Fernando Mc Kay

Fernando Mc Kay
Fundación Para El Estudio De Especies Invasivas

Sc. D.

About

50
Publications
7,908
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500
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
319 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
Fundación Para El Estudio De Especies Invasivas
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Biological control of invasive species

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
National idiosyncrasies in the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol (NP) and implementation of access and benefit sharing (ABS) have created obstacles for many research-based activities that require access to genetic resources. This is particularly true for disciplines such as classical and augmentative biological control. As a provider of biological co...
Article
Biological control (BC) can occur naturally (without human intervention), or by being applied intentionally when it is the result of research and the scientific selection of antagonists. It consists of the reduction in the population density of one species through the action of another. Although the adoption of applied BC in Argentina started at th...
Article
Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. is a xylem-borne bacterium that causes some of the most important plant diseases to woody plants such as citrus, olives, almonds and other cultures. This pathogen is mainly transmitted by sharpshooters, among which the tribe Cicadellini (Cicadellinae) includes the largest number of proven vectors. The correct identif...
Article
During their initial releases, classical biological control agents may benefit from enemy-free-space as they are introduced to new habitats with relatively low attack rates by natural enemies. The benefits of classical biological control may be reduced by natural enemies that exploit new agents in the introduced range. Estimates of agent vulnerabil...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La Ley de Educación Ambiental, recientemente promulgada, tiene como objetivo principal promover la educación ambiental e incorporar los nuevos paradigmas de la sostenibilidad a los ámbitos de la educación formal y no formal. Las especies invasoras causan daño en ambientes naturales, agrícolas y urbanos. Es tarea de la comunidad docente apoy...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental education seeks to foster an appreciation for nature and the impact of humans on it while introducing citizens to scientific thinking. Biological invasions affect different aspects of life on earth and mandate urgent management actions. Education and public awareness are strongly recommended for successful prevention and management of...
Article
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Hedychium coronarium (Zingiberales: Zingiberaceae), native to the Himalayas and southern China, has become an environmental weed in many countries around the world. Reported in several provinces of Argentina, H. coronarium constitutes a serious environmental problem especially in the wetlands of natural areas of Misiones Province, such as the Iguaz...
Thesis
The deliberate introduction of Invasive Alien Species (IAS) constitutes one of the five main causes of the loss of biodiversity, being its adverse effects persistent over time and difficult to reverse. Classical biological control (CBC) is a methodology for the management of IAS, which is widely used in Australia, South Africa, and the United State...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol establish that genetic resources shall be accessed only upon the existence of prior informed consent of the country that provides those resources and that benefits arising from their utilization shall be shared. Pursuant to both agreements several countries have adopted regulations on a...
Article
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Three species of the sawfly genus Heteroperreyia Schrottky are now known to feed on Schinus spp. (Anacardiaceae): H. jorgenseni (Jörgensen), H. hubrichi Malaise, and H. kava Smith, n. sp. All occur from southeastern Brazil to northeastern Argentina. The species separation is supported by the description, illustrations, and genetic differences inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Brazilian peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi; Anacardiaceae) is a perennial tree native to Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Brazilian peppertree is one of the most aggressive and widespread invasive species in Florida, Hawaii, and Texas (USA). The defoliating sawfly, Heteroperreyia hubrichi Malaise (Hymenoptera: Pergidae), is a poten...
Article
Recent efforts to discover insect biological control agents of the Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolius (Anacardiaceae), include a new species belonging to a new genus, Spes schinella Metz, new genus, new species. We propose a hypothesis for placement of the new species among known Gelechiinae using the barcoding region of COI and targete...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of the safety of agents prior to release is one of the most important research goals in biological control. In addition to concerns for the safety of non-target plants, determination of the potential toxic properties of new agents needs to be assessed. Numerous phytophagous insects are defended by chemicals against the attack of natur...
Poster
During the last hundred years, plants from Argentina (e.g. water hyacinth and alligator weed) have been accidentally or deliberately transported to other countries where they became invasive weeds. In 1962, the Agriculture Research Service (ARS) of the United States Department of Agriculture established the South American Biological Control Laborat...
Article
Full-text available
Classical biological control –or biocontrol- is a form of pest management comprising the release of specialized natural enemies (biocontrol agents) of an exotic pest. Classical biocontrol agents are scientifically selected from among the natural enemies the pest has in its native region. However biological control is firmly resisted in many countri...
Article
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Saltcedars are woody plants in the genus Tamarix L. (Caryophyllales: Tamaricaceae) and are native to Eurasia and Africa. Several species have become invasive in the Americas, Australia and South Africa. In Argentina there are four species of Tamarix distributed in arid, semi-arid and coastal areas of most provinces. The taxonomic isolation of Tamar...
Article
Full-text available
Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Anacardiaceae), is an invasive weed of natural and agricultural areas of Florida, Hawaii, and Texas (USA). Biological control presents an environmentally safe and cost-effective control method for invasive populations of this weed. Though many potential agents have been tested for specificity, ne...
Article
Cyrtobagous salviniae is widely used in several countries including the United States, South Africa and Australia for biological control of Salvinia molesta Mitchell (Salviniales: Salviniaceae). Despite considerable success in tropical and subtropical regions, the effectiveness of C. salviniae on S. molesta is inconsistent in temperate regions, ind...
Article
Full-text available
Schinus terebinthifolia (Brazilian Peppertree) is a South American plant that has become invasive in many countries around the world. It was introduced into the US about 100 years ago as an ornamental. Escaping cultivation, it now occurs in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Texas, California, and Hawai'i. This species is one of the most invasive weeds thr...
Article
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A new species is described from Argentina: Eueupithecia vollonoides sp. n. and a differential diagnosis from E. cisplatensis Prout, 1910 is given. The genus Eueupithecia Prout, 1910 (Sterrhinae), so far having been retained to be monotypic, includes two species now.
Article
Full-text available
Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Sapindales: Anacardiaceae), is one of the most invasive weeds in Florida and Hawaii. In the invaded range, this fast-growing weed from South America poses a threat to agriculture and cattle production and decreases the biodiveristy of natural areas. The thrips Pseudophilothrips ichini (Hood) (Thy...
Article
The bionomics and host range of Crasimorpha infuscata (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), were studied to assess its suitability as a biological control agent of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae) in the US. During surveys conducted in north-eastern Argentina and Brazil between 2004 and 2012, C. infuscata galls were found from north-eastern Cor...
Article
Full-text available
Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) (pompom weed), an invader in South Africa and Swaziland, threatens biodiversity conservation, agriculture and tourism in the region. We report on the host range and impact of the flower-feeding moth, Cochylis campuloclinium Brown (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), the second insect biological control a...
Article
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We report on the host range and impact of Liothrips tractabilis Mound and Pereyra (Thysanop-tera: Phlaeothripinae), the first biological control agent to be considered for Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) (pompom weed) in South Africa. Laboratory host-range tests were conducted on 45 Asteraceae species. Field host range studies...
Article
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Cardiospermum grandiflorum is an invasive creeper that was targeted for biological control in South Africa in 2003. To determine ecological host range of its natural enemies, surveys were conducted on C. grandiflorum and 11 other Sapindaceae at 40 sites in the weed's native range (Argentina). These surveys indicated that the seed-feeding weevil Cis...
Article
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Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) (Solanaceae) is a small shrub native to South America that is invasive in pastures and conservation areas across Florida. Dense patches of tropical soda apple not only reduce cattle stocking rates and limit their movement, but also serve as reservoirs for pests of solanaceous crops. A classical biological...
Article
Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) (Solanaceae) is a small shrub native to South America that is invasive in pastures and conservation areas across Florida. Dense patches of tropical soda apple not only reduce cattle stocking rates and limit their movement, but also serve as reservoirs for pests of solanaceous crops. A classical biological...
Article
Full-text available
Surveys for biological control agents of the invasive weed Schinus terebinthifolius (Anacardiaceae) discovered two Omolabus weevils (Coleoptera: Attelabidae) feeding on the plant in its native range. Molecular and morphological analysis indicated that one of these species consistently fed on the target weed and the other species fed more broadly. A...
Article
Invasive Prosopis species (Leguminosae) (mesquite) pose a significant threat to biodiversity, pasture production and water resources in South Africa. In an attempt to contain the spread of this noxious weed the South African authorities have supported the introduction of host-specific and damaging seed-feeding biocontrol agents. In order to increas...
Article
Full-text available
The host range of Leurocephala schinusae Davis & Mc Kay (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) was studied to assess its suitability as a biological control agent of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae), a serious environmental weed in the USA and elsewhere in the world. The host range was determined in the laboratory with adult no-choice oviposit...
Conference Paper
The host range of several species of leaf blotchers (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) were studied to assess their suitability as a biological control agents of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae), a serious environmental weed in the USA and elsewhere in the world. The host range was determined in the laboratory with adult no-choice oviposit...
Article
Full-text available
Recent surveys in southern Florida, USA, Brazil and Argentina, for biological control agents to assist in the control of the invasive Brazilian peppertree, have discovered several previously unknown species of plant mining Lepidoptera of the family Gracillariidae. Morphological descriptions with summaries of their biology for the following four new...
Article
Full-text available
During surveys for natural enemies that could be used as classical biological control agents of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Brazilian pepper), the caterpillar, Tecmessa elegans Schaus (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae), was recorded feeding on the leaves of the shrub in South America. The biology and larval and adult host range of this species were ex...
Article
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Neolasioptera aculeatae Gagné (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is described as a new species from stem swellings on Parkinsonia aculeata L. (Leguminosae) in NW Argentina. The new species appears to be a good candidate for the biological control of its host in Australia, where the plant was accidentally introduced and is currently a serious pest. The specie...
Article
Full-text available
Adults of the weevil Plectrophoroides lutra were evaluated for biological control of Schinus terebinthifolius. No-choice tests conducted on North American and other valued plants indicated the adults fed on all species offered. Thus, it is unlikely that P. lutra will be developed as a biological control for S. terebinthifolius.
Article
Exploratory field surveys of the natural enemies associated with balloon vine Cardiospermum grandiflorum Swartz, an environmental weed in South Africa, Australia and other countries, were conducted in northern Argentina from 2005 to 2009. The surveys included other plant species in the genus Cardiospermum and other native Sapindaceae, permitting an...
Article
Full-text available
Una prueba de campo fué conducida para evaluar la especificidad del escarabajo suramericano defoliador Gratiana boliviana Spaeth para control biológico de Solanum viarum Dunal en los Estados Unidos. La prueba con berenjena se realizó en el campo experimental de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, y una parcela control con S. viarum fué estab...
Article
Full-text available
Brazilian peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Anacardiaceae) is a perennial tree native to Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. The plant was introduced into the USA before 1900. Originally grown as an ornamental, Brazilian peppertree is now considered an noxious plant in Hawaii and Florida, where it is ranked among the most important threats t...
Article
Full-text available
Three new species of the weevil genus Achia Champion are described: A. urvilleae Clark and Burke from the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil and Misiones Province, Argentina; A. uniformis Clark and Burke from Bolivia; and A. boliviana Clark and Burke from Bolivia and Salta and Santiago del Estero provinces, Argentina. Keys and illustrations to facilit...
Article
Full-text available
Field surveys conducted in Argentina proved Plectonycha correntina Lacordaire (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to be a promising biocontrol agent against the Neotropical perennial climber, Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis (Basellaceae), a serious environmental weed in Africa and Australasia. Larvae and adults feed on the leaves. The host range was e...
Article
Full-text available
Mesquites (Prosopis spp.) are thorny leguminous shrubs or trees native to Southwest Asia, Africa, and predominantly North and South America. Introduced as beneficial plants to India, Pakistan, South Africa, Egypt, Kuwait, Australia, U.S.A. (Hawaii), and Brazil, some Prosopis species have become invasive in some of these countries. Mechanical and ch...

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Projects (4)
Archived project
Actualmente en Argentina no se está evaluando al Control Biologico (CB) como método viable para controlar a las exoticas invasoras establecidas. El objetivo de mi tesis es, a partir de la base datos de Exoticas invasoras de Argentina (INBIAR), evaluar las especies mas aptas para ser tratadas por CB. Para lograrlo me basaré en el protocolo desarrollado por Paynter et al (2009) y tendré en cuenta la modificación de Maczey et al (2012). • Maczey, N. Tanner, R. Cheesman, O y Shaw, R. 2012. Understanding and addressing the impact of invasive non-native species in the UK Overseas Territories in the South Atlantic: A review of the potential for biocontrol. • Paynter, Q. Dawson, M. Hill, R y Bellgard, S. 2009. Improving Targeting of Weed Biological Control Projects in Australia. Final Report. Project number: LRN004729. Publicado por Land & Water Australia. Enero 2009. PN: 22434. Disponible en: http://lwa.gov.au/products/pn22434
Project
Survey for natural enemies and biological and ecological studies related to brazilian plants considered weeds overseas as Schinus terebinthifolia, Pereskia aculeata, Psidium cattleianum, Conyza bonariensis, Passiflora faetida.