Federico Schena

Federico Schena
University of Verona | UNIVR · Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences

Professor of Sport Sciences

About

503
Publications
139,357
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,253
Citations
Introduction
Federico Schena currently works at the Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona. Federico does research in Sports Sciences, Exercise and Health, sport performance. His current projects are 'exercise vs cognitive training in alzheimer disease', Frailty, Fatigue and performance.
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
University of Verona
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2006 - April 2016
University of Verona
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2002 - September 2006
Università degli Studi di Trento
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (503)
Article
Full-text available
Background The in-vivo regulation of vascular conductance (VC) is a continuous balance between endothelial vasodilation and sympathetic vasoconstriction. Although women may report blunted sympathetic vasoconstriction along with higher endothelial vasodilation than men, it is currently unknown whether the interaction between vasoconstriction and vas...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of motor competence (MC) is crucial to finding deficiencies in children's motor development. Because of the need to ensure validity, reliability, and feasibility, the selection of contemporary testing batteries is a difficult task. Many papers report the validity of the KTK test in describing MC in school aged children. KTK consists of 4...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To evaluate perceived fatigue (PF) and neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) in patients with COPD and chronic respiratory failure (CRF) on long-term oxygen therapy (CRF-COPD group), and the relationships between PF, NMF, patient’s characteristics, comparing severe patients with COPD to patients without CRF (COPD group). Methods This cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Supportive care, including exercise, nutritional and psychological support, is becoming increasingly important in cancer given their impact on 'patients' quality and quantity of life. The purpose of this study was to explore willingness, preferences barriers and facilitators for a multimodal intervention in patients with cancer. Methods: A...
Article
Objective . This project compared a new method to estimate the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) to the gold-standard cf-PWV technique. Approach . The cf-PWV was estimated from the pulse transit time (FPS-PTT) calculated by processing the finger photoplethysmographic signal of Finapres (FPS) and subject’s height only (brief mode) as well...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sarcopenic obesity is characterized by low muscle mass and high body fat; prevalence increases with age, particularly after age 65 years. For this systematic literature review we searched scientific databases for studies on exercise interventions for improving physical performance in adults with sarcopenic obesity; also, we identified p...
Article
Full-text available
Widely used in daily practice, handgrip strength (HGS) is a low cost, easy-to-use, and portable test to assess overall muscle and physical function. It can be used as a stand-alone or a first-line tool for evaluating muscle weakness, though controversy surrounds its use for assessing global or lower limb muscle function. Lower limb mobility and phy...
Article
Full-text available
Fatigue is one of the most disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS); it influences patients' quality of life. The etiology of fatigue is complex, and its pathogenesis is still unclear and debated. The objective of this review was to describe potential brain structural and functional dysfunctions underlying fatigue symptoms in patients with MS....
Article
This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of recreational football performed once (LOW) vs. twice (MOD) a week on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy, sedentary men. Body composition, resting blood pressure, blood lipid profile and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) were measured at baseline, after a 12-week control and training period, usi...
Article
Purpose To determine the impact of exercise on functional capacity, measured through the “Six minutes walking test” (6MWT) in patients with advanced cancer stage. Methods Systematic research on PubMed, Cochrane Library, and SportDiscus was conducted. Randomized controlled trials were eligible if they examined the effect of exercise on 6MWT. Resul...
Article
Full-text available
Stem cells functions are regulated by different factors and non-conding RNAs, such as microRNA. MiRNAsplay an important role in modulating the expression of genes involved in the commitment and differentiation of progenitor cells. MiRNAs are post transcriptional regulators which may be modulated by physical exercise. MiRNAs, by regulating different...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims In this cross-sectional study we investigate the association between handgrip strength (HGS) and muscle function of the lower limbs and the predictors of the appendicular lean mass index (ALMI) in older adults with obesity of both sexes. Methods and Results Eighty-four older (67±5 years) men (N=44) and women (N=40) with obesity...
Chapter
Full-text available
SOMMARIO: 1.1. Disabilità nel mondo: le sfide culturali del terzo millennio-1.1.1. Disabilità in Italia: cultura della sfida, la sfida della cultura-1.2. Sport e disabi-lità-1.2.1. Sport e qualità della vita della persona con disabilità-1.3. Conclu-sioni
Article
Introduction Due to important achievements in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic tools and the complexity of the disease itself, lung cancer management needs a multidisciplinary approach. To date, the classical multidisciplinary team involves different healthcare providers mainly dedicated to lung cancer diagnosis and treatments. Nevertheless, the...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-induced relaxation rate reflects intrinsic muscle contractile properties by interrupting the drive from the central nervous system during voluntary muscle contractions. To determine the appropriateness of knee- extensor muscle relaxation measurements induced by TMS, this study aimed to establish both the with...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a worldwide pandemic illness that is impacting the cardiovascular, pulmonary, musculoskeletal, and cognitive function of a large spectrum of the worldwide population. The available pharmacological countermeasures of these long-term effects of COVID-19 are minimal, while myriads of non-specific non-pharmacologi...
Article
Full-text available
Augmented central arterial stiffness (CAS) increases cardiovascular risk. CAS can be augmented by physical exercise and sympathetic activation (SYMP) induced by stressful stimuli. Interestingly, sympathetic vasoconstriction triggered by a sympathetic stimulant is augmented immediately after a strenuous half-marathon compared to at rest. This study...
Article
Previous studies demonstrated that aging, neurodegeneration, and the level of physical activity are associated with vascular alterations. However, in Parkinson's disease (PD) only cerebral vascular function has been investigated; instead, the contribution of PD on systemic vascular function and skeletal muscle circulation remains a matter of debate...
Article
Purpose: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive technique to assess corticospinal excitability and inhibition. TMS over the motor cortex during a voluntary contraction elicits short-latency excitatory (motor-evoked potential, MEP) and inhibitory (silent period, SP) responses in the target muscle. However, the technique for search...
Article
Previous studies demonstrated that aging, neurodegeneration, and the level of physical activity are associated with vascular alterations. However, in Parkinson's disease (PD) only cerebral vascular function has been investigated; instead, the contribution of PD on systemic vascular function and skeletal muscle circulation remains a matter of debate...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of a warm-up on balance control and inter-limb balance asymmetries by analyzing the influence of the nature of the sport practiced by participants. Twelve sportspeople were recruited. They had to stand on a force plate for 30 s in a one-leg stance on their dominant (used to perform skilled...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between Perceived Control (PC) and Heart rate variability (HRV) during a 27-day expedition, during which an unsupported crossing was made from the west coast to the east coast of Greenland (across the Ice Sheet); and that therefore a high PC represents a favourable factor for...
Article
Full-text available
The current randomized controlled study investigated whether or not the inclusion of the eccentric phase in resistance training favors the contralateral strength gains after different unilateral protocols, and whether such gains are retained after detraining. Sixty healthy women were randomly assigned to a unilateral concentric-only (CONC), eccentr...
Article
Full-text available
Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome defined by specific symptoms and signs due to structural and/or functional heart abnormalities, which lead to inadequate cardiac output and/or increased intraventricular filling pressure. Importantly, HF becomes progressively a multisystemic disease. However, in August 2021, the European Society of Cardiolo...
Article
Full-text available
This study was aimed (i) to examine the effect of living setting (rural vs. urban), geographical area (North vs. Center vs. South), and gender (boys vs. girls) on weight status, motor coordination, and physical activity (PA) level of Italian school-age children; (ii) to examine differences in the neighborhood walkability of different school areas f...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of our cross-sectional research was to determine the current values of gross motor coordination (GMC) of Italian boys and girls between 6 and 13 years of age. Secondary goals were to study gender differences, and the four subtests trend with ages. Results were compared with the references proposed by KTK authors and with similar searc...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic requires the adoption of strict preventive measures, such as wearing a protective face mask , but few studies investigated its impact during exercise. We investigated the effects of wearing a protective face mask while exercising at different intensities and verified whether differences between two types of protec...
Article
Purpose: The current study compared the local and systemic vascular responsiveness after small muscle mass endurance training or passive stretching training (PST). Methods: Thirty-six sex-matched healthy participants underwent 8-week single-leg knee extension (SLKE) (N = 12) training or PST (N = 12), or no intervention (control, N = 12). Before...
Article
Purpose: Given the increased level of fatigue frequently reported by patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), this study investigated the interaction between central and peripheral components of neuromuscular fatigue (NF) in this population, compared to healthy peers. Methods: Changes in maximal voluntary activation (ΔVA, central fatigue) and poten...
Article
Full-text available
Although numerous evidences reported a negative correlation between motor coordination (MC) and overweight/obesity in children and adolescents, the interrelationship between age, gender, and weight status is still debatable. Hence, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between MC and weight status according to age and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To analyse the influence of goalkeepers during 4-a-side small-sided games, played in pitches of two different sizes (small: 30 × 20 m, large: 40 × 30 m). Methods Total distance covered (TD), distance covered at low- (LSD), moderate- (MSD), high- (HSD) and very high-speed (VHSD), average and maximal speed, Edwards’ training load (Edw-TL), t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose It is well established that mental fatigue impairs performance during lab-based endurance tests lasting less than 45 min. However, the effects of mental fatigue on longer duration endurance events and in field settings are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mental fatigue on performance during a half-marathon ra...
Article
Objectives To investigate the impact of fast-start, steady or slow-start strategies of the running fraction in sprint triathlon on oxygen consumption, perception of fatigue and blood lactate. Design Thirteen male triathletes (age; 36.4±10.8 yy, height 174.8±7.9 cm, body mass 70.6±11.1 kg; V’O2max 62.4 ± 8.9 ml min⁻¹ kg⁻¹; mean ± SD) attended the l...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study investigated the effect of performing hypoxic exercise at the same heart rate (HR) or work rate (WR) as normoxic exercise on post-exercise autonomic and cardiovascular responses. Methods Thirteen men performed three interval-type exercise sessions (5 × 5-min; 1-min recovery): normoxic exercise at 80% of the WR at the first venti...
Article
Full-text available
Because rate of force development (RFD) is an emerging outcome measure for the assessment of neuromuscular function in unfatigued conditions, and it represents a valid alternative/complement to the classical evaluation of pure maximal strength, this scoping review aimed to map the available evidence regarding RFD as an indicator of neuromuscular fa...
Article
To investigate how leg preference affects net efficiency (ηnet), we examined central and peripheral hemodynamics, muscle fiber type, activation and force of preferred (PL) and non-preferred (NPL) leg. Our hypothesis was that PL greater efficiency could be explained by adaptations and interactions between central, peripheral factors and force. Fifte...
Article
Background Vascular dysfunction and associated disorders are major side effects of chronic bed rest, yet passive mobilization as a potential treatment has only been theorized so far. This study investigated the effects of passive mobilization treatment on vascular function in older, chronically bedridden people. Methods The study sample was 45 chr...
Article
Full-text available
Background With aging and obesity lower limb torque deteriorates. Importantly, the ratio between knee flexor (KF) and extensor (KE) torque is an indicator of joint stability.AimsWe compared KF torque and KF/KE ratio in older subjects of both sexes with obesity (OB) or without (NOB) obesity.Methods The maximal torque during KE and KF isokinetic cont...
Article
Dysregulated immunity and widespread metabolic dysfunctions are the most relevant hallmarks of the passing time over the adult life and their combination at midlife is strongly related to increased vulnerability to diseases. However, their causal connection remains largely unclear. Combining multi-omics and functional analyses on adipose derived st...
Article
Background: Many recreational cyclists believe that lying upside-down after intense physical exertion speeds up physical recovery, enhancing subsequent exercise performance. However, the effectiveness of this technique has not yet been investigated. Methods: 25 active cyclists (10 females/15 males; age 23.3±3.8 years old) performed a supramaxima...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has impacted the wellbeing of people worldwide, potentially increasing maladaptive psychological responses of vulnerable populations. Although young adults with multiple sclerosis (yawMS) might be at greater risk of developing psychological distress linked to the pandemic, they might also be able to adapt to stress and find me...
Article
Full-text available
Coratella, G, Beato, M, Bertinato, L, Milanese, C, Venturelli, M, and Schena, F. Including the eccentric phase in resistance training to counteract the effects of detraining in women: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-The current study compared the effects of concentric-based (CONC), eccentric-based (ECC), and...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle function is a marker of current and prospective health/independence throughout life. The effects of sex and obesity (OB) on the loss of muscle function in ageing remain unresolved, with important implications for the diagnosis/monitoring of sarcopenia. To characterise in vivo knee extensors’ function, we compared muscles torque and power wit...
Article
Purpose To investigate the effects of a very short-term acclimation protocol (VSTAP) on performance, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise in the heat. Methods 12 trained male cyclists (age 31.2 ± 7; weight 71.3 ± 7 kg, VO2max: 58.4 ± 3.7 mL/kg/min) randomly performed two Time to Exhaustion Tests (TTE) at 75% of normothermic peak powe...
Article
Muscle fatigue induced by voluntary exercise, which requires central motor drive, causes central fatigue that impairs endurance performance of a different, non-fatigued muscle. This study investigated the impact of quadriceps fatigue induced by electrically-induced (no central motor drive) contractions on single-leg knee-extension (KE) performance...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle fatigue induced by voluntary exercise, which requires central motor drive, causes central fatigue that impairs endurance performance of a different, non-fatigued muscle. This study investigated the impact of quadriceps fatigue induced by electrically-induced (no central motor drive) contractions on single-leg knee-extension (KE) performance...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Regular exercise is considered a cornerstone in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It improves glucose control and cardiovascular risk factors, contributes to weight loss, and also improves general well-being, likely playing a role in the prevention of chronic complications of diabetes. However, compliance to exercise recommend...
Article
BacKGround: The aim of this study was to compare the running kinematics and the spring mass model mechanics over an entire half-marathon race in male and female athletes on different slopes (-7%, 0% and +7%). MeThodS: 59 recreational runners (39 males and 20 females) participated in this study. Their running steps at own best self-selected speed we...
Article
Full-text available
Background Multiple sclerosis (MS), the most common neurological disease that causes disability in youth, does not only affect physical functions but is also associated with cognitive impairment, fatigue, depression, and anxiety and can significantly impact health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Since MS is generally diagnosed at a young age—a per...
Article
Aim: Decreased muscle strength has been frequently observed in individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, this condition is still poorly examined in physically active patients. This study compared quadriceps (Q) maximal force, and the contribution of central and peripheral components of force production during a maximal isometric task betw...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exercise is highly recommended in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Exercise-induced amelioration of motor, non-motor, and drug-induced symptoms are widely known. However, specific guidelines on exercise testing and prescription in PD are lacking. Objective This study reviews the literature on exercise-based approaches to the manage...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose It is well established that mental fatigue impairs performance during lab-based endurance tests lasting < 45 min. However, the effects of mental fatigue on longer-duration endurance events and in field settings are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mental fatigue on performance during a half-marathon race. Meth...
Article
Objectives The role of physical activity (PA) in the promotion of mental wellbeing and prevention of psychological disorders in population groups at increased risk for mental health conditions, such as migrant populations, has never been systematically investigated. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis according to the Prefer...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability. Nonetheless, the care pathway for stroke rehabilitation takes partially into account the needs of chronic patients. This is due in part to the lack of evidence about the mechanisms of recovery after stroke, together with the poor knowledge of related and influencing factors. Here we report on the...
Article
Vascular conductance (VC) regulation involves a continuous balance between metabolic vasodilation and sympathetic vasoconstriction. Endurance exercise challenges the sympathetic control on VC due to attenuated sympathetic receptor responsiveness and persistence of muscle vasodilation, especially in endurance athletes, predisposing them to blood pre...
Article
Full-text available
Recent data on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic showed that the virus is mostly conveyed by respiratory droplets that are produced at high intensity especially when an infected subject coughs or sneezes. Therefore, elevated volume ventilations, usually reached during physical efforts and exercise, are a potential source of contamination...
Article
Background and Aims This study is a randomized trial that examined the effects of 6 months of unsupervised Nordic walking (NW) and walking (W) exercise following 6 months of supervised training in overweight/obese adults. Methods and Results After a 6-month program of diet and supervised training participants (n= 27) of NW (66±7 yrs, body mass ind...
Article
Background: Exercise dependence is a phenomenon characterized by behavioral, physiological and psychological symptoms similarly to substance use disorders. Although exercise addiction is not classified as a mental health disorder. A descriptive study of exercise dependence in two different countries, Italy and for the first time Japan was performe...