Fernando Pérez-Miles

Fernando Pérez-Miles
Universidad de la República de Uruguay | UdelaR · Instituto de Biología, Profesor Titular de Entomología

PhD

About

141
Publications
51,958
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Introduction
My research interests are: Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Evolution of Mygalomorphae spiders, mainly Theraphosidae. Reproductive Biology and Sexual selection of Mygalomorphae spiders. Fuctional and evolutionary morphology of Tarantulas (Theraphosidae).
Additional affiliations
November 2010 - present
PEDECIBA
Position
  • Investigador grado 5
October 2010 - present
Universidad de la República de Uruguay
Position
  • Profesor Titular de Entomología
April 1978 - present
Clemente Estable Biological Research Institute
Position
  • Investigador Asociado grado 5

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Actinopus Perty, 1833 is characterized and redescribed, including 80 species occurring from Panama to Argentina. Eighteen previously known species are redescribed: A. rufipes (Lucas, 1834); A. longipalpis C. L. Koch, 1842; A. nattereri (Doleschall, 1871); A. crassipes (Keyserling, 1891); A. robustus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892); A. wallacei F. O. P...
Article
Full-text available
Activity and occupancy dynamics of spiders are topics that have received little attention and are compounded by anecdotal field data, especially in Theraphosidae that are generally nocturnal. Due to potential vulnerability outside their burrows, it is expected that individuals remain in the safety of their shelters most of the time and because thei...
Article
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Mygalomorphs depend on thermal microhabitats for successful behavior, but their thermal biology is still poorly known. Grammostola vachoni Schiapelli and Gerschman, 1961 is an endemic tarantula from Argentina and it is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List. However, little is known about its biology; therefore, we attempted to explore the therm...
Article
Regulation of energy and water balance are primary components of homeostasis in all organisms. But the processes associated with such homeostasis can be costly and affect the fitness of individuals. As a result, individuals from variable environments are expected to invest more in compensatory mechanisms to maintain homeostasis than individuals fro...
Article
The family Nemesiidae was once among the most species-rich of mygalomorph spider families. However, over the past few decades both morphological and molecular studies focusing on mygalomorph phylogeny have recovered the group as paraphyletic. Hence, the systematics of the family Nemesiidae has more recently been controversial, with numerous changes...
Article
Spiders are perfect model for developmental stage and growth studies because the juvenile period is broken into instars. Theraphosidae family, are largest and longest-lived spiders and females continue to grow and molt over the sexually mature stage is reached. However, their development and growth are still unknown. Thus, our objective was describ...
Article
Full-text available
Theraphosid tarantulas are large spiders that bear dense hairy adhesive pads on the distal parts of their legs: scopula and claw tufts. These structures allow them to climb on vertical smooth surfaces and contribute to prey capture. While adult females and juveniles remain most of the time in their burrows, adult males actively walk searching for f...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the New World tarantulas feature specialized setae as a defense mechanism. Two mechanisms of defense have been proposed for the urticating setae (US): active defense against potential predators, and passive defense against other arthropods by incorporating the US to the molting mat and egg sacs. Uruguayan tarantulas present three different...
Book
Full-text available
The Theraphosidae are the most famous and diverse mygalomorph spiders, and include some of the largest arachnids on earth. Their unique defense mechanisms, predatory tactics, reproductive strategies and ecological adaptations are displayed by a wide range of terrestrial, burrowing and arboreal species. These arachnids are familiar to the general pu...
Chapter
Tarantulas are large spiders with adhesive setae on their legs, which enable them to climb on smooth vertical surfaces. The mechanism proposed to explain adhesion in tarantulas is anisotropic friction, where friction is higher when the leg pushes compared to when it pulls. The static friction of live theraphosid spiders on different surfaces and at...
Chapter
Theraphosinae is the most diverse subfamily of tarantulas in the world, with more than 500 known species. The group is endemic to the New World and its geographic distribution ranges from Southern North America to temperate zones of South America. The largest and most long-lived spiders in the world belong to this subfamily. They inhabit almost all...
Chapter
The mygalomorph spiders of the family Theraphosidae, commonly named as tarantulas, are one of the most famous and diverse groups of arachnids, which include the largest spider species in the world. Theraphosidae contains almost 1000 species from all continents, except Antarctica and includes burrowing, terrestrial and arboreal taxa with diverse eco...
Article
Full-text available
Background The mechanics and energetics of spider locomotion have not been deeply investigated, despite their importance in the life of a spider. For example, the reproductive success of males of several species is dependent upon their ability to move from one area to another. The aim of this work was to describe gait patterns and analyze the gait...
Article
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The recent rediscovery and examination of the holotype of Neischnocolus panamanus Petrunkevitch, 1925 and its comparison with type material of the genera Barropelma Chamberlin, 1940 and Ami Pérez-Miles, 2008 led us to establish their generic synonymy. Ami species and the monotypic Barropelma parvior (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) fit with the diagnostic...
Article
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The family of mygalomorph spiders Paratropididae Simon, 1889 is here reported for the first time for Colombia, where it is represented by three genera (Anisaspis, Paratropis, Stormtropis gen. n.) and eight species. One genus, Stormtropis, and six species constitute new taxa that are here diagnosed, described and illustrated. The geographical distri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: For males of several terrestrial spiders the reproductive success depends to their locomotors performances. However, their mechanics of locomotion has been scarcely investigated. Aim of this work was to describe the gait patterns, analyse the gait parameters, the mechanics of locomotion and the energy saving mechanisms of Eupalaestrus w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: For males of several terrestrial spiders the reproductive success depends to their locomotors performances. However, their mechanics of locomotion has been scarcely investigated. Aim of this work was to describe the gait patterns, analyse the gait parameters, the mechanics of locomotion and the energy saving mechanisms of Eupalaestrus w...
Article
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This is the first study about trophic traits of Grammostola vachoni, a threatened theraphosid spider endemic to the mountain systems of central Argentina. Four prey types were used in experiments: crickets, cockroaches, beetle larvae and adult beetles. Grammostola vachoni was observed to eat at a rate of about once every 11 days, with the mean tota...
Article
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Biological corridors are connections which link habitats in a regional scale, allowing the gene flow between populations. The Uruguay River comprises riverside and insular riparian forests along subtropical to temperate zones passing through different biogeographic provinces. The aim of this study was to characterise the spider fauna from the Urugu...
Article
The female sex of Ami bladesi Pérez-Miles et al., 2008 is described, based on three specimens from northeastern Costa Rica and one specimen from the type locality in Panama. It is the first record of this species and genus from Costa Rica. In addition to the modified urticating hairs of type I, urticating hairs of type III were found in both female...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the morphology of scopula, claw tufts and a scopula-like feature (pseudoscopula) of tarsi on representatives of all Mygalomorphae spider families. The pseudoscopula is constituted by groups of non-microtriched conical setae. The taxonomic distribution of all these features was studied and mapped on a recent phylogeny of Mygalomorphae and...
Chapter
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The infraorder Mygalomorphae comprises almost 3000 species. It is widely distributed all over the world, and about one third of the species included in this infraorder is represented in the Neotropics. The knowledge on several aspects of the biology of Mygalomorphae is relatively scarce in comparison with the Araneomorphae. However, recent studies...
Article
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La lista de especies prioritarias para la conservación en Uruguay resulta un insumo imprescindible para la gestión de la biodiversidad a nivel nacional y regional. Actualmente esta lista contiene vertebrados, plantas vasculares y moluscos continentales, siendo estos últimos los únicos representantes de invertebrados. Los arácnidos son predadores “t...
Article
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We present a mtDNA gene tree of tarantula spiders (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae) based on the mitochondrial 16S-tRNA (leu)-ND1 gene region as a promising initial molecular hypothesis to clarify the taxonomy of the largest subfamily, Theraphosinae. Many species of this New World subfamily are traded widely as exotic pets, yet few scientific...
Article
A bilateral gynandromorph specimen of the tarantula Pterinochilus murinus Pocock, 1897 is here described and illustrated. In addition, encounters with conspecific females were studied. The possible explanations for this case of gynandry are discussed. This constitutes the first formal report of gynandry in a mygalomorph spider.
Article
Pisauridae, Trechaleidae, and Lycosidae constitute part of the Lycosoidea clade that includes a diverse range of wandering spider species that inhabit terrestrial and semi-aquatic environments. Phylogenetic studies of these three families based on morphological and behavioural traits have produced contradictory results on their evolutionary relatio...
Article
We studied the activity and prey capture of adult females and juveniles of the tarantula Eupalaestrus weijenberghi in the field. Their activity starts at sunset and continues during the early night hours. Tarantulas leave the burrow only for brief periods, mainly for prey capture, and do not move more than 40 cm away from the burrow entrance. Activ...
Article
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Magnacarina gen. nov. from Mexico is described. Hapalopus aldanus West, 2000 from Nayarit, is transferred to the new genus with an emended diagnosis creating the new combination Magnacarina aldana comb. nov. Three new species are described: Magnacarina moderata Locht, Mendoza & Medina sp. nov. from Nayarit and Sinaloa; Magnacarina primaverensis Men...
Article
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A new monotypic Theraphosidae genus, Kankuamo Perafán, Galvis & Pérez-Miles, gen. n., is described from Colombia, with a new type of urticating setae. These setae differ from others principally by having a small distal oval patch of lanceolate reversed barbs. Males of Kankuamo gen. n. additionally differ by having a palpal bulb organ very divergent...
Article
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We studied the geographic distribution of theraphosid abdominal urticating setae types to test the presence of biogeographical patterns. Setae types were mapped on area cladograms recently proposed for the regionalization of the Neotropical region. We found some patterns which agree with some historical biogeography events and also some ecological...
Article
Full-text available
Tarantulas are large spiders with adhesive setae on their legs, which enable them to climb on smooth vertical surfaces. The mechanism proposed to explain adhesion in tarantulas is anisotropic friction, where friction is higher when the leg pushes than when it pulls. However, previous studies and measurements of adhesion in theraphosids were perform...
Article
Full-text available
The mygalomorph genus Grammostola (family Theraphosidae) is endemic to South America. The species Grammostola anthracina is one of the largest spiders in Uruguay and reputed to be the longest lived tarantula in the world. This nominal species has two distinct colour morphs comprising black and reddish-brown forms with controversial taxonomic status...
Article
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The presence of pheromones has been reported for several spider species but their persistence in field conditions has scarcely been studied. We test the activity and persistence of female sex cues outdoor in the tarantula Eupalaestrus weijenberghi (Thorell, 1894), using male courtship as an indicator of cue attraction. We studied female silk fields...
Article
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ABSTRACT The Cerro de Montevideo is a symbolic reference of Uruguay that currently presents an artificialised landscape with environmental deterioration. We used combined techniques including documentary analysis, cartography, remote sensing, biogeographical relict biota, digital recreation and estimated valuation of visual fragility to characteris...
Chapter
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THERAPHOSIDAE Resumen Las Theraphosidae son un grupo homogéneo de arañas migalomorfas que, en general, son de gran tamaño y presentan el cuerpo densamente cubierto de setas. Este grupo incluye 124 géneros y más de 950 especies de distribución principalmente gondwánica. Más de la mitad de las especies están representadas en el Nuevo Mundo, donde se...
Article
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Conservation biogeography involves the application of biogeographical principles and methods to conservation issues. The identification of areas of endemism is important for both historical biogeography and conservation. Mygalomorphs spiders have poor vagility, limited dispersal mechanisms and sedentary habits. In this study we use a panbiogeograph...
Article
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We propose the name Bumba as a new name for Maraca, preoccupied by Maraca Hebard, 1926 (Orthoptera). We describe and illustrate Bumba lennoni, a new theraphosid species from Caxiuanã, Pará, Brazil. This species differs from the other species of the genus in the extremely reduced keel on male palpal organ and in the higher number of labial and maxil...
Article
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The present study used the previously defined biogeographic provinces from Argentina as the starting point for a parsimony analysis of endemicity and cluster analysis. The goal of the study was to use a dataset of distributional patterns of mygalomorph spiders from Argentina to evaluate the historical relationships of the biogeographic provinces. T...
Article
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Based on a phylogenetic analysis we revised the Chilean tarantula genera Euathlus and Paraphysa. As results of our analyses, within a wider context of South American lineages, Paraphysa is synonymous of Euathlus, and Phrixotrichus is resurrected. Euathlus and Phrixotrichus are sister genera, supported by their shared palpal organ morphology, especi...
Article
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A new genus and species of a mygalomorph nemesiid spider collected in a hill of Northern Uruguay and in Araucaria forest at Southern Brazil is diagnosed, described and illustrated. A remarkable characteristic of the new genus is its dense body pubescence, unusual in most Nemesiidae. Also genital and somatic characters led to differentiate it from r...
Article
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Three new species of the monotypic genus Melloleitaoina Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960 are described from northern Argentina: M. mutquina sp. n., M. uru sp. n. and M. yupanqui sp. n. The female specimen originally described as M. crassifemur is not conspecific with the male holotype and thus is removed from this species and described as M. uru sp. n....
Article
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En el presente trabajo se analizó la riqueza específica, abundancia y actividad de la comunidad de arañas Mygalomorphae en la Reserva Natural Sierra del Tigre, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Este ecosistema serrano alberga numerosas especies endémicas y es rico en fauna y flora nativa. La abundancia de arañas se muestreó mensualmente desde mayo de 2011 a...
Article
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Grammostola diminuta sp. nov. (Araneae: Theraphosidae) is described from northwestern Argentina; Grammostola vachoni Schiapelli and Gerschman 1961 is considered a senior synonym of Grammostola fossor syn. nov. Schmidt 2001 on the basis of material examined from the collection of the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” (MACN...
Article
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When two similar species co-occur in time and space, strong mechanisms isolating them from each other are expected. Acanthoscurria suina Pocock, 1903 and Eupalaestrus weijenberghi (Thorell, 1894) are two sympatric and synchronic tarantulas that inhabit burrows in Uruguay's meadows. Here we test how and when reproductive isolation operates between t...
Article
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Summary Strong reproductive barriers are expected between similar species that co-occur in time and space. We experimentally analysed sexual interactions between the theraphosids Acanthoscurria suina and Eupalaestrus weijenberghi which met those conditions. Unexpectedly, males courted on heterospecific female cues. Furthermore, A. suina females see...
Article
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A generally common impression seems to be that the mygalomorphs have simple repertoires of behaviours, but many authors have concluded that this traditional portrayal of mygalomorph behaviours is misleading. An increasing number of studies of reproductive behaviour of mygalomorphs have revealed intricate and complex mechanisms of communication empl...