Fernando Santonja

Fernando Santonja
University of Murcia | UM · Department of Surgery, Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynecology

About

123
Publications
92,425
Reads
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1,511
Citations
Citations since 2017
49 Research Items
1084 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
I work on back pain, spinal deformities prevention and treatment. I also do research on knee replacement, foot and shoulder surgery.
Additional affiliations
July 2011 - January 2014
Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca
Position
  • Facultativo Especialista de área. Traumatología Y Cirugía Ortopédica

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
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The aim of this study was twofold: a) to build models using machine learning techniques on data from an extensive screening battery to prospectively predict lower extremity soft tissue (LE-ST) injuries in non-elite male youth soccer players, and b) to compare models' performance scores (i.e., predictive accuracy) to select the best fit. A sample of...
Article
Introduction: Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery was initially developed to increase accuracy. The potential PSI benefits have expanded in the last decade, and other advantages have been published. However, different authors are critical of PSI and argue that the advantages are not such and do not comp...
Article
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The Cobb angle value is a critical parameter for evaluating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. This study aimed to evaluate a software’s validity and absolute reliability to determine the Cobb angle in AIS digital X-rays, with two different degrees of experienced observers. Four experts and four novice evaluators measured 35 scoliotic...
Article
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Positive effects after neurologic music therapy (NMT) have been described regarding the motor function of children with severe cerebral palsy (CP). This study aimed to quantify improvements in participation, as well as complexity on task-related manual activities in children with severe bilateral CP. This analytic quasi-experimental study exposed 1...
Article
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The goal of this study was to describe the integrated spinal assessment of the sagittal morphotype in rowers to determine whether the intense practice of rowing causes a modification of the sagittal curvatures of the spine, its relationship with the rowing technique, and training background. The second goal was to analyse how the dorsal and lumbar...
Article
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Axial vertebral rotation (AVR) and Cobb angles are the essential parameters to analyse different types of scoliosis, including adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The literature shows significant discrepancies in the validity and reliability of AVR measurements taken in radiographic examinations, according to the type of vertebra. This study’s scope e...
Article
The posterior condylar offset (PCO) has been proposed as a determinant of a postoperative range of motion after total knee arthroplasty, although there is no consensus. This study aimed to demonstrate the error introduced by forcing the femoral rotation to overlap both condyles for the “true” lateral X‐ray projection for the PCO measurement. We hyp...
Article
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Vojta therapy has been reported as clinically beneficial for strength, movement and gross motor activities in individual cases and is being included within the second of three levels of evidence in interventions for cerebral palsy. The goal of this study is to understand the effect of Vojta therapy on the gross motor function. Our clinical trial fo...
Article
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It is assumed that mechanical restriction of hamstring tightness disrupts sagittal spine–pelvis–leg alignment and alters the lumbar–pelvic rhythm predisposing to low back pain (LBP) in athletes; however, this association is not clear. A prospective cross-sectional cohort study was conducted to determine the influence of hamstring extensibility (HE)...
Article
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Athletes have higher thoracic and lumbar curvature in standing than the reference values of the non-athletic population. The sagittal integral morphotype method (SIM) assessment has not previously been applied to competitive amateur athletes (CAA). The propose of the present study was to determine the SIM of CAA treated at a sports-medicine center...
Article
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The aims of this study were to describe the sagittal integral morphotype (SIM) of classical ballet (CB) dancers, and to establish predictor factors and their cut off values for high risk of experiencing sciatica or low back pain (LBP). This retrospective cohort study was performed in 33 female professional CB dancers. Data related to anthropometric...
Article
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Purpose: Several studies have been carried out, and there is no classification for proximal humeral fractures (PHF) exempted from variability in interpretation and with questioned reliability. In the present study, we investigated the 'absolute diagnostic reliability' of the most currently used classifications for PHFs on a single anterior-posteri...
Article
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Individualized pre-operative assessment of the patterns of the lower extremity anatomy and deformities in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty seems essential for a successful surgery. In the present study, we investigated the relationship among the coronal alignment and the rotational profile of the lower extremities in the Caucasian popula...
Article
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There have been remarkable advances in knee replacement surgery over the last few decades. One of the concerns continues to be the accuracy in achieving the desired alignment. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was developed to increase component placement accuracy, but the available evidence is not conclusive. Our study aimed to determine a PS...
Article
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Introduction: Axial vertebral rotation (AVR) is a basic parameter in the study of idiopathic scoliosis and on physical two-dimensional images. Raimondi's tables are the most used method in the quantification of AVR. The development of computing technologies has enabled the creation of computer-aided or automated diagnosis systems (CADx) with which...
Article
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Background: Axial vertebral rotation and Cobb's angle are essential parameters for analysing adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This study's scope evaluates the validity and absolute reliability of application software based on a new mathematical equation to determine the axial vertebral rotation in digital X-rays according to Raimondi's method in e...
Article
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The main stabilizing element of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). Secondary stabilizers include the distal oblique band (DOB), which is inconsistently found. When TFCC repair has failed or cannot be performed, DOB reconstruction is a therapeutic option. Even though distal radioulnar ligamentoplasty...
Article
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Range of movement (ROM) assessment is an important strategy to increase physical-technical performance and minimize the risk of sports-related injuries. Currently, there is no consensus regarding which ROM assessment method is the most appropriate. The main objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the test batteries available f...
Article
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Low back pain (LBP) is the most common overuse musculoskeletal injury suffered by child equestrian athletes (CEA). Despite this, little is known about the risk factors related to LBP in these athletes, and very limited research has been conducted on this topic. This study was designed to investigate predictive risk factors for LBP in CEA. The purpo...
Article
Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) has been introduced to simplify and make total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery more precise, effective, and efficient. We performed this study to determine whether the postoperative coronal alignment is related to preoperative deformity when computed tomography (CT)-based PSI is used for TKA surgery, and how t...
Article
Background: The child's spine shows changes in posture and balance of its curvatures during growth and musculoskeletal spinal conditions are likely to develop, such as back pain (BP). Objective: The purposes of this study were (a) to describe the sagittal spinal alignment in a relaxed standing position and (b) to analyze its association with BP...
Article
Introduction Accuracy in the placement of components in revision total knee arthroplasty (R-TKA) surgery is sometimes challenging. The applicability of patient‑specific instruments (PSI) in knee surgery has progressively expanded to types of surgery other than primary arthroplasty. Could this assistive technology be used to facilitate accurate R-TK...
Article
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Low back pain (LBP) is a common ailment in competitive athletes. Although the association between limited range of motion (ROM) and prevalence of LBP has been widely investigated in other sports, there is no research about this topic in inline hockey (IH). The main purposes of this study in IH players were (1) to analyze the association between hip...
Article
Background We aimed to analyze the impact of two different types of surgical instrumentation (conventional manual instrumentation (CI) and patient-specific instrumentation (PSI)) on length of stay (LOS) and objectify differences in cost. We hypothesized that there are no differences in the LOS and cost due to the instrumentation system used. Resea...
Article
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During puberty, the growth of the bones is faster than that of the muscles, which may result in muscular tightness. Muscular tightness and asymmetry have been associated with an increase in injury incidence. The assessment of a joint range of motion (ROM) could help to identify athletes classified as high injury risk. The objectives of the present...
Article
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The passive straight leg raise (PSLR) test is widely used to assess hamstring extensibility. However, to accurately measure hamstring extensibility throughout PSLR, appropriate stabilization of the pelvis must be provided in order to minimize the possible influence of any compensatory movement in the scores reached. The main purpose of this study w...
Article
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Limited ranges of motion (ROM) have been considered as a relevant risk factor for team sports injuries. The main purposes of the current study were to describe the lower extremity ROM profile, muscular tightness and asymmetries in elite inline hockey players and to examine sex-related differences. Twenty professional inline hockey players from 2 Sp...
Article
Robles-Palazón, FJ, Ayala, F, Cejudo, A, De Ste Croix, M, Sainz de Baranda, P, and Santonja, F. Effects of age and maturation on lower extremity range of motion in male youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Restricted joint range of motion (ROM) has been considered as a primary risk factor for some sport-related injuries. C...
Article
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This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the inter- and intra-tester reliability of endurance measures obtained through trunk extension field-based tests and to explore the influence of the moderators on the reliability estimates. The reliability induction rate of trunk extension endurance measures was also calculated. A systematic search was conducted...
Article
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To explore sagittal spinal alignment and pelvic disposition of schoolchildren in a slump sitting position is needed in order to establish preventive educational postural programs. The purposes of this study were to describe sagittal spinal alignment and pelvic tilt (LSA) in a slump sitting position and to explore the association of sagittal spine a...
Article
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The sagittal spinal morphology presents 4 physiological curvatures that increase endurance to axial compression forces and allow adequate postural balance. These curves must remain within normal ranges to achieve a static and dynamic balance, a correct functioning of the muscles and an adequate distribution of the loads, and thus minimize the injur...
Article
Background: The aim of the study was to determine any discrepancies among preoperative full-leg standing radiographs (LLR) and supine non-weight-bearing computed tomography (CT)-scan-based three-dimensional (3D) models in the assessment of the lower limb alignment prior to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and answer the question of whether the LLR st...
Article
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Background Physiological sagittal spinal curvatures play an important role in health and performance in sports. For that reason, several scientific studies have assessed spinal morphology in young athletes. However, to our knowledge, no study has assessed the implications of Inline Hockey (IH) practice on sagittal integrative spinal morphotype in a...
Article
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Classical ballet training focuses on developing very high levels of joint mobility as it is an idiosyncrasy and aesthetic requirement of this artistic discipline. The purpose of this study was to use an inclinometer to measure sagittal spinal mobility both in general and more specifically for the degree of curvature in the thoracic and lumbar spine...
Article
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Purpose – To understand if children with and without cerebral palsy share the same lumbar postural control threshold on the sagittal plane for the transition between each walking locomotor stage. Method – Observational analysis of sagittal trunk-pelvis kinematics of 97 children with cerebral palsy and 73 with typical development, according to their...
Article
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Knowledge on back care is important to prevent back problems. The purpose of this study was to a) describe back pain and knowledge on back care related to physical activity in adolescents and b) determine the association between these two factors. This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 276 students (aged from 12 to 17 years old), from three S...
Article
Introduction: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures. During the past decade patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) has been commercially introduced in order to simplify and make TKA surgery more effective, precise and efficient than conventional mechanical instrumentation (CI) and computer-assiste...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of shoulder pain (SP) among competitive swimmers is high, and may profoundly restrict their ability to compete. This prospective cohort study investigated the association between 3 blocks of performance factors (anthropometric characteristics, sport experience and training regimen) and the presence of SP. The aims of the present stud...
Article
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Background: Muscle flexibility is a main component of health-related fitness and one of the basic components of fitness for the performance in some sports. Sport and health professionals require the flexibility profile of soccer to define quantitative aims in the training of flexibility. The aim of this study was to identify age-related difference...
Article
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Objective: An e-portfolio was used to determine the optimal number of times students need to repeat a procedure before they are fully capable of performing it without supervision. The results were compared with the actual number of repetitions performed during the internship period. We also asked these students and their teachers about the optimal...
Preprint
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Clinical training in medical schools in Spain is performed by rotations in university hospitals. During these internships, students are expected to acquire and master basic procedural skills. However, the assessment tools available rarely check whether these skills are completely acquired by the students. We have used an e-portfolio to determine th...
Article
Background: Specific adaptations of the spine in the sagittal plane have been described according to different sports disciplines. The goal of this study was to describe the integrative diagnosis of the sagittal morphotype of the spine in male and female artistic gymnasts. Methods: 48 gymnasts were measured with an inclinometer. Thoracic and Lum...
Article
Background: After receiving neurologic music therapy, functional improvements in children with severe bilateral cerebral palsy have not been found in the literature. Musical training with instruments allows interrelationships between movement, emotions and cognition for task-based learning, in order to improve motor control. Aim: To understand w...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Limited ranges of motion (ROM) have been considered as a primary risk factor for some football injuries, but only a few studies have analysed differences in lower extremity joints. The main purposes were (a) to describe the lower extremity ROM profile in professional football players; and (b) to examine differences between goalkeepers...
Article
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La evaluación de las competencias prácticas clínicas que los estudiantes de Medicina adquieren al realizar su rotatorio en un hospital es algo bastante inusual en la universidad española. Y mucho menos lo es la participación del alumnado en dicha evaluación. Las prácticas son obligatorias, sin más, no están sujetas a ninguna evaluación. En esta inv...
Article
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Purpose: To understand whether there is a trunk postural control threshold in the sagittal plane for the transition between the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels measured with 3-dimensional gait analysis. Method: Kinematics from 97 children with spastic bilateral cerebral palsy from spine angles according to Plug-In Gait...
Article
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p> Objetivo: Clasificar los valores de flexibilidad de la extremidad inferior en jugadores de la 2ª División de la Liga Nacional de fútbol sala. Método: 60 jugadores fueron valorados mediante la versión básica del protocolo ROM-SPORT. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y por percentiles para clasificarlos valores de los siete movimientos evaluados....
Article
Purpose: To understand the role of gross motor function and sagittal spinal curves in subjects with typical development (TD) and those with Cerebral Palsy. Method: Inclinometer measurements during Sit a Reach test from 76 TD children, and 55 with CP were plotted with their gross motor level: Thoracic kyphosis (SR Thoracic kyphosis), lumbar curve (S...
Article
Flexibility is one of the fundamental elements of the physical condition in certain sports disciplines, especially in the various forms of gymnastics. In these disciplines a range of motion (ROM) articulate maximum in most joints for the execution of technical gestures ends higher value in the regulations is required. The hamstring is a two-joint m...
Article
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This article investigates whether a reflexive portfolio is instrumental in determining the level of acquisition of clinical competences in traumatology, a subject in the 5th year of the degree of medicine. A total of 131 students used the portfolio during their clinical rotation of traumatology. The students' portfolios were blind evaluated by four...
Article
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p>El rango de movimiento limitado de la abducción de la cadera por una menor extensibilidad o cortedad de los aductores predispone a ciertas lesiones deportivas. Las pruebas angulares de la Abducciónde la Caderacon Pierna Recta (AB<sub>PR</sub>) y la Abducción de la Cadera en Flexión (AB<sub>F</sub>) deben incluirse en cualquier evaluación deportiv...
Article
Flexibility is one of the fundamental elements of the physical condition in certain sports disciplines, especially in the various forms of gymnastics. In these disciplines a range of motion (ROM) articulate maximum in most joints for the execution of technical gestures ends higher value in the regulations is required. The hamstring is a two-joint m...
Article
Background: An inadequate level of flexibility of the adductor muscles is one of the most critical risk factors for chronic groin pain and strains. However, measurement methods of adductor muscle flexibility are not well defined. Purpose: To determine the inter-session reliability of the biarticular and monoarticular adductor muscle flexibility...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to define the optimal lower-limb flexibility data for 20 female futsal players. Therefore, the flexibility of the major lower-limb muscles was evaluated throughout 7 different passive range of motion (ROM) assessment tests. The results of this study define the optimal ROM ranges for field players as: 43º-52º for the ga...
Article
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Objectives: To examine and compare the acute effects of short duration static and dynamic lower-limb stretching routines on the knee flexor and extensor peak torque and mean power during maximal concentric and eccentric muscle actions. Method: Forty-nine active adults completed the following intervention protocols on separate days: non-stretching,...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of the different degree of tester´s experience on the criterion-related validity and the inter-session reliability of the ankle dorsiflexion range of motion measures (ROM ADF) obtained from the following tests: passive non weight-bearing test (ADF PAS), weight-bearing lunge test using an inclinome...
Article
Gross Motor Function Classification System has discriminative purposes but does not assess short-term therapy goals. Locomotion Stages (LS) classify postural body functions and independent activity components. Assessing the relation between Gross Motor Function Classification System level and Locomotion Stages will make us understand if clinical as...
Article
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Schëuermanńs kyphosis is usually observed with a mild idiopathic scoliosis, and there is parity between these two diseases. The aim of this work is to establish a hypothesis about the existence of a biomechanical causal relationship between Schëuermann's kyphosis and scoliosis. To achieve this, a literature review was conducted. A simple mechanical...
Article
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Assessing the final height of an individual before the end of the growth has clinical utility for monitoring child health. To calculate the target height of a rural population in Southeast Spain and to compare it with the final height. A descriptive observational study was performed. 50 young adults were included in the study (44% men) along with 1...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of the different degree of tester's experience on the criterion-related validity and the inter-session reliability of the ankle dorsiflexion range of motion measures (ROMADF) obtained from the following tests: passive non weight-bearing test (ADFPAS), weight-bearing lunge test using an inclinomete...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionThe closed rupture of the extensor tendons of the hand rarely occurs [6]. The isolated involvement of the extensor digitorum communis of the index finger (EDCI) and extensor indicisproprius (EIP) tendons after closed trauma barely appears in the literature [3, 6, 8, 9]. Spontaneous rupture of these tendons is described in patients with...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to investigate percentage body fat (%BF) differences in three Spanish dance disciplines and to compare skinfold and bioelectrical impedance predictions of body fat percentage in the same sample. Seventy-six female dancers, divided into three groups, Classical (n=23), Spanish (n=29) and Flamenco (n=24), were meas...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively define the normative lower-limb flexibility data in 20 professional futsal players. For it, the flexibility of the major lower-limb muscles was evaluated throughout 7 different peak joint ROM assessment tests. The results of the current study demonstrate that the professional futsal players assessed h...
Article
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The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to describe a new version of the weight-bearing ankle lunge test (WBLT) that is simple to administer, that allows clinicians and spor