Farid Chemale Junior

Farid Chemale Junior
Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos | UNISINOS · Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia

Dr.

About

382
Publications
82,306
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7,573
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2010 - May 2015
University of Brasília
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2009 - September 2010
Universidade Federal de Sergipe
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (382)
Article
Field, petrographic, geophysical, geochronological, elemental and isotopic data support the identification of distinct components of a Wilson cycle (rift-drift-subduction-collision-collapse) in the South Atlantic Brasiliano Orogenic System (Mantiqueira Province). The main lines of evidence are: 1) Tonian-Cryogenian ophiolite complexes; 2) Hundreds...
Poster
The recent oil discoveries on the Namibia coast aroused interest in the South America Austral Margin. We carried out a careful reconstruction model for the conjugated margins, including Orange, Walvis, and Luderitz basins on the African coast and Pelotas, Punta del Este, and Salado basins in South America. In the reconstruction model, the Wingat-1...
Poster
The South Atlantic Austral Segment margin is a Volcanic Passive Margin (VPM) with an anomalous high amount of volcanic activity formed during the rift stage, the Seawards Dipping Reflectors (SDRs). In broad terms, VPM develops continental crust sudden thining (crustal necking) and the absence of subsidence during the stretching. In the initial VPM...
Article
This paper presents zircon U-Pb, REE and Hf data for Paleoproterozoic felsic volcanic rocks from the Colíder Group with outcrops in the southwestern Amazonian Craton. It is estimated that these rocks cover an area of 85,000 km2 with a volume of 2.7 × 106 km3. The Colíder volcanics are comprised of basalts, andesites and a variety of felsic rocks. T...
Article
Available online xxxx Editor: C.M. Petrone Keywords: plume subduction hotspot track large igneous province mantle dynamics Columbia supercontinent The concurrence of both global orogenesis and large igneous provinces (LIPs) from 2200-1600 Ma remains enigmatic. This apparent contradiction of top-down and bottom-up geodynamics occurred during assembl...
Article
The Cenozoic depositional history of the Pelotas Basin was driven by the interaction between the spreading processes of the Atlantic Ocean and the formation of the Andean Cordillera. We integrated seismic interpretation and backstripping techniques with evaluation of spreading rates in the South Atlantic and subduction beneath the Andes to unveil t...
Poster
The work seeks to relate the oil and gas system to magmatic bodies and regions of greater organic accumulation and structuring of the Paraná Basin.
Poster
Full-text available
Pelotas Basin is located in the passive margin on the South America Continent. Related to an intense volcanic activity occurred during the South Atlantic rifting and breakup. This magmatism is more pronounced in the north of Pelotas Basin, reaching 17 km thickness. A volcanic dome, known as Torres Arch, was identified as a seaward dipping reflectio...
Poster
The Pelotas Basin, located at the southern end of the Brazilian eastern margin, was formed as a result of the rupture of the Gondwana and the consequent opening of the Atlantic Ocean. This process is fundamental to understanding the complex tectonostratigraphic stages of the Pelotas Basin. One of those stages encompasses the Mostardas Low, which co...
Article
Defining mineral exploration criteria is a laborious, time-consuming, and generally an empirical task often biased and limited to expert knowledge. To address this problem with a different approach, we used data-driven analysis to make predictions and provide insights about gold mineralization in rocks of the Jacobina Group, São Francisco Craton. T...
Article
Ediacaran organic-walled microfossils (OWM) were recently reported for the Camaquã Basin. Sphaeromorphic acritarchs, such as Leiosphaeridia sp, Lophosphaeridium sp. and Germinosphaera, as well as one kind of ornamented microfossil (Tanarium irregulare) were extracted from rocks of either marine (Maricá Group) or continental (Bom Jardim, Santa Bárba...
Chapter
Fission-track analysis in zircon and apatite detrital grains from Mesoproterozoic sedimentary sequences show evidence of two main cooling episodes in central Brazil and indicate the possibility of four distinct events. Apatite fission track reveals a main cooling episode during the Late Cretaceous (at ca. 64 Ma), providing important clues on coolin...
Article
The early Permian Irati Formation is well known for its black shale oil and gas reserves and its widespreadlateral correlation throughout the entire Paraná Basin. This unit records an effective water circulationrestriction between the Whitehill-Irati Sea and the Panthalassa Ocean, which along with other factors,controlled the organic-rich shale dep...
Article
On the passive margin of southern Brazil, where the availability of sediments and coastal system conditions were adequate for forming a Ti-Zr-bearing placer in the Holocene, could there be a source of detrital contribution other than the Precambrian South American cratons? To answer that, detrital zircon isotopes UPb and LuHf using the LA-ICP-MS me...
Article
The tectonostratigraphic evolution of the intracontinental Natividade Basin is evaluated by zircon U/Pb analysis of one sample of acidic metavolcanic rock observed at the bottom of the depositional succession and three samples of metasedimentary rocks collected at different stratigraphic levels. The metavolcanic sample yielded a 1824 Ma zircon U–Pb...
Article
The Archean-Paleoproterozoic Crixás greenstone belt is one of the most important components of the Crixás-Goiás Domain, the oldest crustal segment of the Central Brazil Goiás Massif. This gold-bearing greenstone comprises amphibolite facies ultramafic-mafic metavolcanic rocks overlaid by a low-grade metasedimentary succession associated with rocks...
Article
The São Francisco Craton and its adjacent units show several main structural features. One of the most intriguing structures is the Pirapora Aulacogen, the largest Proterozoic rift structure preserved in the São Francisco Basin that records the Gondwana breakup event. This work used gravity and magnetic data to estimate geological structures within...
Article
Some of Proterozoic basin data are commonly difficult to assess due to the complexity of tectonic processes and lack of volcanic rocks and fossil record. The Mesoproterozoic Paranoá Basin in Central Brazil was investigated through stratigraphic framework integration, depositional environmental analysis and with detrital zircon and statistical analy...
Article
Establishing the positions of continents during the initial stages of Earth's evolution is one of the most important challenges in geosciences today. This challenge is mainly due to the severe limitations in obtaining geological and/or geophysical data from early Earth time, particularly robust paleomagnetic data. Here, we report the first paleomag...
Article
Greenstone belts contain several clues about the evolutionary history of primitive Earth. Here, we describe the volcano-sedimentary rock association exposed along the eastern margin of the Gavião Block, named the Northern Mundo Novo Greenstone Belt (N-MNGB), and present data collected with different techniques, including U–Pb–Hf–O isotopes of zirco...
Article
Neoproterozoic carbonate sequences overlying the Middle Cryogenian glacial deposits in the Sao Francisco Craton are included in the Salitre Formation within the Irecê Basin. Stratigraphic, elemental, and stable isotope geochemistry, and SHRIMP U–Pb detrital zircon analyzes of the Salitre Formation's Unit B are presented. The lower and intermediate...
Article
The Novo Gosto amphibolites represent the oldest unit of the Canindé domain, a Neoproterozoic sequence located in the NW Sergipano Belt, southern Borborema Province, Brazil. The domain comprises an association of metavolcano-sedimentary rocks, gabbroic intrusions, bimodal magmatic rocks, and syn-to post-tectonic granitoids. Due to the lithostratigr...
Article
Full-text available
A robust elemental and isotopic dataset from Neoproterozoic igneous rocks discloses protracted consumption of oceanic lithosphere in the 3,000 km long orogenic system of southeastern South America. Time dependent isotopic variation trends suggest that Tonian-Cryogenian magmatic rocks formed in intra-oceanic supra-subduction settings, followed by Ed...
Article
The Mesoproterozoic crust of remnant terranes such as Maurice Ewing Bank can provide crucial clues about Rodinia supercontinent. Petrological and geochemical studies were conducted to unravel the metamorphic history of the Maurice Ewing Bank Complex (MEBC). The MEBC is a polyphase metamorphic terrane with four progressive tectono-metamorphic events...
Article
Full-text available
A deep-water volcano-sedimentary sequence exposed along the Brasília Orogenic Belt was discovered and is herein presented and ascribed to a new stratigraphic unit. This sequence was previously unknown to contain volcanic rocks and to represent a turbidite record. It has been earlier loosely assigned to the Vazante Group based only on map continuity...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple source provenance of sediments and submarine fan formation are herein investigated based on Quaternary sandy barriers of the Brazilian Southernmost Coastal Plain. LA-ICP-MS dating on 1625 detrital zircons from marine and aeolian facies sands of four successive lagoon-barrier systems are analyzed. The characterization of Archean to Pleistoc...
Article
The Crixás-Goiás Domain, Central Brazil, comprises an association of Archean TTG (tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite) and Archean-Paleoproterozoic greenstone belts. The Crixás greenstone belt, located in the northern part of the domain, is constituted of Mesoarchean metakomatiites and metabasalts overlaid by Paleoproterozoic carbonaceous phyllites...
Article
The Barreiras Formation records continental-to-shallow–water marine sequences deposited during the Paleogene–Neogene periods in the Brazilian continental margin. In northern Rio de Janeiro and southern Espírito Santo states, the Barreiras Formation preserve alluvial depositional system. The sediments were derived from a source located in the hinter...
Article
The eastern Himalayan syntaxis, where the Yarlung Tsangpo sharply bends, is one of the areas experiencing most rapid exhumation on Earth. The rapid exhumation is often regarded as the result of capture of the Yarlung Tsangpo by the Brahmaputra River. However, both the timing of integration of the Yarlung Tsangpo-Brahmaputra River and initiation of...
Article
Fission-track analysis in zircon and apatite detrital grains from Mesoproterozoic sedimentary sequences show evidence of cooling episodes in central Brazil from Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic. Apatite fission-track ages reveal a main cooling episode during the Late Cretaceous-Early Paleogene, providing important clues on cooling by uplift and denudatio...
Article
The Tapes Complex crops out in the southeastern Nico Pérez Terrane (NPT) of the Río de la Plata Craton and forms part of a NE-trending Mesoproterozoic belt together with the Calymmian (1.48–1.43 Ga) Parque UTE and Mina Verdún groups. The complex is characterized by interbedded/tectonically interleaved metasedimentary (mainly siliciclastic) and meta...
Article
The Avalon biota (Ediacaran Period, 570–559 Ma) marks the first appearance of macroscopic and complex benthic communities in the fossil record. This assemblage is known from a few localities worldwide, mainly in Canada and England. Here, we report for the first time the presence of Ediacaran macrofossils in deposits of similar age from Gondwana (It...
Article
Highlights • Long-lived subduction, convergent margin magmatism in São Francisco Paleocontinent • Four accretion episodes ca. 2.52–2.46 Ga, 2.43–2.37 Ga, 2.32–2.26 Ga, 2.24–2.20 Ga. • Evolution from dominant Siderian juvenile magmatism to Rhyacian crustal magmatism • Magmatic flare-up and quiescence during the Siderian-Rhyacian magmatic lull • Sy...
Article
During the Late Palaeozoic, the Gondwana supercontinent formed an extensive Southern Hemisphere landmass that was affected by multiple glacial episodes, known collectively as the Late Palaeozoic Ice Age (LPIA). This resulted in the deposition of glacial, periglacial and deglacial sediments over much of the supercontinent. The Mississippian to early...
Article
The Canindé layered intrusion is hosted by a Neoproterozoic volcano-sedimentary sequence and contains Fe–Ti mineralization in the Canindé Domain of the Brazilian Sergipano Belt. The petrochemistry of this layered complex and the metallogenesis of the associated Fe–Ti oxide mineralization are still enigmatic. The intrusion comprises three main outcr...
Article
Specific computational tools assist geologists in identifying and sorting lithologies in well surveys and reducing operational costs and practical working time. This allows for the management of professional output, the efficient interpretation of data, and completion of scientific research on data collected in geologically distinct regions. Machin...
Article
Drill sites in the southern Bay of Bengal at 3°N 91°E (International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 362) have sampled for the first time a complete section of the Nicobar Fan and below to the oceanic crust. This generally overlooked part of the Bengal–Nicobar Fan System may provide new insights into uplift and denudation rates of the Himalayas...
Article
Full-text available
The latest studies on the tectonic evolution of the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands and their adjacent continental plateau further east are analyzed to assess a long controversy regarding the origin of these islands. Although there has been a controversy for several decades on this subject, new technologies and exploratory drilling have brought new dat...
Article
The latest studies on the tectonic evolution of the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands and their adjacent continental plateau further east are analyzed to assess a long controversy regarding the origin of these islands. Although there has been a controversy for several decades on this subject, new technologies and exploratory drilling have brought new dat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Epithermal Cu (Au) and Pb-Zn (Ag) mineral deposits of intrusion-related source, hosted in siliciclastic sedimentary rocks of Ediacaran age, are investigated. Pb isotopes of Cu and Pb-Zn mineralization and U-Pb SHRIMP dating of interlayered intermediated lava provided interesting clues on the source of the mineralization. Most of the analysed sulphi...
Article
The Carboniferous-Permian transition of the intracratonic Paraná Basin (S Brazil) includes important evidence of the climate change, tectonics, and paleogeographic configuration of SW Gondwana. During this period, the Late Paleozoic Ice Age (LPIA) was in its final phase in the Paraná Basin, producing a temperate-tropical climate through the transit...
Article
Full-text available
TThe Lu-Hf method has been used in the investigation of geological samples in order to understand processes and sources of magmatic rocks. This paper discusses the reference materials GJ-01, 91.500 and Mud Tank isotopic composition by LA-ICP-MS to investigate how suitable they are for the zircon analysis through this technique. The results show tha...
Article
The Parnaíba Basin is a major intracratonic sedimentary basin in Brazil with unconventional petroleum systems as a potential natural resource formed by the influence of igneous intrusions. To constrain the thermal history of unexplored potential reservoir rocks in the eastern part of the Parnaíba Basin, sedimentary rocks near to intrusions were ana...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Bengal-Nicobar Fan is the largest submarine fan in the Earth. To constrain the thermochronological history of the Nicobar Fan, sediments from IODP Expedition 362 Site U1480 and Site U1481 were analyzed by apatite fission track thermochronology. The apatites are partially annealed, and the central ages does not provide precise information on exh...
Poster
The evolution of Rodinia still have several geological questions that remain incognito. That is the case, for example, of two yet unknown remnants of continental crust - Maurice Ewing Bank, and Agulhas Plateau and their relation with the Stenian-Tonian Natal-Maud orogeny. This works aims to study, define, and interpret the former, Maurice Ewing Ban...
Chapter
The Paleoproterozoic era was an interval of major changes in Earth, whereas the Mesoproterozoic era comprised the “boring billion” due to the paucity of changes, especially in life forms, from 1.7 to 0.75 Ga. By the end of the Paleoproterozoic era, most of the continents were adjoined to form the Columbia or Nuna supercontinent. A series of Stather...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last few decades, the Parnaiba Basin is being subject of study since it was discovered its high potential on hydrocarbon exploration. On this manner, this work is intended to determine the quality of reservoir rocks thermally influenced by intrusive igneous rocks in this basin. The study area is located on a central part of the Piauí state,...
Poster
Full-text available
Here we present detailed petrology and chemostratigraphy through three entire core sections of the Carajás BIFs across the N4 deposit.
Article
This study describes the stratigraphic features, petrology and geochemistry and geochronology constraints of K-bentonites, ignimbrites and related volcanogenic rocks interbedded in the marine sedimentary sequence of the El Jagüelito Formation from northern Patagonia basement, southwestern Gondwana margin (41°33′S-65°15′W, South America). Six SHRIMP...
Article
The Amazon River nutrient-rich plume currently triggers large-scale phytoplankton blooms in the otherwise oligotrophic western tropical Atlantic Ocean. Little is known about the onset and development of this high productivity system, although a direct link to the transcontinental Amazon River evolution can be expected. The Amazon submarine fan, loc...
Article
Full-text available
A long-standing debate regarding the configuration of Pangea during the Late Paleozoic has been going on among the paleomagnetic community concerning the validity of one of two significantly different Pangea reconstructions (Pangea A vs Pangea B) since the proposal of Pangea B. Although, Pangea B avoids any continental overlap marring classical Pan...
Article
The Maurice Ewing Bank is located east of the Falkland/Malvinas Islands and is one of the most intriguing regions of southern Gondwana. The interaction of several microplates with major cratonic areas resulted in complex displacements between Paleozoic and Cretaceous times. Here, we present combined U-Pb and Lu-Hf zircon isotopic analyses of the Ma...
Article
The paleogeographic reconstruction of the Rio de la Plata involved either allocthonous or autochthonous process reflecting directly the Paleoproterozoic connection of the craton to Columbia Supercontinent. Santa Maria Chico Granulite Complex is a significant fragment of Rio de la Plata intensely affected by the Brasiliano Orogeny. Zircon U-Pb-Hf is...
Article
Biostratigraphic, sedimentological and provenance analyses suggest that a proto-Andean Cordillera already existed in southern Peru by late Maastrichtian–late Palaeocene times. A 270-m-thick stratigraphic section shows changes in depositional environments from shallow marine (early Maastrichtian) to non-marine (late Maastrichtian) then back to estua...
Article
The age and stratigraphic position of Paleoproterozoic to Mesoproterozoic covers that occur along the western border of the São Francisco Craton (SFC) are still uncertain. Based on detailed sedimentological and stratigraphic survey, combined with U-Pb and Lu-Hf zircon dating, we present a new proposal for the stratigraphy and correlation with simil...
Article
Full-text available
Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic signatures were determined for silica-undersaturated hypabyssal alkaline basic rocks of the Los Baldecitos Formation in the Cerro Morado area, situated in the Ischigualasto - Vale de la Luna Provincial Park (northernmost San Juan Province, Argentina). The basic rocks show slight variations of the Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes and similar beha...
Article
During the Quaternary, an extensive barrier system was developed in southern Brazil and northern Uruguay. The patterns of variation in the distribution and behavior of heavy minerals present in the aeolian and marine (upper shoreface-foreshore) facies of the four barriers formed in the Rio Grande do Sul costal plain were identified. Minerals were a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Rio de la Plata is one key area for the reconstruction of the Paleoproterozoic Supercontinent in Western Gondwana. We present U-Pb-Hf isotopes, chemistry on minerals and whole-rock geochemistry from para and orthogneisses of the Santa Maria Chico Granulite Complex, one of the Rio de la Plata fragments partially affected by the Brasiliano Orogen...
Article
Full-text available
Coupled fission-track and U–Pb analyses of detrital zircons are presented. A Cretaceous intracratonic basin formed between 93 to 60 Ma, the Bauru Basin, is investigated to distinguish its provenance and information about the main orogenetic events of the South American Platform. The results of U–Pb zircon dating suggest that Rhyacian (Transamazonia...