Filippo Ferlito

Filippo Ferlito
Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Economy Analysis | CREA · Centro di ricerca per l'agrumicoltura e le colture mediterranee

PhD

About

50
Publications
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220
Citations

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Conservation agriculture (i.e., minimized soil disturbance and permanent soil covering) and living mulches represent two agroecological practices that can improve soil fertility, spontaneous flora, and beneficial insect communities. This research studied the effect of these practices in a young olive orchard in the Mediterranean area. Two Sicilian...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to identify the responses of citrus orchards (C. sinensis (L.) Osbeck), grown under typical Mediterranean climatic conditions, to deficit irrigation (DI) regimes applied over more than a decade (2010-2020). In particular, the DI regimes were declined at the study site in terms of sustained deficit irrigation, regulated deficit irriga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The estimates of potential biomass production from pruning in olive often follow generic indications not considering varietal differences, training and pruning systems. The main limitation to the valorization of pruning concerns the collection-logistics chain which requires precise starting data, often linked to specific production areas. Tradition...
Article
Previous researches have demonstrated the bioenergetic potential of agri-food Mediterranean wastes showing that anaerobic co-digestion is a valuable solution for Mediterranean areas. This implies a great interest for anaerobic digestates use in agriculture to replace fertilizers. The present study aimed at: i) producing knowledge on continuous anae...
Article
Girdling is an ancient agronomic technique that causes a change in the distribution of photosynthates, mineral nutrients and plant hormones. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of girdling technique on ‘Italia’ and ‘Victoria’ table grape cultivars. In this study, the carpological, physico-chemical and sensory data were evaluated. In orde...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyze the mid-term influence of minimum tillage (MT) combined with early leaf removal (ELR) on the performance of the black grapevine variety Nerello Mascalese (Vitis vinifera L.). The research was carried out from 2015 to 2018 in a vineyard located in the Mount Etna area, East Sicily, Southern Italy. An average of ab...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of agroecology principles within organic farming research is a crux to redesign sustainable agri-food systems. To govern this transition, the local research demand should be addressed by direct engagement of all stakeholders in the research process. The first step is the involvement of farmers and technicians, with the aim of res...
Article
Full-text available
In temperate climates, bud break and shoot and flower emission of deciduous fruit tree species are regulated by precise chilling and heating requirements. To investigate this aspect, sixty-one accessions of European pear (Pyrus communis L.) collected in Sicily were phenotyped for three consecutive years for harvest date, bud sprouting and blooming...
Article
In this study, the adaptation characteristics of orange trees, related to the application over a decade of deficit irrigation (DI) strategies, have been explored. To this purpose, the analysis of a minimal dataset composed of physiological information (stem water potential-Ψ stem and sap flow-SF measurements), yield (fruits number and weight) and q...
Article
In order to best nutrient use efficiency, as required by the increasing food demand for the future global population, in this work an innovative hybrid nanocomposite was designed as an alternative nanoscale fertilizer. An environmentally friendly chemical preparation based on polyelectrolyte complexation was used. A chitosan and sodium alginate com...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Pyrus is characterized by an S-RNase-based gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) system, a mechanism that promotes outbreeding and prevents self-fertilization. While the S-genotype of the most widely known pear cultivars was already described, little is known on the S-allele variability within local accessions. The study was conducted o...
Article
The study evaluates the accuracy of measured and estimated crop evapotranspiration fluxes (ET c) on Citrus in a semiarid Mediterranean climate (Sicily, Italy). Specifically, ET c rates derived from in situ techniques [eddy covariance (EC) and sap flow heat pulse velocity (HPV)] and modelling approaches [Food and Agricultural Organization of the Uni...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: The commercial sustainability of the citrus nursery industry involves cutting costs by using alternative planting substrates to replace (or partially replace) the conventional black peat. Conifer wood biochar was evaluated as a component of the growth medium in a commercial citrus nursery for Carrizo citrange seedlings. (2) Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of basal zone defoliation on vines influences yield and ripening depending on the phenological stage and its intensity. Early basal defoliation (EBD) was carried out at flowering on the autochthonous Vitis vinifera (L.) cultivar ‘Nerello mascalese’ grown on the eastern slopes of Mount Etna, Sicily. The effects were evaluated over a two-y...
Article
Background and Aims Generally, grapevine roots have been less studied than the above‐ground parts of the plant. Here we analyse scion–rootstock interactions in mature vines growing in a heavy clay soil in a climate characterised by severe summer drought to investigate the effect of the scion–rootstock interaction in a suboptimal soil. Methods and...
Article
One of the leading goals in novel breeding programs on table grapevine is the set-up of novel seedless varieties. Seedlessness has a strong impact on consumers’ choices representing an important added economic value compared to traditional cultivars. Breeding in tree crops greatly benefits from the use of molecular markers associated to a trait of...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of Agroecological Service Crops (ASCs) into agroecosystems can provide several ecological services, such as nutrient cycling and disease and weed management. A two-year experiment on an organic orchard was carried out to compare barley (B) and horse bean (HB) ASCs with a control without ASC (Cont) in combination with fertilizers. Th...
Article
This study evaluates the potential of conifer-wood biochar as a growing media component for citrus seedling production. The aim was to determine the biochar performance in a commercial citrus nursery and to study the expression of the genes involved in nitrogen transport. Seven growing media (gm I-VII) were prepared, each containing 50% sandy volca...
Article
Full-text available
Minimally processed table grapes have traditionally been used as a component of fruit salads, only recently the possibility to produce single-portion packages has been considered. The aim of the research was to assess the shelf-life of small size table grape clusters of some of the most popular cultivars in Italy such as 'Vittoria', 'Sugraone', 'It...
Article
Full-text available
The pear (genus Pyrus) is one of the most ancient and widely cultivated tree fruit crops in temperate climates. The Mount Etna area claims a large number of pear varieties differentiated due to a long history of cultivation and environmental variability, making this area particularly suitable for genetic studies. Ninety-five pear individuals were g...
Data
Descriptive statistics of structure analysis. Structure descriptive statistics. For increasing values of K, the number of replications are reported together with the mean and standard deviation of the estimated Ln probability of data, the mean rate of change of the likelihood distribution Ln'(K), the mean absolute value of the 2nd order rate of cha...
Data
Delta_k Log likelihood curve (ΔK) plotted against increasing K value. A: Plot of the complete pear collection, B: Plot for the substructure analysis of the ‘wild’ accessions, C: Plot for the substructure analysis of the ‘cultivated’ accessions. (TIF)
Data
Localization of the analysed genotypes used in this study. (DOCX)
Data
Assigned QI values at K = 2. Individuals exhibiting both QI values less than 0.8 were considered ‘admixed’. All other individuals are grouped as ‘wild’ or ‘cultivated’ according to the predominant subpopulation. The status of the individual is also reported (RSA = Relative Species Amygdaliformis, RS = Relative Species, LV = Local Varieties, NCV = N...
Data
Haplotypes definition. The four cpDNA markers allowed the definition of eight haplotypes named with progressive numbers from 1 to 8. Genotypes of the single cpDNA markers are reported in the last four columns. (DOCX)
Data
Nested structure analysis for the ‘wild’ (A, B) and ‘cultivated’ (C, D) groups. For each analysis, the results according to the two most likely K value are reported: ‘wild’ K = 2 (A), ‘wild’ K = 5 (B), ‘cultivated’ K = 3 (C), ‘cultivated’ K = 4 (D). (TIF)
Article
Minimally processed table grapes have traditionally been used as a component of fruit salads; only recently has been taken into account the possibility of producing single-portion packages in small containers. The aim of this research was to assess the shelf-life of small table grape clusters, including some of the most utilized varieties in Italy,...
Conference Paper
The ITACA project "Technical and scientific answers to new orchards converting to Organic Agriculture", a two-years project financed by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture (2014-2015) intended to verify the effect of agroecological service crops (ASC) on the agrobiodiversity in a young orange-orchard. This paper analyzes the role of ASC species and...
Article
The effect of minimum tillage on two autochthonous Vitis vinifera L. varieties, namely Nerello mascalese and Carricante, established on the eastern and northern aspect slopes of the volcano Mount Etna in Sicily, was evaluated over two seasons. The objective was to determine whether conventional tillage and minimum tillage affect the vegetative grow...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In order to reduce peat use in horticulture, a study was conducted to evaluate a biochar made from conifers wood as growing medium for containerized Euphorbia x lomi and its effects on the growth and ornamental characteristics of flowering potted plants. Different mixtures (V/V) of sphagnum peat and conifers wood biochar (100% peat, 85% peat-15% bi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Following the Citrus Tristeza Virus (CTV) disease spread, the only chance to maintain citrus orchards in Sicily is the use of tolerant rootstocks such as trifoliate orange and its hybrids. For citrus nursery industry, the sustainability can also be realized using growing media useful to replace the peat. Among these biochar could be an alternative...
Article
Full-text available
The imposition of managed water deficit and early leaf removal are strategies used to improve the grapes quality in terms of anthocyanin content. The aim of our work was to evaluate the change in total anthocyanin levels during the ripening of the Sicilian grapes (Nero d'Avola and Frappato) and of the international variety of Cabernet Sauvignon, su...
Article
Introduction. Plum cultivation in Southern Italy is of great interest due to the possibility of obtaining produce over an extended period using early and late varieties. The objective of this study was to choose the best combination of cultivars and rootstock to make the production period as long as possible. Materials and methods. The influence of...
Article
In viticulture, the imposition of managed water deficits is a strategy which has been used to increase both water use efficiency and winemaking quality in arid climates. Partial defoliation early in the season is another innovative practice that may also be used as an aid in regulating yield components and improving fruit quality. The aim of this w...
Article
Full-text available
In viticulture, the imposition of managed water deficits is a strategy which has been used to increase both water use efficiency and winemaking quality in arid climates. Partial defoliation early in the season is another innovative practice that may also be used as an aid in regulating yield components and improving fruit quality. The aim of this w...
Conference Paper
Negli ultimi anni in Italia si è assistito ad un aumento dell’interesse per la coltivazione del lampone in ambienti mediterranei motivato anche dalla possibilità di realizzare produzioni fuori stagione mediante l’allevamento in serra e la coltivazione fuori suolo. In taluni ambienti siciliani, tuttavia, l’elevata salinità dell’acqua di irrigazione...
Article
Full-text available
Early leaf removal is an innovative viticultural practice for regulating yield components and improving grape quality. Direct sunlight interception by fruit has been associated with improved fruit quality and is generally desirable to some degree in most vineyards. The effects of early defoliation on four indigenous and international grapevines in...
Article
Full-text available
The vegetative and productive behaviour of eight primocane-fruiting red raspberry cultivars (Rubus idaeus L.) - 'Autumn Bliss', 'Galante', 'Heritage', 'Joan Squire', 'Polana', 'Ruby', 'Scepter' and 'Sumo' - in a mild climatic area of Eastern Sicily, unsuitable for the summer-fruiting cultivars, is reported. Raspberries were planted in December 1998...

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