Filip Smolik

Filip Smolik
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · Institute of Psychology

PhD. (child language)

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49
Publications
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409
Citations

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Children acquiring Dutch, French, and Spanish can use gender of articles to facilitate the processing of upcoming nouns. The current study examined whether a similar effect can be found for bound gender-marking agreement morphemes in Czech, a language without obligatory articles. The experiment was designed so that the anticipatory effects of gende...
Article
Purpose The study examined the effects of imageability and phonological neighborhood density on the acquisition of word production in Czech, controlling for part-of-speech class, word length, and word frequency. Phonological neighborhood density is of interest because previous research has not examined highly inflected languages such as Czech. The...
Article
Purpose This study examined two markers of language impairment (LI) in a single experiment, testing sentence imitation and grammatical morphology production using an imitation task with masked morphemes. One goal was to test predictions of the morphological richness account of LI in Czech. We also tested the independent contributions of language an...
Article
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Speech rhythm is considered one of the first windows into the native language, and the taxonomy of rhythm classes is commonly used to explain early language discrimination. Relying on formal rhythm classification is problematic for two reasons. First, it is not known to which extent infants' sensitivity to language variation is attributable to rhyt...
Article
The early use of first and second person pronouns has been viewed as a sign of emerging social understanding. However, it may also depend on general language development: pronouns do not appear among the first words children acquire. In addition, some languages conjugate verbs for person, and the inflections may thus show similar relations to socia...
Article
Full-text available
Age of acquisition (AoA) is presumed to reflect the age or relative order in which words are learned, but is often measured using adult ratings or adult-reported observations and might thus reflect more about the adult language than about the acquisition process. Objective AoA estimates are often limited to words whose referents can be shown in pic...
Article
Person-referring pronouns in the first and second person (I, your) have been viewed as signs of increasing social understanding in children due to their shifting reference properties. However, they are linguistically complex elements and might depend on general language development. We used longitudinal transcript data from Manchester corpus (12 ch...
Article
Two-year-old children can use gender or number agreement to predict upcoming words in phrases or sentences. However, most findings showed prediction from freestanding grammatical words, such as articles or copulas. While this shows knowledge of agreement relations, it might be limited to a narrow set of grammatical words. We examined the possibilit...
Article
Objective Previous studies indicated associations between cesarean section (CS), breastfeeding, and depressive symptoms. There is, however, little research integrating these variables into one model to analyze their interrelations. The aim of this observational prospective longitudinal study is to examine whether the effect of CS on postpartum depr...
Article
Background: Children with early language delays are at increased risk of persistent language impairment. Early identification and intervention are desirable. Parent-report inventories are useful screening tools, but the screening context places limits at their length. Validity of parent-report screening tools in languages other than English has bee...
Article
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The perceptual attunement to native vowel categories has been reported to occur at 6 months of age. However, some languages contrast vowels both in quality and in length, and whether and how the acquisition of spectral and duration-cued contrasts differs is uncertain. This study traced the development of infants' sensitivity to native (Czech) vowel...
Article
Objective This study examined longitudinal relations between maternal bonding and infant temperament in the first nine months after birth. Design Our sample consisted of 281 women, enrolled at five maternity hospitals, who completed questionnaires during the first week (T1), at six weeks (T2) and nine months postpartum (T3). Maternal bonding was a...
Article
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We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and w...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and w...
Article
Full-text available
Background Previous studies of relations between parenting self-concepts, parental adjustment and child temperament have been ambiguous regarding the direction of influence; and have rarely followed families from pregnancy through the first year of life. The current study examines change and stability in maternal depressive symptoms, parenting com...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Propositional density (PD) is a measure of content richness in language production that declines in normal aging and more profoundly in dementia. The present study aimed to develop a PD scoring system for Czech and use it to compare PD in language productions of older people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and control partici...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments examined Czech children’s comprehension of grammatical number marking in verbs. Children were presented with picture pairs involving one or multiple participants in the same action, and were asked to point to the picture described by a recorded sentence. Experiment 1 (N = 72, age 3;0–4;7) tested four types of sentences, some of whic...
Article
Background. Past research has shown that peer victimization by bullying is associated with peer rejection and fear of victimization, but little is known about the interplay between victimization and other characteristics in the prediction of these experiences. We assume that the associations between victimization and peer rejection/fear of victimiz...
Article
Objective: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. Design: Original study. Setting: Department of Psychology, Facult...
Article
Objectives. The data from Brno longitudinal study were used to examine the relations between receptive vocabulary in 50-year-olds and various cognitive and personality variables in earlier ages. Two questions were addressed in particular: 1) Is receptive vocabulary related to measures of verbal IQ in childhood, and 2) are vocabulary scores in adult...
Article
Full-text available
Imageability is the ability of words to elicit mental sensory images of their referents. Recent research has suggested that imageability facilitates the processing and acquisition of inflected word forms. The present study examined whether inflected word forms are acquired earlier in highly imageable words in Czech children. Parents of 317 children...
Article
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This article reports on an experiment that examined the comprehension of transitive sentences in Czech children and its relationship to case marking, word order and information structure. A total of 107 Czech children aged 2;9–4;5 were tested for comprehension of noun-verb-noun sentences in which word order and given-new status of individual nouns...
Article
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Goals. The study aimed to collect a set of psycholinguistic norms for subjective properties of words, and describe the relations between these properties and the lexical decision times for the words. Sample and procedure. The set of words included 63 nouns and 35 verbs. Two questionnaires were created that included these words. One was an online qu...
Article
Objective: To assess women's satisfaction with perinatal care provided in maternity hospitals in Vysočina region, to identify the areas with high satisfaction scores as well as those requiring improvement, and to describe the factors influencing women's satisfaction, i. e. dissatisfaction with the care provided during labor and birth and the early...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: Idea density (ID) is a psycholinguistic phenomenon. Its association with cognitive capacity was repeatedly reported in several studies. Higher ID in young age probably relates to a life-long cognitive reserve, which may play preventive role in postponing devastating effects of neuropathological changes during aging in Alzheimer’s disease....
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. It has been shown that propositional density (PD), which roughly corresponds to the number of ideas expressed in a text of given length, is related to cognitive performance in the older age. The present study investigated differences in propositional density in oral language production between healthy seniors and patients with mild cogn...
Article
Full-text available
Some research in child language suggests that semantically general verbs appear in grammatical structures earlier than semantically complex, specific ones. The present study examines whether this was the case in nouns, using imageability as a proxy measure of semantic generality. Longitudinal corpus data from 12 children from the Manchester corpus...
Article
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Purpose: The authors examined sentence imitation as a potential clinical marker of specific language impairment (SLI) in Czech and its use to identify grammatical markers of SLI. Method: Children with SLI and the age- and language-matched control groups (total N = 57) were presented with a sentence imitation task, a receptive vocabulary task, an...
Article
The present studies examined the relationship between children's use of grammatical structures indicating self–other differentiation (i.e., personal pronouns, verb conjugation) and their ability to use language to express their own and others' mental states (MSL). In Study 1, 104 parents of two- to three-year-old children filled out online checklis...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. The aim of the study is to present an original Czech questionnaire KLI-P designed to measure the psychosocial climate in maternity hospitals as reflected by the parturients. Subject and setting. Qualitative data analysis of 189 narratives about the childbirth and 44 semistructured interviews was performed. The first version of the KLI-...
Article
Full-text available
Validity of language sample measures taken from structured elicitation procedures in Czech F. Smolik, G. Seidlova Malkova Objectives. Test the use of language samples elicited during the presentation of standardized psychometric methods for the diagnostics of language development using methods for language sample analysis. Validate the use of Mean...
Article
Full-text available
The mean length of children's utterances is a valuable estimate of their early language acquisition. The available normative data lack documentation of language and nonverbal intelligence levels of the samples. This study reports age-referenced mean length of utterance (MLU) data from children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children wi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Two experiments examined if processing of inflectional affixes is affected by morphological priming, and whether morpho-logical decomposition applies to inflectional morphemes in vi-sual word recognition. Target words with potentially ambigu-ous suffixes were preceded by primes that contained identical suffixes, homophonous suffixes with different...
Article
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The development of the lexicon and its structure is an essential indicator of the level of language acquisition and cognitive development. This paper summarizes the basic methods used in the research on lexical development, namely the analysis of spontaneous speech production, experimental procedures and vocabulary testing. Parental report inventor...
Article
Multilevel modeling is a flexible alternative to the traditional factorial ANOVA approach in the analysis of experimental data with repeated measures. This article describes a psycholinguists experiment and provides a detailed account of the data analysis, demonstrating the use of multilevel models to include a continuous predictor and complex assu...
Article
Cílem studie bylo prozkoumat zpracování pádových a slovosledných vodítek u tříletých a pětiletých dětí pomocí metody vizuální preference v reálném čase. Děti poslouchaly jednoduché tranzitivní věty, které začínaly buď podmětem nebo předmětem, a zároveň sledovaly dvojici obrázků. Jeden z obrázků odpovídal slyšené větě, druhý zobrazoval stejnou akci,...
Article
The article reviews some aspects of current research on Specific Language Impairment. In the last decades, research has shown that the etiology of SLI is influenced by phonological deficits, deficits in grammatical processing, as well as further risk factors. The study presents a discussion of the genetic factors in the etiology of SLI and the role...
Article
Full-text available
An on-line preferential looking study investigated the processing of word order and case forms in 3-year-old and 5-year-old Czech children. Children listened to simple transitive sentences with subject-initial or object-initial word order while watching two pictures. One picture corresponded to the sentence presented, the other picture showed the s...
Article
The study examined the effect of morphosyntactic violations and syntactic priming on word identifiction in the word monitoring task.The participants (N=25) heard pairs of sentences and their task was to press a button when they hear a particular word. The items examining the effects of morphosyntactic violations consisted of sentences with an incor...
Chapter
Full-text available
Persons who do not acquire language in the expected ways show variation that can be linked or associated with genetic variations. Just as in ancient times, there is great interest in young children's language abilities as a window onto inherited mechanisms. In the case of language impairments, there are multiple dimensions of possible phenotypes th...
Article
The article provides an overview of research on the knowledge of language rules in young children whose productive language abilities are limited. The methods used in this research area are reviewed and key findings discussed. In particular, the use of preferential looking and preferential listening methods in language comprehension research is dem...
Article
Research in first language acquisition has shown that children's acquisition of verb forms can be meaningfully analyzed in terms of linguistic categories, suggesting very early knowledge of some aspects of grammar. The present study maps the development of verbal morphology in Czech, comparing the results to some current theories of grammar acquisi...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments examined the on-line processing effects of structural prim-ing in comprehension using the self-paced reading task. In Experiment 1, structural facilitation was found in temporarily ambiguous sentences but not in unambiguous sentences. Experiment 2 used modified target sen-tences with no ambiguity. The structural priming effect disap...
Article
Vyd. 1. Nad názvem: Univerzita Hradec Králové, Pedagogická fakulta 100 výt.
Article
Psycholinguistic research has not received much attention in the Czech linguistic community. However, psycholinguistic methods could contribute to research in areas that have been traditionally strong in Czech linguistics, such as the study of information structure (topic-focus articulation). Specific properties of Czech, such as its rich morpholog...

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Projects (3)
Project
This project aims to explore the understudied perinatal factors, both biological (obstetric complications) and psychosocial (maternal distress), that could affect cognitive, social-emotional and behavioral aspects of child development. In addition, we concentrate on the relationship between perinatal risks and maternal competences in order to determine whether these competences moderate or mediate the effect of perinatal factors on the child.
Project
When children start using pronous such as I or you, it may reflect their advances in understanding the difference between self and other persons. However, it may also be a language milestone, mastering the complex referential properties of pronouns. The project examines the concurrent and predictive relations between social cognition, language development, and pronoun use in children between 2 and 4 years of age.