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Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani

Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani
National Institute for Population Research · Population & Health

PhD in Population Studies/Reproductive Health
I am an associate professor at the National Institute for Population Research. I conduct research on youth in Iran.

About

127
Publications
47,777
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1,158
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Introduction
Farideh Farahani is Associate Professor of Population Studies/Reproductive Health in the National Population Studies & Comprehensive Management Institute. She obtained her PhD in London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 2008. Her research interest lies on adolescent's & young people’s sexual and reproductive heath with a population health approach. She also focus on identifying social determinants of sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in metropolitan areas. Farahani has published in the field of adolescent health, sexual and reproductive health, health education, sociology, demography, public health and epidemiology- using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Her research interests include also reproductive intention & behavior, HIV/AIDS and STIs.
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
Allameh Tabatabaie University
Position
  • Invited lecturer
August 2011 - present
Tarbiat Modares University
Position
  • Invited lecturer
January 2010 - present
National Institute of Population Research
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
April 2004 - August 2008
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Field of study
  • Population Studies/Reproductive Health

Publications

Publications (127)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexual child abuse is a form of anti-social behavior with the children that cause potential harm to the health, development and dignity of the child. Knowledge of children about these issues can help to protect themselves against sexual abuse. This study aimed to review systematically available documents about the importance of knowledg...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to assess the importance of marriage and its determinants with the focus on sexual attitudes and experiences among females. For this purpose, a survey was conducted among 1055 female college students of government and private universities in Tehran in 2018-2019. The data was collected using an online questionnaire and multi...
Article
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Introduction Despite the fact that sexual and reproductive health has been considered key aspects of the individual’s wellbeing and social welfare, there are no adequate policies and programs to deal with sexual health, particularly among young people. Methods A qualitative study was conducted from February to December 2015. Twenty-five semi-struc...
Article
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Background: The modern Iran is a blend of tradition and modernity, but its dominant culture is still traditional and takes pride in female virginity. On the other hand, the influential factors such as modernity, education, social networks, global communication, influence from advanced Western societies, have obviously led to the emergence of a fre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to the expansion of access to the Internet and cyberspace, adolescents are increasingly exposed to unconventional sexual content or pornography on the Internet, and this has caused concern among parents, educational and cultural officials in this area, while there is no serious and practical intervention to prevent the associated harm among ado...
Article
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Aims It is essential to empower and improve women’s awareness of sexual health. In Iran, the specific needs of women in marriage do not meet due to cultural traits. This study aimed to identify and analyze the sexual health education needs of newly married women, extract their opinions, and enhance understanding. Participants & Methods This qualita...
Article
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Widespread and increasing access to the internet among young people and their inevitable exposure to unconventional sexual content from an earlier age has raised great concerns because of its adverse cognitive, psychological, behavioral and social influences on youth. The study is to explore structural factors in viewpoint of adolescents which unde...
Article
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Background: Fear of childbirth is one of the most common problems among pregnant women that can threaten their and their baby's health. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the causes and grounds of childbirth fear and the strategies used by pregnant adolescent women in Iran to overcome such fears. Methods: In this study, which wa...
Article
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Context: Childbearing is the most important determinants of population fluctuations. Childbearing decision-making is one of the most important issues in couple's life. Aim: This study was done to determine the effect of transtheoretical model-based education on reproductive age woman's decision-making toward childbearing. Setting and Design: This q...
Article
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Background Recent evidence shows that men and women have inadequate fertility knowledge which may negatively affect their childbearing decisions in future. Given the fact that decision making for fertility needs accurate information, targeted educational interventions especially through media are needed to improve knowledge regarding the best age o...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: One of the most thought‑provoking problems in the world is child marriage that is affected by various factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the social determinants of child marriage in Kurdish regions of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis approac...
Article
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From 1989 to 2014, Iran was known as a country with a successful family planning programme, and has experienced a sharp decline in fertility over recent decades. This led to the introduction of pronatalist policies in 2014 and the restriction of family planning services. The aim of this study was to explore men's views on their access to contracept...
Preprint
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Background: Early marriage is one of the most important social issues for young women, which can have many consequences, so this study was conducted to explain the consequences of early marriage among Kurdish women in western Iran. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted with the approach of conventional content analysis among Iranian Kurdish...
Preprint
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Background: Early marriage is one of the most important social issues for young women, which can have many consequences. Therefore the present study aimed to explore the consequences of early marriage among Kurdish women in western Iran. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted with the approach of conventional content analysis among Iranian K...
Article
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Background: Adolescents are increasingly at risks of HIV infection through high-risk sexual behaviors. This paper aimed to assess the effectiveness of a HIV/AIDS educational intervention among female adolescents in Tehran. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted among high school girls aged 12-16 years studying in Tehran in 2016-17....
Article
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This paper reviews the evidence on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of young people in Iran from 2001 to 2019 and maps needs, challenges, and opportunities in this area. From among 125 papers, 43 articles were examined for this review. Findings indicated that although the majority of youth abstain from sex before marriage, significant minor...
Article
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This paper aims to explore the perspectives of adolescents towards the psychological impacts of exposure to internet pornography. Fifty-four in depth interviews were conducted with male and female students aged 15-18 years in Tehran (25 females and 29 males) in May 2016 using purposive sampling method. In depth interviews were analyzed using themat...
Article
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This paper aims to explore the perspectives of adolescents towards the psychological impacts of exposure to internet pornography. Fifty-four in depth interviews were conducted with male and female students aged 15-18 years in Tehran (25 females and 29 males) in May 2016 using purposive sampling method. In depth interviews were analyzed using themat...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In recent years, fast food consumption has increased among adolescents and it has become a concern, a health threat, and a major health problem. There are few studies and evidences about factors promoting and inhibiting the consumption of fast food. This study aimed to identify factors promoting or inhibiting the consumption of fast f...
Article
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Context: Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects gravely the victims and is resulting in negative physical and psychological consequences. Aims: This paper aimed to determine the prevalence of IPV against women in Gaza strip and associated factors. Moreover, to explore women's seeking behaviors to help. Settings and design: Cross-sectional stu...
Article
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Incorrect beliefs about reproductive biology and reduction of fertility potential with age and the exposure of environmental factors can be influential in delaying behaviors of marriage and childbearing particularly among women. This study aims to determine fertility knowledge and predictors among men and women who are about to marry and attend to...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In a response to the rapid fertility reduction over the past decades in Iran, pro-natalist policies was introduced in 2014 and significant changes has occurred in the family planning programs around the country, while it is not clear enough what influences these policies have had on pattern of contraceptive use . The study aimed to de...
Article
Full-text available
The present research, aimed to explore the meaning of child and its role in childbearing in the perspective of childless married women. Using a qualitative method with Basic Interpretive approach, 18 in-depth interviews were conducted with women who were married within last 5 years and were voluntarily childless. These women were selected using pur...
Article
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Background and purpose: Childbearing is of great importance in social issues. This study was conducted to determine the effect of transtheoretical model-based education on women attitudes and stages of childbearing behavior change. Materials and methods: This clinical trial was performed using multi-stage random sampling in 75 women of reproductive...
Article
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Introduction: Early initiation of sex increases the risks of unprotected sex, multiple partners, and sexually transmitted infections. The effective factors of premarital sexual intercourse have not been widely studied. Objective: This study aimed at identifying environmental factors influencing premarital sexual intercoursefromthe Iranian youths’ p...
Article
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Because of heterogeneity in marriage age and its trend in Asia and the pacific, this paper aims to assess the determinants of age at first marriage in 10 selected countries of Asia and the Pacific (Azerbaijan, Iran, Tajikistan, India, Japan, Thailand, China, Australia, New Zealand) over the last 4 decades using a systematic review. From among 193 s...
Article
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Objective (s): This study aimed to examine the extent of knowledge among young male college students on HIV transmission, particularly sexual transmission and its associated factors. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1357 male college students in Tehran, Iran in 2013-2014. Sampling method was two-stage stratified samp...
Article
Full-text available
Due to wide access of adolescents to internet and cyberspaces and unavoidable exposure to sexually explicit material through internet, a serious concern among various groups of authorities and community has been raised about the potential influences of these materials on adolescent’s behavior including sexual behavior. While, there is limited empir...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the factors that educated young Iranian women consider when they decide whether to have premarital sex. Using a purposive sampling method, 30 in-depth interviews were conducted with female college students in both government and private universities in Tehran in 2005-2006. The respondents included unmarried women who had experie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ایران در سه دهه گذشته، کاهش باروری قابل توجهی را تجربه کرده است، از آنجائیکه همواره یکی از دلایل و زمینه‌های فرزند آوری از نگاه زنان و مردان، نگرانی از تنهایی در دوران سالمندی و حمایت سالمندی توسط فرزندان بوده است. روندهای کاهشی در باروری و تعداد فرزندان یک زن در طول دوره باروری در دهه های اخیر، این سوال را برای محققین ایجاد میکند که "از نگاه و دی...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lack of accurate menstrual knowledge, attitude, and practices leave female adolescents ignorant of the necessary health behaviors during menstruation. This study aimed to develop a menstrual health-seeking behavior questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior to evaluate its psychometric properties in female adolescents in Tehr...
Article
Full-text available
The comprehensive assessment of delayed childbearing needs a valid and reliable instrument. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop an instrument to evaluate factors influencing delayed childbearing among women and to assess its psychometric properties. The current methodological study was performed in two phases of (i) qualitative i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a questionnaire for the measurement of reproductive health among female adolescents in Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 289 female students aged 12-15 yr in Tehran, Iran from 2015-2016. The participants were selected using multi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Iran has a conservative sexual culture where HIV/STIs is concentrated among high risk groups (prostitutes, prisoners, IDUs). However, a recent rise in sexual transmission of HIV and HIV infections among women has happened. Evidence also shows some changes in premarital sexual behaviors over the past years in a gender based double standard culture....
Article
Full-text available
Nutritional behaviors of adolescent girls are a major health concern. Adolescents are considered main target group for improvement in nutritional behaviors. This study aimed to determine the im- pact of an educational intervention based on theory of planned behavior (TPB) on nutritional behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. This randomized con- tr...
Experiment Findings
Due to recent expansion of access to sexually explicit materials (including pornography) in internet and cyberspaces among adolescents and young people, such exposure has created severe concerns among parents and different authorities. The question is :" what are the influences of such exposure on adolescents?", While there is scarce empirical and...
Experiment Findings
There is a serious concern in Iran about adolescents’ exposure to sexual contents in Internet and cyberspace. This study aims to explore perspective of adolescents of influences of exposure to sexually explicit materials in internet and cyberspace on their interpersonal behaviors. Method: An exploratory qualitative study was collected with the basi...
Conference Paper
Iran has experienced a dramatic decline in fertility over the last three decades. Child meaning from the perspective of women and men can shape fertility and childbearing behaviors. Despite considerable changes in fertility behavior over the recent years, studies which explored the meaning of child in the views of men and women are scarce in Iran....
Conference Paper
This study explores what young educated women consider when they are deciding to have premarital sex, in the context of Iran. Using a purposive sampling method, 30 in-depth interviews were conducted with female college students in Tehran in 2005-2006. The female students interviewed for this study comprised of both unmarried women who had experienc...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction:Due to high prevalence of spontaneous abortion in the Markazi province compared to other neighboring provinces and inappropriate establishment of industries and air pollution in the city of Arak, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing the role of industrial air pollution on spontaneous abortion over the 5 preceding years. M...
Poster
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This paper reports the findings of men’s accessibility to contraceptive services, which was part of a bigger, qualitative research, aimed at exploring the nature of men’s involvement in family planning and reproductive health matters in Tehran, Iran from the gender perspective. A qualitative study using 60 in-depth individual interviews with purpos...
Article
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Background: We aimed to assess the effect of a theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based educational intervention on attitude, norms, parental control, behavioral control, and intention in high school girls in Tehran, Iran. Study design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: This study was conducted among 578 high school girls, 12 to 16 yr, in Tehra...
Poster
Full-text available
This paper aims to assess the prevalence of one child intention and its determinants among new cohorts of marriage in Tehran. A survey was conducted in July and August 2012 among a representative sample of men and women who attended to premarital counseling courses. A number of 871 men and women were enrolled using two-stage cluster sampling and fi...
Poster
Full-text available
There is a serious concern in Iran about adolescents’ exposure to sexual contents in Internet. This study aims to explore ”how adolescents in Tehran perceive and experience exposure to sexual explicit materials in internet?” and ”what are the consequences for their sexuality?”. Data was collected through 54 in depth interviews (29 boys and 25 girls...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to determine the role of gender beliefs and gender division of domestic chores in fertility preference and intentions among men and women resided in Tehran. This article is based on a secondary analysis of the data gathered in a cross sectional survey among 920 men and women in reproductive age who had one child younger than 5 years...
Article
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Today, number of women who lose their spouse because of divorce is on rise. These women experience important changes in their relationships after divorce due to social and economical forces. This study aimed to explore lived experiences of women aged 35 and younger of such changes in family and social relationship after divorce in Saveh City. Inter...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical activity (PA) rates decline among most high school female students, and due to cultural restrictions, the reduction of physical activity might be exacerbated in female Iranian adolescents. Objective To determine the effects of the physical activity education theory-based intervention to promote activity among adolescent girls....
Article
Full-text available
Recent evidence indicates a rising trend in premarital sexual activity among young people in Iran. However, little is known about the extent to which young people’s sexual behaviours expose them to HIV and STI risks. This study aimed to assess HIV/STI-related sexual risk-taking behaviours (correlates and determinants) and HIV/STI risk perception am...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many people are concerned with the problems and side effects caused by increased levels of fast food (FF) consumption, especially among adolescents. Several studies have assessed the problems of FF consumption particularly weight gain and obesity. However, few address the methods, strategies, and policies needed to reduce this issue. Ob...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the absence of a valid instrument for measuring theory-based HIV/AIDS behaviors in highschool adolescent girls in Iranian. This study was aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a questionnaire to assess HIV/AIDS related behaviors among female adolescents. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study 578...
Article
Full-text available
Background Iran has the second highest rate of cesarean section in the world. the corresponding rate in the third metropolitan city of Iran, Isfahan, is even higher. This paper aimed to assess correlates and determinants of intention for cesarean section versus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) among pregnant women in Isfahan. Methods A study was cond...
Article
Full-text available
Background The purpose of this study is to assess attitudes toward premarital dating and sexual encounters in individuals aged 15–49 years in Tehran. Methods Utilizing the attitudes section of an original cross-sectional study (n = 755) aimed at assessing sexual health needs of adults, this paper examined personal attitudes towards premarital datin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many people are concerned with the problems and side effects caused by increased levels of fast food (FF) consumption , especially among adolescents. Several studies have assessed the problems of FF consumption particularly weight gain and obesity. However, few address the methods, strategies, and policies needed to reduce this issue. O...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge is an important predictor of an individual's sexual behavior; however, little is known regarding this issue among Iranians. This study assessed sexual and reproductive health knowledge among men and women aged 15 to 49 years in Tehran. A total of 755 men and women aged 15 to 49 years were recruited usi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes disability as a global public health issue and a development priority, but unfortunately, the evidence shows that people with disabilities (PWD) often have lower levels of health than the general population.This study targeted to identify challenges in providing rehabilitation services for Pe...
Article
Full-text available
Below replacement fertility (<2.1 children) appeared since 2006 in Iran which has generated many concerns. Below replacement fertility represent some rise in single child fertility behavior. Accordingly, main question of this study is that “what is interpretation and understanding of men and women resided in Tehran on rationales and motivations of...
Article
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This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of premarital sex with the opposite sex among young people in Iran using meta analysis, differentiated with gender, age group and place of residence according to previous studies over the past 15 years (2001-2015). Among 147 published papers and reports, fifteen studies which met the criteria were selecte...
Article
Full-text available
Please cite this article in press as: Yaseri M, Darabi F, Kaveh MH, Khalajabadi-Farahani F. The effect of sociodemographic factors on constructs of modified theory of planned behavior in relation to reproductive health in adolescents: Cross-sectional study. Background & Aim: Identification of factors influencing reproductive health-related behavior...
Research
Context: Similar to other countries, Iran has experienced considerable social and cultural changes along with the development over the past decades, which have influences on sexual behaviors f young people before marriage. While, there is no comprehensive national study which assessed the prevalence of premarital sexual behaviors among young people...
Research
Abstract Similar to other countries, Iran has experienced considerable social and cultural changes along with the development over the past decades, which have influences on sexual behaviors f young people before marriage. While, there is no comprehensive national study which assessed the prevalence of premarital sexual behaviors among young people...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The United Nations (UN) identified health as a basic human right, but, unfortunately, the evidence shows that people with disabilities (PWD) often have lower levels of health than the general population. This can be associated with problems in access to the services and programs. The aim of this study was to explore barriers of the h...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to examin the psychometric characteristics of the Persian version of Reproductive Health Assessment Questionnaire for Women of Reproductive Age (RHAQWRA). Materials and methods: This study was a cross sectional study. We selected 150 women aged 18- 45 years based on convenience sampling method who lived in the Quake-hit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background In the majority of Asian countries, not the pacific, marriage is an important determinant of population changes, because it significantly predict initiation of reproduction. In addition, postponement of marriage causes low fertility (Caldwell and Caldwell, 1997). Age at marriage incurs some influences not only on population growth rate,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background The prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in Iran has risen from low to concentrated (Center for Disease Control, 2008). The rate in the overall population is below 1%; however, it exceed 5% in some high-risk groups such as IDUs (Mojtahedzadeh et al., 2008; UNAIDS, 2004). Recent evidence shows that HIV prevalence among adults was 0.15% (0.06-1.08...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Iran is an earthquake prone country. Women are more affected when earthquakes occur. Understanding and addressing the women’s needs for menstrual hygiene is of great importance in improving women's health. This study aimed at clarifying the perception of women about menstrualhealth needs after earthquake. Materials and metho...
Article
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More than one fourth of the total population in Iran are young people aged 10-24 (1). On the one hand, strong cultural and religious values surround sexuality before marriage and on the other hand, shifts towards greater interaction between young men and women are occurring in response to the spread of education among females, the postponement of m...
Data
Full-text available
Over the past four decades, age at first marriage has been increased considerably in Iran, particularly among females. In addition, recent evidence indicates an increase in premarital heterosexual liaisons among young people. This paper is based on the finding of first phase of the survey of a cross-sectional mix-method study which aimed to assess...
Article
Delayed childbearing is a growing trend in Iran. This study explores the perspectives of women on delayed childbearing. A qualitative study using a content analysis approach was conducted on data acquired using private semistructured interviews with 23 women aged ≥30 years who were childless or pregnant for the first time in an urban area of Iran....
Article
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This paper describes perceptions of the societal acceptability and acceptability among peers of different types of premarital heterosexual relationships in Iran. Sources of variation in subjective norms are assessed. Results derive from a survey conducted in 2005 of a representative sample of 1743 female college students from four multidisciplinary...
Article
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Despite increasing trends towards premarital heterosexual relationships among youth and marital dissatisfaction among couples, few studies have examined the association between these two phenomenons. This paper aims to assess the relationship between experience or premarital heterosexual relationships (both friendship & sexual) with marital satisfa...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been increasing number of studies about young people’s sexual behavior and its correlates in Iran (1-5). These findings will hopefully sensitize health policy makers to sexual risks (HIV, STIs, pregnancy, and abortion) among young people in general population and inform appropriate programs and interventions to protect yo...