Felipe Rafael Garcés-Fiallos

Felipe Rafael Garcés-Fiallos
Universidad Técnica de Manabí (UTM) · Facultad de Ingeniería Agronómica

Professor
Full professor at Technical University of Manabi

About

95
Publications
46,009
Reads
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356
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
264 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
Phytopathology; Crop protection: Plant disease management; Plant genetic resources; Ecological Indicators.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - March 2020
Universidad Técnica de Manabí (UTM)
Position
  • Professor
February 2017 - March 2018
Universidad de Guayaquil (UG)
Position
  • Researcher
February 2008 - March 2016
Secretaria Nacional De Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología E Innovación Del Ecuador
Secretaria Nacional De Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología E Innovación Del Ecuador
Position
  • Becario
Education
January 2021 - June 2021
São Paulo State University
Field of study
  • Phytopathology
March 2012 - May 2016
Federal University of Santa Catarina
Field of study
  • Plant Genetic Resources (Plant Pathology)
March 2008 - June 2010
Universidade de Passo Fundo
Field of study
  • Plant Pathology

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
Black root rot, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tass.) Goid., is the most common root disease in soybean fields. This study aimed to determine the in vitro mycelial sensitivity, measured by the IC50 (concentration to inhibit 50% of the fungus mycelial growth) of a M. phaseolina isolate obtained from soybean, to different fungicides (thiram, ipro...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate the resistance of 17 black bean genotypes artificially and naturally infected with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli under greenhouse and outdoor growing conditions, respectively, and compare the disease progress and bean yield components of the resistant line UFSC-01 and susceptible cv. Uirapuru. Five lines and one la...
Article
This work was aimed at comparing the spatial-temporal colonization of F. oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (Fop) in the resistant line UFSC-01 with that in the progenitor susceptible cv. Uirapuru. Disease incidence and severity, vascular discoloration in hypocotyls, colony forming units (cfu) and ergosterol were quantified on root, hypocotyl and epicotyl t...
Article
This study aimed at investigating the role of enzymes related to the oxidative metabolism and hydrogen peroxide in susceptible and resistant plants of common bean to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (Fop). Fop inoculation increased H2O2 levels only in roots of resistant plants. Despite this, no hypersensitive cells were induced. In the enzymatic...
Article
The challenges of food security rely on highly technical productive systems. Monocultures, on the other hand, are reliant on a high input load, negatively impact soil conservation, affecting edaphic biota and generating biological degradation. The study aimed to evaluate the sustainability of Agricultural Productive Units (APU) dedicated to soybean...
Article
Full-text available
Phytophthora capsici is an oomycete that causes various symptoms, such as root, neck, stem, fruit rot, and leaf blight, in different plant species, including the genus Capsicum. One of the tools to counteract this biotic problem, which may be more profitable and respectful to the environment in the long term, is using biocontrollers such as Bacillu...
Article
Full-text available
Interaction among nitrogen fertilization using bovine manure, poultry manure, Jatropha curcas seed cake and urea, and the diseases Ramularia leaf spot (RLS) and Boll rot (BR), caused by Ramulariopsis pseudoglycines and Diplodia gossypina, respectively, in cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.), was studied under field conditions. Intensity (incidenc...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Capsicum, native to tropical and subtropical America, belongs to the Solanaceae family, which includes commercially important vegetables such as chilies and green peppers. The silverleaf whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), causes losses to vegetables including Capsicum species. Among the alternatives of pest cont...
Article
Full-text available
Phytophthora capsici es un oomiceto causante de la pudrición de raíz, tallo, frutos y tizón foliar en varias especies vegetales de importancia agrícola, principalmente en Solanáceas del género Capsicum como ají y pimiento. Este fitopatógeno cosmopolita posee mecanismos de ataque que favorecen la rápida infección, colonización y reproducción en hués...
Chapter
Full-text available
Capsicum from tropical and subtropical America, is an important genus for the nutritional, economic and cultural values of its species. At the same time, the Capsicum species are affected by diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and pseu-dofungi, in particular the oomycete Phytophthora capsici. This phytopathogen causes great damage and losse...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este trabajo estudió el efecto de la fertilización nitrogenada usando estiércol bovino, gallinaza, torta de piñón (Jatropha curcas), y urea; usando cuatro dosis por cada uno, sobre las enfermedades Mancha foliar de Ramularia (MFR) y Pudrición de cápsula (PC), causadas por Ramulariopsis pseudoglycines y Diplodia gossypina, respectivamente, en planta...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic resistance is the main strategy to control Fusarium wilt in common bean. Despite this, few studies have focused on defense mechanisms involved in bean resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (Fop). Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the changes in xylem morphology and involvement of phenylpropanoid compounds and their bio...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetable crops are exposed to constant infection by numerous diseases, including those caused by the oomycete Phytophthora capsici. This microorganism is a polyphagous plant pathogen, capable of infecting dozens of plant species, including cultivated plants and weeds. The aim of this review is to address topics related to etiology and symptoms of...
Article
Full-text available
Cocoa (Theobroma cacaoL.) is one of the main crops in Latin American and African countries, its almonds being marketed to produce chocolate. However, different biotic factors can negatively affect the crop production, especially on small farms where management by farmers is scarce or nonexistent. Lethal wilt (Ceratocystis cacaofunestaEngelbrecht &...
Article
Full-text available
Web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn is one of the main common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) diseases of the Ecuadorian central coast. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the progress of web blight incidence using nonlinear models in promising genotypes SER 03 and SER 08, using the commercial cultivar INIAP 473 as a control. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacquin) tree yields may be negatively affected by biotic factors such as Black weevil (Rhynchophorus palmarum L.; Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Spear rot (Fusarium spp.). This study aimed to identify, model the temporal progress, and correlate Black weevil (BW) and Spear rot (SR) in the highly susceptible varieties INI...
Article
Mycobiome of the plant-associated microbial community is important in affecting plant biological processes and plant-pathogen interactions. Most studies have emphasized on the bacterial microbiome of plants, yet mycobiome is new in this area. The aim of this work is to perform metagenomic analysis of mycobiota associated with hypocotyls of Capsicum...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout history, the cocoa crop (Theobroma cacao L.) has been affected by countless diseases, some of these caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griffon & Maul. Although three Lasiodiplodia species have been reported affecting cocoa plants, L. theobromae is the most studied species both in cocoa and other crops. In recent years this phytopa...
Article
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Cocoa can be cultivated in association with fruit, timber, and non-timber trees. Thus, the growth of four timber species and their behavior in producing "CCN-51" cocoa per seedling were evaluated. The timber species Caoba de Montaña (Colubrina arborescens (Mill.) Sarg), Fernán Sánchez (Triplaris guayaquilensis Weed), Guayacán Blanco (Cybistax donne...
Article
This study investigated biochemical and morphological changes associated to oxidative metabolism during late stages, i.e. 25 days after inoculation of Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. phaseoli (Fop) in susceptible and resistant roots as well as Fop sensitivity to H2O2. Severe cell destruction only occurred in infected susceptible roots, while xylem vesse...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In this work, the interaction among nitrogen fertilization using bovine manure, poultry manure, Jatropha curcas seed cake and urea, and the diseases Ramularia leaf spot (RLS) and Boll rot (BR), caused by Ramulariopsis pseudoglycines and Diplodia gossypina, respectively, on cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum L.), was studied under field c...
Article
Full-text available
Root and crown rot (RCR) caused by Phytophthora capsici is present in all crop production areas of pepper and chili worldwide. This pathogen was recently reported at the Pacific coast of Ecuador (prov-ince of Manabí), as an etiological agent of wilt and root and crown rot in commercial fields of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum). This study aimed to ev...
Chapter
Seaweeds are aquatic photosynthetic organisms with high potential of use in agriculture as fertilizers, biostimulants, and pesticides. Despite this, seaweeds (especially macroalgae) and their polysaccharides still have been little explored. In plant diseases management, algal extracts can control several diseases in different plant species. Seaweed...
Article
Full-text available
Angular leaf spot is one of the most common diseases in beans crops in southern Brazil. This research aims to evaluate the effect of the extract from macroalga Ulva fasciata on angular leaf spot severity, foliar pigment content, and yield of common bean genotypes IPR Uirapuru, CF 22, and Mouro graúdo for 2005 and 2006. Plants were sprayed at phenol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o progresso da murcha-de-Fusarium (MF) em genótipos de feijão resistente (UFSC-01) e suscetível (cv. Uirapuru) sob condições naturais de infecção por Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (Fop) e comparar seu efeito nos componentes de rendimento. A evolução dos sintomas da MF ocorreu tardiamente e de forma menos...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo fue evaluar las enfermedades foliares y radiculares, así como la producción de gra-nos, y correlacionar sus variables en 18 líneas promisorias de fréjol con hábito de crecimiento determinado tipo Ia, tres de crecimiento inde-terminado tipo IIb y la variedad INIAP-473 utilizada como testigo. Esto en un único expe-rimento de campo durante...
Article
Full-text available
La presente investigación busca caracterizar las unidades productivas agropecuarias (UPA) que producen soya, generar nueva información para la diversificación de cultivos y proyectar cambios en la matriz productiva de Ecuador. La información se recolectó a través de encuestas estructuradas entre julio de 2017 y enero de 2018 en los cantones Vinces,...
Article
Full-text available
Entre los principales problemas del cultivo de limón (Citrus lemon L.) en la provincia de Manabí, Ecuador, están la presencia de la pudrición de flores y frutos causada por Colletotrichum spp., así como la falta de agua. Así, el objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de oxicloruro de cobre y riego en la agronomía y sanidad de plantas de limón “...
Article
Full-text available
La producción de soya [Glycine max (L) Merril.] en el Ecuador se inició en el año 1973 con la siembra de 1227 ha. En la zona centro del sur de la región costa, cuatro de cada 10 agricultores se dedican al cultivo de soya (Moreno y Salvador, 2015). A pesar de que en el país existen variedades mejoradas de soya, el rendimiento nacional promedio en el...
Article
Full-text available
La soya [Glycine max (L) Merril.] en el Ecuador es uno de los principales cultivos de ciclo corto en la región de la costa, y constituye un importante rubro económico para el país. Se estudiaron siete genotipos de soya desarrollados en la Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador, y una variedad comercial para conocer su adaptabilidad y estabilidad fenotíp...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical control of Asian soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. & P. Syd.) using different tips and spray nozzles under controlled conditions. Rooted trifolia placed inside an acrylic box containing macronutrients, micronutrients and vitamins were treated with epoxiconazol + pyraclostrobin, ciproconazol...
Article
Full-text available
Common bean is very important in the daily diet of Ecuadorians. Web blight (Rhizoctonia solani (Kuhn) is the major constraint faced by common bean farmers in Ecuador and everywhere in the world, causing high losses of yield grain every year. A constant selection of genotypes with excellent productive and resilience to disease features in each regio...
Article
Full-text available
Pineapple is one of the major tropical fruits in Ecuador. Because of the demand for products and foods free of pesticide, using Trichoderma constitutes an important alternative to this crop. For these reasons, the aim was to evaluate the effect of the commercial product TRICHO WP-D® based on T. harzianum applied in pre-planting on several agronomic...
Article
Full-text available
The aim was to study the effect of early application of two fungicide mixtures on the control of Asian rust and powdery mildew, as well as on grain yield in five soybean cultivars at two sowing dates. The experiment was carried in the experimental area of FAMV/UPF. The cultivars A 4910 RG (super-early), BMX Apolo RR, A 6001 RR and Fundacep 55 RR (e...
Conference Paper
Há poucos estudos comparativos sobre a colonização e conidiogênese de Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli em plantas resistentes e suscetíveis de feijão comum. Assim, o objetivo do trabalho foi analisar a formação de conídios de F. oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli raça 6 (Fop6) no interior dos vasos do xilema de plantas de feijão resistentes (genótipo UFSC...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of seeding density on sanitary and agronomic characteristics of promising peanut genotypes, in Quevedo, Ecuador. The following promising peanut lines were used: CB-02, CB-16 and CB-23, Runner type, with a standard distance of 0,50 m between rows and 3,6; 5 and 10 plants m-1 for each cultivar. The di...
Article
Full-text available
En la costa ecuatoriana una de las enfermedades más destructivas del pachaco es la marchitez vascular o pudrición del fuste provocada por el complejo Ceratocystis, por lo que el objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar los factores que inciden en la eficiencia de la reacción de corteza de árboles de pachaco a esta enfermedad. La presente investigaci...
Article
Full-text available
Cocoa (Theobroma cacaoL.) is one of the main crops of economic importance in Ecuador since small and medium farmers on the coast rely on this income. However, fungal diseases decreases yield. In this research 10 experimental cocoa clones of National type and two commercial control varieties (EET-103 and CCN-51) were evaluated from 2008 to 2011, at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. es un patógeno habitante del suelo que causa la Marchitez de fusarium o Fusariosis en un amplio rango de plantas. El complejo de F. oxysporum posee diferentes formas especiales (f. sp.), que colectivamente infectan hospederos como algodón, banano, clavel, fréjol, melón, tomate, entre otros. Estructuras del hongo como cl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work aimed at comparing qualitatively and quantitatively the spatial-temporal vascular colonization of resistance and susceptible common bean by F. oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli race 6 (Fop6). Bean plants of UFSC-01 and IPR Uirapuru genotypes classified as resistant and susceptible, respectively, were inoculated (V2 growth stage) by dipping roots...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to evaluate the potential agronomic of the 18 lines F6 of bean during the years 2010 and 2011, in the Guayas river basin. Commercial variety lNlAP-473 and 18 lines promising F6 of the crossbreeding Cf6 (all of habit growth determinate type Ia) were used. Randomized complete block design we used with 19 treatments and 3...
Article
Full-text available
As doenças constituem o principal problema da cultura do feijão nesta parte do Equador. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo quantificar a intensidade das doenças foliares e radiculares e a produção em sete genótipos de feijão comum. Utilizaram-se as linhagens Ser-03, Ser-08 e Ser-31, EVG-06-103, EVG-16, o genótipo crioulo Pata de paloma e a va...
Article
Full-text available
El Ecuador se caracteriza por producir cacao fino de aroma, producto altamente apetecido por los mercados internacionales. Sin embargo, la baja producción de este tipo de cacao ha llevado a los agricultores a optar por otras variedades de mayor rentabilidad. Bajo esta perspectiva se evaluó el comportamiento agronómico de 150 clones experimentales d...
Article
Full-text available
Durante las épocas secas de 2010 y 2011, en la finca experimental La María de la Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo, Ecuador, localizada en el km. 7.5 vía Quevedo-El Empalme, a 79° 30’ 08’’ O y 01° 00’ 35’’ S, se evaluaron las características agronómicas y las condiciones sanitarias de líneas y variedades de maní (Arachis hypogaea L.). Se utili...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo desse trabalho foi quantificar a intensidade de doenças, o rendimento de grãos e seus componentes em genótipos promissores de feijão durante a safra agrícola de verão em Quevedo, Equador. Os materiais genéticos utilizados foram as linhas Cf4 0-0-2-1, Cf6 0-0-4-9 e Cf6-0-0-4-8 (hábito de crescimento determinado tipo Ia), SER-03 e SER-08 (...
Article
Full-text available
This work aimed to evaluate the agronomic, production and grain quality of soybean varieties KAMERUN and P-34 introduced from Colombia, compared with three national varieties during the rainy and dry season, in Quevedo, Los Ríos, Ecuador. Agronomic variables were evaluated (days to flowering, plants overturned, height plant and first pod), product...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a ocorrência e intensidade de doenças foliares e a duração do ciclo de cultivo de seis cultivares de soja em Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil, durante duas épocas de semeadura na safra agrícola de 2007-08. Utilizaram-se os cultivares A 4910 RG, BMX Apolo RR, A 6001 RR, CD 214 RR, FUNDACEP 55 RR e CD 219 RR, escolhidas por...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Se cuantificó la severidad de marchitez de Fusarium y colonización de Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli (FOP) en los genotipos de fréjol (Phaseolus vulgaris) del grupo negro Selección UFSC-01 (resistente) e IPR Uirapuru (susceptible). Se inocularon raíces de los dos cultivares, con una suspensión de 1 x 106 macroconidias mL-1 de FOP o agua (testig...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo fue evaluar las enfermedades, el rendimiento y sus componentes en líneas de fréjol bajo tres distanciamientos de siembra. El trabajo se realizó durante la época seca del año 2011, en la Universidad Técnica Estatal de Quevedo (UTEQ), Quevedo, Ecuador. Se determinó la incidencia y severidad de la roya (Uromyces appendiculatus) y mustia hi...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del trabajo fue cuantificar la severidad de enfermedades, el rendimiento y sus componentes, y su relación en 16 genotipos de fréjol durante la época lluviosa del 2011, en Quevedo, Ecuador. El diseño experimental empleado fue en Bloques Completos al Azar (DBCA) con 16 tratamientos y cuatro repeticiones. Se estimó la severidad (%) de la m...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to determine the stability of commercial and experimental maize hybrids in the Central Ecuadorian Coastal Region. During a period from december 2010 to april 2011 uniform trials of yield in four locations with contrasting environments were evaluated. The genetic material was constituted by five experimental hybrids a...
Article
Full-text available
La especie Canna spp. denominada vulgarmente achira o chisguas, posee flores con pétalos rojos y amarillos. Es utilizada en el diseño de jardines, parques, o simplemente para adornar interiores (casas, oficinas, etc.), como también en arreglos florales. En plantas de achira establecidas en jardines de la UTEQ de Quevedo y Mocache, se encontraron le...
Article
Full-text available
Triazol and their mixtures with strobylurins are the main fungicides used to control Asian rust on soybeans. Shifting in fungal sensibility to fungicides demands continuous monitoring on the efficacy of such compounds. In this research a comparative study on rust control was carried out with the fungicide tebuconazol (triazol) and the mixture of ep...
Article
Full-text available
Atualmente não existem estudos sobre os danos ocasionados por Rhizoctonia solani Khun [teleomorfo Thanatephorus cucumeris (Frank) Donk] nos componentes de rendimento do feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), pelo que o objetivo deste trabalho foi quantificar a redução no rendimento de grãos e seus componentes de rendimento causados pela infecção natura...
Article
Full-text available
The yield of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is diminished by the onslaught of disease throughout the crop cycle, reducing farmers' incomes in the central part of the Ecuadorian coast. The objective of this research was to identify which are the diseases that occur, and quantify them in 21 bean genetic materials in Quevedo city. Described the agents...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neste trabalho objetivou-se estudar o efeito de fungicidas sintéticos e um botânico no controle da severidade da ferrugem asiática (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) da soja no Litoral Equatoriano. O experimento foi conduzido no campo experimental La María da UTEQ, em Quevedo, na safra de verão de 2011. Utilizaram-se as variedades de soja INIAP-308 e P-34. Em...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La zona central del Litoral Ecuatoriano es un lugar de clima tropical y alta humedad durante todo el año, y una precipitación pluvial que algunas veces sobrepasa los 1.000 mm durante la época lluviosa, por lo que se acostumbra sembrar el fréjol (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) durante la época seca. La UTEQ actualmente viene trabajando desde varios años, en...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el efecto de la densidad de siembra en las características sanitarias y agronómicas de líneas promisorias de maní, en Quevedo, Ecuador. Se utilizaron las líneas promisorias de maní CB-02, CB-16 y CB-23, tipo Runner, con distanciamiento estándar de 0,50 m entre hilera, y una población de 3,6; 5 y 10 plantas m-1...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de la roya asiática (RA) sobre el área foliar de soya. La investigación fue realizada a nivel de campo, en la Finca Experimental La María de la UTEQ, durante la época seca del año 2011. Se utilizaron las variedades comerciales INIAP-308 y P-34, y tres fungicidas sintéticos (propiconazol, difeconazol...
Article
Full-text available
El estudio consistió en evaluar el efecto del extracto acuoso obtenido de ramas de cacao sanas y extracto etanolico de ramas infectadas por el hongo Moniliophthora perniciosa Stahel, sobre el follaje de siete malezas (cinco de hoja ancha y dos de hoja angosta). El porcentaje de necrosis en hojas se determinó en base a una escala nominal (0-7). Para...
Article
Full-text available
En el Ecuador, el cultivo de arroz (Oriza sativa L.) es la principal fuente alimenticia, principalmente formando parte de la dieta básica de los habitantes de la costa ecuatoriana. Entre los factores bióticos adversos al cultivo, está la enfermedad denominada piricularia o quemado del arroz, producida por Pyricularia oryzae Cav., la misma que puede...