Ferdinando Ofria

Ferdinando Ofria
Università degli Studi di Messina | UNIME · Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Aziendali, Ambientali e Metodologie Quantitative

PhD
Associate Professor of Economic Policy, University of Messina

About

50
Publications
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Introduction
Associate Professor of Economic Policy at the University of Messina. He received his PhD in Development Economics at Federico II University in Naples. He taught economics at “Roma Tre” University. He deals with issues related to economic development, with particular reference to the analysis of the causes of the differences in productivity between the Centre-North and the South of Italy.

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to identify the long run determinants of productivity growth for the manufacturing sector of the Italian regions. Demand and supply-side factors are considered: on the demand side, we refer to the estimation of the Verdoorn effect, while, on the supply side, we explore the role of R&D expenditures and transport infras...
Article
Purpose – The aim of this study is to investigate the validity of the Kaldor-Verdoorn's law in explaining the long-run determinants of the labor productivity growth for the manufacturing sector of some developed economies (Western European Countries, Australia, Canada, Japan and the USA). Design/methodology/approach – The authors consider the peri...
Book
Full-text available
L'ipotesi di partenza di questa ricerca, confermata dai risultati eco-nometrici, è che vi sia da alcuni anni, nei territori dove sono presenti beni confiscati riutilizzati ai fini sociali, un senso di riscatto nei con-fronti della criminalità organizzata da parte della " società civile ". Non a caso, in molti Comuni del Mezzogiorno, caratterizzati...
Article
Full-text available
This study empirically investigates the Kaldor-Verdoorn Law for the Agriculture, Constructions, Industry (narrowly-defined) and Marketable Services sectors of the Centre-North and Southern parts of Italy. Differently from previous studies about the Italian economy, this paper considers the Agriculture and Constructions sectors, both for the Centre-...
Article
Full-text available
This paper verifies if the organised crime ("camorra", "cosa nostra", "'ndrangheta" and "sacra corona unita") has had a negative impact on the growth rate of labour productivity in Italian Regions mostly affected by such criminal phenomena (Calabria, Campania, Puglia and Sicily), during the period 1983-2005. The originality of this study, in compar...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Non-performing loans (NPLs) may determine an overall weakness of the banking system within a country. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the impact of government failures on NPLs in Asian countries in the time span 2000–2020. The variables employed as proxies of government failures are public debt as % of gross domestic product...
Chapter
The EU Disability Strategy 2010–2020 has been developed with the aim of realizing a barrier-free Europe, empowering people with disabilities to participate fully in society. As far as tourism is concerned, attention could be directed at investigating if it is possible for disabled people to visit museums, archeological areas, etc., without hindranc...
Article
This paper uses the information on elderly visitors, drawn from a survey carried out by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) in 2018, to identify the factors that facilitate or hinder senior tourists’ visits to museums. The resulting evidence captures how the accessibility of museums impacts the share of elderly visitors who have ac...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to identify some factors that facilitate elderly visits to cultural institutions in the island Italian regions, Sicily and Sardinia. The sample (ISTAT data) refer to 2018 and considers 550 observations. We test three hypotheses: i. Do the intensity of public transport services and the extent of the connection network facil...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose is to analyze the spatially varying impacts of corruption and public debt as % of GDP (proxies of government failures) on non-performing loans (NPLs) in European countries; comparing two periods: one prior to the crisis of 2007 and another one after that. The authors first modeled the NPLs with an ordinary lest square (OLS) regr...
Article
Full-text available
The EU Disability Strategy 2010-2020 has been developed with the aim to realize a barrier-free Europe in order to empower people with disabilities to participate fully in society, including the possibility to travel. In this light, the 2015 European Accessibility Act sets accessibility requirements for products and services and the Regulations on t...
Article
Full-text available
In a global market, agro-food innovation becomes a fundamental element for the development and growth of a company. But the introduction of innovations cannot be separated from the implications related to the differentiation of agricultural or agro-food products, or to the improvement of the quality of the product. This research seeks to identify,...
Article
Full-text available
The drug market is now established as the main business for criminal organizations. The prohibition policy has failed to reduce the consumption of drugs, but rather had the effect of increasing costs. Regulation and legalization of this market, in terms of costs and benefits to the community, would result in substantial net benefits, resulting prim...
Article
Full-text available
Il maggiore grado di rischio affrontato dalle aziende di credito del Mezzogiorno, rispetto a quelle del resto del Paese, è un tema che da anni interessa la letteratura economica. Alcuni studi (Morelli e Pittaluga, 1998; Barra et al, 2014) soffermano la loro attenzione sulla maggiore durata delle recessioni economiche nelle aree meridionali e sui co...
Working Paper
Full-text available
In Italy, Cooperative Credit Banks (CCBs), unlike large banks, despite the economic downturn, have continued to extend credit to customers, but at the cost of a higher incidence of bad credit. This increased credit risk of local banks has been caused by management policy choices, such as preferring to modify the conditions applicable to credit supp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
http://www.camera.it/leg17/824?tipo=C&anno=2016&mese=05&giorno=26&view=filtered_scheda&commissione=0212&pagina=#data.20160526.com0212.bollettino.sede00020
Article
Full-text available
Nel settore manifatturiero, considerato engine of growth, esiste un “rapporto costante nel lungo periodo tra saggio di crescita della produzione e saggio di crescita della produttività del lavoro”. Un incremento di un punto percentuale del prodotto genera un incremento pari ad 0,5 della produttività. Lo sostiene, come è noto, una legge formulata da...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Come è noto, il fenomeno della contraffazione penalizzare l'economia italiana sotto diversi profili. Produce, infatti, danni elevati: 1) ai consumatori, se inconsapevoli o, comunque, ignari dei rischi che corrono qualora dovessero utilizzare componenti non omologati; 2) alle imprese, per la perdita di fatturato che devono subire e per i costi che d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On the one hand, in favour of the EMU, there were those who, inspired by the neoclassical model, argued that through the European Community's economic and social cohesion policy it would be possible to eliminate not only so-called external diseconomies (lack of infrastructures, presence of crime, lack of human capital etc.), but also all those inst...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean migration to Italy is managed by criminal organizations using an extensive and well-structured network which can take root and proliferate in many European countries. This paper, after describing the geopolitical and demographic characteristics of migration in the Mediterranean, analyses the business of crime in overseeing the smuggli...
Chapter
Full-text available
This work examines whether, for the years 2006-2011, the higher levels of risk involved in the management of banks in southern Italy compared to the centre-north of the country, irrespective of the crisis, are related to the “socio-environmental” context. A sample of 431 cooperative banks is considered, since the branches of this type of bank are f...
Article
Full-text available
Il paper si sofferma sulle relazioni che esistono fra la criminalità e la qualità dell’offerta di credito da parte delle banche locali con particolare riferimento al credito cooperativo
Article
Full-text available
Prohibitionist policies on drugs failed to reduce their use, which grew in recent years in all countries. Despite law enforcement activities, the proceeds of the drug market for criminal organizations remain very high worldwide. The regulation of this market would result in substantial advantages in terms of costs and benefits for the community bec...
Article
Full-text available
During the 1990’s a number of essays have explored the possible effects of an European Monetary Union (EMU) in the weakest areas and the South of Italy. In particular, these studies have started a debate on the hypothesis that a common currency could help solving the “Southern Question” (“Questione meridionale”) – a debate raising both optimistic a...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the 1990’s a number of essays have explored the possible effects of an European Monetary Union (EMU) in the weakest areas and the South of Italy. In particular, these studies have started a debate on the hypothesis that a common currency could help solving the “Southern Question” (“Questione meridionale”) – a debate raising both optimistic a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity of the Kaldor-Verdoorn's law in explaining the long-run determinants of the labor productivity growth for the manufacturing sector of some developed economies (Western European Countries, Australia, Canada, Japan and the USA). Design/methodology/approach: The authors consider the period...
Article
Full-text available
In the mid 1990s a number of essays have explored the possible effects of a European Monetary Union (EMU) in the weakest areas and the South of Italy. In particular, these studies have started a debate on the hypothesis that a common currency could help solving the «Southern Question» («Questione meridionale ») - a debate raising both optimistic an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers a sample of 228 Italian organisations providing communal services with the aim of measuring their technical efficiency using the DEA (Date Envelopment Analysis) method and of testing the existence of efficiency differentials among nonprofit, forprofit and public organisations. The results show that no significant efficiency dif...
Chapter
Full-text available
L'economia invisibile costituisce una pesante zavorra per il sistema produttivo siciliano. Meccanismi distorsivi della concorrenza accrescono costi e prezzi; la bassa legalità provoca un effetto scoraggiamento nei confronti degli investimenti esterni ed una selezione al ribasso tra le nuove leve imprenditoriali. Tre gli scenar si i ipotizzano nel s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sintesi l'obiettivo di questo studio è di verificare la validità della legge "Kaldor-Verdoorn" per spiegare le determinanti di lungo periodo del saggio di crescita della produttività del lavoro nel settore "Industria in senso stretto" dell'economia italiana, per gli anni 1951-2006. Rispetto a precedenti studi sul tema, per l'economia italiana, ques...
Book
Full-text available
Il volume si articola su tre tematiche principali: 1) tentare di spiegare il perché la corruzione è più diffusa in alcuni Paesi piuttosto che in altri; 2) evidenziare il peso della criminalità organizzata sul fenomeno corruttivo nel Mezzogiorno d'Italia e, in particolare, in Sicilia nel campo degli appalti; 3) cercare di indicare quali possibili po...
Book
Full-text available
Il fenomeno della contraffazione sembra oggi penalizzare l’economia italiana sotto diversi profili. Produce, infatti, danni elevati: i) ai consumatori, se inconsapevoli o, comunque, ignari dei rischi che corrono utilizzando componenti non omologati; ii) alle imprese, per la perdita di fatturato che devono subire e per i costi che devono sostenere n...
Book
Full-text available
Il lavoro è così strutturato. Il primo capitolo, espone un quadro dei fenomeni estorsione e usura, seguendo i risultati offerti dalle indagini della Confesercenti, da quelle delle Forze dell’ordine, dal Rapporto sullo stato di sicurezza in Italia del Ministero dell’Interno, dalla Relazione della Commissione parlamentare antimafia, dalla Risoluzione...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is divided in two parts. The first, exposes a review ofthe empirical literature on the italian economy and particularly on the Italian Mezzogiorno dealing with the relationship between government expenditure in public works, corruption, and productivity in the private sector of the economy. These studies underline the fact that corruptio...
Chapter
Full-text available
L’obiettivo di questo lavoro è offrire una rassegna di studi empirici per l’economia italiana in cui si è tentato, fondamentalmente, di individuare, a livello regionale, l’impatto che la dotazione di infrastrutture genera sulla performance economica. In sintesi, i principali risultati che emergono, dagli studi analizzati in rassegna, evidenziano ch...
Article
Full-text available
Crime in southern Italy, its impact on banking risks
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of empirical studies that individualize, for Italian economy, the motivations that stimulate firms to use forms of profit sharing. The main results are that, in the period previous to the Protocol (of July 23, 1993), profit sharing was used by few firms and mostly to increase productivity. In the period following to the...
Book
Full-text available
Il lavoro, riferendosi all'economia italiana, tenta di rispondere a due quesiti di fondo: 1) perché esistono fenomeni di alta criminalità organizzata in certe aree territoriali e non in altre; 2)se è possibile misurare gli effetti che la criminalità produce sulle attività produttive e quindi sul livello di sviluppo economico delle aree territoriali...
Article
Full-text available
This research has a double objective. First, we analyse the regional discrepancies of produc-tivity for the manufacturing industry. Second, we empirically investigate the hypothesis that exists a relationship between regional discrepancies and environmental factors for the firms manufacturing italians that export and for that which only sell on the...
Article
Full-text available
Questo lavoro, utilizzando una metodologia econometrica stocastica di frontiera, considera due misure di produttività globale per un campione di 498 aziende di credito cooperativo, appartenenti alle diverse regioni italiane. Tali misure sono stimate considerando sia come argomenti della funzione di produzione solo free capital, immobilizzazioni tec...
Article
Full-text available
This research has a double objective. First, we analyse the regional discrepancies of productivity for the manufacturing industry. Second, we empirically investigate the hy-pothesis that exists a relationship between regional discrepancies and environmental fac-tors. To calculate the productivity we used data, relative to 1991, sourced from the "Fi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a survey of some important research where productivity in Italian industry has been analyzed. Such studies can be distinguished between those which do not consider the territorial features of the phenomenon and those concerned with the causes of productivity gaps between Centre-North and South areas. The works analyzed are also...
Article
Full-text available
Lo scopo del paper è di presentare uno schema interpretativo delle determinanti di lungo periodo del saggio di crescita della produttività oraria del lavoro, sia per il Centro-Nord sia per il Mezzogiorno, per gli anni 1951-1992, nei seguenti settori: manifattura, energia e servizi vendibili. https://www.rivisteweb.it/doi/10.1432/3723
Book
Full-text available
Questo volume analizza i divari regionali di produttività esistenti nell'industria manifatturiera italiana e sottopone a verifica empirica alcune spiegazioni di questi divari proposte nella letteratura più recente. Nella prima parte del lavoro, l'autore esamina alcune metodologie proposte dalla letteratura economica per misurare i livelli e i sagg...

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Project
In Italy, Cooperative Credit Banks (CCBs), unlike large banks, despite the economic downturn, have continued to extend credit to customers, but at the cost of a higher incidence of bad credit. This increased credit risk of local banks has been caused by management policy choices, such as preferring to modify the conditions applicable to credit supply and to engage firms in long-term credit relationships rather than initiating credit recovery procedures. The originality of this empirical analysis lies in its demonstration of the effects of environmental factors related to the spread of crime and lower economic well-being, higher unemployment and poverty in families on the credit market in Southern Italy. This correlation between the riskiness of credit for CCBs and socioeconomic variables has also been reported through the analysis of territorial differences between geographical areas. This analysis highlights a broader diffusion in this macro-region than in the North and Centre. Finally, an OLS approach with panel corrected standard error is provided for modelling the credit risk as a function of environmental factors.