Filippo Brandolini

Filippo Brandolini
Newcastle University | NCL · School of History, Classics and Archaeology

PhD
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow

About

46
Publications
10,260
Reads
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181
Citations
Introduction
Filippo Brandolini currently is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow at Newcastle University. Filippo does research in Remote Sensing, Landscape Archaeology and Geomorphology.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - September 2022
Newcastle University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow position (MSCA-IF-2019) HiLSS Project --> https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/890561
March 2020 - August 2020
University of Milan
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2019 - June 2019
Newcastle University
Position
  • PhD Internship
Education
October 2016 - October 2019
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences
September 2012 - March 2015
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Archaeology
January 2010 - May 2012
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Archaeology

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
In the Northern Apennines, significant modifications to the characteristic historical features of landscapes have occurred since the 1950s as agriculture declined in importance and villages were progressively depopulated. Today, European policies are promoting the repopulation of these regions to help preserve the cultural identity of territories a...
Article
Full-text available
Located along the Tigris River in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, the Mosul Dam reservoir is the second biggest dam of the Near East and represents an important water storage for local human activities. The dam was built between 1981 and 1988 north of the village of Eski Mosul, submerging the course of the Tigris River for ca 100 km. The analysis of...
Conference Paper
Developing more sustainable agricultural systems represents a challenge and urgent global venture. A sustained collaboration among researchers from diverse fields, policymakers, and the public at large is necessary to deal with this complex global emergency. Landscape archaeology can actively contribute to this movement by exploring the interaction...
Article
The interaction of human dispersal patterns with landscape features can in many cases provide useful information on the sustenance strategies of past communities. Mapping the present landscape is a necessary step in recognizing the nature, impact, and diffusion of the processes which drive the behaviour of past populations and modify palaeolandscap...
Book
Full-text available
L'analisi diacronica del paesaggio geografico fisico consente di comprendere come le caratteristiche del territorio abbiano influenzato le scelte insediamentali passate e, conseguentemente, come le attività antropiche abbiano modificato il naturale sviluppo del territorio. La ricerca presentata in questo volume consiste in uno studio di archeologia...
Article
Full-text available
The necessity of sustainable development for landscapes has emerged as an important theme in recent decades. Current methods take a holistic approach to landscape heritage and promote an interdisciplinary dialogue to facilitate complementary landscape management strategies. With the socio-economic values of the “natural” and “cultural” landscape he...
Article
Full-text available
Funerary landscapes are eminent results of the relationship between environments and superstructural human behavior, spanning over wide territories and growing over centuries. The comprehension of such cultural palimpsests needs substantial research efforts in the field of human ecology. The funerary landscape of the semi-arid region of Kassala (Ea...
Poster
Full-text available
The EU-funded HiLSS (Historic Landscape and Soil Sustainability) project aims to inform the development of sustainable conservation strategies for rural landscape heritage by considering both the cultural and natural values of landscape. This research will focus on the relationships between sustainability and landscape heritage with particular refe...
Poster
Full-text available
In recent years the quest for green energy has led to a massive growth of renewable energy production and the installation of onshore wind turbines (WT) has increased worldwide. Besides the well-known benefits of a global reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, their use is related to some local environmental problems such as bird mortality, land-use...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Located along the Tigris River in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), the Mosul Dam reservoir is the second biggest dam of the Near East, and represents an important water storage for local human activities. The Dam was built between 1981 and 1988 north of the village of Eski Mosul; along this part of the Tigris River several archaeological sites w...
Article
Full-text available
We present the geomorphological map of the northwestern part of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, where the landscape expresses the tectonic activity associated with the Arabia-Eurasia convergence and Neogene climate change. These processes influenced the evolution of landforms and fluvial pathways, where major rivers Tigris, Khabur, and Great Zab inci...
Preprint
Full-text available
The necessity of sustainable development for landscapes has emerged as an important theme in recent decades. Current methods take a holistic approach to landscape heritage and promote an interdisciplinary dialogue to facilitate complementary landscape management strategies. With the socio-economic values of the “natural” and “cultural” landscape he...
Code
Introduction Funeral landscapes are a specific example of archaeological landscapes that embed the relationship between environment, burials and human behaviour. In this study, we employ the Point Pattern Analysis (PPA) technique to explore the choice of location of a desk-created dataset of several thousands stone-built medieval Islamic funerary...
Code
The script allows performing Spectral indices and Spectral decomposition analysis on Google Earth Engine satellite image collections. The script was developed using Google Colaboratory and does not need any desktop installation. This Python script code was developed by dr. F. Brandolini and G. Domingo-Ribas to accompany the paper: "Brandolini F.,...
Article
Full-text available
Digital documentation of archaeological evidence represents a crucial tool in the study, preservation, management, and promotion of archaeological sites in remote regions and in fragile landscapes. In marginal environments, the knowledge related to archaeological heritage can quickly disappear, especially when policies to protect cultural heritage...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Special Issue Information Dear Colleagues, In the context of archaeological research and practice, the subject of Sustainability has a two-fold implication. From one side, the archaeological record provides evidence of sustainable practices carried out by ancient communities in different ecological niches around the globe. Adaptations to climati...
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of the geomorphological mapping of a region of the Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) including two contrasting physiographic units sharing a common drainage system into the Arabian Sea: the Jebel Qara limestone massif and the coastal plain of Salalah. Neogene to Quaternary tectonic activity controlled the formation of an extensive s...
Cover Page
Full-text available
The fertile lands of fluvial and alluvial environments have played a central role throughout the course of human history. The geomorphological settings of fluvial environments have influenced a wide range of settlement, management, and resilience strategies from prehistory through the present day. Environmental and socio-cultural factors are usuall...
Article
Full-text available
Khartoum is one of the largest cities in Africa, located immediately south of the junction of the Blue and White Nile rivers in central Sudan. The growth of the Greater Khartoum-Omdurman conurbation arose – without a proper urban plan – from the agricultural wealth created through the completion of three dams, and mostly in the last three decades....
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a dataset collected and constructed as part of a PhD research project in Environmental Sciences. Applying a multidisciplinary approach that combines archaeological and geomorphological data, this project aimed to reconstruct the Late Holocene landscape evolution in the Central Po Plain (Italy). The dataset was collected digitisi...
Conference Paper
In fluvial environments, alluvial geomorphological features had a huge influence on settlement strategies during the Holocene. However, a few projects investigate this topic through quantitative and question-driven analyses of the human-landscape correlation. The Po Valley (N Italy)-located between the Mediterranean regions and continental Europe-i...
Code
R script code developed by F. Brandolini & F. Carrer to accompany the paper: "Filippo Brandolini & Francesco Carrer (2020) Terra, Silva et Paludes. Assessing the Role of Alluvial Geomorphology for Late-Holocene Settlement Strategies (Po Plain – N Italy) Through Point Pattern Analysis", published in 'Environmental Archaeology', DOI: 10.1080/1461410...
Article
Full-text available
Fluvial environments represent complex human-water systems, as floodplains have always been among the most suitable environments for human subsistence. In this paper, we present one of the first attempts to investigate human adaptation to fluvial environments in the past using spatial statistics (Point Pattern Analysis). In particular, the paper ad...
Data
This database was collected and constructed as part of a PhD research project in Environmental Sciences. Applying a multidisciplinary approach that combines archaeological and geomorphological data, this project aimed to reconstruct the Late Holocene landscape evolution in Central Po Plain (Italy). The database was collected digitising all the info...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
I paesaggi sono aree geografiche percepite dall’uomo le cui caratteristiche sono il risultato dell'interazione tra i processi naturali e le attività umane. L'analisi diacronica del paesaggio consente di comprendere come le caratteristiche di un territorio abbiano influenzato le dinamiche insediative del passato e, conseguentemente, come le attività...
Article
Full-text available
The Upper Rhone Valley (Valais, Switzerland) has been heavily modified over the past 200 years by human activity and natural processes. A qualitative analysis of the morphological and land-use evolution of the Rhone River floodplain since the end of the eighteenth century was carried out using historical maps from 1780 to 1860 processed with Struct...
Article
Full-text available
Historical documents represent a significant part of the world cultural heritage and need to be preserved from physical deformation due to ageing. The restoration of fragile documents requires economic resources that are often limited to only preserve the integrity of exceptional and highly valuable historical records. On the other hand, regenerati...
Article
Full-text available
The positioning and construction of castles in ancient times responded not only to strategic opportunity, but also to the issue of geomorphological risk. We investigated castles and strongholds built in the era of the Great Countess Matilda of Canossa in part of the northern Apennines (Italy), in order to study the relationship between their positi...
Article
The preservation of rock art in open-air contexts is a global issue controlled by several environmental processes, which are less investigated than the cultural significance of engravings and paintings. For that reason, we discuss the age, preservation, and palaeoenvironmental context of petroglyphs discovered on the flat, almost vertical face of a...
Article
Alluvial plains represent preferable areas for human settling for their suitability to agriculture activities, and many studies strengthen the interpretation of floodplains as complex human–water systems. The Late Holocene development of the Central Po Plain has a long-lasting connection with anthropogenic activities. In the study area, human land...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fluvial environments have always played a crucial role in human history. The necessity of fertile land and fresh water for agriculture has led populations to settle floodplains more frequently than other environments. Since anthropogenic activities started altering the evolution of natural landscapes, floodplains represented complex and dynamic hum...
Article
This backstory article deals with the SUCCESSO-TERRA Project (2017–2020), an interdisciplinary research program aiming at reconstructing the land-use transformations that occurred during the development of the Terramare culture in the southern-central Po Plain of Northern Italy. Topics include climate-environment changes, human impact and exploitat...
Article
Full-text available
Fluvial environments have always played a crucial role in human history. The necessity of fertile land and fresh water for agriculture has led populations to settle in floodplains more frequently than in other environments. Floodplains are complex human-water systems in which the mutual interaction between anthropogenic activities and environment a...
Article
Le interazioni tra uomo e ambiente hanno fortemente condizionato l’assetto del territorio della Pianura Padana per tutto il Medioevo. Dal V sec. d.C., i cambiamenti climatici unitamente a un calo del controllo antropico sulla regimazione dell’idrografia padana, hanno profondamente alterato il paesaggio con conseguenze sulle pratiche agricole e selv...
Article
This paper presents the results of the geoarchaeological study of a medieval motte known in historical documents as “Castrum Popilii” (Poviglio, Northern Italy). The Castrum Popilii motte, for its particular environmental characteristics, represents an exceptional case study for the Early Medieval Age in Po Valley. In 1989 an archaeological rescue...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The landscape development of the Central Po Plain has a long-lasting connection with human activities. After the collapse of the Roman Empire that coincides with a climate changing phase, the natural depressions on the right side of the Po River turned in vast swamp basins. This lacustrine environment characterised the landscape until the land recl...
Article
Full-text available
This backstory article deals with the SUCCESSO-TERRA Project (2017–2020), an interdisciplinary research program aiming at reconstructing the land-use transformations that occurred during the development of the Terramare culture in the southern-central Po Plain of Northern Italy. Topics include climate-environment changes, human impact and exploitat...
Poster
Soil micromorphology in thin section was applied to the study of processes in the water management of the “Terramara Santa Rosa” located in Fodico di Poviglio (N Italy). In this site have come to light numerous structures and wells intended to draw and distribute water. Their number, size and complexity show precise planning, a considerable investm...
Poster
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the geoarchaeological study of the stratigraphic sequence exposed during excavations in the historical center of the village of Poviglio (Emilia Romagna, N Italy), located in the vicinity of the Po river. The area, also referred to as “Santo Stefano di Poviglio”, revealed an exceptionally well-preserved Anthropoge...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
I am trying to fit a cluster model in spatstat in R using the locations of archaeological sites.
The resulting parameters values are:
trend: 2.514429e-06
kappa: 1.606992e-08
scale: 481.5851
mu: 155.5071
Does it mean that my set of points corresponds to clusters with a radius of 481m, with a mean number of offsprings of 155.5 and very few parents (k) ? Are these parameters physically meaningful?
Question
I'm trying to perform PCA with a filtered Sentinel-2 ImageCollection in Google Earth Engine, but I keep getting the same error: "Array: Parameter 'values' is required."
It seems that this error has to do with sparse matrices, which is a product of filtering, clipping and specifying regions within to perform PCA. I know that Earth Engine is not able to work with sparse matrices, so I tried to export my filtered ImageCollection as a multiband GeoTiff. I imported this file back to my code, but PCA still not working. Has anybody ever faced the same issue? How did you resolve it?

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The aim of this research will be to reconstruct a detailed framework of the relationships between global climatic changes, regional environmental and hydrological responses, and human adaptations during the Late Quaternary in Iraqi region.
Project
What was the impact of human activities during the late Holocene period? The answer to this question can be used to inform the development of sustainable conservation strategies for rural landscape heritage. The EU-funded HiLSS project will study this issue by considering both the cultural and natural values of landscape. It will focus on the relationships between sustainability and landscape heritage with particular reference to soil loss and degradation over the long term. Specifically, land use will be researched in two historically and culturally similar mountainous regions located in different climatic zones of Europe (Tuscan-Emilian Apennines in Italy and northern-mid Galicia in Spain). The project will identify the key historic characteristics of each region's landscape and quantify the effect on soil loss to examine how different management practices have affected them. The HiLSS Project aims to investigate the relationships between sustainability and landscape heritage with particular reference to soil loss and degradation over the long term. The project will take a multidisciplinary approach that combines archaeology, Historical Landscape Characterisation (HLC), geosciences, and computer-based geospatial analysis (GIS - Geographical Information Systems) and modelling (RUSLE - Revisited Universal Soil Loss Equation). The research objectives of the HiLSS project are to quantify the impact of human activities during the Late Holocene in order to create spatial models which can inform the development of sustainable conservation strategies for rural landscape heritage. This project will focus on two mountainous regions that present historical and cultural similarities but located in different climatic zones of Europe (1- Tuscan-Emilian Apennines, Italy; 2- Northern-mid Galicia, Spain). In previous HLC studies, land-use has been evaluated from the perspective of cultural heritage, whereas RUSLE have used it as a proxy for the land-cover of an area and its effect on soil erosion. The HiLSS project will propose an innovative methodology that combines both the historic/cultural values and the environmental values of land-use to inform development of a model for the sustainable conservation. By considering the different agricultural land-use HLC types in GIS-RUSLE modelling, it will be possible to quantify the effect on soil loss for each HLC type and consequently to devise more environmentally sustainable management for each type. Environmental sustainability and historic landscape conservation are typically treated as two separate fields, but the HiLSS project will develop a transformative model for interdisciplinary research, proposing a new way to embrace both cultural and natural values as components of the same landscape management plans. This project has been founded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions program. H2020-MSCA-IF-2019 Grant agreement ID: 890561
Project
1)reconstructing past landscapes and their evolution in different morphoclimatic and morphogenetic environment, with a particular focus on fluvial environment; 2) testing the flexibility and reliability of a multidisciplinary approach that combines archaeological and geomorphological data and methods; 3) evaluating the potentiality of GIS open-access software in managing different types of datasets and in performing geo-spatial analysis in fluvial landscape; 4) proposing geo-educational itineraries to promote public engagement and awareness on landscape valorisation