Federico Di Rita

Federico Di Rita
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Environmental Biology

27.82
 · 
PhD

About

55
Publications
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1,117
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data on fossil...
Poster
Full-text available
The Mesopotamian culture flourished on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in a landscape that was interested by several changes in the last 6000 yr after the stabilization of the sea-level following the last post-glacial rise. Evidence suggests that the shoreline was located about 250-260 km inland from the present coastline and that two...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean region and the Levant have returned some of the clearest evidence of a climatically dry period occurring around 4200 years ago. However, some regional evidence is controversial and contradictory, and issues remain regarding timing, progression, and regional articulation of this event. In this paper, we review the evidence from sel...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares changes in vegetation structure and composition (using synthetic fossil pollen data) with proxy data for population levels (including settlements and radiocarbon dates) over the course of the last 10 millennia in Tyrrhenian central Italy. These data show generalised patterns of clearance of woodland in response both to early agr...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the variation in forest cover in the central Mediterranean region, reflected by percentage changes in the arboreal pollen record, has been examined in relation to the 4.2 ka event. A total of 36 well-dated and detailed pollen records from latitudes between 45 and 36∘ N were selected and their vegetation dynamics between 5 and 3 ka ex...
Article
Full-text available
The BRAIN (Botanical Records of Archaeobotany Italian Network) database and network was developed by the cooperation of archaeobotanists working on Italian archaeological sites. Examples of recent research including pollen or other plant remains in analytical and synthetic papers are reported as an exemplar reference list. This paper retraces the m...
Article
Full-text available
A new high-resolution pollen record, spanning the last five millennia, is presented from the Gulf of Gaeta (Tyrrhenian Sea, central Italy), with the aim of verifying if any vegetation change occurred in the central Mediterranean region in relation to specific well-known global and/or regional climate events, including the 4.2 ka event, the Medieval...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the variation in forest cover in the central Mediterranean region, reflected by percentage changes of the arboreal pollen record, has been examined in relation to the 4.2kaBP event. A number of 36 well-dated and detailed pollen records from latitudes between 45° and 36°N were selected and their vegetation dynamics between 5 and 3ka e...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-known that the Holocene exhibits a millennial-scale climate variability. However, its periodicity, spatio-temporal patterns and underlying processes are not fully deciphered yet. Here we focus on the central and western Mediterranean. We show that recurrent forest declines from the Gulf of Gaeta (central Tyrrhenian Sea) reveal a 1860-yr...
Article
A new late-Holocene high-resolution pollen record is presented from Lago Patria with the aim of investigating past vegetation and environmental dynamics in a still under-investigated coastal sector of the Campania region (Italy). Our results show the evolution of a mixed deciduous and evergreen oak-dominated lowland forest, rich in both xeric and m...
Article
Full-text available
A multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental investigation was conducted to reconstruct the Holocene history of coastal landscape change in the lower Posada coastal plain of eastern Sardinia. In the Mediterranean region, coastal modifications during the Holocene have been driven by a complex interplay between climate, geomorphological processes and human acti...
Poster
Full-text available
Background. In 2015, a paper on the archaeobotany as a key tool ‘for the understanding of the bio-cultural diversity of the Italian landscape’ gave rise to a new initiative, the realization of the first cooperative network of archaeobotanists and palynologists working on archaeological sites located in Italy. The Botanical Record of Archaeobotany I...
Article
Full-text available
Multiproxy analysis composed of biostratigraphy and pollen analysis allowed reconstructing the palaeoecological and palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Tirso river coastal plain in Sardinia (NW Mediterranean) in the last 6 millennia. We demonstrated that interplay between littoral and fluvial processes have significantly controlled the environment...
Article
A 25 m-thick outcrop section exposed at Torre Mucchia, on the sea-cliff north of Ortona, eastern central Italy, comprises a rare Middle Pleistocene succession of shallow-water and paralic sediments along the western Adriatic Sea. An integrated study of the section, including facies and microfacies analyses, and characterization of paleobiological a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new high resolution pollen, planktonic foraminiferal and oxygen isotopes record from a shallow water marine sedimentary core from the central Tyrrhenian Sea (Gulf of Gaeta) provides information on vegetation and climate changes occurred in the central Mediterranean region during the last 5000 cal. years BP (Margaritelli et al., 2016). Nine tim...
Article
Full-text available
The ancient site of Elaiussa Sebaste (SE coast of Turkey) was one of the main trading harbours of the Mediterranean, growing in the Augustan period and maintaining its prestige until the Byzantine era. The Arabic invasion that occurred in the second half of the 7th century AD marked its definitive abandonment. A very prominent historical topic conc...
Article
La Polledrara di Cecanibbio is a Pleistocene fossiliferous deposit near Rome (Italy) where large quantities of bones, belonging mainly to elephants, have been discovered and ‘musealized’ under an enclosing structure. The prevailing environmental conditions inside the museum and the exposition in situ of the fossilized remains have resulted in the d...
Chapter
The pollen preparation technique consists of a sequence of steps that allow for the removal of organic and inorganic matter from a sample, with the aim of rendering the grains visible under the microscope and enabling easy identification and counting. No special equipment is required, but particular care is needed to avoid contamination of fossil w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new high resolution pollen and planktonic foraminiferal record from a shallow water coastal marine core (water depth 83 meters) collected in the Gulf of Gaeta (Tyrrhenian Sea, central Italy), provides information on the complex relations among natural vegetation development, climate changes, and human impact on ecosystems in an historically dense...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new high resolution pollen and planktonic foraminiferal record from a shallow water coastal marine core (water depth 83 meters) collected in the Gulf of Gaeta (Tyrrhenian Sea, central Italy), provides information on the complex relations among natural vegetation development, climate changes, and human impact on ecosystems in an historically dense...
Article
The ancient site of Elaiussa Sebaste (SE coast of Turkey) was one of the main trading harbours of the Mediterranean, growing in the Augustan period and maintaining its prestige until the Byzantine era. The Arabic invasion that occurred in the second half of the 7th century AD marked its definitive abandonment. A very prominent historical topic conc...
Article
Full-text available
A new high resolution pollen and planktonic foraminiferal record from a shallow water coastal marine core (water depth 83 meters) collected in the Gulf of Gaeta (Tyrrhenian Sea, central Italy), provides information on the complex relations among natural vegetation development, climate changes, and human impact on ecosystems in an historically dens...
Article
Full-text available
Palynological, sedimentological and geochemical analyses performed on the Villarquemado paleolake sequence (987 m a.s.l, 40°30′N; 1°18′W) reveal the vegetation dynamics and climate variability in continental Iberia over the last 13,500 cal yr BP. The Lateglacial and early Holocene periods are characterized by arid conditions with a stable landscape...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of the cultural landscape in coastal western Sardinia is investigated by means of pollen analysis in the Mistras Lagoon sediments, near the ancient city of Tharros, with particular attention to changes in evergreen vegetation and the impact of human activity. The pollen diagram, spanning the time interval from 5300 to 1600 cal BP, doc...
Article
Geological disciplines are increasingly applied to archaeological research. Their potentialities are able to cover numerous fields of research, since they can become very interesting tools to define the ancient environments, the origin of the human settlements and the natural and anthropic processes which occurred through the evolution of the terri...
Article
Full-text available
A new pollen record from Valle di Castiglione near Rome (core VdC09) has been studied with the aim of providing a detailed reconstruction of the vegetation history of the Roman landscape between 13,800 and 7700 cal BP, in response to the Lateglacial and early Holocene climate events. An open landscape dominated by steppe vegetation characterized th...
Article
Full-text available
This study is aimed at verifying the possible influence of solar activity on the coastal vegetation development in the Tavoliere Plain (south Adriatic region, Italy) between 6350 and 4000 cal BP, when regular fluctuations of halophilic vegetation are recorded by pollen. A wavelet analysis, applied to the percentage values of glasswort vegetation is...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a detailed description of the stratigraphic architecture of the Late Pleistocene/Holocene Tiber delta succession in order to document the passage from wave-dominated estuary to wave-dominated delta in the broader context of Late Quaternary sea level fluctuations. This succession constitutes a sequence-stratigraphic unit known as...
Data
Full-text available
review of twenty-six pollen records from coastal areas of central Mediterranean countries (including Malta, Sardinia, Corsica, Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Croatia, and Greece) is presented, in order to describe the general processes characterizing the environmental evolution of this region and to detect the main causes producing landscape change dur...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of palaeobotanical and archaeological data from recent studies carried out in the Tiber delta allows reconstructing the Holocene landscape evolution of the coastal area near Rome, revealing a long history of climate, environment and man interactions (MANFREDINI, 2002; D'AMBROGI et alii, 2009; DI RITA et alii, 2010; BELLOTTI et alii,...
Article
Pollen, molluscs and foraminifera are used to reconstruct Holocene environmental changes in the Palude Frattarolo–Lago Salso area (Tavoliere Plain, Apulia, Italy) near the Coppa Nevigata archaeological site. This settlement, inhabited from the Early Neolithic to the Iron Age, was situated on the edge of a broad lagoon that extended for some 40km al...
Article
Full-text available
Geomorphologic, stratigraphic, faunistic, palynological and carbon isotope analyses were carried out in the area of the Tiber river mouth. The results depict a complex palaeoenvironmental evolution in the area of the Roman town of Ostia, ascertain the changes of the Tiber river delta over the last 6000 years and support a re-interpretation of some...
Article
New pollen data from Valle di Castiglione (Rome) highlight the vegetation development of the Roman area between 13,700 and 8000 cal BP. The late-glacial is characterized by a deforested landscape with a scanty presence of woody taxa during the interstadial. The postglacial development of forest vegetation is delayed by the local persistence of chen...
Article
Interdisciplinary investigations in the Early Pleistocene site of Madonna della Strada, near Scoppito (L'Aquila, central Italy) are presented, complementing the information on large mammal remains recovered in the 1950s (Mammuthus meridionalis, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, suid and small deer). New fragmentary remains of an old rhinoceros individual a...
Article
Full-text available
Multidisciplinary investigations at Pagliare di Sassa (L'Aquila, central Italy) suggest that the local succession accumulated from the late Early to the early Middle Pleistocene in a lacustrine environment. In the upper part, clastic sediments are part of an alluvial fan prograding into the lake, grading to a braided fluvial system. The pollen reco...
Article
Full-text available
Combined analyses of pollen, seeds, woods, micro-charcoal and non-pollen palynomorphs from Stagno di Maccarese, an artificially dried out coastal basin north of the Tiber delta now occupied by the Fiumicino Airport (Rome, Italy), document marked vegetation and environmental changes during the last 8300years. Between 8300 and 5400cal. a BP dense mix...
Article
Full-text available
Pollen analysis from Lago Alimini Piccolo provides the first record of mid- and late-Holocene vegetation history of a coastal area in the easternmost region of southern Italy (Salento Peninsula). Terrestrial pollen taxa document expansions and declines of the Mediterranean forest, in relation to human activity and climate changes. Between 5200 and...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Mountains are sentinels of climate and environmental change and many marine regions provide information on past climate variations. The Project of Interest NextData will favour the implementation of measurement networks in remote mountain and marine areas and will develop efficient web portals to access meteoclimatic and atmospheric composition data, past climate information from ice and sediment cores, biodiversity and ecosystem data, measurements of the hydrological cycle, marine reanalyses and climate projections at global and regional scale. New data on the present and past climatic variability and future climate projections in the Alps, the Himalaya-Karakoram, the Mediterranean region and other areas of interest will be obtained and made available. The pilot studies conducted during the project will allow for obtaining new estimates on the availability of water resources and on the effects of atmospheric aerosols on high-altitude environments, as well as new assessments of the impact of climate change on ecosystems, health and societies in mountain regions. The system of archives and the scientific results produced by the NextData project will provide a unique data base for research, for environmental management and for the estimate of climate change impacts, allowing for the development of knowledge-based environmental and climate adaptation policies. The NextData Project has defined three Grand Challenges: (1) the construction of a system of archives and portals for distributing climate and environmental data on current conditions and ongoing changes in mountain regions; (2) the reconstruction of climate and its variability in Italy in the last two Millennia, with special focus on the last 100 years; and (3) the development of an ensemble of high-resolution downscaled temperature and precipitation fields from future climate scenarios over Italy for the next few decades.