Felipe Encinas

Felipe Encinas
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Escuela de Arquitectura

Architect. MSc. PhD in Architecture and Urbanism
Co-Chair PLEA Santiago 2022

About

72
Publications
15,969
Reads
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270
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
225 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - present
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2008 - August 2012
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Energy poverty, considered a form of deprivation distinct from income poverty, is associated with three factors: low-income levels, high energy costs, and poor residential energy efficiency. It is necessary to study the socio-spatial distribution of energy poverty, particularly in metropolitan areas, due to persistent socioeconomic segregation and...
Poster
Full-text available
The anarchist self-construction proposal of the Englishman John F. C. Turner of the 1960s has found new energy in the neoliberal Chile of recent decades, afflicted by a high housing deficit. Although the original concept was based on the difficulty that the most vulnerable households have in accessing a formal solution, the incremental model pro...
Presentation
Full-text available
Evaluar el potencial de sistemas inmersivos de Realidad Virtual como medio para la inspección visual de escenarios de daño en viviendas tras eventos sísmicos. Asimismo, se propone caracterizar y jerarquizar las controversias entre peritajes expertos y revisiones por voluntarios en entornos simulados para la determinación de protocolos de tele diagn...
Research
Full-text available
Como una «bomba de tiempo» califican los autores de esta columna la realidad del negocio inmobiliario en Chile. «El precio de la vivienda va en subida por sobre el IPC desde hace mucho tiempo», demuestran con cifras. Es un alza independiente de factores productivos y de la liquidez en el mercado, «sino que guarda una relación más larga con la deman...
Article
Full-text available
A partir de mayo de 2020, la crisis sanitaria global causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 traslada su epicentro hacia Latinoamérica, con foco en ciudades que presentan altos índices de pobreza, segregación y hacinamiento. Los avances en microbiología posibilitan comprender en profundidad las relaciones entre ciudad, COVID-19 y otros microorganismos, per...
Article
Full-text available
Cuando las palabras se ponen de moda, su uso modifica su significado. Asumiendo esa condición performativa, este texto analiza los significados actuales de sustentabilidad, resiliencia e integración. Así, argumenta que debemos superar la ciudad neoliberal para que los significados de estos conceptos se concreten. / When words become fashionable, their...
Chapter
Full-text available
En un contexto de crisis global de acceso a la vivienda y con una política habitacional que muestra crecientes señales de agotamiento en Chile, emerge la necesidad de buscar alternativas para hacer posible la realización del derecho a la vivienda. Diversas organizaciones de pobladores y pobladoras han buscado obtener mayores espacios para la autoge...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the relevance of energy efficiency attributes on residential choices is usually based on stated preferences, using performance indicators. However, this issue has not been researched in developing countries, where energy certification schemes have a low adoption rate. This article paper uses a methodology based on a Kansei Engineering...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El proyecto de Ley sobre Eficiencia Energética establece la obligatoriedad de la Calificación Energética de Viviendas, que hasta a la fecha, había sido de aplicación voluntaria. Si bien esto puede representar un avance en la reducción de las asimetrías de información que aqueja a los consumidores, requiere de un esfuerzo significativo de comunicaci...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El concepto de pobreza energética nace a principios de los años 90 en el Reino Unido como la incapacidad de obtener en un hogar la cantidad adecuada de servicios energéticos por el 10% del ingreso familiar (Boardman 1991). Esta definición posteriormente ha sido complementada con aspectos constructivos y de habitabilidad, a partir de, por ejemplo, e...
Research
Full-text available
A través del análisis de cómo los hogares se calefaccionan en el centro-sur de Chile los autores y autoras de esta columna muestran una dimensión no considerada del COVID-19: allí donde se recurre masivamente a la leña en invierno y las viviendas tienen mala aislación, el virus contará con condiciones muy favorables. Trabajando con Valdivia como ca...
Book
Generalmente la vivienda es el gasto más grande que hacen los hogares para subsistir. En el contexto nacional, donde la vivienda es un bien de mercado, el poder de compra de las familias es clave para elegir donde vivir. Este libro busca contribuir a la discusión en torno a la desigualdad y segregación social causada por el mercado de la vivienda e...
Research
Full-text available
El virus puede contagiar a cualquiera. Pero una ciudad segregada, como Santiago, afecta la forma “cómo los individuos vivirán la enfermedad o si morirán enfrentándola”, explican los autores de esta columna. En este artículo analizan los focos de contagio y las zonas donde se ubica la población de riesgo. Usando factores como la calidad de la vivien...
Article
El proyecto de Ley sobre Eficiencia Energética establece la obligatoriedad de la Calificación Energética de Viviendas, que hasta la fecha, había sido de aplicación voluntaria. Si bien esto puede representar un avance en la reducción de las asimetrías de información que aqueja a los consumidores, requiere de un esfuerzo significativo de comunicación...
Article
Full-text available
Si la especulación financiera es la posible ganancia a futuro de una acción realizada en el presente, el margen de ganancia se justifica por el riesgo que se corre. Esta investigación, sin embargo, demuestra que en el suelo urbano la ganancia a futuro se debe a su localización y no a lo que se construya sobre él. Así, como la localización no es permu...
Article
Full-text available
If financial speculation is the possible future profit of an action performed in the present, then the risks justify the profit margin. However, this research shows that, when it comes to urban land, the future profit depends on the plot’s location and not on what is built on it. Thus, as the location is not interchangeable, the purchase of urban l...
Chapter
Full-text available
La segregación socio residencial es uno de los grandes problemas de las ciudades chilenas. Muchos diagnósticos han avanzado en la generación de una agenda de investigación a este respecto, pero la mecánica económica que está subyacente al fenómeno ha sido un material más esquivo y poco constante en la agenda. Este trabajo busca iniciar un debate so...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses how energy efficiency regulatory frameworks have been developed in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Chile, within a context of developing countries, and it discusses if this context has been able to influence a culture of buildings’ energy efficiency in consumers. An online survey was applied to consumers who wanted to buy a hous...
Article
Full-text available
El estudio de la relevancia de los atributos de eficiencia energética sobre las decisiones residenciales se ha realizado fundamentalmente desde las preferencias declaradas, puesto que la observación de éstos en transacciones reales es complicada. Dentro de estos estudios, los que abordan la temática desde una perspectiva integrada han cobrado parti...
Poster
Full-text available
The relevance of residential energy efficiency attributes has mainly been studied from the perspective of stated preference methods, since it is difficult to analyse them in real transactions. Some evidence related to the European Energy Performance Certificates has shown that energy efficiency can become prevailing over traditional characteristics...
Article
In most countries, energy efficiency at the residential level has been largely delegated to the dynamics of real-estate markets after setting a minimum level. This regulatory definition is in certain cases supplemented by energy performance certificates, such as in the case of the European Union. This approach is based on the understanding that avo...
Article
Full-text available
In real estate markets where energy efficiency certificates are not mandatory, such as Santiago in Chile, incorporating solutions that respond to the growing demand for sustainability entails a natural tension between their acceptance as necessary measures and the way they are addressed by the market. Under this mechanism, sustainability attributes...
Article
Full-text available
En mercados inmobiliarios donde los certificados energéticos no están definidos como obligatorios y la regulación energética es débil, como es el caso de Santiago de Chile, la incorporación de soluciones que den respuesta a las demandas emergentes por sustentabilidad se encuentra en una tensión natural entre la adopción de ellas como medidas necesa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In real estate markets such as Santiago de Chile where energy efficiency certificates are not mandatory, incorporating solutions that respond to the growing demand for sustainability entails a natural tension between their acceptance as necessary measures and the way they are addressed by the market. Under this mechanism, the market has introduced...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Chile, about 20% of the energy is consumed by the residential sector. There is consensus in the country that the thermal performance standards for housing are extremely low, explaining the high amount of energy that is currently used for space heating. Nowadays, firewood accounts for close to 50% of this consumption. The high share of this fuel...
Article
Full-text available
Desde la perspectiva de los desarrolladores existe la hipótesis arraigada que la localización acaba condicionando las principales determinantes de los proyectos inmobiliarios. Ante dicho paradigma se confronta la teoría de la renta ofertada según la cual el suelo recibe valor de aquello a lo que da soporte, expresado por medio de atributos arquitec...
Article
Full-text available
El mercado inmobiliario crea imaginarios pero también es influido por otros que provienen desde fuera de él; por ejemplo, imágenes de consumidores potenciales ideales que impulsan un cambio en la oferta. Esta investigación se adentra en los imaginarios de los gestores inmobiliarios para mostrarnos cómo ellos transforman la oferta de viviendas, e in...
Article
Full-text available
While the real estate market engenders its own imaginaries, it is also influenced by the ones coming from the outside; for example, images of ideal potential consumers that prompt changes in supply. This research delves into real estate executive's imaginaries to illustrate how they transform housing supply and, what is more, how they manage to ada...
Article
Full-text available
The achievement of energy efficiency in buildings is an important challenge facing both developed and developing countries. Very few papers have assessed the energy efficiency of office buildings using real data. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes an energy efficiency index for buildings having a large window-to-wall ratio, and uses t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In most of the countries, energy efficiency has been delegated to the dynamics of real estate markets, after regulating a minimum legal (although not optimal) efficiency level. So, it is expected that high efficient housing stock receives a market premium that, at least, equals the over-cost invested in improved thermal insulation and more efficien...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Chile, non-residential buildings are not subject to regulations in regard of energy consumption or indoor environmental quality. With the exception of urban aspects related to volume and sun obstructions, other aspects such as energy performance or façade performance are left to the market's ability to define without any standards or models of a...
Research
Full-text available
Paper accepted without presenting as a personal protest against the registration fee of Cogreso. PLEA 2015 as registration charges 595 euros so it follows that this is a commercial event.
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an analysis of the energy performance of office buildings built in Santiago between 2005 and 2011. Based on information collected in-situ with facility managers and municipal archives, a database was developed, focused on characterizing the shape, façade systems and energy consumption of the buildings. Statistical techniques wer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Actualmente el mercado inmobiliario residencial en Santiago ofrece una gran cantidad de atributos de eficiencia energética y sustentabilidad. Sin embargo, al no existir todavía una aplicación masiva de sistemas de certificación energética y/o ambiental, los usuarios no tienen muchas veces las herramientas para discernir el real aporte que estos atr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
De acuerdo a datos del Ministerio de Energía, en el año 2011, el sector residencial representó el 21% del consumo total de energía a nivel nacional. Dada esta situación, resulta evidente el interés que ha surgido por reducir el impacto que representan las viviendas en términos de su consumo energético. El presente estudio propone el modelamiento de...
Article
Full-text available
Hasta en un 15% pueden subir los precios de un departamento gracias a elementos como termopanel, iluminación led, sistemas de eficiencia energética, paneles solares e incluso, estacionamientos para bicicletas, según un estudio realizado por la Escuela de Arquitectura de la Universidad Católica. (Reportaje de Daniel Fajardo C., PULSO)
Chapter
In Office buildings in Chile, cooling energy demand is higher than heating demand. The climate of the country show important differences between cities by the ocean and those of interior regions. Main cities of Central Chile are Santiago and Valparaíso, both located at around 33°S. Santiago presents a Mediterranean climate, with a high temperature...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an analysis of the energy performance of office buildings built in Santiago between 2005 and 2011. Based on information collected in-situ with facility managers and municipal archives, a database was developed focused on characterizing the shape, façade systems and energy consumption of the buildings. Different statistical techn...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is part of a general research project whose main objective is to establish a baseline for post-occupancy energy consumption and indoor environmental quality for office buildings in Santiago, Chile. This study aims at understanding how architectonical variables relate to, and can even determine, user comfort perception. Thus, one-year con...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is part of a general research project whose main objective is to establish a baseline for post-occupancy energy consumption and indoor environmental quality for office buildings in Santiago, Chile. This study aims at understanding how architectonical variables relate to, and can even determine, user comfort perception. Thus, one-year con...
Article
Full-text available
Simulation software generated a report on the present situation of the indoor environment of three office buildings in Central Chile; a second measuring considered the introduction of design improvements to reduce energy consumption. The study proved the critical demands of Chilean summertime on interior spaces.
Article
Full-text available
The selection of four design parameters linked to the energy performance of a building allowed the configuration of a global sensitivity analysis scheme. This tool helps to measure how architectural design affects the quality of the indoor environment..
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The identification of housing market segments is a matter of great importance. In the real estate market analysis field, typologies are usually defined based on price ranges with the aim of establishing supply niches. This paper proposes a multidimensional approach that integrates a series of attributes in addition to the variable of price to the r...
Article
Overheating, high cooling energy demand and glare are recurrent problems in office buildings in Santiago. It is necessary to know the influence of different architectural strategies in energy demands to meet thermal comfort of the users and energy efficiency. Based on dynamic simulations, cooling and heating demand are estimated for an office build...
Thesis
Full-text available
Overheating appears as a recurrent problem in apartments of the real estate market of Santiago, since their architectural design frequently does not incorporate passive cooling techniques and some occupants may not be completely aware of their impact on the thermal comfort. This situation is encouraged by a Thermal Regulation that allows extensive...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It has been demonstrated that there is a strong relationship between occupant behaviour and the thermal performance of dwellings. At the same time, some aspects of this behaviour, especially with respect to natural ventilation, constitute some of the most important sources of uncertainty in the field of building energy simulation. A survey about pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is clear that the thermophysical properties of materials, occupancy patterns and internal gains represent some of the most important sources of uncertainty in the field of building simulation. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis deals with this situation, since it can generate a great range of forecast values based on the distribution of the in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Overheating, high cooling energy demand and glare are recurrent problems in office buildings in Santiago and Valparaíso, Chile. Santiago (33°S) presents a Mediterranean climate, with a high temperature oscillation between day and night during cooling period. Valparaiso (33°S), by the coast, shows lower temperature fluctuation compared with Santiago...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It has been demonstrated that there is a strong relationship between occupant behaviour and the thermal performance of dwellings. At the same time, some aspects of this behaviour, especially with respect to natural ventilation, constitute some of the most important sources of uncertainty in the field of building energy simulations. A survey about p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is clear that the thermophysical properties of materials, occupancy patterns and internal gains represent some of the most important sources of uncertainty in the field of building simulation. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis deals with this situation, since it can generate a great range of forecast values based on the distribution of the in...
Article
Full-text available
Office buildings in Santiago, Chile normally show higher cooling than heating energy demand. Overheating and high cooling energy demand are recurrent problems in this type of buildings in the city during summer and spring. This paper shows thermal performance of two representative office buildings constructed within the last 5 years in the city. On...
Article
Full-text available
Office buildings in Santiago, Chile normally show higher cooling than heating energy demand. Overheating and high cooling energy demand are recurrent problems in this type of buildings in the city during summer and spring. This paper shows thermal performance of two representative office buildings constructed within the last 5 years in the city. On...
Article
A survey of perception of thermal comfort and occupant behaviour was carried out in Santiago de Chile from December 2009 to January 2010. The survey was applied in an apartment building of the private real estate market. This paper proposes a methodology based on the systematic application of multivariate statistical techniques (principal component...
Article
Full-text available
In the search for control of natural lighting and weather inclemency, systems of measurement have been generated based on geographical location, times, and weather conditions. The use of dynamic measurements that consider factors in constant change is applied to evaluate representative typologies of office buildings built in Santiago.
Article
In the search for control of natural lighting and weather inclemency, systems of measurement have been generated based on geographical location, times, and weather conditions. The use of dynamic measurements that consider factors in constant change is applied to evaluate representative typologies of office buildings built in Santiago.
Article
Full-text available
Almost a decade has passed since Chile begins to implement a Thermal Regulation for dwellings, which established a minimum requirement for each building component, according to different climatic zones. This article proposes a series of dynamic simulations, in order to assess the thermal comfort (during winter and summer) of apartments in Santiago...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Santiago, capital de la República de Chile, se sitúa en el valle central del país en los 33º 27’ de latitud sur y 70º 42’ de longitud oeste, presentando un clima templado cálido con una estación seca prolongada de 7 a 8 meses de duración. La temperatura media anual es de 12,2°C y la oscilación térmica es considerable: hay casi 13°C de diferencia en...