Felix Bühlmann

Felix Bühlmann
University of Lausanne | UNIL ·  Institut des sciences sociales (ISS)

Dr. ès sc. soc.

About

69
Publications
12,273
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
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Over the recent decades, the turn to managerial governance has thoroughly transformed the European university systems and, by extension, the careers of university professors. Scholars postulated that professors’ careers have undergone an increasing formalization, that disciplinary careers have been hybridized, and that new modes of selection and re...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this article unfortunately requires correction with respect to the names of the authors. Instead of Benz Pierre, Bühlmann Felix, and Mach André, the names should read Pierre Benz, Felix Bühlmann, and André Mach.
Article
During most of the twentieth century, it was possible to consider Switzerland a coordinated market economy, characterized by dense interfirm networks and the strong role of business associations. Thanks to their cohesion and collective organization, in a context of quiet politics and informal institutions, business elites could largely self-regulat...
Chapter
This chapter adopts a life course perspective to study poverty and economic insecurity. First, it explains the advantages of a life course perspective for the study of poverty and gives a historical overview of the field. Next, we discuss two specific life course perspectives that may illuminate the longitudinal patterns and experiences of poverty:...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this paper we discuss the methodological implication of the use of “international capital” or “cosmopolitan capital” in quantitative studies of national elites and national fields of power. In the wake of the globalization and transnationalization of formerly “national” elite fields, these concepts have become important to understand how interna...
Article
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Globalisation has led to the transformation of the field of higher education, including an increase in international students’ mobility and new offers of internationalised educational curricula “at home”. This evolution provides new opportunities for both intentional and non-intentional strategies of educational internationalisation, which are a po...
Article
This article contributes to the debate about how more recent professions, especially those related to management, might achieve a semblance of ‘professionalism’ in the absence of the conditions that facilitated the creation of the traditional professions such as medicine, law or accounting in the 19th century. Much of the recent literature has eith...
Chapter
Career landscapes have changed over the recent decades with a de-standardization of career paths. Globalization, more flexible labor markets, and new ways of working are just a few of the many factors that erode the boundaries of a well-defined career path. Today, many workers are thus confronted by the vulnerability paradox, where diverse career o...
Article
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»Internationalisierung der Volks- und Betriebswirtschaftslehre: Exzellenzimport, kosmopolitisches Kapital oder amerikanische Dominanz?«. In recent times internationality has become an indicator for scientific excellence arguing that it will create talent, diversity, and inspiration. But what does “internationality” really stand for in science? In o...
Article
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La profession infirmière connait une rapide croissance des effectifs dans tous les pays occidentaux. Avec la multiplication des secteurs extrahospitaliers, l’académisation des formations et l’instauration de hiérarchies propres, cette croissance s’accompagne d’un processus de différenciation horizontal autant que vertical. Dans un tel contexte, il...
Chapter
Full-text available
A growing proportion of the European population faces situations of vulnerability. Stable employees feel more and more at risk of losing their job or of experiencing a deterioration of their employment situation (Gallie et al. 1998). The share of standard employment relationships are declining, whereas atypical and precarious employment is on the r...
Poster
Full-text available
The nursing profession undergoes a double process of differentiation in all Western countries: horizontal, with the unprecedented development of out-of-hospital care, and vertical, with an increasingly academic focus in training. The objective of this research is to analyse the nursing profession through the Fields theory of Pierre Bourdieu.
Article
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Eine Umfrage bei Pflegefachpersonen in der Romandie lässt erstmals ein differenziertes Bild der Berufsangehörigen zu. Das Wissen darüber gibt wertvolle Hinweise für die weitere Entwicklung der Profession, aber auch berufspolitische Strategien.
Article
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Un sondage effectué par une équipe de sociologues auprès des professionnels infirmiers romands permet pour la première fois de dresser un portrait de la profession.
Chapter
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https://www.routledge.com/New-Directions-in-Elite-Studies/Korsnes-Heilbron-Hjellbrekke-Buhlmann-Savage/p/book/9781138059191
Article
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O objetivo do artigo é entender as transformações recentes das elites suíças com base em um banco de dados sobre elites políticas, econômicas e administrativas que abrange todo o século xx. A partir desse conjunto de informações investigamos a origem social, educação e mecanismos de concertação das elites suíças. Detectamos que, por um longo tempo,...
Book
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Since the financial crisis, the issue of the ‘one percent’ has become the centre of intense public debate, unavoidable even for members of the elite themselves. Moreover, inquiring into elites has taken centre-stage once again in both journalistic investigations and academic research. New Directions in Elite Studies attempts to move the social sci...
Article
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As a scientific discipline and profession, law has been for centuries at the heart of social and political power of many Western societies. Professors of law, as influential representatives of the profession, are important powerbrokers between academia, politics and the corporate world. Their influence is based on scientific reputation, institution...
Book
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Männlich, Akademiker, Armeeoffizier, freisinnig: Schweizer Wirtschaftsführer bildeten bis in die zweite Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts eine exklusive Gruppe. Ab den 1990er-Jahren internationalisierten sich die Konzernspitzen, die nationalen Seilschaften verloren an Bedeu- tung. Die bis dahin für die Schweiz typische Kohärenz von wirtschaftlichen, poli...
Article
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Research on European business elites has been dominated by a ‘national career model’ approach, arguing that each country has a specific top management career pattern. In recent years, this line of argument has been challenged due to the increasing international circulation of top managers. To examine the impact of internationalisation on career mod...
Article
This paper studies the rise of professors of economics and business studies in the second half of the 20th century in Switzerland. It focuses on three types of power resources: positions in the university hierarchy, scientific reputation and extra-academic positions in the economic and political spheres. Based on a biographical database of N = 487...
Book
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En juillet 2015, Tidjane Thiam devenait directeur général du Credit Suisse. La nomination du dirigeant franco-ivoirien a eu un immense écho, un journal parlant même « d’effet Obama ». Une telle nomination aurait été impensable il y a trente ans. Ce livre offre, pour la première fois, une synthèse portant sur l’évolution du profil sociologique des d...
Book
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It is common for European couples living fairly egalitarian lives to adopt a traditional division of labour at the transition to parenthood. Based on in-depth interviews with 334 parents-to-be in eight European countries, this book explores the implications of family policies and gender culture from the perspective of couples who are expecting thei...
Article
This article analyses the social profile of Geneva's philanthropists around 1900. It shows that, contrary to what the literature on philanthropy argues, philanthropists belonged to varied social groups defined by diverse forms of capital (economic, social and cultural) and were involved in philanthropic activities related to their social status. To...
Article
In spite of several decades of development, the theoretical underpinnings of life course research go rarely beyond the five general principles formulated by Elder. This article proposes a socio-structural framework based on a definition of the life course as an individual movement through social space. It integrates structural and cultural aspects,...
Article
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À partir d’une base de données originale sur les professeurs de droit et de sciences économiques des universités suisses sur l’ensemble du XXe siècle, cet article rend compte des diverses dynamiques d’internationalisation de ces élites. Trois enseignements majeurs peuvent être tirés de nos analyses. D’abord, d’un point de vue diachronique, il est p...
Article
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Die enge Verflechtung der Eliten in der Schweiz wurde lange Zeit als effizientes und konsensorientiertes Model der Gesellschaftskoordination gelobt. Seit einigen Jahren jedoch beginnt dieses Model zu erodieren und selbst Kenner der Verhältnisse diagnostizieren eine neue Unberechenbarkeit der politischen Entscheidungsprozesse. In diesem Artikel vert...
Article
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La forte imbrication des élites en Suisse, pendant longtemps considérée comme un modèle de coordination efficace et consensuel, fait depuis quelques années l’objet de critiques de plus en plus fournies. Dans les faits, la situation semble se transformer et même des connaisseurs du système estiment que les processus de décision politiques deviennent...
Article
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Si l’on suit la perspective de Saussure pour qui le point de vue crée l’objet, la « nouveauté » d’un objet sociologique suppose au moins autant le renouvellement de son approche que la « nouveauté intrinsèque » de celui-ci. Dans cet article, nous privilégions la voie d’un tel renouvellement en mettant à l’épreuve un « vieil objet » par une « approc...
Book
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This book gives a general view of sequence analysis, the statistical study of successions of states or events. It includes innovative contributions on life course studies, transitions into and out of employment, contemporaneous and historical careers, and political trajectories. The approach presented in this book is now central to the life-course...
Chapter
Since its introduction in the social sciences in the 1980s, sequence analysis (SA) has enhanced our understanding of a broad range of social processes. In this chapter we recall fundamental underlying sociological concepts, such as narratives, trajectories, stages, events, transitions and the role of the context. We also differentiate levels of seq...
Article
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Atypical and precarious employment has become an increasingly important issue in the last 30 years. However, atypical employment includes very heterogeneous forms of work and is difficult to capture empirically. In this paper we propose a configurational approach in order to overcome these difficulties. We conceptualise the labour market as a field...
Article
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The aim of this contribution is to explore how the recent internationalization and the increasing importance of ‘cosmopolitan capital’ has impacted on the structure and character of the field of the Swiss business elite. For this purpose we will develop the notion of cosmopolitan capital and comparatively investigate the field of the Swiss business...
Article
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The use of life-history calendar methods in survey research has been growing during the last couple of decades. This study presents a series of tests on the Swiss Panel LIVES Calendar (SPLC) aiming to understand the quality of the tool in collecting the expected data. The SPLC is a paper and pencil tool specifically designed for the first wave of t...
Article
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As a legacy of the early stages of its state building process, Switzerland continues to be characterised by a cohesive elite whose members simultaneously occupy political and economic positions. Whereas sectoral analyses of the economic or political elite are widespread, few researchers have scrutinised the connections between business and politics...
Article
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In this paper we analyse the decline of the Swiss corporate network between 1980 and 2000. We address the theoretical and methodological challenge of this transformation by the use of a combination of network analysis and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). Based on a sample of top managers of the 110 largest Swiss companies in 1980 and 2000 we...
Article
While the pattern of social mobility in postwar Britain has been extensively studied, revealing considerable upward mobility, much less is known about the subjective dimension to mobility. In this article, we employ a new sample of in-depth interviews with 50-year old men from the National Child Development Study to examine in detail the link betwe...
Article
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The Fragility of National Ties. Reconfiguration of the Swiss Power Elite, 1980-2010 During most of the 20th century, the strong cohesion of the Swiss business elites was based on the dense linkages between boards of directors, the close connections with the political and military field, as well as national institutions of socialization and legitima...
Article
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Goldthorpe’s conception of mobility into the service class relies strongly on biographical explanations. Hence, it is surprising that empirically biographical trajectories are often approached using methodological proxies. Employing a sequence analysis of the work histories of 13,119 members of the National Child Development Study’s 1958 cohort, we...
Article
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Even though egalitarian gender values are increasingly spreading among younger Europeans, division of labour does not always comply with this trend. Traditional theories of familial behaviour struggle to explain the resulting paradoxical simultaneity of egalitarian values and inegalitarian practices. In this article, we propose an approach based on...
Article
Die Aufstiegskarriere gilt als emblematischer Biographieverlauf für die Periode von 1950 bis 1975. Wie es die Ausdrücke "Wirtschaftswunder" oder "trente glorieuses" suggerieren, gilt dieser Zeitabschnitt als Ära eines aussergewöhnlichen wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs. Der wirtschaftlichen Blüte wurde mit der Krise der 1970 Jahre aber ein abruptes End...
Article
Zum Einstieg formuliere ich eine erste Definition der Aufstiegskarriere und lege eine vorläufige konzeptuelle Ordnung aus. Mein theoretisches Modell wurzelt in einer konstruktivistischen Wissenschaftskonzeption, wie sie von den Chicagoer Pionieren der Biographieforschung (Thomas & Znaniecki, 1958 [1918]) erstmals artikuliert und dann von ihren Nach...
Article
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Jede historische Epoche bringt ihre ganz eigenen und typischen Biographiemuster hervor. Diese entstehen in Abhängigkeit von demographischen und ökonomischen Bedingungen, werden geformt von den institutionellen Strukturen, in welchen sich die Individuen bewegen und den Entscheidungen, die die Akteure an den Scheidepunkten ihrer Biographie treffen. G...
Article
Achievement careers are regarded as a distinctive element of the post-war period in occidental societies. Such a career was at once a modal trajectory of the modern parts of middleclass men and a social emblem for progress and success. However, if the achievement career came to be a biographical pattern with great normative power, its precise seque...
Article
Based on retrospective data from a sample of 602 women and 621 men living in couples surveyed in Switzerland in early 1999, professional trajectories of partners are compared using the optimal matching technique in order to distinguish typical sequence models. We identify dual-career couples and distinguish them from other couples with dual- or sin...
Article
Full-text available
Based on retrospective data from a sample of 602 women and 621 men living in couples surveyed in Switzerland in early 1999, pro- fessional trajectories of partners are com- pared using the optimal matching technique in order to distinguish typical sequence models. We identify dual-career couples and distinguish them from other couples with dual- or...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This project is affiliated to the Swiss National Center of Competence in Research LIVES "Overcoming vulnerability: The life course approach". It has the objective of developing a multidimensional, dynamic and contextualised model of vulnerability, defined as a lack of individual or collective resources that places individuals or groups at major risk of experiencing (1) negative consequences related to sources of stress; (2) the inability to cope effectively with a stressor; and (3) the inability to recover from a stressor or to take advantage of opportunities in a given period of time. "Trajectories within contexts" collects data in combination with the third sample of the Swiss Household Panel (SHP-III) run by FORS: the LIVES Cohort Survey and the LIVES-FORS Vaud Panel.