Fiammetta Berlinguer

Fiammetta Berlinguer
Università degli Studi di Sassari | UNISS · Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria

DVM, PhD

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107
Publications
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Publications

Publications (107)
Conference Paper
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BACKGROUND-AIM Polyunsaturated fatty acids are well known for their antioxidative properties. This effect could be positive on maternal environment during embryo maternal recognition phase. Thus, the present study evaluated the effect of dietary supplementation with by-pass α-linolenic acid (ALA) on luteal, uterine and plasmatic oxidative status at...
Article
A striking increase in homoarginine concentrations, about more than 100-fold that observed in humans, was recently reported during pregnancy in a nutritionally induced model of intra-uterine growth restriction in ewes. To determine whether this phenomenon is at least partially related to the nutritional regimen, estrus synchronization, or analytica...
Article
Full-text available
Thyroid hormones (THs) are important indicators of metabolism and animal health. Traditionally, they have been determined from blood or urine samples. However, as their collection may be stressful and requires ethical approval, alternative non-invasive matrices are preferred when dealing with wild animals. Triiodothyronine (T3) is the active form o...
Article
Cetacean strandings represent unique opportunities to collect biological material from these wild animals and obtain information on their population statuses. Here, we apply biological and pathological perspectives to analyze stranded cetaceans collected along the Sardinian coast (Italy) between 2006 and 2011. We quali-quantitatively explore the pr...
Article
Full-text available
A viable tool for the monitoring of the systemic condition of the pregnant jenny may be the determination of serum protein fraction (SPF) levels, including metabolic profiling. Tissue development and composition of the growing fetus requires the mother to provide adequate nutrients to its body parts and organs. In this regard, body fluid distributi...
Article
Determination of serum or plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations is important to recognize pregnant and non-pregnant ewes, and also to predict the number of carried lambs. The 2 most common methodologies for the detection of plasma P4 are radioimmunoassay (RIA) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). RIA is very expensive, and not all laboratories are equip...
Article
Full-text available
RMBD (acronym of Raw Meat Based Diet) and BARF diets (acronym for Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or Bones and Raw Food) account dietary regimens based on raw ingredients (including raw meat), popular in pet feeding. Animal tissues and organs as well as other uncooked ingredients are more and more popularly used by pet owners to feed household pe...
Article
Full-text available
Old World vultures are experiencing dramatic population declines and now are among the species most threatened with extinction. Understanding the environmental variables that can influence the reproductive indexes of vulture populations can facilitate both habitat and species management. The aim of this study was to identify which environmental var...
Article
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Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic in Sardinia and constitutes a serious public health concern due to high prevalence in livestock and humans. Despite sustained efforts, control of the disease had been unsuccessful in the region. Problematic carcass disposal due to soaring incineration costs and free access of dogs to infected carrion are domina...
Article
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The use of high doses of glycerol as a livestock feed supplement is followed by a rapid increase in plasma concentrations and consequently in plasma osmolality. Moreover, glycerol is a highly diffusible molecule that can readily permeate the red blood cell (RBC) membrane following a concentration gradient. A rise in glycerol plasma concentrations c...
Article
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In the 19th century, Red kite (Milvus milvus) was very common and widespread in Sardinia, but in the mid-900 an important decline occurred. Since the 1970s the species has been studied more continuously, but in recent years the published data seem contradictory. In 2018-2020, authors carried out specific research to collect data on the population o...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether the administration of equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) in a protocol to induce and synchronize ovulations before mating could be replaced by the administration of glycerol-based formulations in milked ewes at the end of their seasonal anoestrus. Forty-eight late-lactation dairy ewes of the Sarda breed were synchr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic and osmotic effects of different doses of glycerol or a glycerol - propylene glycol mixture in Sarda sheep with the aim to identify those able to beneficially modify ewe's metabolic status without harmful changes in red blood cell (RBC) indices. Thereafter, the selected doses...
Article
Full-text available
The foreseen shortage of eCG for estrus synchronization in sheep makes necessary the development of alternative protocols. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the reproductive response of sheep in breeding season to the administration of GnRH using propylene-glycol as a cosolvent and the subcutaneous route for slowing and extending the rele...
Preprint
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic and osmotic effects of different doses of glycerol or a glycerol – propylene glycol mixture in Sarda sheep with the aim to identify those able to beneficially modify ewe’s metabolic status without harmful changes in red blood cell (RBC) indices. Thereafter, the selected doses...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic and osmotic effects of different doses of glycerol or a glycerol – propylene glycol mixture in Sarda sheep with the aim to identify those able to beneficially modify ewe’s metabolic status without harmful changes in red blood cell (RBC) indices. Thereafter, the selected doses...
Article
Although the population of Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus is significantly increasing in Europe, in Italy the species is still on the Red List as ‘Critically Endangered’, with the last natural population persisting on the island of Sardinia. Several episodes of poisoning hampered the success of conservation actions implemented in the years 1987–1995....
Article
The present review aims to offer a non-comprehensive outline of the current state-of-the-art and future perspectives on management and therapeutic tools for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and associated prenatal programming in both human and animal species. Animals are used as models for the study of phenomena related to IUGR, but also for...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the blood concentrations of L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), and L-homoarginine, which are regulators of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, in single, twin, and triplet pregnancies in ewes undergoing either a dietary energy restriction or receiving 100% of their en...
Article
Cryobanking of oocytes collected from prepubertal donors may supply a virtually unlimited number of female gametes for both basic research and commercial applications. Prepubertal oocytes show some structural and functional limitations compared to the adult ones that may impair their ability to recover damages from cryopreservation. In oocytes, the...
Presentation
Full-text available
XX CIO - 26/29 settembre 2019 - Napoli Contributo Simposio: Gli avvoltoi in Italia, status, minacce e conservazione
Conference Paper
The Sardinian population of griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) has been continuously monitored from 1986 to 2018, and the longest series of breeding parameters (33 years, 1034 breeding records) at national and European level are available. Every year field work started at the end of December with the identification of the nests occupied by territorial...
Conference Paper
Gli avvoltoi, in quanto necrofagi obbligati, hanno un ruolo essenziale nel mantenimento dell’equilibrio degli ecosistemi. Attraverso lo smaltimento delle carcasse contribuiscono al riciclaggio dei nutrienti, prevengono la diffusione di malattie infettive e contribuiscono al controllo della crescita dei necrofagi facoltativi, spesso in conflitto con...
Conference Paper
Sebbene la popolazione di grifone (Gyps fulvus) stia aumentando in modo significativo in Europa, in Italia la specie è ancora inclusa nella Lista Rossa come a rischio critico di estinzione, con l’ultima popolazione naturale che persiste nel nord-ovest della Sardegna. Tuttavia, un’analisi della vitalità della popolazione basata su dati demografici r...
Article
Full-text available
The use of a non-invasive approach to collect biological samples from natural populations represents a great means of gathering information while avoiding handling animals. Even if corticosterone is the main glucocorticoid investigated in birds, it has been observed a proportional direct link between corticosterone and cortisol concentrations. Dehy...
Article
Full-text available
The use of polyphenols is a promising strategy for preventing or alleviating intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) because polyphenol supplementation increases plasma antioxidant capacity and improves oxidative stress at the feto-placental unit; which are recognized as main issues in IUGR. However, there is a scarcity of experimental data on both...
Article
Flight is an energetically costly form of transport imparting biomechanical stress that acts upon the wing bones. Previous studies have suggested that the cross‐sectional and microstructural features of wing bones may be adapted to resist biomechanical loads. During flight, however, each wing bone potentially experiences a unique loading regime. To...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, several commercially available biochemical kits are validated for their use in human but not in animals. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the applicability of human kits for alanine-aminotransferase, aspartato-aminotransferase, albumin, total protein, total cholesterol, and triglycerides in ovine plasma. Assays were validated a...
Poster
Full-text available
Measurement of glucocorticoids cumulated in feathers of griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) in order to monitor their health status.
Article
The effects of the intra-ruminal dosing of a glucogenic mixture including 70% glycerol, 20% propylene glycol and 10% water was studied on thirty late lactation dairy ewes of Sarda breed. The animals were divided in two homogeneous groups receiving by gavage either 200 mL of water (CTR group; body weight 40.9 ± 1.5 kg) or 200 mL of the above mixture...
Article
The present study used a sheep model of intrauterine growth restriction, combining maternal undernutrition and twinning, to determine possible markers of early damage to the fetal kidney. The occurrence of early deviations in fetal hemodynamics which may be indicative of changes in blood perfusion was assessed by Doppler ultrasonography. A total of...
Article
The aim of the present study was to assess the ability of vitrified/warmed oocyte to recover from vitrification-induced damages after warming. In vitro matured, vitrified/warmed ovine oocytes were assessed for developmental competence, mitochondrial activity and distribution, ATP, ROS and catalase levels during 6 h of in vitro culture using fresh o...
Article
Full-text available
BackgroundREAC technology (acronym for Radio Electric Asymmetric Conveyor) is a technology platform for neuro and bio modulation. It has already proven to optimize the ions fluxes at the molecular level and the molecular mechanisms driving cellular asymmetry and polarization. Methods This study was designed to verify whether this technology could e...
Article
This study determined the influence of a short-term glucogenic nutritional treatment on circulating concentrations of glucose, insulin, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), and urea, and on their correspondent levels in follicular fluid (FF) collected 12 h after the end of the treatment. After estrous synchroniza...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of postnatal pituitary activation as regards female reproductive development is not yet understood.By taking advantage of the experimental model developed in a previous study, i.e. ewe lambs expressing markedly different ovarian phenotypes at 50 days of age, we design this study to determine whether differences found in ovarian statu...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim is to verify if oocyte developmental potential is related to the timing of meiotic progression and to mitochondrial distribution and activity using prepubertal and adult oocytes as models of low and high developmental capacity respectively. Prepubertal and adult oocytes were incorporated in an in vitro maturation system to determine meiotic...
Article
Full-text available
In vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes retrieved from unstimulated ovaries may avoid side effects connected to hyperstimulation during IVF procedures, including the risk of cancer recurrence. In humans, the scarce availability of immature oocytes limits morphological studies. The monovular ovine may represent an experimental model for IVM st...
Article
Full-text available
This study assessed the effect of melatonin deprival on ovarian status and function in sheep. Experimental procedures were carried out within two consecutive breeding seasons. Animals were divided into two groups: pinealectomised ( n =6) and sham-operated ( n =6). The completeness of the pineal gland removal was confirmed by the plasma concentratio...
Article
Full-text available
Circulating anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) are addressed as suitable markers of oocyte quantity and quality during adulthood. To investigate whether AFC and circulating AMH could predict follicle development and oocyte quality during the prepubertal period we used 40-day-old ewe lambs with high, intermediate and low AF...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to determine the influence of a glucogenic supply on oocyte developmental competence. Oestrous cycles were synchronised in 22 Sarda ewes by the insertion (Day 0) of one intravaginal progestagen-impregnated sponge that was removed after 6 days. After removal, the ewes were randomly allocated into two experimental groups (trea...
Article
Full-text available
The current study investigated hormonal and ovarian changes during physiological reproductive aging in Sarda ewes. In a first experiment, follicular and corpus luteum dynamics were compared during an induced oestrus cycle in aged (12-14 years) and young adult ewes (4-5 years). Oestrus cycle characteristics did not differ between the two experimenta...
Article
Full-text available
Polymers have been used as a substitute for serum in vitrification solutions for embryos and oocytes. This study was designed to replace serum with defined commercial macromolecules in vitrification solution for in vitro matured ovine oocytes. Oocytes were cryopreserved in two vitrification solutions (16.5 percent ethylene glycol + 16.5 percent dim...
Article
Full-text available
Free-living and captive chelonians might suffer from upper respiratory tract disease (URTD), a pathology primarily caused by Mycoplasma agassizii. Wild tortoises can also be an important reservoir of Salmonella spp., which are commensal in the host reptile but are potential zoonotic agents. Between July 2009 and June 2010, we screened free-living E...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Long-lived apex predators, such as marine mammals, are particularly at risk from effects of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenylethanes (e.g. DDT), due to bioaccumulation and biomagnification. POPs are lipophilic compounds that tend to accumulate in the lipid-rich blubber. In marine mammal...
Article
Full-text available
Cryopreservation harms spermatozoa at different levels and thus impairs their fertilizing ability. The role of melatonin in protecting spermatozoa from different kind injuries has been widely reported. Thus, this study tested whether the addition of melatonin to ram semen freezing extender could exert a protective effect and ameliorate postthawing...
Article
The present study was designed to determine whether different calcium concentrations in the vitrification solutions could improve the developmental competence of in vitro matured ovine oocytes after cryopreservation. In vitro matured oocytes were vitrified with 16.5% ethylene glycol (EG) + 16.5% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) vitrification media. The bas...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new capillary electrophoresis laser-induced fluorescence (CE-LIF) method for the quantification of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) in spermatozoa and oocytes. The optimization of the precapillary derivatization reaction between ATP and 4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4adiaza-s-indacene-3-propionyl ethylene diamine hydrochloride (B...
Article
This study aimed to compare viability, ATP content, and DNA integrity of rooster (Gallus gallus domesticus) and Barbary partridge (Alectoris barbara) fresh and frozen spermatozoa in order to identify factors possibly related to differences in semen freezability. Ejaculates were obtained from March to May by the abdominal massage method from 3 adult...
Article
The aim of this work was to study the effect of storage temperature during the transport of ovaries on cleavage and blastocyst rates in Iberian red deer, because wild populations of this subspecies are usually far from laboratories. A total of 472 ovaries from 236 Iberian hinds were recovered and maintained in saline solution at 5-8 °C or 20-25 °C...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasmas are commensals and pathogens of various avian species, and are also regularly found in birds of prey, although their significance to birds' health remains unclear. Here we describe two novel Mycoplasma isolated from the upper respiratory tract of four Eurasian griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) housed in a wildlife recovery centre in Sardin...
Article
Parthenogenetic activation of the mammalian oocyte constitutes an essential step to a number of oocyte- or embryo-related technologies. Mammalian parthenotes are useful tools for studying the roles of paternal and maternal genomes in early mammalian development and are considered potential candidates for an ethical source of embryonic stem cells. W...