Fernando Zagury Vaz-de-Mello

Fernando Zagury Vaz-de-Mello
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) | UFMT · Departamento de Biologia e Zoologia

Dr

About

772
Publications
180,476
Reads
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5,227
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2008 - present
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT)
Position
  • Faculty Member
August 2003 - July 2007
Institute of Ecology INECOL
Position
  • PhD Student
February 2001 - July 2008
Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
August 2003 - July 2007
Institute of Ecology INECOL
Field of study
  • Systematics
February 2001 - February 2003
February 2001 - February 2003

Publications

Publications (772)
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing rate of systematic research on scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), their fossil record has remained largely unrevised. In this paper, we review all 33 named scarabaeine fossils and describe two new species from Dominican amber ( Canthochilum alleni sp.n. , Canthochilum philipsivieorum sp.n. ). W...
Article
Full-text available
Presented is a multilingual (English, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and French) key to the 119 currently recognized genera and subgenera of scarabaeine dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) occurring in the New World. Also included are illustrations of representative species of all taxa included in the key as well as supplementary refe...
Article
Full-text available
Type series for 35 type species of Macrodactylini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) are studied and taxonomic changes are proposed. The following 35 lectotypes are designated: Agaocnemis pruina Moser, 1918; Amphicrania ursina Burmeister, 1855; Anomalochilus singularis Blanchard, 1850; Anomalonyx uruguayensis Moser, 1921; Aulanota sulcipenni...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract – The objective of this work was to elaborate supporting tools for the correct identification of Scarabaeidae, by an identification key of genera, and a commented list of the species present in Brazilian pastures. A data survey was performed on the specimens deposited in the main Brazilian collection and reported on the recent scientific l...
Article
1. The conversion of natural habitats into anthropogenic uses is a key driver of global biodiversity loss, but effects can vary among taxa and diversity metrics. This has important implications for the use of bioindicators in land management. 2. We evaluated the local-scale responses of multiple faunal taxa to land-use change in the Brazilian Cerra...
Article
Full-text available
The Riverine Barrier Hypothesis (RBH) predicts that tropical rivers can be effective barriers to species dispersion, affecting different scales of biological organization, from genes to assemblages. We disentangled the latitudinal from the river presence effect to test the hypothesis that the Doce river mouth acted as a geographical, historical bar...
Article
Ever since Schmidt’s (1922) review of Canthon, the authorship of the species-group name Canthon rutilans cyanescens (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) has been almost unanimously attributed to Harold (1868). Here, we argue that this is mistaken. This species-group name first entered the literature as a nomen nudum in Lacordaire’s 1830 memoirs of his South...
Article
de-Mello (2022): Contributions to the knowledge of the dung beetles (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of southwestern Brazilian Amazon: list of species and conservation implications, Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, ABSTRACT Dung beetles perform essential ecological functions (e.g. nutrient cycling, secondary seed dispersal and parasite con...
Article
Two unusual scarab species discovered from two localities in the Amazonian Basin are described. We used comparative morphology and phylogenetic analysis to infer their systematic placement. A parsimony based phylogenetic analysis was performed using 108 morphological characters from adults and larvae. Taxon sampling represented most ‘traditional’ s...
Article
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Introduction The Brazilian Atlantic Forest (BAF) is undergoing alarming deforestation, land overexploitation, and unregulated occupation. The Coastal Sandy Vegetation of BAF, known as Restinga, is under the most pressure of the BAF ecosystems. Understanding the effects of Restinga deforestation on biodiversity is a conservation priority. Aims/Meth...
Article
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Differential diagnoses, updates on distribution ranges, and an illustrated identification key are given for all species of Agamopus. The first record for A. castaneus from Brazil is given. Type specimens of all valid species-group names are studied and illustrated. Notes on the natural history of Agamopus species, as well as brief phylogenetic comm...
Article
Full-text available
1. The Pantanal is the largest wetland in the world and a World Heritage Site. During 2019-2020, the Pantanal has experienced the most severe burning in its history, with vast destroyed areas of vegetation and killed wildlife. Since the long-term damage caused by fire to the Pantanal is still unknown, understanding how the biodiversity responds to...
Article
The high biodiversity of the Amazon region is related to variation in soil physical properties and water-table depths. Dung beetles are efficient bioindicators that feed and breed on the soil surface and below ground, affecting soil properties and being affected by them. Here, we investigate the influence of soil physical characteristics (proportio...
Article
The dung beetles belonging to the genus Deltochilum Eschscholtz, 1822 are widely distributed in the Neotropical region. This genus is divided into eight subgenera, of these, the subgenus Deltohyboma Lane, 1946 is the most diverse, with an estimated 212 species. The most recent revision of Deltohyboma divided the subgenus into 19 species group. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is a serious threat, and it is necessary to prepare for the future climate conditions of grazing areas. Dung beetle species can help mitigate global warming by contributing to intense nutrient cycling and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions caused by cattle farming. Additionally, dung beetles increase soil quality through bioturbat...
Article
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We describe a new species of dung beetle, Epactoides giganteus sp. nov. , from a single female specimen allegedly collected in the 19 th century on Réunion island and recently found at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. This species differs from other species of Epactoides by larger size and a set of other distinctive morphological ch...
Chapter
Full-text available
O termo Bioma refere-se a uma área do espaço geográfico representada por um tipo uniforme de ambiente, dentro do qual é possível identificar características similares de macroclima, fitofisionomia, solo e altitude (WALTER, 1986). Dentro dessas áreas espécies surgiram e se desenvolveram em resposta à essas características do ambiente. Tal processo p...
Article
Full-text available
New methods in taxonomy and systematics can influence the overall practice of formally naming and describing biodiversity. DNA barcoding has been controversial since its emergence, but now, large scale species descriptions exclusively based on barcodes have created what can be called a 'new quality of performance'. Its limitations are discussed fro...
Article
Tropical forests are suffering several changes due to human activities. Among these, selective logging may represent a less damaging alternative, although it may alter species compositions of animals and plants in forest ecosystems. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) are used as bioindicators as they respond quickly to environmental changes. T...
Article
The distribution of the iridescent dung beetle Bolbites onitoides can be divided, based on dorsal colouration, into a blue western-half and a red eastern-half. This has raised the question, in 1959, of whether the two colour variants could represent distinct subspecies. Having examined ~1200 specimens and evaluated the proposal under both an ontolo...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract. Deltochilum burmeisteri Harold, 1867 has been considered as a junior subjective synonym of D. mexicanum Burmeister, 1848 for almost 8 decades. Nevertheless, D. burmeisteri is resurrected herein from previous synonymy based on the revision of the external and genital morphology. The lectotype for D. burmeisteri, a female specimen, is desig...
Article
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en Tropical forest biodiversity is being threatened by human activities, and species losses during forest disturbance can compromise important ecosystem functions and services. We assessed how species losses due to tropical forest disturbance affect community functional structure, using Amazonian dung beetles as a model group. We collected empirica...
Preprint
Full-text available
New methods in taxonomy and systematics can influence the overall practice of formally nam-ing and describing biodiversity. DNA barcoding has been controversial since its emergence, but now, large scale species descriptions exclusively based on barcodes have created what can be called a "new quality of performance". Its limitations are discussed fr...
Article
Full-text available
Here, a new species from Colombia A. (Lobidion) fedescobari sp. nov. is described based on a single male and two females. Additionally, the species Ateuchus (Lobidion) punctatissimus Génier (2010) is re-described based on new morphological characters. Among Ateuchus, Lobidion species share a unique character, namely the sixth ventrite bearing one o...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first part of a revision of the type specimens of the South American Sericini. Herein, we examine type specimens of Astaena described by Lawrence Webster Saylor (1913–1999). We provide diagnostic redescriptions, images of habitus, aedeagus, and labels of the type specimens of all 18 species described by him in the genus Astaena. We rais...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this application, under Article 23.9.5 of the Code, is to conserve current usage of the specific name of Choeridium latum Boucomont, 1928, a junior primary homonym of Choeridium latum Blanchard, 1846. These names are currently used as valid in combination with different nominal genera: Blanchard’s species with Canthidium Erichson, 18...
Article
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Pelidnota MacLeay, 1819 is one of the most diverse genus in Rutelina (Rutelini) and, even after broad and recent revisions, fieldwork has revealed a diversity of species yet to be known to science. Here, we describe Pelidnota silveiranetoi sp. nov. with illustrations and a map for the type locality, as well as its inclusion in a previously publishe...
Article
Altitudinal enclaves of rainforest are fragile and highly disturbed ecosystems located in high-altitude plateaus and mountains that are surrounded by Caatinga dry forest. Regardless of its biological importance, few studies regarding dung beetle assemblage were performed in an altitudinal enclave of rainforest. The aim of this study was to describe...
Article
An updated checklist of the Omorgus species from Brazil is presented. Seven species are recorded, one of which, Omorgus borrei, is a new record for the country. Geographic distribution and diagnoses for all these species are reviewed, and an identification key is presented. Photographs of the type specimens of the most valid names are included and...
Article
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The Neotropical D. agenor species group of the subgenus Luederwaldtinia Martínez, 1951 is taxonomically reviewed. After examination of specimens in collections, the D. agenor species group will consist of seventeen species, a leap from the former nine species: D. agenor (Harold, 1869), D. amplicollis (Harold, 1869), D. belus (Harold, 1880), D. cent...
Article
Full-text available
Deltochilum Eschscholtz, 1822 is perhaps the most speciose genus of the tribe Deltochilini sensu Tarasov & Dimitrov (2016) (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) and has been traditionally divided into eight subgenera. Among them, the subgenus Deltohyboma Lane, 1946, is the most speciose with 47 species, five of which are described here ( D . genieri sp. nov...
Article
Full-text available
Although dung beetles are important members of ecological communities and indicators of ecosystem quality, species diversity, and how it varies over space and habitat types, remains poorly understood in the Brazilian Cerrado. We compared dung beetle communities among plant formations in the Serra Azul State Park (SASP) in the state of Mato Grosso,...
Article
Full-text available
The taxa of the genus Megasoma Kirby, 1825 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae) related to M. gyas (Jablonsky in Herbst, 1785) are revised. Megasoma (M.) gyas is recognized as a monotypic species restricted to the Caatinga biome of northeastern Brazil. Megasoma gyas rumbucheri Fischer, 1968, is considered as a new synonym of M. gyas . The “long-h...
Article
In the framework of the taxonomic revision of South American Sericini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae), we examined the type specimens of the species described by Burmeister (1855) in the genus Astaena Erichson, 1847. A few taxa resulted to not belong to the South American Sericini fauna, either due to different geographical provenience or...
Article
Full-text available
Hexapods, commonly known as insects, are a neglected taxonomic group in the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, with unanswered questions about their species richness and the ecological processes in which they are involved (e.g., colonization, introduction, stablishment, and extinction). Herein, we provide an updated Hexapod checklist with current no...
Article
The establishment of cattle ranches throughout the world has prompted the release of dung beetles as biological control agents that reduce pasture fouling and control dung‐breeding flies. One of these beetles, Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), that is native to southeast Africa, has been introduced into the Americas,...
Article
The terminology used for the morphological structures of the abdomen as well as male and female genitalia across the superfamily Scarabaeoidea is discussed, based on a literature review across the group. Issues relating to the orientation of the male terminalia and potential homologies between the ‘genital capsule’- and ‘spiculum gastrale’-bearing...
Article
Land use change is a global threat to biodiversity. Besides converting natural landscapes into monocultures, the use of genetically modified organisms is increasing, even though their effects on natural assemblages are still poorly known. The possible effects of transgenic crops on ecosystems can be studied using ecological indicators, such as dung...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of mega-hydropower dams inundates vast lowland areas, causing widespread environmental impacts in tropical forest regions. Few studies, however, have taken advantage of these newly fragmented landscapes to examine the effects of habitat insularization on arthropod faunas. Here, we assess how dung beetle assemblages respond to 30 years...
Article
The South American genus Scatonomus is revised. Diagnoses, descriptions, distribution data, an identification key and illustrations are provided for the 11 species assigned to the genus, including the new species Scatonomus canhedoae sp. nov., Scatonomus mitzae sp. nov. and Scatonomus foresti sp. nov. Scatonomus barbatus, which has been historicall...
Article
Dung beetles present a high specificity degree to certain habitat types and they are widely used as bioindicators of environmental changes. Pitfall traps usually baited with human feces are the main method for collecting these insects. However, despite dung beetles being good flyers and actively move in the environment, collections with flight inte...
Article
Full-text available
A new species of Canthon is described, illustrated and the morphological similarities with related species are discussed. The species Canthon cleidecostae was named after Dr. Cleide Costa a great beetles specialist. The subgeneric category of species is considered incertae sedis until the taxonomic revision of the genus Canthon is fully addressed....
Article
We conducted a morphologically based taxonomic revision of the Dichotomius mamillatus species group (Scarabaeinae). A new species, Dichotomius (Dichotomius) gandinii sp. nov., from western Amazonia is described, illustrated and included in this group, along with Dichotomius (Dichotomius) mamillatus (Felsche, 1901), Dichotomius (Dichotomius) robustu...
Article
Full-text available
Streblopus Van Lansberge, 1874 has been one of the most mysterious dung beetle groups of the Neotropical fauna, having a rather peculiar morphology, very few known specimens in collections and a difficult placement among the scarabaeine lineages. In this work, based on the examination of a recently collected series of specimens and a synthesis of s...
Article
Full-text available
Our knowledge of how tropical forest biodiversity and functioning respond to anthropogenic and climate-associated stressors is limited. Research exploring El Niño impacts are scarce or based on single post-disturbance assessments, and few studies assess forests previously affected by anthropogenic disturbance. Focusing on dung beetles and associate...
Article
Full-text available
Canthon (Peltecanthon) is revised in this work. The subgenus now includes four species: C. (P.) staigi (Pereira, 1953), C. (P.) haroldi nom. nov., C. (P.) splendidus Schmidt, 1922 and C. (P.) terciae sp. nov. All species occur in the Atlantic Forest. Maps, natural history information, specimen data and illustrations are provided.
Article
Full-text available
Our goals were to determine whether the pattern of geographical distribution of dung beetles in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (BAF), Southeast Brazil, supports the identification of the areas of endemism in this biome, how the number and boundaries of the areas of endemism vary with the spatial scale used in the analysis, if the areas of endemism i...
Article
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Within the subgenus Dichotomius (Selenocopris) Burmeister 1846, D. nisus (Olivier, 1789) and D. superbus (Felsche, 1901) had been historically arranged in the “Nisus” section by Luederwaldt, however, according to the revised classification of the subgenus, the two species now belong to different species groups. In this paper, the taxonomic history...
Article
Full-text available
We found that Pinotus foveicollis synonym of D. agenor, does not belong to this group of species, neither is synonym of D. agenor. Here the species is revalidated to Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) foveicollis, the female is re-described, and the male is described for the first time. Based on male diagnostic characters the species is moved from D. ag...