Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos

Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos
University of South Australia | UniSA · Centre for Change and Complexity in Learning

Doctor of Philosophy

About

139
Publications
36,180
Reads
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1,231
Citations
Citations since 2017
72 Research Items
973 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
I'm a researcher interested in topics that relate to embodiment of language/emotions, crossmodality and applied statistics/methodology/statistical cognition

Publications

Publications (139)
Article
Full-text available
The role of gestural schematization in enhancing thinking processes has been the subject of a large body of works. In this process, contextually unimportant or irrelevant information related to a concept (or a system of concepts) is deleted or ignored, while relevant spatial information is maintained. This process is a special type of inhibition, w...
Article
Full-text available
Algorithms, data, and AI (ADA) technologies permeate most societies worldwide because of their proven benefits in different areas of life. Governments are the entities in charge of harnessing the benefits of ADA technologies above and beyond providing government services digitally. ADA technologies have the potential to transform the way government...
Preprint
Statistical literacy is a pressing need in modern society, but statistical learning is often inhibited by anxiety towards statistics. This study examines how statistics anxiety is related to other dimensions of students’ attitudes towards statistics, how these interrelations predict statistics anxiety, and how these dimensions change following intr...
Article
Predictions of the timelines for when machines will be able to perform general cognitive activities that rival humans, or even the arrival of “super intelligence”, range from years to decades to never. For researchers in the education sector, the potential future state of AI, while provocative, is secondary to important shorter-term questions that...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of technological developments is allowing to gather large amounts of data in several research fields. Learning analytics (LA)/educational data mining has access to big observational unstructured data captured from educational settings and relies mostly on unsupervised machine learning (ML) algorithms to make sense of such type of data. G...
Article
Full-text available
Following theories of emotional embodiment, the facial feedback hypothesis suggests that individuals’ subjective experiences of emotion are influenced by their facial expressions. However, evidence for this hypothesis has been mixed. We thus formed a global adversarial collaboration and carried out a preregistered, multicentre study designed to spe...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses perspective and frame of reference in the metaphorical description of mathematical concepts in terms of motions, gestures, and embodied actions. When a mathematical concept is described metaphorically in terms of gestures, embodied actions, or fictive motions, the motor system comes into play to ground and understand that con...
Article
This article discusses four functions of gesture that could promote thought processes: gesture as a tool to ground knowledge through the visual system; gesture as a tool to enhance short-term and long-term memories; gesture as a tool to ground knowledge through the motor system; and gesture as a tool to suppress irrelevant information. Gestures con...
Article
Generalised additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) is a type of distributional regression framework that enables modelling numeric dependent variables via probability distributions other than those of the exponential family. While the cogs behind GAMLSS are provided in Stasinopoulos et al. 2017's book ‘Flexible regression and smooth...
Article
Full-text available
In The hitchhiker's guide to responsible machine learning, Biecek, Kozak, and Zawada (here BKZ) provide an illustrated and engaging step-by-step guide on how to perform a machine learning (ML) analysis such that the algorithms, the software, and the entire process is interpretable and transparent for both the data scientist and the end user. This r...
Chapter
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Educational research is increasingly implementing and studying new approaches for assessing attributes that go beyond conventional assessments of students’ cognitive ability. Despite decades of research, there remains a lack of consensus in describing these skills or attributes, variously termed “non-cognitive skills”, “21st century competencies”,...
Conference Paper
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that impacts language, communication and social interactions. The current diagnostic process for ASD is based upon a detailed multidisciplinary assessment. Currently no clinical biomarker exists to help in the diagnosis and monitoring of this condition that has a prevalence of approxi...
Article
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Motion-based metaphors help explain a single, often a static, concept (e.g., number, mathematical function, limit of function, continuity of function) in terms of a human motion. In mathematics, many mathematical concepts, such as function and continuity, are described in terms of graphical representations. Although these graphical representations...
Presentation
This presentation explains a complex-prediction modelling evaluation that can track and measure the usability and impact of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a clinical-decision-support (CDS): Rapidx AI. The evaluation considers the perspective of those embedded within the workflows of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) within 12 participating So...
Article
Full-text available
Background To evaluate the electroretinogram waveform in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) approach. Methods A total of 55 ASD, 15 ADHD and 156 control individuals took part in this study. Full field light-adapted electroretinograms (ERGs) were recorded using...
Article
Full-text available
Reaction times (RTs) are an essential metric used for understanding the link between brain and behaviour. As research is reaffirming the tight coupling between neuronal and behavioural RTs, thorough statistical modelling of RT data is thus essential to enrich current theories and motivate novel findings. A statistical distribution is proposed herei...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the role of gestures in enhancing inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility as the three components of executive functions during the processing of mathematical concepts that are metaphorically described in terms of motion events. Gestures can contribute to the process of inhibition by highlighting the relevant in...
Article
Purpose The concept of sustainable development (SD) is a popular response to society’s need to preserve and extend the life span of natural resources. One of the 17 goals of the SD is “education quality” (Fourth Goal of Sustainable Development [SDG-4]). Education quality is an important goal because education is a powerful force that can influence...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Approach: We created and tested a mixed-method participatory evaluation tool denominated “PROLIFERATE”. In this presentation, we will explore the process of automatizing the tool as a computerised technique that can measure, track, and predict, via cutting-edge Bayesian methods, the effectiveness and impact of participatory research projects and th...
Article
Citations are often used as a metric of the impact of scientific publications. Here, we examine how the number of downloads from Sci-Hub as well as various characteristics of publications and their authors predicts future citations. Using data from 12 leading journals in economics, consumer research, neuroscience, and multidisciplinary research, we...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive processes involved in cloze passage and causal pattern tests. Two tests of causal patterns (one in Persian and one in English) and a cloze test were administered among a group of 30 participants. Correlations between participants' scores were calculated. The results showed that there was a sign...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes a progressive impairment in motor and cognitive functions. Although semantic fluency deficits have been described in PD, more specific semantic memory (SM) and lexical availability (LA) domains have not been previously addressed. Here, we aimed to characterize the cognitive perfor...
Article
Recent replication crisis has led to a number of ad hoc suggestions to decrease the chance of making false positive findings. Among them, Johnson (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 19313–19317, 2013) and Benjamin et al. (Nature Human Behaviour, 2, 6–10 2018) recommend using the significance level of α = 0.005 (0.5%) as opposed t...
Article
There remains significant under representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australian higher education systems. A number of strategies have been implemented by governments and universities to best support Indigenous students within higher education that have produced varying levels of success in increasing participation, ret...
Article
Full-text available
Expert knowledge elicitation (EKE) aims at obtaining individual representations of experts’ beliefs and render them in the form of probability distributions or functions. In many cases the elicited distributions differ and the challenge in Bayesian inference is then to find ways to reconcile discrepant elicited prior distributions. This paper propo...
Article
Abstract: This article looks at the semantic space of abstract and concrete concepts from the perspective of distributed models of conceptual representations. It focuses on abstract metaphorical classes and the mechanisms through which these concepts are processed. When the metaphor X is a Y is understood, X is included in the abstract metaphorical...
Article
Full-text available
Smiling is believed to make people look younger. Ganel and Goodale (Psychon Bull Rev 25(6):612–616, 10.3758/s13423-017-1306-8 , 2018) proposed that this belief is a misconception rooted in popular media, based on their findings that people actually perceive smiling faces as older. However, they did not clarify whether this misconception can be gene...
Preprint
The aim of this article is to discuss three challenges to the so-called “strong” versions of embodiment. The strong versions of embodied cognition (SVEC) have been successful in explaining how concrete concepts (e.g., pencil) may be understood based on sensory processes, yet they have failed to offer a comprehensive understanding of abstract concep...
Preprint
Smiling is believed to make people look younger. Ganel and Goodale (2018) proposed that this belief is a misconception rooted in popular media, based on their findings that people actually perceive smiling faces as older. However, they did not clarify whether this misconception can be generalized across cultures. We tested the cross-cultural validi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The advent of technological developments is allowing gathering large amounts of data in several research fields. Learning analytics/educational data mining (LA/EDM) has access to big observational unstructured data captured from educational settings and relies mostly on unsupervised machine learning algorithms to make sense of such type of data. Ge...
Article
Full-text available
Semantic memory (SM) is a type of long-term memory associated with the storage of general information about the world. Here we assessed the characteristics of the SM battery, developed by Catricalà et al. (2013), in a sample of Colombian children. This battery was originally conceived to evaluate adults, and features six subtests that assess SM in...
Article
Cette étude examine les effets du stress thermique et de la langue (français vs. créole) sur les performances dans des tâches de mémoire, de recon- naissance auditive et de rangement par ordre alphabétique de mots préalablement appris. Soixante-quatre participants bilingues français- créole ont réalisé deux sessions d’épreuves en l’absence (24 °C)...
Article
Full-text available
Data from some research fields tend to exhibit a positive skew. For example, in experimental psychology, reaction times (RTs) are characterised as being positively skewed. However, it is not unlikely that RTs can take a normal or, even, a negative shape. While the Ex-Gaussian distribution is suitable to model positively skewed data, it cannot cope...
Article
Full-text available
This article is aimed at deaf children literacy and addresses the error frequency in a writing sample. The dataset comes from a writing word task. The writing errors was classified into two types: lexical and phonological. The sample was composed of 199 deaf users of sign language, 15 deaf with hearing prosthesis, and 44 hearing children. All the p...
Article
In this experiment, we replicated the effect of muscle engagement on perception such that the recognition of another’s facial expressions was biased by the observer’s facial muscular activity (Blaesi & Wilson, 2010). We extended this replication to show that such a modulatory effect is also observed for the recognition of dynamic bodily expressions...
Article
Modality switching cost indicates that people's performance becomes worse when they judge sequential information that is related to different sensory modalities than judging information that is related to the same modality. In this study, we conducted three experiments on proficient and non-proficient bilingual individuals to investigate the modali...
Conference Paper
Statistical training is important in a wide range of fields, but many students dislike and even fear it. Negative attitudes towards statistics can reduce academic performance and disrupt the teaching-learning process, making it important to better understand these attitudes so that effective interventions can be designed. Here we provide an explora...
Preprint
In this research, we replicated the effect of muscle engagement on perception such that the recognition of another’s facial expressions was biased by the observer’s facial muscular activity (Blaesi & Wilson, 2010). We extended this replication to show that such a modulatory effect is also observed for the recognition of dynamic bodily expressions....
Article
Full-text available
The classic coefficient of variation (CV) is the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean and can be used to compare normally distributed data with respect to their variability, this measure has been widely used in many fields. In the Social Sciences, the CV is used to evaluate demographic heterogeneity and social aggregates such as race, sex, e...
Article
While composite indicators have been used in psychological sciences, they have mostly been confined within the area of social psychology for the assessment of specific issues in quality of life and health. In the area of experimental psychology composite indicators are far less familiar. This paper has the goal of presenting a procedure to design c...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has suggested that oral respiration may disturb cognitive function and health. The present study investigated whether oral respiration negatively affects visual attentional processing during a visual search task. Participants performed a visual search task in the following three breathing conditions: wearing a nasal plug, wearing...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which the understanding of a metaphor is influenced by a metaphorical prime. Participants of the study were 30 undergraduate students of Chabahar Maritime University. An experiment was conducted in which the participants were expected to make judgements on the sensicality of 10 metaphors in two...
Article
Nonparametric multiple comparisons are a powerful statistical inference tool in psychological studies. In this paper, we review a rank-based nonparametric multiple contrast test procedure (MCTP) and propose an improvement by allowing the procedure to accommodate various effect sizes. In the review, we describe relative effects and show how utilizin...
Article
Full-text available
Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is an experimental psychological test that induces changes in autonomic, endocrinological and immunological activity. Two measures used to evaluate the inflammatory activity induced by this test are the interleukin 6 (IL-6), a cytokine sensitive to changes in sympathetic nervous activity, and the mean arterial pressu...
Article
Full-text available
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples remain significantly under-represented in higher education systems. There are significant disparities in university completion rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students compared with their non-Indigenous counterparts. The poor-retention and high-attrition rates among Aboriginal and Torres...
Article
Full-text available
Elicitation methods aim to build participants' distributions about a parameter of interest. In most elicitation studies this parameter is rarely known in advance and hinders an objective comparison between elicitation methods. In two experiments, participants were first presented with a fixed random sequence of images and numbers and subsequently t...
Article
In this work we present a group of theoretical models for reaction times arising from simple-choice task tests. In particular, we argue for the inclusion of a shifted version of the Gamma distribution as a theoretical model based on a mathematical result on first hitting times. We contrast the goodness-of-fit of those models with the Ex-Gaussian di...
Article
Looking at concrete representations of mathematical problems from an isomorphic perspective, this article suggests that every concrete representation of a mathematical concept is understood by reference to an underlying abstract representation in the mind of the comprehender. The complex form of every abstract representation of a problem is created...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the metaphorical mapping of valenced concepts onto space indicates that positive, neutral, and negative concepts are mapped onto upward, midward, and downward locations, respectively. More recently, this type of research has been tested for the very first time in 3D physical space. The findings corroborate the mapping of valenced concep...
Article
Full-text available
The avoidance of directly addressing human mortality indicates fear of death. This fear elicits psychological, social and religious interdictions in language such that people resort to the use of metaphors to avoid confronting death. Under the premise that metaphor is a conceptual mapping from a concrete source to an abstract target domain, this st...
Article
Full-text available
While popular within some cognitive science approaches, the embodiment approach has still found resistance, particularly in light of evidence arguing against strong forms of embodiment. Among other things, the embodiment approach breaks away from the Cartesian ontology of the modulatory system. We claim that the advantages of the embodiment approac...
Preprint
Full-text available
We argue that making accept/reject decisions on scientific hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level from p = .05 to .005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable alpha levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense with significance tes...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una síntesis original del proceso de correspondencias del gusto con otras modalidades sensoriales. Para ello, los autores presentan el concepto de integración multisensorial entendido como proceso de correspondencias y de suposición de la unidad, ambos facilitados por la congruencia semántica.Asimismo, se mu...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that making accept/reject decisions on scientific hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level from p = 0.05 to p = 0.005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable alpha levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense with significan...
Article
We argue that making accept/reject decisions on scientific hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level from p = 0.05 to p = 0.005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable alpha levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense with significan...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that making accept/reject decisions on scientific hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level from p = 0.05 to p = 0.005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable alpha levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense with significance...
Preprint
Full-text available
We argue that making accept/reject decisions on scientific hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level from p = .05 to .005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable alpha levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense with significance tes...
Article
Research on taste-shape correspondences has focused on one-to-one taste/shape matching tasks. However, foods and drinks tend to involve multiple shapes (or shape attributes) and tastes that co-occur at different moments of our eating experiences. In the present research, we assessed whether food concepts involving more than one taste (e.g., “sweet...
Article
The family of fatigue-life distributions is introduced as an alternative model of reaction time data. This family includes the shifted Wald distribution and a shifted version of the Birnbaum–Saunders distribution. Although the former has been proposed as a way to model reaction time data, the latter has not. Hence, we provide theoretical, mathemati...
Article
Metaphors are cognitive and linguistic tools that allow reasoning. They enable the understanding of abstract domains via elements borrowed from concrete ones. The underlying mechanism in metaphorical mapping is the manipulation of concepts. This article proposes another view on what concepts are and their role in metaphor and reasoning. That is, ba...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses a specific type of metaphor in which an abstract non-motion domain is described in terms of a motion event. Abstract non-motion domains are inherently different from concrete motion domains. However, motion domains are used to describe abstract non-motion domains in many metaphors. Three main reasons are suggested for the sui...
Article
This article discusses a specific type of metaphor in which an abstract non-motion domain is described in terms of a motion event. Abstract non-motion domains are inherently different from concrete motion domains. However, motion domains are used to describe abstract non-motion domains in many metaphors. Three main reasons are suggested for the sui...
Article
Full-text available
Objective A physical effort such as lifting up a weight affects our perception and cognition. A previous study reported in two experiments that weight lifting improves visual acuity. In the previous study, participants’ visual acuity was higher while lifting weights than while resting. Moreover, via a case study, that study further showed that the...
Preprint
Full-text available
We argue that depending on p-values to reject null hypotheses, including a recent call for changing the canonical alpha level for statistical significance from .05 to .005, is deleterious for the finding of new discoveries and the progress of science. Given that blanket and variable criterion levels both are problematic, it is sensible to dispense...
Article
Mixture models have received a great deal of attention in statistics due to the wide range of applications found in recent years. This paper discusses a finite mixture model of Birnbaum- Saunders distributions with G components, as an important supplement of the work developed by Balakrishnan et al. (2011), who only considered two components. Our p...
Article
Full-text available
The valence-space metaphor posits that emotion concepts map onto vertical space such that positive concepts are in upper locations and negative in lower locations. Whilst previous studies have demonstrated this pattern for positive and negative emotions e.g. ‘joy’ and ‘sadness’, the spatial location of neutral emotions e.g. ‘surprise’ has not been...
Article
Full-text available
According to the embodied cognition perspective, cognitive systems and perceptuo-motor systems are deeply intertwined and exert a causal effect on each other. A prediction following from this idea is that cognitive activity can result in subtle changes in observable movement. In one experiment, we tested whether reading various sentences resulted i...
Article
The valence–space metaphor research area investigates the metaphorical mapping of valenced concepts onto space. Research findings from this area indicate that positive, neutral, and negative concepts are associated with upward, midward, and downward locations, respectively, in the vertical plane. The same research area has also indicated that such...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed at distinguishing processing of early learned L2 words from late ones for Chinese natives who learn English as a foreign language. Specifically, we examined whether the age of acquisition (AoA) effect arose during the arbitrary mapping from conceptual knowledge onto linguistic units. The behavior and ERP data were collected...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the crossmodal correspondences has revealed that seemingly unrelated perceptual information can be matched across the senses in a manner that is consistent across individuals. An interesting extension of this line of research is to study how sensory information biases action. In the present study, we investigated whether different sound...
Article
Full-text available
This work describes crossmodal Stroop interference in flavoural, visual, and auditory representations. A mixed design was used with two randomized groups. As a between-subjects factor, words were presented in visual (group 1) or auditory (group 2) forms. Stimulus congruency (congruent, incongruent, and control) was defined as a within-subjects fact...
Article
Full-text available
We present three strategies to replace the null hypothesis statistical significance testing approach in psychological research: (1) visual representation of cognitive processes and predictions, (2) visual representation of data distributions and choice of the appropriate distribution for analysis, and (3) model comparison. The three strategies have...