Fei Mao

Fei Mao
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center | MD Anderson · Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology and Digestive Diseases

MD,PhD

About

104
Publications
10,796
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4,926
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
July 2002 - present
Jiangsu University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (104)
Article
Background Exosomes released from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (hucMSC-Ex) have been revealed to hold great potential for the development of new treatment approaches for various diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Lymphatic vessels are vital for IBD development and progression to colorectal cancer (CRC), as an occlud...
Article
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with chronic gut immune dysregulation and altered microbiome and metabolite composition. Bile acids and their receptors such as the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) form a crucial component of the chemical communications between the intestinal microbiota and the host immune system; thus, alterations in the b...
Article
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic gut immune dysregulation and dysbiosis condition is rapidly increasing in global incidence. Regardless, there is a lack of ideal diagnostic markers, while conventional treatment provides scarce desired results, thus, the exploration for better options. Changes in the gut microbial composition and metaboli...
Article
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As a group of nonspecific inflammatory diseases affecting the intestine, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibits the characteristics of chronic recurring inflammation, and was proven to be increasing in incidence (Kaplan, 2015). IBD induced by genetic background, environmental changes, immune functions, microbial composition, and toxin exposures...
Article
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Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are significant in liver fibrosis. Our past investigations have shown that human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) and their secreted exosomes (MSC-ex) could alleviate liver fibrosis via restraining HSCs activation. However, the mechanisms underlying the efficacy were not clear. Ferroptosis is a...
Article
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The onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves many factors, including environmental parameters, microorganisms, and the immune system. Although research on IBD continues to expand, the specific pathogenesis mechanism is still unclear. Protein modification refers to chemical modification after protein biosynthesis, also known as post-transl...
Article
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Intestinal fibrosis is an important complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the course of the development of fibrosis, certain parts of the intestine become narrowed, significantly destroying the structure and function of the intestine and affecting the quality of life of patients. Chronic inflammation is an important initiating factor...
Article
Neutrophils are the most abundant innate immune cells in human circulation; however, their derived exosomes have been rarely studied for tumor treatment. Here, we reported that exosomes from neutrophils (N-Ex) induce tumor cell apoptosis by delivering cytotoxic proteins and activating caspase signaling pathway. In addition, we decorated N-Ex with s...
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Stem cell research is a promising area of transplantation and regenerative medicine with tremendous potential for improving the clinical treatment and diagnostic options across a variety of conditions and enhancing understanding of human development. Over the past few decades, mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) studies have exponentially increased with a...
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Medical education is constantly changing, influenced by a variety of factors such as altered societal expectations, changing responsibilities of physicians, evolving healthcare environment, and rapidly changing medical science. The evolution carries with it diverse pedagogical structures and techniques with the primary essence of assisting students...
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by intense immune dysregulation, gut microbiota imbalance, and intestinal epithelium destruction. Among the factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD, lymphatics have received less attention, hence less studied, characterized, and explored. However, in recent years, the role of the lymphati...
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Cervical cancer has become the most frequent female malignancy and presents as a general health challenge in many countries undergoing economic development. Various human papillomaviruses (HPV) types have appeared as one of the most critically identifiable causes of widespread cervical cancers. Conventional cervical cytological inspection has limit...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal tract with nonobvious early symptoms and late symptoms of anemia, weight loss, and other systemic symptoms. Its morbidity and fatality rate are next only to gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, and primary liver cancer among digestive malignancies. In addition to the conventi...
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Background Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (hucMSC)-derived exosomes are recognized as novel cell-free therapeutic agents for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a condition caused by dysregulated intestinal mucosal immunity. In this event, macrophage pyroptosis, a process of cell death following the activation of NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor...
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Methylation, first proposed in DNAs, but later found in RNAs, serves as one of the most widespread epigenetic modifications in eukaryotes, where N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification has been found to play an important role in a variety of cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Under the action of various enzymes and proteins, the regulatory ro...
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Background Recent studies reporting the intricate crosstalk between cellular and molecular mediators and the lymphatic endothelium in the development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) suggest altered inflammatory cell drainage and lymphatic vasculature, implicating the lymphatic system as a player in the occurrence, development, and recurrence o...
Article
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Research on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) starts from the earliest assumption that cells derived from the bone marrow have the ability to repair tissues. Several scientists have since documented the crucial role of bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) in processes such as embryonic bone and cartilage formation, adult fracture and tissue repair, and i...
Article
In recent years, research on the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its associated-colorectal cancer has been well documented to involve environmental, genetic, immune, and intestinal microbiota factors. Evidence indicates that, regardless of the current high global incidence of IBD with over 3.5 million cases in Europe and North...
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Deregulated expression of chemokines in tumor microenvironment contributes to tumor metastasis by targeting distinct cells. Epithelial-derived neutrophil-activating peptide-78 (ENA78/CXCL5) is upregulated in many cancers and involved in tumor progression. The role and underlying mechanism of CXCL5 in gastric cancer (GC) metastasis remain unclear. I...
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Background Increasing evidence indicates that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are dysregulated in human cancers. The biological roles of circRNAs in gastric cancer (GC) have not been well‐characterized. Methods The GEO database was used to analyze circRNA expression profile in GC. The expression level of target circRNA in tumor tissues and adjacent non‐t...
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Background Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic intestinal inflammation that is a risk factor for many gastrointestinal cancers. Exosomes are gradually gaining attention as an emerging treatment method for IBD due to their important biological characteristics. NF‐κB is an important pro‐inflammatory transcription factor kept inacti...
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Background: The stem cell factor SALL4 is reactivated in human cancers. SALL4 plays diverse roles in tumor growth, metastasis, and drug resistance, but its role in tumor metabolism has not been well characterized. Methods: The glycolytic levels of gastric cancer cells were detected by glucose uptake, lactate production, lactate dehydrogenase act...
Article
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Gut mucosal barriers, including chemical and physical barriers, spatially separate the gut microbiota from the host immune system to prevent unwanted immune responses that could lead to intestinal inflammation. In inflam-matory bowel disease (IBD), there is mucosal barrier dysfunction coupled with immune dysregulation and dysbio-sis. The discovery...
Article
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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be caused by a variety of factors, including hereditary and environmental influences, that lead to dysfunction of the intestinal immune system. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit important regulatory roles in relieving inflammation and repairing damaged tissues. Although neutrophils are important participants...
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been suggested as important regulators of cancer development and progression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the biological roles and clinical significance of lncRNA UFC1 in NSCLC remain unclear. We detected the expression of UFC1 in tumor tissues, serum, and serum exosomes of NSCLC patients...
Article
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Approximately 18.1×106 new cases of cancer were recorded globally in 2018, out of which 9.6 million died. It is known that people who have Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) turn to be prone to increased risks of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), which has global incident and mortality rates of 10.2% and 9.2%, respectively. Over the years, conventi...
Article
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Resveratrol (Res) is a natural active antioxidant that is effective in relieving inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the specific mechanism for its function is unknown. In our study, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced mouse IBD disease model was constructed. All mice were randomly divided into three groups. The treatment effects of resvera...
Article
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Background: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have attracted intense interest due to their powerful intrinsic properties of self-regeneration, immunomodulation and multi-potency, as well as being readily available and easy to isolate and culture. Notwithstanding, MSC based therapy suffers reduced efficacy due to several challenges which include unf...
Article
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Background: Several investigations affirm that, patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibit dysbiosis characterized by restricted biodiversity and imbalanced bacterial composition intertwined with immune dysregulation. The interaction between stem cells and gut microbiota is a novel and highly promising field that could add up to a bett...
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been suggested as important regulators of cancer development and progression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, the clinical value and biological roles of LINC00978 in HCC remain unclear. In this study, we detected the expression of LINC00978 in tumor tissues and serum of HCC patients, examined the...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent, non-hematopoietic stem cells capable of differentiating into varieties of mature cell types such as osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and myoblasts. MSCs can be isolated from different kinds of tissues and cultivated in vitro for amplification and passage easily. These cells have drawn researcher'...
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exert powerful immunosuppression in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Macrophages are the dominant inflammatory cells in enteritis regulated via MSCs. However, the roles of macrophages in the process of MSCs attenuating IBD and the mechanisms of MSCs regulating macrophages are largely unknown. In this study, DSS- (dext...
Article
The intestinal tract is a complex and important physiological and immunological organ. Intestinal tract homeostasis requires a series of coordinated interactions involving gut microbiota, the crypt intestinal stem cells (ISC) and the surrounding niche, including the intestinal epithelial cells, endothelial cells, dendritic cells, and macrophages. T...
Article
Background: The recent studies have shown the great value of cell therapy over the past few decades. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to treat various degenerative diseases not through their differentiation potential but through their paracrine factors of extracellular vesicle (EV) including exosomes. Exosomes are nanosized (70~150...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy has been applied to a wide range of diseases with excessive immune response, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), owing to its powerful immunosuppression and its ability to repair tissue lesions. Different sources of MSCs show different therapeutic properties. Engineering managements are able to enhance...
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in the growth, metastasis and therapeutic resistance of liver cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that miR-498 is aberrantly expressed in several human malignancies. However, the role and underlying mechanism of miR-498 in liver cancer remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the potential role...
Article
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Background: Increasing evidence suggests that SALL4 plays oncogenic roles in cancer development and progression. We have previously shown that SALL4 is highly expressed in gastric cancer, and its upregulation is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. The role of SALL4 in gastric cancer metastasis and the underlying mechanism rem...
Article
Exosomes are nano-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that show great promise in tissue regeneration and injury repair as mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). MSC has been showed to alleviate diabetes mellitus (DM) in both animal models and clinical trials. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether exosomes from human umbilical cord MSC (hucMSC-ex) hav...
Article
Exosomes released from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have an anti-inflammatory effect and can repair tissue injuries. Ubiquitination plays an important role in the regulation of various biological functions, including the regulation of inflammation. However, it remains unknown whether exosomes from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMS...
Article
The development of inflammation is mutually affected with damaged DNA and the abnormal expression of protein modification. Ubiquitination, a way of protein modification, plays a key role in regulating various biological functions including inflammation responses. The ubiquitin enzymes and deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) jointly control the ubiquiti...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been increasingly applied into clinical therapy. Exosomes are small (30–100 nm in diameter) membrane vesicles released by different cell types and possess the similar functions with their derived cells. Human umbilical cord MSC-derived exosomes (hucMSC-Ex) play important roles in liver repair. However, the effects...
Article
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The clinical application of cisplatin is restricted by its side effects of nephrotoxicity. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (hucMSC-ex) have an important effect in tissue injury repair. Our previous work discovered that pretreatment with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (hucMSC-ex) alleviated ci...
Preprint
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Little is known about the cell origin of gastric cancer. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPARD) is a druggable ligand-activated nuclear receptor that impacts protumorigenic cellular events. However, PPARD’s role in tumorigenesis, especially gastric tumorigenesis, remains to be defined. We found that targeting PPARD overexpression...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), derived from various tissues, are considered an ideal cell source for clinical use, among which MSCs from the umbilical cord exhibit advantages over those from adult tissues. In preclinical studies, mouse models and xenogeneic MSC treatment are most commonly used to imitate diseases and clinical practice, respectively...
Article
Background aims: On the basis of previous studies, exosomes secreted by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cell (hucMSC-ex) could prevent and repair acute kidney injury induced by cisplatin in rats. However, its potential mechanism is still unclear. In the present study, the model with hucMSC-ex pretreated human renal tubular epithelial cell...
Article
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Cancer-associated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are critically involved in tumor development and progression. However, the mechanisms of action for MSCs in cancer remain largely unknown. Herein, we reported that the expression of Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP) was higher in gastric cancer derived mesenchymal stem cells (GC‑MSCs) than that in bone m...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a critical component of the tumor microenvironment. Upon distinct pathological stimulus, MSCs show phenotypic and functional changes. Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer‑related deaths worldwide. The roles and mechanisms of MSCs in gastric cancer have not been well characterized. In the present st...
Article
PPARD is upregulated in many major human cancers, but the role that its expression in cancer cells has in metastasis remains poorly understood. Here, we show that specific PPARD downregulation or genetic deletion of PPARD in cancer cells significantly repressed metastasis in various cancer models in vivo. Mechanistically, PPARD promoted angiogenesi...
Article
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Objective To investigate the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) in the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). ResultsICG-hucMSCs homed to colon tissues of IBD mice 12 h after injection. The injection of hucMSCs significantly relieved the IBD symptoms and inflammatory cell infil...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive seed cells for immunotherapy, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine due to their self-renewal and multidirectional differentiation abilities, diverse immunoregulatory functions and ease of isolation from a wide range of tissues. MSCs exert their immunoregulatory effect on immune cells via cell-to-...
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Growing evidence indicates that 14-3-3ζ and yes-associated protein (YAP) substantially promote tumorigenesis and tumor development. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying these two proteins remains unknown. Herein, we report a new regulatory role of 14-3-3ζ in the phosphorylation of YAP and the feedback inhibition of 14-3-3ζ by YAP. YAP and 1...
Article
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Exosomes secreted by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown repairing effects on several tissue injury diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of exosomes released from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) on the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to explo...
Article
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation has been used for therapeutic applications in various diseases. Here we report MSCs can malignantly transform in vivo. The novel neoplasm was found on the tail of female rat after injection with male rat bone marrow-derived MSCs (rBM-MSCs) and the new tumor cell line, K3, was isolated from the neoplasm....