Farooq Ahmad

Farooq Ahmad
University of Lahore Thokar Lahore · education

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72
Publications
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Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Micro and macro-morphological features contribute to plants' tolerance to a variety of environmental pollutants. The contribution of such structural modifications in the phytoremediation potential of Diplachne fusca populations collected from five saline habitats were explored when treated with 100 to 400 mM NaCl for 75 days along with control. Str...
Article
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Key message Overexploitation of Salvadoraoleoides for medicine and animal fodder along with significant habitat loss in its natural ranges is causing a continuous decline in natural populations. Although, the IUCN Red List categorizes it as data deficit, there are some reports indicating that its natural populations are vulnerable in many regions o...
Article
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Fimbristylis complanata manifests several biochemical and anatomical modifications to mitigate salinity-induced ionic disturbance. Three populations from salt-affected aquatic habitats were evaluated to assess degree of salinity tolerance and ion homeostasis. The collection sites were HR-Rasool headworks, LR-Lillah-Khewra foothills and SH-Sahianwal...
Article
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The role of ionic excretions and hyper-accumulation of salts through alterations of structural and functional traits in five populations of Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel., a halophytic salt-indicator species of saline environments, was explored. Differently adapted populations of S. vera exhibited specific structural and functional responses for...
Article
Pollen studies can assist in distinguishing different plant taxa on the basis of pollen diameter, exine thickness, spines length, spine shape, number of rows of spines between colpi, shape of pollen, P/E ratio, pollen class and aperture type. Light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to compare and differentiate two Malv...
Article
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The adaptability potential of plants enables them to colonize diverse habitats along elevation gradients. Studying these adaptive traits and linking them to environmental attributes provide useful information to understand limitations imposed by elevation gradients on distribution of plant species. To meet these objectives, six most dominant perenn...
Article
The adaptability potential of plants enables them to colonize diverse habitats along elevation gradients. Studying these adaptive traits and linking them to environmental attributes provide useful information to understand limitations imposed by elevation gradients on distribution of plant species. To meet these objectives, six most dominant perenn...
Article
Full-text available
Naturally adapted populations of a leafy succulent desert halophyte Salsola imbricata were evaluated for growth patterns, and, structural and functional modifications, that ensures their success in highly salt-affected habitats. The populations were collected from five diverse habitats least saline (DWF-Derawar Fort), moderately saline (TWT-Trawayw...
Article
Fifteen ecologically distinct ecotypes of Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. were evaluated for key factors involved in its widespread distribution in different environmental conditions. Ecotypes collected from salt- marshes showed better vegetative growth, accumulation of inorganic ions (Na+, K+ and Ca2+), compatible solutes (proline and...
Article
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Salvadora oleoides Decne. (Salvadoraceae) is a facultative and mesomorphic xerophyte, well adapted to arid and semi-arid regions. Twelve populations were selected from different ecological regions of Punjab to investigate structural modifications that are essential for water conservation, by either improving water-storing capacity or preventing w...
Article
Two ecotypes of Cenchrus setigerus Vahl (birdwood grass) were collected from dry mountains surrounding hyper-saline Kalar Kahar Lake and Gatwala artificial forest plantation. The ramets of the two ecotypes were established in pots for 15 days and then subjected to 100% FC (control) or 75% and 50% FC (field capacity) levels. Growth attributes such a...
Article
Two ecotypes of Cenchrus setigerus Vahl (birdwood grass) were collected from dry mountains surrounding hyper-saline Kalar Kahar Lake and Gatwala artificial forest plantation. The ramets of the two ecotypes were established in pots for 15 days and then subjected to 100% FC (control) or 75 and 50% FC (field capacity) levels. Growth attributes such as...
Article
Fifteen ecologically distinct ecotypes of Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. were evaluated for key factors involved in its widespread distribution in different environmental conditions. Ecotypes collected from saltmarshes showed better vegetative growth, accumulation of inorganic ions (Na⁺, K⁺ and Ca²⁺), compatible solutes (proline and glyc...
Article
Full-text available
The role of morpho-anatomical adaptations of six Kyllinga brevifolia populations in successfully invading hyper-saline environments was investigated. Physiological and anatomical characteristics showed a high degree of plasticity indicating its adaptability potential to a variety of environmental conditions. The population from hyper-saline saltmar...
Article
Fifteen populations of Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton (milkweed) were collected from ecologically different regions of Punjab to evaluate anatomical traits that contribute to the ecological success of this plant in heterogeneous environmental regimes. Structural features relating to stems and leaves showed phenotypic variation. Xeromorphy wa...
Article
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Fifteen populations of Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton (milk-weed) were collected from ecologically different regions of Punjab to evaluate anatomical traits that contribute to the ecological success of this plant in heterogeneous environmental regimes. Structural features relating to stems and leaves showed phenotypic variation. Xeromorphy w...
Article
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Stone crushing processes release particulates and associated noxious substances in our surroundings that are continuously destructing environmental conditions and ecosystem health. Morpho-anatomical changes in some medicinally important native species (Aerva javanica, Calotropis procera, Digera muricata, Euphorbia prostrata, Euploca strigosa, and P...
Article
Forty-nine accessions were collected from arid and semi-arid areas of Pakistan to explore adaptive components in red-grained wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Single-line selections of these accessions were grown on an arid and a control site; that is, Uchkera Farm (UF) and Botanical Garden (BG), Faisalabad. The accessions grown at BG exhibited signifi...
Chapter
Salt range of Pakistan is a rich source of minerals and salts. It has great variety of flora and fauna because of its geographical significance. Alteration of seasons results in flourishing of seasonal flora as well as perennial one. Olea ferruginea, Acacia modesta, Cynodon dactylon, Justicia adhatoda and Dodonea visoca are few dominant plant speci...
Article
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Deserts are generally prone to a number of ecological hazards which act as agents for the development of particularly a very diverse group of grasses, which can resist to salt stress through multiple morpho-anatomical and physio-biochemical mechanisms. Of such grasses, Cymbopogon jwarancusa is found inhabiting different saline patches of the Cholis...
Article
We investigated changes in plant morphology, anatomy and physiology in a commonly occurring weed, Euphorbia helioscopia L. due to exposure to post‐emergence herbicides. Weed plants were sprayed with one of the following herbicides: pyrimidinyl sulphonylharnstoffe (PS), tribenuron‐methyl (TM), fluroxypyr‐methyl tribenuron‐methyl (FMTM) and bromoxyni...
Article
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Cyperus rotundus (family Cyperaceae) also known as purple nutsedge is a perennial weed with creeping scaly rhizomes that arise from tubers. Eight populations of C. rotundus from different ecozones in the Punjab were investigated to evaluate morphological, anatomical and physiological response to soil and environmental conditions. Anatomical charact...
Article
Palynology is utilized for distinction and identification of various plants on the basis of their pollens that vary in quantitative as well as in qualitative structures. For this, medicinal plants were collected randomly from various sites of Salt areas. 33 plants belonging to 30 genera were selected and their locality, habitat, date of collection...
Article
Cenchrus ciliaris L. is a perennial palatable grass and is capable of growing in a variety of habitats including extreme desert environment. The present study was conducted to explore the effect of drought stress on morpho-anatomical modifications in the aerial parts of C. ciliaris ecotypes, which were collected from the Cholistan Desert. Seeds of...
Article
Aristida adscensionis L. is a widely distributed grass species that particularly invades Potohar region (arid/semi-arid conditions) of the country. Exploration of adaptive components in this grass in relation to altitudinal gradient is the first attempt. Plant samples were collected from 6 different altitudinal ranges, viz. 400, 600, 800, 1000, 120...
Chapter
Cereals belong to the family Poaceae that is considered one of the most widely distributed families of Angiosperms and is of great value as a staple food for human beings and for animals as a fodder and forage. For human beings, major food crops, i.e., wheat, rice, and millet, have prime importance on commercial level due to their nutritional value...
Article
Effect of altitude on leaf responses in Phleum himalaicum populations was evaluated at three different elevation levels, viz. (Low 1200 m.a.s.l.), middle (1600 m a.s.l.) and high (1900 m a.s.l.) in western part of Himalaya. We hypothesized that physico-chemical properties of soil varied along elevation and Phleum populations located at high elevati...
Article
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Background This explorative study was undertaken for the first time in Kel village located in the Upper Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The purpose was to document the indigenous knowledge of the native people used in the preparation of herbal medicines. Methods To get the data on traditional uses of medicinal plants, 20 informants were inte...
Poster
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The salinization of irrigated lands in arid/semi-arid areas is one of the major causes of low crop production in many parts of the world. Present study was conducted to sort out functional and structural adaptations of different ecotypes of Cynodon dactylon with respect to photosynthesis, photosynthetic pigments and leaf anatomical changes to resis...
Article
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Two differentially adapted populations of Leptothrium senegalese Kunth (Poaceae) collected from non-saline and saline habitat of Cholistan in Bahawalpur District (Pakistan) were subjected to hydroponic conditions to investigate the physiological and biochemical response under salt stress. Both populations were posed in Hoagland’s nutrient solution...
Article
Natural populations of a desert halophyte Sporobolus ioclados were investigated to explore morpho-anatomical and physiological modifications at differently salt-affected habitats. Derawar Fort (DF) was the least affected site, Trawaywala Toba and Bailahwala Dahar (BD) were moderately saline sites and Ladam Sir (LS) and Pati Sir (PS) were highly sal...
Article
Five grasses of tribe Aveneae were collected from low (1100 m.a.s.l.) and highland (2300 m.a.s.l.) mountain range of Western Himalaya, Neelum Valley, to evaluate the physio-anatomical adaptations to altitudinal variability. An evidence to confirm the hypothesis that plants vegetating different altitudes must be different structurally (internal modi...
Article
Cenchrus ciliaris L. (Poaceae) commonly known as buffelgrass is an important perennial grass that grows successfully in arid and semi-arid areas, particularly in varying habitats within the Cholistan Desert of Pakistan. The present study was carried out to assess the effect of limited availability of water on morpho-anatomical features of roots of...
Article
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In this study, leaf anatomical characteristics of 17 species belonging to 9 genera of tribe Paniceae, native the Salt Range, Pakistan, were evaluated. Two Urochloa species, U. deflexa and U. ramosa, were distinguished from the rest of the species by absence of median vascular bundles. Presence of sclerenchyma strands on the abaxial side only makes...
Article
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Two populations of cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel], one from the saline regions of the Salt Range and the other from the non-saline regions of Faisalabad were assessed for salinity tolerance on the basis of some key morphological and physiological attributes. It was hypothesized that the tolerant population from the Salt Range must...
Article
Five differently adapted natural populations of the native salt desert grass Lasiurus scindicus Henrard from Lesser Cholistan Desert (Pakistan) in South Punjab of east central Pakistan, were evaluated to examine their mechanism of adaptation to saline stress based on some key morpho-anatomical and physiological characteristics. Five ecotypes were c...
Article
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The consumption of pesticides is increasing at an alarming rate in the third world countries including Pakistan and is creating serious environmental and health concerns. Pesticides are often persistent in soils and reach to humans by entering into food chain. Biostimulation and bioaugmentation are considered as most reliable techniques for pestici...
Article
Catalyst selection for transesterification of oil to biodiesel depends on composition of oil and its source. Algal biomass is a cheaper and effective source for this purpose. Chlorella vulgaris, Rhizoclonium hieroglyphicum and mixed algae culture (Microspora sp., Navicula sp., Lyngbya sp., Cladophora sp., Spirogyra sp. and Rhizoclonium sp.) were se...
Article
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A study was conducted to evaluate structural adaptations in Aeluropus lagopoides (L.) Trin. ex Thw. under high salinity. Plants of this grass were collected from five different salt-affected habitats [Derawar Fort (DF); Traway Wala Toba (TT); Bai Lah Wala Dahar (BD); Ladam Sir (LS); Pati Sir (PS)] from the Lesser Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. All fiv...
Article
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Three cultivars of Alternanthera bettzickiana (Regel) G. Nicholson have been evaluated for their tolerance and adaptability potential to salt stress. During the experiment, 5 salt regimes were maintained: 18 (control), 50, 100, 150, and 200 mM NaCl. Salinity adversely affected all growth shoot length and leaves per plant. Root fresh and dry weight...
Article
Leaf anatomical modifications were examined in a naturally adapted salt tolerant population of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., collected from a heavily salt affected soil in the vicinity of a natural salt lake, Uchhali Lake, in the Salt Range of the Punjab province of Pakistan. An ecotype of this grass was also collected from a normal non-saline habit...
Article
The release of municipal wastewater from various sources can cause contamination of water bodies and algal blooms. In this study isolated strain of chlorella vulgaris was used for treatment of municipal wastewater and biodiesel production. Initially Chlorella culture was prepared in artificial media then it was inoculated in transparent and covered...
Article
In the present investigations, 13 species of grasses belonging to 10 genera of tribe Andropogoneae (Poaceae) were collected from the Potohar region of Pakistan and their leaf epidermal studies were carried out. The leaf epidermal studies showed that all the species have paracytic stomata, with dumb bell shaped guard cells, except Heteropogon contor...
Article
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Excessive use of pesticides are disturbing major components of ecosystems. Therefore their removal using biodegradation technique is the need of time. In present study, 35 microbial strains were isolated from industrial drain which carries effluents from chlorpyrifos manufacturing plant. These strains significantly differ in their ability against c...
Article
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A total of 39 plant species, belonging to 36 genera and 28 families were evaluated in Sharda, Neelum valley (AJ & K). Five spp. (12.82%) were recorded locally critically endangered, 6 spp. (17.95%) endangered, 10 spp. (25.65%) vulnerable, 11 spp. (28.21%) secure or least concerned, and 6 spp. (15.38%) rarely distributed in the region. The most exte...
Article
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The floral diversity of the Himalayan foothill region including the forests of Bhurban (Bhurban, Patrieta, Santh Anwali), Kamra (Kamra, Jawa, Kotli Satiyan), Bansra Galli (Wildlife Park, upper fenced area), Kathar (Cpt 109, Cpt 112, Cpt 111, Cpt 110), and Tret (Cpt 94-III, Cpt 96, Cpt 93, Cpt 92, Cpt 95, Cpt 97, Cpt 90, Cpt 91, Cpt 94-I) in the Mur...
Article
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A floristic study was carried out in Senhsa, District, Kotli, Azad Kashmir. Ethnobotanical data of plants were obtained from local key informants, mainly based on semi-structured interviews. The study area is floristically very rich having thick vegetation cover. A total of 112 plant species distributed in 97 genera and 51 families were documented....
Article
Full-text available
The impact of highly saline wetland ecosystem created under Salinity Control and Reclamation Project (SCARP) on floral diversity was investigated in the arid environments of Cholistan Desert. Species richness, diversity indices and evenness indices were worked out to look at the distance at which the salt water has altered the native vegetation. Fo...
Article
The Salt Range (Pakistan) was thoroughly explored for the vegetation studies during 2008-10. Vegetation sampling was conducted by the quadrat method along a straight transect. The quadrats were laid at five ecologically distinct regions within the Salt Range, namely Kalabagh Game Reserve, the Soone Valley, Chumbi Surla Wildlife Sanctuary, Domeli Ga...
Article
Full-text available
A total of 39 plant species, belonging to 36 genera and 28 families were evaluated in Sharda, Neelum valley (AJ & K). Five spp. (12.82%) were recorded locally critically endangered, 6 spp. (17.95%) endangered, 10 spp. (25.65%) vulnerable, 11 spp. (28.21%) secure or least concerned, and 6 spp. (15.38%) rarely distributed in the region. The most exte...
Article
Full-text available
Foliar anatomical investigations of some members belonging to tribe Eragrostideae (Poaceae) were carried out. In total of 8 species belonging to 6 genera were collected in wild from Salt Range region of Pakistan for anatomical studies. Maximum length of long cells was observed in genus Eragrostis. Macrohairs are found absent in all species except E...
Article
Leaf epidermal anatomy of 5 species of Setaria weeds collected from salt range was carried out to identify and differentiate these species, as there is confusion in identification of these species on the basis of morphology. Variations in different leaf epidermal characters are observed in different Setaria species. Setaria glauca is identified by...
Conference Paper
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Proceedings of the Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (CARS'11)
Article
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Medico-botanical and chemical standardization of Barham Dandi (Tricholepis chaetolepis (Boiss) Rech. f.), a pharmaceutical herbal drug and its adulterants has been carried out. The study includes parameters such as macro-micromorphology of species, pollen (SEM), organoleptography, fluorescence analysis (UV and IR) and certain physico-chemical aspec...
Article
Full-text available
In the present studies foliar epidermal anatomy regarding 7 species belonging to 5 genera of tribe Aveneae (Poaceae) was carried out. The studies revealed that different leaf anatomical characters, such as presence or absence of rounded short cells, length of long cells, size of stomatal complex and shape of silica bodies, are helpful in the identi...
Article
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The evaluation of the crude herbal drug which eventually enters the pharmaceutical market is obviously of considerable importance. This operation involves the identification of the material and determination of its quality, purity and of adulterated nature of the adulterants. The present paper is based on the above objectives which confined to chem...
Article
At-Tin (Ficus carica L.) of family Moraceae is commonly known as edible fig. This plant has been mentioned in the Holy Qur'an (in Sura 'At-Tin') only once. Islamic scholars have different views regarding the interpretation of the plant At-Tin. Most of them have interpreted it in the meaning of common fig in their interpretation on the Holy Qur'an....
Article
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Different elemental constituents at trace levels of plants play an effective role in the medicines prepared. Elemental composition of different parts including leaves, seeds and fruits have been determined by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). A total of 14 elements K + , Mg +2 , Ca +2 , Na + , Fe +2 , Co +3 , Mn +2 , Cu +3 , Cr +3 ,...
Article
In the present investigations, 13 species of grasses belonging to 10 genera of tribe Andropogoneae (Poaceae) were collected from salt range area of Pakistan. The purpose of the study is to identify and differentiate the grasses on the basis of leaf anatomical characters, at the specific and generic level within the tribe. Variations are observed in...