Felipe Martello

Felipe Martello
Instituto Tecnologico Vale

PhD

About

61
Publications
36,619
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541
Citations
Citations since 2016
58 Research Items
537 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
I am a biologist interested in understand how landscape and environmental gradients affect the structure of communities. Such interests embrace both communities of natural and highly altered environments, such as urban areas. My interests also include quantitative ecology and GIS applied to ecology

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
The replacement of native vegetation by crops and pasturelands compromises the functional diversity of plants and negatively influence ecosystem functions such as pollination and seed dispersal. Here, we investigate the effects of landscape structure on the diversity of functional traits in agricultural landscapes in the Brazilian Cerrado. We sampl...
Article
Full-text available
Encounters between flowers and invertebrates are key events for the functioning of tropical forests. Assessing the structure of networks composed by the interactions between those partners enables a better understanding of ecosystem functioning and the effects of environmental factors over ecological processes. Gathering such data is, however, cost...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the distribution and abundance of populations is the first step toward assessing biodiversity conservation status. This step is based on field observations that are largely influenced by the sampling method employed. Autonomous Recording Units (ARUs) are tools developed to improve species monitoring that employ acoustic communication. A...
Article
Habitat loss and fragmentation in the human-modified landscape affect bee assemblages by reducing the available natural resources. The life history features and adaptations of bees to environmental conditions affect how they perceive and interact with landscape structure. Therefore, it is crucial to quantify the magnitude of the effects of the land...
Article
Habitat change affects both taxonomic and functional biodiversity, and beta-diversity is often used as a metric to describe these changes. Furthermore, spatially closer communities tend to have more similar species compositions (lower beta-diversity). These changes in community composition can be revealed with taxonomic and functional aspects of di...
Article
Although edge influence has been studied extensively, there is no consensus on how insect communities respond to edge environments. Studies highlight the importance of an experimental design that considers samples in adjacent matrix and the distance from the edge as a continuous factor. We sampled ants along edges composed by Cerrado vegetation and...
Article
Full-text available
Ants, an ecologically successful and numerically dominant group of animals, play key ecological roles as soil engineers, predators, nutrient recyclers, and regulators of plant growth and reproduction in most terrestrial ecosystems. Further, ants are widely used as bioindicators of the ecological impact of land use. We gathered information of ant sp...
Article
Full-text available
The spectacularly biodiverse Atlantic Forest of South America has been reduced to fragmented remnants. The largest remaining inland fragment is protected by national parks on either side of the iconic Iguassu Falls on the border between Brazil and Argentina. Biodiversity in the parks has been under pressure from illegal activities such as commercia...
Article
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The vast Amazonian biome still poses challenges for botanists seeking to know and recognize its plant diversity. Brazilian northern cities are expanding fast, without considering the regional biodiversity, and urban plantings of almost exclusively exotic species are taking place. It is paramount that the correct identity of such trees is ascertaine...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-habitat movements are crucial for persistence of beneficial insects in agricultural landscapes; however, much remains unknown on how landscape structure affects the spillover of beneficial insects between crop and non-crop habitats. To estimate the effects of landscape structure on the spillover of beneficial insects we sampled predatory wasp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este relatório traz os principais resultados do projeto intitulado “Mapeamento de árvores isoladas e do potencial de regeneração natural em pastagens cultivadas do Cerrado”, Contrato CEPF/02-2017/D3/7176-004, firmado entre Instituto Internacional de Educação do Brasil e a Fundação Arthur Bernardes – FUNARBE, iniciado em outubro de 2018 e finalizado...
Article
Full-text available
The knowledge of the diversity, richness, and distribution of tropical organisms are poorly understood, and a plethora of new species are still being described even among groups considered well-known. As a result, this inadequate knowledge of the biodiversity has hampered the species’ conservation. Thus, sampling efforts must be urgently optimized...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forest hotspots have a high diversity of species but have lost >70% of their original vegetation cover and are characterized by a multitude of small and isolated fragments. Paradoxically, conservation actions in these areas are still mainly focused on protection of large tracts of forests, a strategy now infeasible because of the small are...
Article
Cultivated pastures occupy 30% of the Brazilian Cerrado. Most pastures have low productivity, demanding intensification. Pasture intensification, as conventionally proposed, promises conservation by land sparing. However, it does not embrace silvopastoral systems, a type of intensification that enhances carbon balance and in situ biodiversity conse...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have characterized the influence of agroecosystems on biodiversity. However, a set of components associated with the management of these areas is still neglected in landscape-level studies, especially in areas of recent agricultural intensification. The resources and conditions provided by agroecosystems to different species are high...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract.Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecologicalhealth and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carni-vores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide managementand conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Ne...
Article
Full-text available
ContextPlanning for multifunctional landscapes is a way to restore ecological processes that benefit human well-being (ecosystem services—ES). By accounting for the effects of the spatial arrangement of restored areas, planners can enhance the positive outcomes of restoration activities. However, while there are many models for individual ES provis...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecological health and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carnivores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide management and conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Neotropica...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of habitat fragmentation on different taxa and ecosystems are subject to intense debate, and disentangling them is of utmost importance to support conservation and management strategies. We evaluated the importance of landscape composition and configuration, and spatial heterogeneity to explain α- and β-diversity of mammals across a gra...
Article
Full-text available
Brazil is among the most diverse ant regions in the world but given its continental dimension and uneven scientific development process, still there are several lacks on the knowledge of Brazilian biodiversity. This fully applies to research on ant diversity in the state of Acre, southwest of the Brazilian Amazon. Since 2014, in Acre, ants have bee...
Article
The expansion of monocultures and the overuse of agrochemicals have resulted in the loss of beneficial insects and disruption of ecosystem services such as pollination and biological control in agricultural landscapes. Bees, wasps and flower flies were our model groups to investigate how landscape structure attributes affect alpha and beta diversit...
Article
Full-text available
Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across...
Article
Full-text available
Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across...
Article
Full-text available
Land use intensification drives biodiversity loss worldwide. In heterogeneous landscape mosaics, both overall forest area and anthropogenic matrix structure induce changes in biological communities in primary habitat remnants. However, community changes via cross‐habitat spillover processes along forest‐matrix interfaces remain poorly understood. M...
Data
Scientists have long been trying to understand why the Neotropical region holds the highest diversity of birds on Earth. Recently, there has been increased interest in morpho- logical variation between and within species, and in how climate, topography, and anthropogenic pressures may explain and affect phenotypic variation. Because morphological d...
Article
Full-text available
Scientists have long been trying to understand why the Neotropical region holds the highest diversity of birds on Earth. Recently, there has been increased interest in morphological variation between and within species, and in how climate, topography and anthropogenic pressures may explain and affect phenotypic variation. Because morphological data...
Article
Full-text available
Non-crop habitats play a key role in maintaining functional diversity and ecosystem services in farmland. However, the interplay between beneficial insects and landscape variables has rarely been investigated in Neotropical agroecosystems. We used flower flies as a model group to investigate the effects of landscape attributes on beneficial insects...
Article
Full-text available
Despite its negative impacts on the environment and biodiversity, tree plantations can contribute to biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes, as they harbor many native species. In this study, we investigated the impact of Eucalyptus plantations on the taxonomic and functional diversity of ant communities, comparing ant communities sampl...
Article
Full-text available
South America holds 30% of the world's avifauna, with the Atlantic Forest representing one of the richest region of the Neotropics. Here we compiled a dataset on Brazilian Atlantic Forest bird occurrence (150,423) and abundance samples (N=832 bird species; 33,119) using multiple methods, including qualitative surveys, mist-nets, point counts, and l...
Article
Full-text available
Plant functional traits are now frequently used instead of species identity to identify how plant species co-exist in assemblages. One notion is that species inhabiting the same environment have more characteristics in common than species from different habitats, leading to different prevailing dominant traits along environmental gradients, and als...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of streets on biodiversity is an important aspect of urban ecology, but it has been neglected worldwide. Several vegetation attributes (e.g. street tree density and diversity) have important effects on biodiversity and ecological processes. In this study, we evaluated the influences of urban vegetation—represented by characteristics of...
Data
The 60 point counts selected within 20 categories of influences of herbaceous and arboreal vegetation and streets through the southern region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil). (TIF)
Data
Variation of the average variety of land use types of the southern region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil) within buffers with different sizes. (TIF)
Data
Definition of predictor variables. (PDF)
Data
Multivariate additive models showing the influences of urban environmental variables on taxonomic data and functional diversity indices of the bird community inhabiting the streets of the southern region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil). SRic: Species richness; SAbund: Species abundance; FRic: Functional richness; RaoQ: Rao’s Quadratic Inde...
Data
Sensitivity analysis performed for species richness, species abundance, Functional Richness (FRic) and Rao’s Quadratic Entropy (RaoQ) of the bird community inhabiting the streets of the southern region of Belo Horizonte. Only predictor variables located outside the range of 0.05 and -0.05 (black lines) were considered. It is possible to observe the...
Data
Candidate models defined for the response variables related to the bird community inhabiting the streets of the southern region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil), highlighting models with ΔAICc < 2.0. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
1. Maintaining connectivity is one of the main challenges for biodiversity conservation worldwide. Ecological corridors are important to maintain landscape connectivity, but their efficiency depends on landscape patterns and species responses at different spatial extents and landscape contexts. 2.We developed a new ecologically oriented free softwa...
Article
Full-text available
The Edge Influence is one of the most pervasive effects of habitat fragmentation, as many forest remnants in anthropogenic landscapes are within 100 m of edges. Forest remnants may also affect the surrounding anthropogenic matrix, possibly resulting in a matrix–edge–remnant diversity gradient for some species groups. We sampled dung beetles in 15 a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Workshop "Landscape Metrics in Practice" (in Portuguese), that took place in 2016 at the State University of São Paulo, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil. The workshop is presented here as a series of YouTube links for the classes of the course.
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyze the species composition and functional groups of the ant community and to assess the efficiency of two sampling methods, pitfall and leaf litter sampling, in an urban park. A total of 1,401 ants were collected, which belonged to six subfamilies and 36 species. The predominant species was Wasmannia auropunctata (present i...
Article
Full-text available
The authors discuss invasive species with emphasis on ants

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
My goal is to 1) describe edge influence on different organisms and ecological variables and processes in different ecosystems and 2) generalize from this results. The ecosystems studied include the Cerrado, Atlantic forest, Caatinga and mangroves in Brazil and the tundra-forest transition in Canada.
Project
In this project we aim at developing tools for assessing landscape metrics, such as landscape connectivity and other ecologically scaled variables, to make it possible to understand spatial properties of landscapes and relate them to biodiversity, at all levels, from individuals to populations and communities. We use only free software and all the LS Apps are free and open-source. The idea is to be always open to new ideas to improve these tools at any time, and in a way any person can contribute to improving them. All the description and code are shared through Github: https://github.com/LEEClab/LS_CORRIDORS https://github.com/LEEClab/LS_METRICS