Ferdinand Ludwig

Ferdinand Ludwig
Technische Universität München | TUM · Department of Architecture

Prof. Dr.

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81
Publications
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178
Citations

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
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Die Etablierung von Baumfassaden in Städten verspricht neue Wege des Klimaschutzes und der Klimaanpassung am Gebäude und auf Quartiersebene. Für ein soziales Wohnungsbauprojekt in Bamberg werden große Bäume so nah an die Fassade gepflanzt, dass sie zur Verschattung und Kühlung des Gebäudes beitragen, den Prozess des stetigen Wandels in die Architek...
Article
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Urban spaces are often dominated by paved surfaces and ongoing processes of densification; consequently, intensifying the urban heat island effect. In order to strengthen the liveability of urban spaces, an adequate amount of green spaces is needed. Trees in planters are an alternative greening solution; however, the lack of root space due to under...
Article
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Urbanisation, due to its contribution to climate change and loss of biodiversity, damages ecosystems, thereby affecting human health and well-being. Current urban and architectural design approaches, that aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, include, among other strategies, the integration of greening systems but focusing primarily...
Article
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Blue-green architecture (BGA) describes buildings and open spaces that combine nature-based and technical systems of vegetation and urban water management. This creates positive effects on the urban climate, public health, biodiversity, and water balance. In this study, a design strategy for BGA is applied and evaluated on a practical project. The...
Article
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The current need to redevelop post-war residential settlements opens up the opportunity to exploit the potential for densification and for the climatic and energetic activation of building envelopes through greenery and photovoltaics. The question arises as to which design strategies help to identify and balance relevant solar, green, and densifica...
Article
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Living architecture, changing in structure with annual growth, requires precise, regular characterisation. However, its geometric irregularity and topological complexity make documentation using traditional methods difficult and presents challenges in creating useful models for mechanical and physiological analyses. Two kinds of living architecture...
Poster
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Strategien zur Klimawandelanpassung im urbanen Raum erfordern die vermehrte Verwendung von Vegetation zur Verminderung von Hitzebelastungen und für den Regenwasserrückhalt nach Starkregenereignissen. In den bayerischen Ballungsräumen steht das Grün aber aufgrund des Bevölkerungswachstums durch bauliche Nachverdichtung bzw. hochverdichtete Bauweisen...
Article
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Dürre oder Starkregen: Wie wir zukünftig mit unseren Wasserressourcen umgehen, entscheidet letztendlich über die Lebensqualität in unseren Städten. Das Forschungsprojekt INTERESS-I erprobt urbane blau-grüne Infrastrukturen in der Nähe der Großbaustelle Stuttgart 21. Das Projektteam stellt Ihnen hier erste Ergebnisse des Impulsprojekts vor und zeigt...
Conference Paper
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Living architecture is characterized by dynamic and complex processes, thus requiring a non-static design approach with precise measurement and representation. The next generation of designers are data native and today's circumstances, such as international collaboration and pandemic restrictions, necessitate greater exploration of computational to...
Article
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This position paper discusses the topic of living architecture in the broader context of gardens and healthy urban environments. It takes up the idea of understanding the earth as a "planetary garden" by Gilles Clement and explains how architecture with and from living trees could contribute to this vision. For this purpose, the German term Baubota...
Article
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Blue-green architecture entails buildings that contribute to improving the urban climate through the synergetic combination of water management and vegetation. They are part of an urban blue-green infrastructure network that combines ecosystem services in a multifunctional way. Projects implemented in an interdisciplinary manner create synergies wi...
Chapter
Greening cities is one of the major climate adaptation measures looking to mitigate urban heat island effects and enhance living conditions in cities. With increasing temperatures and less summer precipitation due to climate change, the maintenance and management of green spaces is essential in regard to urban resilience and the sustainable use of...
Article
Urban greenspaces showed the potential to lessen the urban heat island effect. However, a detailed understanding on the mechanisms of different components of greenspaces such as grass surfaces, trees or a combination of grey and green infrastructure on reducing heat loads at local and city scale and different weather conditions is still limited. We...
Article
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This article seeks to initiate research into traditional rural hedging techniques, hedge types, and hedgerow networks for the purpose of their potential adaptation as urban green systems (UGS). The research involves three scales: (1) the plant scale and related manipulation techniques; (2) hedgerows and their context-specific types, ecosystem funct...
Article
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Keywords: Research Perspectives; Research Reflection; Research Methodologies; Knowledge Creation; Architectural Knowledge; Design Research; Research Funding.
Article
In the context of climate change and accelerating urbanization, urban vegetation is more important than ever. With their size and biomass, trees are the most important elements for creating required and pleasant living conditions. However, the established techniques with which we plan tree planting and then implement and maintain them are often not...
Chapter
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Gebäude gelten derzeit als umweltfreundlich, wenn sie der Natur möglichst wenig Schaden zufügen und einen möglichst kleinen ökologischen Fußabdruck hinterlassen. Gemessen wird dies meist an ihrem Energieverbrauch. Aus diesem Grunde wird die Interaktion des Gebäudes mit der Umwelt durch eine Maximierung der Dämmung und eine Minimierung der Außenfläc...
Technical Report
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Die Liegenschaften des Freistaates Bayerns stehen mit ihrer Umgebung in einem ökologischen Zusammenhang. Diesen Kontext gilt es bei der Planung von Maßnahmen zur Förderung der Artenvielfalt zu erkennen und zu berücksichtigen. Er bestimmt, mit welchen Arten zu rechnen ist und welche potenziell gefördert werden können. Damit wirken die Maßnahmen in d...
Article
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Urban Microclimate Canopy is a digitally fabricated fiber glass structure supporting climbing plants in order to explore new ways of integrating vegetation in densely built urban environments. A prototype was designed and manufactured in the context of an interdisciplinary studio with master’s students following an approach of research by design. V...
Article
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Living root bridges (LRBs) are functional load-bearing structures grown from Ficus elastica by rural Khasi and Jaintia communities in Meghalaya (India). Formed without contemporary engineering design tools, they are a unique example of vernacular living architecture. The main objective of this study is to investigate to what extent LRBs can be seen...
Article
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In Anbetracht der fortschreitenden Urbanisierung und der bestehenden, nicht klimatisch angepassten Siedlungsstrukturen müssen nachhaltige Transformationsstrategien für die urbane Infrastruktur entwickelt werden. In der vorliegenden Studie werden mithilfe blau-grüner Infrastrukturen integrative Konzepte für eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung aufgezei...
Poster
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Im Rahmen des Forschungsvorhabens INTERESS-I (Integrierte Strategien zur Stärkung blau-grüner Infrastrukturen) wird aktuell exemplarisch in einem „Impulsprojekt“ in Stuttgart demonstriert, wie Regenwasserspeicherung und Grauwasseraufbereitung zur Bewässerung von Fassadenbegrünung kombiniert werden können. Temporäre Wohncontainer an der Baustelle St...
Article
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Blue-green infrastructure is a network of natural and near-natural areas that has a positive effect on the quality of urban environment. This multifunctional planning approach addresses different issues and objectives depending on whether the focus is on the blue (wa-ter) or the green (vegetation) elements. Green-motivated projects aim to densify u...
Article
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Living Root Bridges (LRBs), grown by rural Khasi and Jaintia communities in Meghalaya (India), are the best known example of functional living architecture. Over 70 bridges, as well as ladders, pathways and platforms have been grown from a single species (Ficus elastica), using a collection of construction methods in regionally specific environment...
Article
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Die sektorale Betrachtungsweise komplexer Problemlagen behindert in vielen Fällen innovative Lösungen für die nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung. Eine integrierte etrachtungsweise hingegen, bei der unterschiedliche Blickwinkel und die Analyse der Abhängigkeiten bzw. Verstärkungseffekte betrachtet werden, ermöglichen einen neuen Zugang und damit vielfälti...
Article
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Überflutungsfähige Stadtquartiere bieten die Möglichkeit, Überschwemmungsgebiete als neue Stadtviertel zu erschließen, ohne dabei die Wirksamkeit des Überschwemmungsgebietes für den Flussraum zu beeinträchtigen. Vorhandene und in der Praxis erprobte Beispiele hochwasserangepasster Bebauung veranschaulichen in Ansätzen, dass dies möglich ist. Die hi...
Article
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Here we report on a pilot study of the Living Root Bridges (LRBs) in the Indian State Meghalaya, which are grown with aerial roots of Ficus elastica, a facultative hemiepiphyte developing abundant aerial roots. Locals use these aerial roots to build living bridges, which strengthen themselves over time due to adaptive secondary growth and their cap...
Poster
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EKSOTECTURE & EKSOSCAPE is a collaborative research project (EKSOSKE) based on multifunctional eksoskeletons and seismic-green-masterplans. It consists of different strategies that use the technically necessary retrofitting of existing buildings as a chance to create a resilient infrastructural ecosystem: green urban corridors and green roofs. In E...
Article
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Im Vordergrund der Bauwerksbegrünung stehen üblicherweise Dach- und Fassadenbegrünung. In den letzten Jahren haben sich darüber hinaus freistehende Vertikalbegrünungen als eigenständige grüne Bauwerke etabliert. Allen Begrünungsformen ist gemein, dass sie ohne zusätzliche Bewässerung gar nicht existieren können bzw. die erhoffte stadtklimatische Wi...
Conference Paper
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Thinking about verticality – A change of perspective expands space and opens up for new points of view. This change also enables a new way of thinking about the future of urban open spaces. Because if we expand horizontal open spaces into verticality, we find new and inspiring perspectives. Considering urgent social problems and climatic challenges...
Article
Beitrag erschienen im Magazin 100 green SPACES, Ausgabe 2019.
Article
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Erschienen in Transforming Cities, 3-2018.
Article
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Artikel erschienen in luxlumina Nr. 23 | 2018 zum Thema Licht in der Stadt und im urbanen Raum.
Article
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Artikel von Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ferdinand Ludwig, erschienen in luxlumina Nr. 23 | 2018 zum Thema Licht in der Stadt und im urbanen Raum.
Book
Thinking about verticality - A change of perspective expands space and opens up new perspectives. This change also enables for a new way of thinking about the future of urban open spaces. Because when we expand horizontal open spaces into verticality, we find new and inspiring Perspectives. Considering urgent social problems and climatic challen...
Book
Full-text available
Der Forschungscampus Garching im Norden von München ist eines der größten Zentren für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Lehre in Deutschland. Hier werden unter anderem neue Verkehrskonzepte entwickelt, die zu einer Veränderung unserer Mobilitätskultur beitragen und die vorherrschende Rolle des Autos in Frage stellen. Alltag heute ist jedoch, dass e...
Article
Ferdinand Ludwig is a German architect and Professor for Green Technologies in Landscape Architecture at the Technical University of Munich. His research interest, which he initially developed while studying at the University of Stuttgart, concerns using trees' natural constructive abilities for architectural purposes. Based on their research, Ludw...
Article
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Erschienen in Transforming Cities, 1-2017. Das vorliegende Forschungsvorhaben verfolgt das Ziel, konkrete Entwurfsbeispiele und Umsetzungsstrategien zu erarbeiten, um die stadtklimatischen Potentiale der Baubotanik in der Praxis zur Anwendung zu bringen. Die Baubotanik bietet, insbesondere durch die Technik der Pflanzenaddition, die Möglichkeit, d...
Article
Baubotanik – the construction method that uses living plants for load bearing in architectural structures – provides a surprising ability to anticipate the latent convergence of non-living and living systems in architecture. Through interdisciplinary research by architects, engineers and biologists it aims to synthesise architectural qualities, con...
Thesis
Der Grundgedanke der Baubotanik ist, Bauwerke durch das Zusammenwirken technischen Fügens und pflanzlichen Wachsens entstehen zu lassen, indem Pflanzen als lebende Konstruktionselemente eingesetzt und derart mit nicht-lebenden Bauteilen verbunden werden, dass sie zu einer pflanzlich-technischen Verbundstruktur verwachsen. Eine solche Vorgehensweise...

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Projects

Projects (10)
Project
The Research Training Group UGI integrates urban planning and design, urban ecosystems, and human health. It harnesses an innovative concept of social-ecological-technological systems (SETS) to tackle current issues in urban environments. Specifically, it will conduct cutting-edge research in UGIs, i.e., parks, green streets, and sustainable drainage systems, to understand the underlying mechanisms of ecosystem functions and services. Furthermore, the RTG will conduct social research in collaboration with urban communities and policymakers to approach problems at multiple levels, from individuals to governing bodies. The research is divided into three interactive and interdisciplinary clusters. A unique and rigorous training program will be led by experts in urban governance, mobility, architecture, ecosystem, and human health to achieve transdisciplinary research and education. Furthermore, candidates will work with policymakers and other scientists since urban transformation is a collaborative and international endeavor. The RTG will educate motivated scholars equipped to approach urban-centered problems with advanced tools to understand and propose sustainable solutions for people and ecosystems. The Research Training Group (RTG) Urban Green Infrastructure (UGI) aims to: 1. Advance a systemic understanding of the interrelationships between social, ecological, and technological processes in the urban environment in an inter- and transdisciplinary study. 2. Develop innovative urban green infrastructure that smartly blends green, blue, and gray infrastructure in three fields of application: transformation of urban space for biodiversity and quality of life; indoor and outdoor climate; and urban stormwater management. 3. Explore three strategies for the transformation of urban areas via UGI towards sustainability and resilience: operationalization, substitution, and integration.
Project
O1. Structure and function of manipulated trees - document selected manipulation techniques such as pruning and bending branches and resultant changes in growth and mechanics; O2. Ecosystem services - develop models to simulate the provision of ecosystem services such as shading or cooling by transpiration; O3. Growth simulation and analysis methods - explore the link between plant manipulation, structure (the plant’s grown form) and physiological processes at a plant organ’s scale; O4. Computational Design for urban green system - develop a decision-support system that provides the possibility to evaluate the short-term reactions of tree growth to manipulations with respect to their long-term spatial and microclimatic outcomes ; O5. Validation - evaluate the decision-support system through design applications and cases.