Fantina Tedim

Fantina Tedim
University of Porto, Faculty of Arts and Humanities · Geography Department

PhD in Human Geography

About

111
Publications
43,549
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
797
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - November 2021
University of Porto
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Full-text available
Every year worldwide some extraordinary wildfires occur, overwhelming suppression capabilities, causing substantial damages, and often resulting in fatalities. Given their increasing frequency, there is a debate about how to address these wildfires with significant social impacts, but there is no agreement upon terminology to describe them. The con...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few years, in several parts of the world, under extreme weather conditions, several catastrophic fires have taken place. These fires are called mega-fires. They are not just large fires but extreme events in their behavior, difficulty to control and impacts. Portugal historically has little experience with mega-fires, but recent fire ev...
Chapter
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION Wildfires are a societal and ecological issue of global concern (Smith, et al., 2016) for their number, burned surfaces, suppression costs, and mainly because of the escalating direct and cascading effects of very extreme events (e.g., Australia 1983, 1994, 2003 and 2009; Brazil 1998; Canada 2004 and 2016; China 1987; Greece 2007; Ind...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Burned area is a rather weak descriptor of wildfire activity, since it is not well correlated neither with fire severity and ecological effects, nor with socioeconomic impacts. It ignores the heterogeneity in severity distribution within fire boundaries, and the existence of unburned patches (UPs). The purpose of this paper is to provide a first un...
Conference Paper
RESUMO: Em 2017, Portugal teve o pior registo de ocorrência de incêndios rurais. Além do recorde de área ardida, foram registadas 117 mortes, centenas de feridos e centenas de estruturas afetadas. A falta de informação e de preparação para lidar com incêndios extremos-IE contribuiu para a ocorrência destas catástrofes. A preparação tem na base uma...
Article
Full-text available
Forest fires causes and motivations are poorly understood in southern and south-eastern Europe. This research aims to identify how experts perceive the different causes of forest fires as defined in the classification proposed by the European Commission in 2013. A panel of experts (N = 271) was gathered from the EU Southern Member States (France, G...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumo A partir da análise dos incêndios extremos de 2017 em Portugal, e 2018 na Grécia, que se transformaram em catástrofes, é feita uma reflexão sobre a influência da comunicação e da preparação na redução do risco. No processo de preparação as pessoas devem antecipar o que pode ocorrer, o que precisam de fazer para reduzir o risco e aumentar as...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing challenges wildfires are posing around the globe, and the flourishing production of high-quality wildfire scientific knowledge, the ability of fire science to impact knowledge on the ground, for people, society, economy, and the environment, in a way that facilitates change in the current wildfire management system has been l...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Special number of journal FIRE, Mdpi that has impact facror.
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of an explorative survey, based on a questionnaire sent by email, about how wildfire experts, operating in different countries, perceive wildfire and express their mindset by defining "wildfire" from a list of 14 terms and how they justify their preference for the term selected as the most important. Using a five-poi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Ain sefra region is situated into Ksour Mountains. It is the southwest extension of the Oran high plains, forming the western part of Algerian chain from the Atlas. This arid region is affected by sand encroachment phenomenon. The expansibility and gravity of this phenomenon threatens the almost daily life of more than 190,000 inhabitants, the...
Article
Full-text available
A new coronavirus emerged in December 2019 and quickly spread globally, causing unprecedented social, psychological, and economic damage. This study aimed to investigate people’s emotional reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. The dataset for this study consisted of 2,013 adults (962 males and 1,053 females) in four countries (Italy, Lebanon, Portuga...
Article
Full-text available
The most widely used metrics to characterize wildfire regime and estimate the impact of wildfires are total burnt area (BA) and the number of fire events (FE). However, these are insufficient to analyse the threat to society of a new fire regime characterized by a higher occurrence of very large events. To overcome this weakness, we propose the use...
Chapter
Full-text available
Extreme wildfires events (EWEs) represent a minority among all wildfires, but are a true challenge for societies, as they exceed the current control capacity even in the best prepared regions of the world, and they create destruction and a disproportionately number of fatalities. Recent events in Portugal, Chile, Greece, and the USA provide evidenc...
Book
Full-text available
Extreme wildfire events, exacerbated by climate change and societal, economic, and political processes are occurring with increasing frequency across the globe. Current management strategies cannot control this type of fires which exceed the capacity of suppression systems even in the most prepared regions of the world, leaving communities extremel...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter proposes a concise history of wildfire policies and research, their steps and the induced progresses in some countries. Conversely, it presents a paradigmatic example where no change has been induced in a typically static suppression centered policy, that now exhibits the full weakness to cope with the new scenario dominated by extreme...
Chapter
Full-text available
Strategies for coping with normal wildfires are everywhere inadequate in the case of intense, fast-moving ones and much more in the face of extreme wildfire events. After a detailed analysis of wildfires fatalities, the chapter proposes a new adaptive approach to cope with wildfires and possible actions to be undertaken before, during and after a f...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current view of wildfires in scientific literature is that they cannot be excluded from Earth. It is necessary to learn how to coexist with wildfires. Several initiatives have been proposed to increase buildings resistance and the reduction of fuels. In this chapter is discussed the Fire Smart Territory (FST) concept, as a holistic planning phi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The failure of the "War on Fire" (WoF) model to address the increasing social impacts of extreme wildfires highlights the need to look for new ways of thinking. Although a range of perspectives have been proposed, none of them considers the full array of challenges that inform outcomes, particularly when considering Extreme Wildfire Events (EWE). I...
Chapter
This chapter examines recovery of residents and communities affected by a wildfire disaster by reviewing relevant academic literature. Existing literature shows that residents follow the honeymoon, disillusionment, and reconstruction recovery phases identified in the FEMA/SAMHSA phases of disaster collective reactions model. At the community level,...
Chapter
The causes of increased wildfire risk and human exposure around the world vary geographically and across socioeconomic gradients as both wildfire risk and potential adverse social outcomes are contingent on the specific local context. Ultimately, there is no consistent explanation for what has led to extreme fire danger in a given location. Therefo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The European Union has set up an Ecological Network which it has been labelled Natura 2000 Network (RN2000) to protect and enhance biodiversity in the Member States. Rural fires may affect biodiversity but there is a lack of knowledge on the fire impacts. The RN2000 in Arouca. It is becoming increasingly necessary to rethink whether the assumptions...
Conference Paper
A União Europeia estruturou uma Rede Ecológica que designou de Rede Natura 2000 (RN2000) com o objetivo de conservar a biodiversidade nos Estados-Membros. Os incêndios rurais podem afetar todos os esforços de conservação da biodiversidade. A RN2000 em Arouca apresenta uma recorrência de incêndios superior à do restante município. Torna-se cada vez...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La canicule est définie comme un niveau de très forte chaleur de jour et de nuit pendant au moins trois jours consécutifs, mais ce degré de chaleur imprévisible à long terme est brusque, varie avec les régions et survient pendant la saison chaude. Les canicules sont devenues plus longues et plus fréquentes dans beaucoup des régions du globe. Elles...
Conference Paper
The European Union has set up an Ecological Network which it has been labelled Natura 2000 Network (RN2000) to protect and enhance biodiversity in the Member States. Rural fires may affect biodiversity but there is a lack of knowledge on the fire impacts. The RN2000 in Arouca. It is becoming increasingly necessary to rethink whether the assumptions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The European Union has set up an Ecological Network which it has been labelled Natura 2000 Network (RN2000) to protect and enhance biodiversity in the Member States. Rural fires may affect biodiversity but there is a lack of knowledge on the fire impacts. The RN2000 in Arouca. It is becoming increasingly necessary to rethink whether the assumptions...
Chapter
Full-text available
Portugal é o país da Europa mais afetado por incêndios rurais, com uma incidência média anual de 3% da sua área florestal (Mateus e Fernandes, 2014). Contudo, os incêndios rurais não têm de ocorrer com a frequência, intensidade e severidade que têm manifestado. Eles não são uma inevitabilidade ecológica, pois: i) as ignições de causa natural repres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O presente estudo, analisa as perturbações e mudanças na dinâmica e bem-estar de três comunidades do Parque Nacional do Limpopo (PNL), no período 1958-2017. Os resultados das entrevistas semiestruturas realizadas mostraram que nesse período as comunidades viram a sua relação com a natureza e os seus modos de vida afetados por fenómenos naturais (ch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In a context of enhancing development, namely using natural resources and amenities to attract investments and create jobs, local interests can undervalue the natural risks. Our work demonstrates how local decisions and private, and political issues can interplay increasing risks and converge in creating a small-scale disaster. On January 18 th 201...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO O Parque Nacional do Limpopo (PNL) é uma área de conservação total, integrante da Área de Conservação Transfronteiriça do Grande Limpopo. Este estudo avalia as consequências da política de conservação da natureza na dinâmica das populações que habitam no PNL e na própria utilização sustentável da biodiversidade. O estudo utiliza uma abordage...
Article
In the European context, Portugal is the country with the highest number of wildfires and the second with more burnt area. The vast majority of these events are of human origin, whether caused by accident, negligence or arson, reason why it is particularly important to know the regime of these wildfires for forest and wildfire management activities...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Apenas os incêndios rurais que têm origem natural são uma inevitabilidade, os outros podem ser evitados. A catástrofe de Pedrógão Grande confirma as fragilidades da política reativa de gestão centrada na extinção, nomeadamente os limites operacionais em caso de comportamentos extremos do fogo, que serão mais frequentes no contexto das alterações cl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract: The symptomatic approach to fire management focused on "fire control" through the suppression of all fires did not solve or control the problem of wildfires which has a structural root. The resolution of the problem can only be found in the Coupled Human and Natural System where it is originated and developed. In this paper the concept of...
Article
The current wildfire policies in European Union countries have not solved the wildfire problem and probably will not be effective in the future, as all the initiatives focus on suppression and minimize the use of fire embedded in the Traditional Ecologic Knowledge of European communities. The traditional fire use as a tool for land management has b...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the fact that of the several natural hazards contemporary communities may encounter, the complex interdependencies that exist between people and the forest sources of wildfire hazards make wildfire a unique hazard. It then proceeds to provide an overview of how historical patterns of interdependence between people and forest...
Chapter
Forest fires (term used in Europe to designate the unwanted fires burning forests and wild lands) constitute a serious problem for Europe. Frequently, Thought of almost exclusively as a problem for France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, this chapter introduces how fire is now a hazard that affects most of the European countries. Although, a sh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents experiences, which contribute to improve the Rural Urban Interface (RUI) knowledge for the wildland fire prevention and planning. These works are based on two study cases in Sardinia, in different contexts located near Cagliari, chosen for the availability of numerous data. Both areas are threatened by wildfires and show differe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe, the fire suppression policy (command and control chain approach) even though it has been able, for the time being, to stop the increase in annually burned area, it has not addressed the diversity and complexity of fire causes and to prevent the appearance of extreme fire events that result in major disasters. Signs of the necessary chang...
Article
Full-text available
Portugal is the European country with highest forest fires density and burned area. Since beginning of official forest fires database in 1980, an increase in number of fires and burned area as well as appearance of large and catastrophic fires have characterized fire activity in Portugal. In 1980s, the largest fires were just a little bit over 10,0...
Book
Full-text available
Durante o VII Encontro de Geografia Física e Ambiente, subordinado ao tema grandes incêndios florestais e erosão e degradação dos solos, que decorreu em Guimarães, nos dias 10 e 11 de outubro de 2013, no debate com que finalizou uma das sessões, abordou-se a questão da terminologia, tendo-se gerado alguma discussão em torno do conceito de perigosid...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nas últimas duas décadas, a problemática da avaliação e gestão dos riscos naturais assumiu uma importância crescente na investigação científica portuguesa, assim como na agenda política, no ordenamento do território e na vida quotidiana dos cidadãos. O Programa Nacional da Política de Ordenamento do Território, aprovado pela Lei n.º 58/2007, de 4 d...
Chapter
Full-text available
O diálogo entre os investigadores e os atores sociais, como um processo estruturado de comunicação, tem assumido nos últimos anos uma atenção crescente (Welp et al., 2006). A orientação estratégica do Horizonte 2020, no sentido de promover o desenvolvimento de soluções para responder aos desafios societais, reforça a necessidade do diálogo entre os...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract Despite enhanced fire suppression efforts the number of fires has increased in Europe and in North Africa, above all in Portugal, and the extinction oriented model of fire control is no more suitable to change the trend. Hence, the need of shifting from a reactive model grounded on a fast and strong reaction, to more pro-active procedure...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to present the methodologies, a software and results developed in the European FUME program to map the rural-urban interfaces (RUI). Three methodologies were set up for RUI mapping: two on the local scale (the community scale) and one on the global scale (the European scale). The first local scale method was developed in a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forest fires (term used in Europe to designate the unwanted fires burning forests and wild lands) constitute a serious problem for Europe. Frequently, Thought of almost exclusively as a problem for France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, this chapter introduces how fire is now a hazard that affects most of the European countries. Although, a sh...
Chapter
In Portuguese case study, were considered two hazards with very different characteristics. Coastal erosion is mainly triggered by storms events. Coastal erosion is influenced by the regional context and the sedimentary budget in the coast (partially influenced by human action). For the same hydrodynamic conditions the coastal erosion can be reversi...
Article
Full-text available
The growing incidence, intensity, severity, and size of forest fires and escalating economic constraints have made reliance on fire suppression activities as the main fire management strategies, in Portugal, less tenable. Recognition of this led fire and municipal civil protection agencies to include community preparedness in comprehensive risk man...
Book
More than 90% of wildfires are caused by human activity, but other causes include lighting, drought, wind and changing weather conditions, underground coal fires, and even volcanic activity. Wildfire Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, one of nine volumes in the Elsevier Hazards and Disasters series, provides a close and detailed examination of wildfire...
Chapter
Full-text available
LARGE FOREST FIRES IN PORTUGAL: CHALLENGES FOR RISK MANAGEMENT ABSTRACT The assumption that forest fire damages have a direct relation with the burned area is too simplistic. The relation between the burned area and fire severity is a much more complex reality which should be considered for a more cost-effective risk management. Keywords: Large fir...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Presentation of RUImap, a rural urban interface mapping tool. (Language : french)
Chapter
Full-text available
Title-The contribution of vulnerability for forest fire risk reduction Abstract-The geographical analysis of natural hazards is a tradition dating back to the early twentieth century. Seeking to understand how societies perceive the hazard and mitigate it, the geographical research emphazed the study of perception and later of vulnerability. In thi...
Article
As alterações recentes do espaço rural e da floresta tem conduzido a sociedade contemporânea a ficar mais vulnerável a manifestações de perigo de incêndio florestal e aos incêndios na interface urbano-florestal, em particular. Deste modo, importa compreender e clarificar os conceitos e conhecer as dinâmicas territoriais características da interface...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO O paradigma físico tem sido dominante na gestão dos incêndios florestais, mas estes são um processo complexo resultante da interação entre as componentes ecológica e humana. Este artigo propõe uma reflexão sobre a polissemia com que os termos risco, perigo e vulnerabilidade têm sido utilizados na investigação sobre incêndios florestais e apr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The growing incidence, size, intensity and duration of forest fires and escalating economic constraints has made reliance on fire suppression activities as the main fire management strategies in Portugal less tenable. Recognition of this led fire and municipal civil protection agencies to include community preparedness in comprehensive risk managem...
Book
Full-text available
Os incêndios florestais são processos complexos resultantes da interação entre as componentes ecológica e humana. Este livro destaca a importância de integrar a dimensão social no planeamento e na gestão do risco de incêndio florestal em Portugal e propõe várias estratégias para a sua inclusão numa abordagem integrada e sustentável. Nesta perspetiv...