Federico Cavallaro

Federico Cavallaro
Politecnico di Torino | polito · DIST - Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning

PhD
Associate Professor in Transportation at Politecnico di Torino

About

62
Publications
5,265
Reads
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931
Citations
Citations since 2016
43 Research Items
842 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
• Associate professor in transport - Politecnico di Torino, Turin (I) • Lecturer in transport (bachelor’s and master's courses) - University IUAV, Venice (I)
Additional affiliations
December 2019 - present
Politecnico di Torino
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2019 - present
Università Iuav di Venezia
Position
  • Lecturer
April 2016 - December 2019
Eurac Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Freight transport is responsible for about 45% of total CO2 emissions caused by mobility. To reduce its contribution without limiting the quantity of goods distributed, the technological improvement of vehicles and alternative fuels is only a partial solution. Indeed, it should be flanked by other integrative push- and pull-measures implemented at...
Article
Battery Electric vehicles (BEVs) are generally considered as potentially contributing to the reduction of CO2 emissions. Consequently, many countries have promoted (or are in the process of promoting) policies aimed at directly or indirectly subsidizing BEVs to accelerate their market uptake. The aim of this paper is to assess whether BEVs’ subsidi...
Article
Carbon emissions from road transport are one of the main issues related to modern transport planning. To address them adequately, the acquisition of reliable data about traffic flow is an essential prerequisite. However, the large quantity and the heterogeneity of available information often cause problems; missing or incomplete data are one of the...
Article
According to the principles of sustainable mobility, public transport (PT) is becoming a new paradigm to measure the accessibility of a region. This paper analyses PT accessibility for commuters that travel in cross-border areas of Central Europe, a region that has registered a significant growth of transnational movements in the last 20 years. A s...
Article
Full-text available
A high-speed rail (HSR) system, which can be developed either by building a new segregated line or upgrading an existing line according to a given set of operational standards, is considered as a competitive solution to improve the accessibility of main destinations. Scientific literature has reported limited contributions regarding the impacts of...
Chapter
Global supply and transport chains have been heavily affected by governmental measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. To counteract the negative externalities of each measure, the various countries had to levy countermeasures. This chapter uses a literature review to analyze which COVID-19 pandemic containment measures had a negative external ef...
Chapter
Noise emissions are a relevant externality, which cause negative effects on affected population. Due to the topographic and physical characteristics of the geographical context, road transport in mountain areas is a main source of noise emissions. Adequate solutions have to be foreseen, able to reduce the impacts on affected population. First, this...
Article
According to EU directives, cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is adopted to assess the impacts of high-speed rail (HSR). CBA evaluates the effectiveness of such infrastructure, determining whether and to what extent the present benefits overcome the present opportunity costs. However, it fails to include equity issues, which are the key aspects of transp...
Article
Noise and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are two of the main externalities caused by road transport. At the EU and national levels, many efforts have been implemented to reduce them. Photovoltaic noise barriers (PVNBs) are a technical solution conceived for such a joint objective. This paper presents a method of calculating the efficiency of PVNBs...
Article
In contemporary society ICTs play a key role in providing access to work. Nevertheless, work accessibility measurements incorporating ICTs are still limited: the focus lies mostly on the physical (transport-related) component. This study develops an original model that integrates accessibility to work opportunities in the physical, virtual and hybr...
Chapter
Reliable data collection is an unavoidable requisite for rigorous planning of transport policies that aim at achieving a more balanced modal split. This is particularly evident for long-distance road traffic, which in most cases involves two or more countries. Since each country adopts its own method for counting and classifying vehicles, the risk...
Article
The integration of passenger and freight transport has been the subject of debate among scholars from the beginning of the century, with a peak observed in the last five years. Considering the relatively recent interest in the topic, most authors have highlighted the heterogeneous and explorative approaches adopted so far, indicating a lack of syst...
Article
Rail-Road Combined Transport (CT) is a well-known issue for freight mobility: it is generally considered as a valid solution to reduce externalities without curbing mobility, but it often lacks adequate infrastructures and has high costs for operators. Hence, in most cases road continues to be the preferred solution. This condition is valid especia...
Article
The “First-Last Mile” problem (FLM) is a relevant transport issue. According to the Green Paper on Urban Mobility, the combination of passenger and freight flows may be a valid approach to promote sustainable, efficient and socially desirable FLM transport. This paper proposes a set of key performance indicators to evaluate potential improvements i...
Chapter
Despite numerous efforts to balance the modal split of freight mobility, transalpine transport is mostly performed via road, causing negative consequences on the urban centres located along main infrastructural corridors. Combined Transport (CT) could contribute to a reduction of such pressure, but this form of transport is not considered competiti...
Article
Even if the concepts of climate change, tourism and transport are strictly connected, the scientific literature has mostly considered their pairwise relations, linking tourism to climate change, transport to climate change, or tourism to transport. This paper aims at considering the three concepts as a whole, exploring the three-cornered interactio...
Article
The introduction of High-Speed Railways (HSRs) redefines the connections between main territorial hubs, by reducing the travel times and guaranteeing better accessibility. Such infrastructures bring advantages in terms of travel performances, but have also some drawbacks especially for those, generally, mid-size cities that are downgraded. This pap...
Article
Accessibility is a valuable indicator for assessing the effectiveness of a transport network. Nevertheless, its analysis can lead to very heterogeneous results depending on the method adopted, thus still struggling to be considered by policy makers and in planning processes. This article contributes to the development of an accessibility analysis a...
Article
Freight transport is essential for the economic development of European countries. At the same time, it is one of the main causes of transport externalities. Combined Transport (CT) can contribute to a sustainable development of freight transport, but it suffers from some obstacles that make it not appealing enough. In this paper, CT in the Alps is...
Article
This paper deals with grid transit network schemes and their specific features: orthogonal main routes that do not overlap, increased transit frequency, and distance between bus stops in interchange areas to be optimized. So far, this solution has been successfully adopted in metropolitan areas with orthogonal urban shapes (as shown by the descript...
Article
Full-text available
Commuting poses relevant challenges to cities’ transport systems. Various studies have identified transit as a tool to enhance sustainability, efficiency and quality of the commute. The scope of this paper is to present strategies that increase public transport attractiveness and positively impact its modal share, looking at some case studies and u...
Article
Full-text available
The Alpine area is object of a high environmental and social pressure caused by the tourist mobility. The modal share tends towards the private vehicle, since in most cases public transport (PT) is not competitive and does not constitute a valid alternative. This condition is due to several interrelated issues, which include connectivity, multimoda...
Conference Paper
Although Automation is expected to play a crucial role in the future development of transport, currently it lacks strong relations with urban mobility planning. Most types of plans such as SUMPs do not include operative references to Automation, overlooking strategic guidelines or useful measures to integrate this theme into the future vision of mo...
Article
About half of the total nights spent in the EU is related to tourism concentrated in coastal destinations. Despite the numerous positive impacts, this form of tourism produces also negative externalities; the mobility to reach/leave and to move within a destination is responsible for a relevant part of them. However, specific measures addressing th...
Article
Cross-border commuting is a growing phenomenon both in metropolitan and peripheral areas. Its increase is mostly guaranteed by private vehicles, which cause several negative externalities. Among the European macro-areas of cross-border commuting, Central Europe is characterized by relevant flows, which are originated by EU-13 countries and are head...
Chapter
In transport planning, the connection between peripheral and urban areas is a complex issue to be dealt with. Difficulties are even exacerbated when the trans-regional and transnational scales are considered. However, transnational commuting is an increasing phenomenon and regional policy makers should be able to face it adequately. This paper desc...
Article
Full-text available
The Brenner is the most heavily travelled transalpine corridor in terms of freight transport. The current modal split tends heavily towards road (71% road – 29% rail), with significant repercussions in terms of environmental and social impacts. Indeed, Alpine areas generate external costs that are up to four times higher than flat areas. The promot...
Article
Due to the morphology and the presence of high slopes, the transalpine infrastructures generate relevant external costs that affect local populations and cannot be ignored. Their inclusion into transport policies and mobility plans has become an important issue, which is directly supported by the EU. This paper quantifies, economically valuates and...
Article
This paper discusses the economic valuation of the impacts on climate change from transport. Different studies have dealt with this topic (technical assessments, guidelines, and aggregate models). They show a large interval, which is mostly caused by the numerous uncertainties categorised according to whether they are of a technical, economic, or d...
Article
Full-text available
To quantify CO2 emissions from road transport, literature suggests the adoption of several alternative methods, based on transport modelling and carbon modules. Some of these methods are labelled as a micro approach and others as a macro approach. Their distinction is made according to the temporal and spatial horizons, the aim of the study and the...
Article
With 25% of CO2 transport-related emissions, urban freight mobility is a relevant cause of climate change. Its optimization is a main aim of the Sustainable Urban Logistic Plans. Currently, the CO2 analysis of such plans is mostly based on a Tank-To-Wheel approach, which does not consider fuel production and distribution, thus not providing a compr...
Article
Road pricing is a transport measure mainly conceived to fund road management, to regulate the demand for traffic and to reduce the number of private vehicles circulating in urban areas. It can also grant benefits in terms of environmental externalities including the reduction of CO2 emissions, which has recently become one of the most important ele...
Article
Full-text available
One of the direct effects of introducing high-speed railway lines is a significant reduction in travel times between major cities. This is particularly relevant in mountain areas. It not only makes cities more easily reachable with more sustainable transport systems but can also encourage different travel behavior and reduce environmental pressures...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies on the relationship between tourism transport and CO2 emissions have shown that the transport sector generates the largest proportion of emissions, accounting for 75% of overall emissions. These studies have also shown how the measures to reduce these emissions vary according to the different tourist destinations. Accordingly, this...
Article
This study investigates the effects of climate change on tourist mobility in mountain areas, distinguishing between infrastructure, transport operation and travel demand. We examine change in tourist travel demand by proposing a two-step approach to forecast its future development. A multi-origin, multi-destination model for tourism demand quantifi...
Article
This paper examines the potential role of hydrogen and electricity in reducing CO2 emissions from transport. First, we describe the main characteristics, costs and supporting policies of the two alternative fuels. Then we quantify and valuate economically the expected CO2 savings, examining the Italian province of South Tyrol a case study. Through...
Article
CO2 emissions are one of the main externalities related to freight transport. Their evaluation is extremely difficult, due to the presence of several scientific and economic uncertainties. This paper discusses the approaches currently adopted by literature to deal with CO2, proposing a methodology based on a Well-To-Wheel quantification and an econ...
Book
Full-text available
Le infrastrutture ferroviarie alpine si stanno innovando profondamente, come testimonia la recente inaugurazione della galleria di base del Gottardo. Attualmente sono attivi diversi cantieri; altri, che prevedono ingenti investimenti economici, sono in programma nei prossimi anni. Con queste opere, si intendono migliorare i collegamenti ferroviari...
Article
Considering the constant increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) transport emissions in the past years and the consequent global warming, their reduction must be one of the most important goals in mobility planning. However, mobility plans do not always target GHG reduction for political reasons and a lack of adequate methodologies. Practically, carbon em...
Article
Full-text available
To quantify the economic impact of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is considered one of the most important challenges in transport engineering towards the goal of sustainability. Current values, which are mostly provided by the use of Impact Assessment Models, can vary up to six orders of magnitude (from $-10.00/tC to $7,243.73/tC). Within this rang...
Article
Full-text available
Saving CO2 emissions constitutes one of the most delicate challenges of transport engineering. Coherently with EU and national directives, urban mobility and traffic plans should consider CO2 savings as one of the goals to be reached. In an apparent contradiction, however, the measures generally proposed within urban transport plans seem to operate...
Article
Full-text available
The valuation of carbon emissions is a relevant issue in transport planning. The Impact Assessment Models (IAMs) are adopted to obtain a fair price, but they provide a range of six orders of magnitude. We propose an integrative approach, based on the Multiple Agent Multi Criteria Decision Making (MAMCDM). The development of this methodology reveals...
Conference Paper
The construction of new major transport infrastructures generates different and conflicting positions. In traditional decision-making processes, actors take decisions following a rigid and hierarchical framework, with the illusion of greater rapidity and lower costs. The technical argumentation is assumed as the most suitable one and different poin...
Article
SUMMARY As the main cause of the global warming, CO2 emissions are a relevant externality in the transport sector. However, feasibility assessments do not always take these effects into adequate account, because a number of scientific and economic uncertainties make it difficult to determine a reliable estimate for a unitary CO2 cost. This paper fi...
Article
Full-text available
La riduzione delle emissioni di CO2 è fondamentale per valutare la sostenibilità nella pianificazione dei trasporti. Tuttavia, la maggior parte dei piani di mobilità non è ancora riuscita a trovare una metodologia condivisa per internalizzare tali emissioni e renderle uno dei parametri in grado di influenzare attivamente le scelte finali sulle poli...
Book
Il presente glossario nasce con l’obiettivo di definire in maniera chiara una selezione di concetti chiave afferenti a tre discipline correlate: l’urbanistica, l’architettura e la pianificazione paesaggistica. L’importanza crescente attribuita a una corretta gestione del territorio, unita ai numerosi cambiamenti legislativi occorsi negli ultimi ann...
Article
In evaluating the sustainability of a new transport infrastructure, an important aspect is the reduction of CO2 emissions that might be produced due to the modal shift. To that end, this article proposes a model based upon the simulation method (in order to determine the specific consumption of the vehicles) and the scenario method (for the predict...
Conference Paper
In Italia si assiste negli ultimi anni alla nascita di forme di condivisione organizzate dell´automobile tra gruppi di persone, quali ad esempio il car-pooling. Tale modalità di trasporto, se potenziata adeguatamente all´interno di una serie di misure di gestione della mobilità, meglio note come mobility management, può avere ripercussioni positive...
Chapter
Il settore dei trasporti è uno dei maggiori responsabili delle emissioni di gas ad effetto serra, la cui riduzione viene considerata condizione fondamentale per preservare la terra dalle conseguenze del riscaldamento globale. Al tema si cerca di dare risposta a più livelli, da quello internazionale fino a quello locale. La linea ferroviaria AC del...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, a large body of literature has been published on the management of CO2 emissions. Despite the proposal of several methods for their monetisation, a definitive method remains to be found. This paper reviews some of the commonly adopted techniques and evaluates their pros and cons. The most reliable values for the years 2010-2020 hav...
Article
Full-text available
Background CO2 emissions are generally considered the most important indicator to determine the global warming effects. Their evaluation in the case of a transportation infrastructure is generally not easy and could be achieved through a separate balance. Method This paper introduces a new heuristic method for identifying the modifications in the...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming is one of the causes of transportation unsustainability of our days and CO2 is generally considered the most important indicator for quantifying its effects. Reducing CO2 emissions from transportation by diverting traffic demand to less polluting modes has been one of the main priorities of European policy of the last decades and hen...
Conference Paper
Der vorliegende Bericht befasst sich mit einem speziellen Aspekt der Entscheidungstheorie, d.h. der Wahl einer bestimmten Strategie der Konkurrenz oder Kooperation mit einem eigentlichen Konkurrent. Hierbei ist das oberste Ziel des Akteurs eine Maximierung seiner eigenen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit. In der Fachliteratur ist diese Problemstellung als „Nego...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (8)
Archived project
CONNECT2CE aims at tackling the weak accessibility of regional, peripheral and cross-border areas of Central Europe by promoting new public transport services to link these areas to the urban areas where the main transport networks and hubs are located.
Project
The dissertation aims to investigate how different applications of autonomous vehicles could influence accessibility and transport equity in rural areas. For this purpose, accessibility changes are to be explored across different spatial contexts, as well as across different social groups characterized by heterogeneous possibilities and constraints.
Archived project
Lacking information about public transport is often an obstacle for travellers to use public transport at all. This is an even bigger challenge when travelling by sustainable transport modes to and within destinations of the Alpine Space, where often cross-border information is needed. This project aims to provide travellers with comprehensive information about sustainable transport modes beyond regional and national borders and to address them through smart channels that provide information when needed.