Faith Chan

Faith Chan
University of Nottingham Ningbo China | Ningbo · Department of Geographical Sciences

PhD, MSc and BSc

About

115
Publications
80,834
Reads
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1,920
Citations
Citations since 2017
87 Research Items
1837 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500600
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Introduction
Dr Faith Chan is an associate professor at University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC). He currently conducts research, particularly focus on urban flood risk management and climate change adaptations in East Asian mega-deltas and coastal cities.
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - December 2024
University of Nottingham Ningbo China
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2012 - present
University of Nottingham Ningbo China
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2006 - September 2012
University of Leeds
Position
  • Research Teaching Associate

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
Forum papers are thought-provoking opinion pieces or essays founded in fact, sometimes containing speculation, on a civil engineering topic of general interest and relevance to the readership of the journal. The views expressed in this Forum article do not necessarily reflect the views of ASCE or the Editorial Board of the journal.
Article
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China has experienced enormously rapid development since the open door policy introduced in 1979. Population has increased by 30% to 1.3 billion, and the annual GDP growth rate was 9.8 % in the last few years. However, frequent water disasters in recent years have caused significant damages to China's regional growth and societies. There are huge c...
Article
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Asia’s urbanized mega-deltas are experiencing increased incidences of flooding. Flood risk is increasing due to urban growth, which makes people more vulnerable and threatens economic assets, and due to factors that increase flood hazard, including reduced delta aggradation, subsidence though natural resource extraction, and climate change, includi...
Article
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Intensive storms enhanced flooding is fast emerging as one of the biggest threats to urbanization in Asia. The need to manage this risk is critical for achieving a sustainable growth pattern. The authors study the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and propose a generic sustainable flood risk appraisal (SFRA) framework that can be used to benchmark flood risk...
Article
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The Pearl River Delta (PRD) region has experienced rapid economic and population growth in the last three decades. The delta includes coastal megacities, such as Hong Kong. These low-lying urbanised coastal regions in the PRD are vulnerable to flood risks from unpredictable climatic conditions. These can result in increasing storm surges, rising se...
Article
Full-text available
Study region Hong Kong is a megalopolis located on the southeast coast of China. Study focus Megalopolis located in low-lying coastal areas such as Hong Kong is especially vulnerable to compound flood risks from multiple flood drivers (e.g., heavy rainstorms and extreme sea levels). Using long-term hydrological observations and socio-economic data...
Article
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Urban floods are the most severe disaster in most Chinese cities due to rapid urbanisation and climate challenges. Recently, media data analytics has become prominent in enhancing urban flood resilience. In this study, news media data from the GKG of the GDELT project was innovatively used to examine the pattern of news media responses towards urba...
Article
Urban road transport disruptions caused by urban floods have become severe in the Chinese megacities due to climate change and urbanisation. Urban road planning, design, and land drainage systems are insufficiently coping with intense rainstorms, especially in the wet season. This is reflected in more research findings on urban flood impacts and ro...
Article
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Sustainable flood risk management (SFRM) has become popular since the 1980s. Many governmental and non-governmental organisations have been keen on implementing the SFRM strategies by integrating social, ecological, and economic themes into their flood risk management (FRM) practices. However, the justifications for SFRM are still somewhat embryoni...
Article
Microplastic contamination in the sediment of marine bays has attracted widespread attention, whereas the distribution, sedimentation, morphology and risk of microplastics at regional scale remain poorly understood. By introducing a data mining framework into microplastic research, we compiled a microplastic dataset of 649 samples from 24 bays to e...
Article
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China's Sponge City Programme (SCP) is one of the world's most ambitious sustainable urban drainage programmes. By 2030, Chinese cities must have 80% of their land drained by Blue–Green Infrastructure (BGI) to build critically needed flood resilience. Costs must be met from municipal and private finance, but BGI lacks the revenue streams of public...
Chapter
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Microplastics are the newly identified pollutant of this century, yet they are already detected everywhere worldwide. Microplastic pollution in global marine environments has been intensively reported. Evidence of microplastic pollution is emerging in other environments, including land, freshwater, atmosphere, and organisms. Public concerns were al...
Preprint
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The growing amount of social media data is a valuable and rapidly available information source to inform flood response and recovery. In this study, a workflow framework is developed to assess urban flood impacts by extracting and analysing social media data, as well as identifying the intensive public response areas, using the case of 2020 China C...
Article
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China's Sponge City Program (SCP) envisions a city's surface water management system to function like a sponge to absorb, store, infiltrate, and purify rainwater, and release it for reuse when needed. It emphasizes the use of natural and natural-engineering hybrid measures to mimic natural water cycle, thus offers Nature-Based-Solutions (NBS) to ur...
Chapter
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“Sponge City Program” (SCP), initiated in 2013, is the term in the Chinese interpretation of tackling urban stormwater and surface water management. The concept acts like a “Sponge” to absorb urban runoff and conduct the purification and storage via the restored natural hydrological processes via vegetation, soil, and water interactions. There were...
Article
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Urbanisation and ever-intensified rainstorms exacerbated urban waterlogging in some Chinese cities. In 2013, the Chinese government proposed a nationwide initiative, Sponge City, for managing the flood risk using the nature-based solution (NBS) approach. Pilot projects have been implemented among thirty selected cities, including Wuhan. Because the...
Article
The behavior of microplastics in wastewater treatment plants has been investigated, but specific effects of treatment process on microplastics' fate are still unclear due to varied analysis methods and regional differences. In this study, four wastewater treatment plants in Ningbo of southeastern China with different treatment processes were select...
Article
Attributing soil erosion to land management and climatic drivers is important for global policy development to protect soils. The Chinese Loess Plateau is one of the most eroded areas in the world. However, there has been limited assessment of historic spatial changes in erosion rates on the Loess Plateau and the major contributors driving these sp...
Article
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Gulf ecosystems provide many beneficial services to humanity and play a key role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the sustainability of gulf ecosystems has been severely threatened by climatic and anthropogenic stresses. Using network analysis of article records downloaded from Web of Science, we summarize the current...
Chapter
This article introduces the concept of sustainable urban drainage as defined by a range of guidelines for Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SuDS), Low Impact Development (LID), and Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD). The aims of the approach are discussed with specific reference to flood risk management and water quality management. A descriptio...
Article
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Identification of periodicities in hydrological time series and evaluation of their statistical significance are not only important for water-related studies, but also challenging issues due to the complex variability of hydrological processes. In this article, we develop a “ Moving Correlation Coefficient Analysis ” (MCCA) method for identifying p...
Article
China’s national Sponge City Program promotes the integration of green–grey–blue infrastructure for sustainable urban-water governance. However, recent record-breaking flood events have called the efficacy of the programme into question, illustrating the need for a holistic social–natural–engineering strategy to manage future climate uncertainties.
Conference Paper
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The cities of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) have been experiencing an unprecedented urban expansion for the past four decades, leading to emergence of one of the most populous and dynamic urban regions. However, these rapidly expanding cities located in a low-lying delta area also face increasing flood risk due to a combination of anthropogenic and n...
Article
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Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI, including swales, green roofs, and wetlands) plays an important role in reducing vulnerability to climate change risks such as flooding, heat stress, and water shortages, while enhancing urban environments and quality of life for citizens. Understanding the perceptions that professional stakeholders have of BGI is fu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sustainable flood risk management (SFRM) has become popular since the 1980s. Many governmental and non-governmental organisations have been keen on implementing the SFRM strategies by integrating social, ecological and economic themes into their flood risk management (FRM) practices. However, justifications for SFRM are still embryonic and it is no...
Article
Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI, including swales, green roofs, and wetlands) plays an important role in reducing vulnerability to climate change risks such as flooding, heat stress, and water shortages, while enhancing urban environments and quality of life for citizens. Understanding the perceptions that professional stakeholders have of BGI is fu...
Article
Full-text available
Flood management is a complex issue in Chinese cities that exhibit high populations and have undergone rapid urbanization. Urban flood management (UFM) approaches can be used to mitigate urban flood risk. To address urban issues of poor water quality and urban surface flooding, the Sponge City Program (SCP) was initiated in 2013 in China. The SCP a...
Article
Microplastics are being widely discussed as an emerging global environmental contaminant. Microplastic pollution usually originates from land-based sources, which are then mainly transported through hydrological and atmospheric pathways and accumulated in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Urban environments represent a condensed area o...
Article
Worldwide, a cocktail of climate change, urbanization, and population growth is increasing the vulnerability of coastal communities to flood risk. Recent experience in urban flood management from China’s Greater Bay Area shows that building “prevention” and “preparedness” into urban development plans is essential for climate adaptation and resilien...
Article
Urban flooding is a key global challenge which is expected to become exacerbated under global change due to more intense rainfall and flashier runoff regimes over increasingly urban landscapes. Consequently, many cities are rethinking their approach to flood risk management by using green infrastructure (GI) solutions to reverse the legacy of hard...
Article
Frequent typhoons significantly affect many coastal cities via intensive rainstorms, tidal surges and strong wind. Natural factors induced by human disturbance such as climate change and sea-level rise come alongside anthropogenic factors such as rapid urbanisation and land use/land cover change, leading to detrimental consequences such as urban fl...
Article
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The theory-practice gap (TPG) is well known in the environmental realm, referring to disconnects between knowledge generated through scientific research and the needs, expectations, and practices of knowledge users for environmental decision-making and practice. While the presence of the TPG is well established, we have yet to fully implement mecha...
Article
Since the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the lockdown policy across the globe has brought improved air quality while fighting against the coronavirus. After the closure, urban air quality was subject to emission reduction of air pollutants and rebounded to the previous level after the potency period of recession. Different response patterns exhibit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Frequent typhoons are significantly affecting the coastal cities via intensive rainstorms, tidal surges and strong wind. Natural factors such as climate change and global sea-level rise come alongside anthropogenic factors such as rapid urbanisation and land use/land cover change leading to detrimental consequences such as urban floods. This short...
Article
By the 2050s, more than 120 million people are predicted to settle in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), which covers large coastal cities such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong. Cities in the PRD are vitally important to China in relation to their socio-economic contributions. From recent evidence, this strongly urbanized area is vulnerable to, and c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is a recognised need for a fundamental change in how cities tackle urban water challenges and develop visions for 'Blue-Green' urban futures; where multifunctional Blue-Green infrastructure (BGI, including green roofs, swales, rain gardens and ponds) creates environmental and societal co-benefits and is delivered by cross-organisational colla...
Article
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Mongolia is a globally crucial region that has been suffering from land desertification. However, current understanding on Mongolia’s desertification is limited, constraining the desertification control and sustainable development in Mongolia and even other parts of the world. This paper studied spatiotemporal patterns, driving factors, mitigation...
Article
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Rapid urbanization has sharply increased the pressure of urban water issues (e.g., urban flooding and water pollution) in the Chinese megacities during last three decades. Sustainable urban water management approaches, such as Nature Based Solutions (NBS) and Low Impact Developments (LIDs), have successfully delivered long-term benefits to cities i...
Article
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Hillslope erosion is an essential source of catchment sediment yield. However, the current understanding of the spatiotemporal patterns of field hillslope erosion processes is limited. In this study, fourteen runoff scouring experiments were undertaken on two plots (A and B) established on one field slope of the hilly and gully loess plateau in Chi...
Article
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Nature-based solutions (NBS) is an innovative concept that mimics the processes of natural ecosystems, popularised principally in the European Union. With a substantial body of literature amassed since the term’s inception in 2015, there is a need to systematically review existing literature in order to identify overarching gaps and trends accordin...
Article
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Blue-Green infrastructure (BGI) is recognised internationally as an approach for managing urban water challenges while enhancing society and the environment through the provision of multiple co-benefits. This research employed an online survey to investigate the perceptions of BGI held by professional stakeholders in four cities with established BG...
Article
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Mismanaged plastic waste poses a complex threat to the environments that it contaminates, generating considerable concern from academia, industry, politicians, and the general public. This concern has driven global action that presents a unique opportunity for widespread environmental engagement beyond the immediate problem of the persistence of pl...
Article
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Low- and middle-income countries in Southeast and East Asia face a range of challenges related to the rapid pace of urbanisation in the region, the scale of pollution, climate change, loss of ecosystem services and associated difficulties for ecological restoration. Possible pathways towards a more sustainable future lie in the applications of natu...
Chapter
Microplastic pollution is an emerging threat to global freshwater ecological security. The emission and discharge of microplastic pollutants is highly associated with human activities and, therefore, cities are particularly at risk of microplastic pollution because they are a concentrated zone of plastic industry and use. Urban rivers may also be s...
Chapter
The shift of academic attention from city marketing to city branding heralds a new era of representation and signification of cities as brands. Conscious practices of nationwide program implementation could be used not only for improving urban resilience but for city brands promotion. In China, to cope with the frequent occurrence of urban water is...
Chapter
Ningbo is a coastal megacity located at the East Coast of China and developing rapidly with proactive trading and export economic activities. The city owns a ranked top ten international port and it is the major strategic spot of 21st century maritime Silk Road from the “Belt and Road” policy established for promoting further international trades a...
Chapter
Environmental justice has drew worldwide attention since the 1982 protest in USA to against duping toxic waste. In the globalization era, worldwide scholars and environmental activists are actively engaged in related studies and social movements. However, these researches and movements usually ignore the influences of local contexts on local enviro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ningbo is a coastal megacity located at the East Coast of China and developing rapidly with proactive trading and export economic activities. The city owns a ranked top ten international port and it is the major strategic spot of 21st century maritime Silk Road from the “Belt and Road” policy established for promoting further international trades a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The shift of academic attention from city marketing to city branding heralds a new era of representation and signification of cities as brands. Conscious practices of nationwide program implementation could be used not only for improving urban resilience but for city brands promotion. In China, to cope with the frequent occurrence of urban water is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environmental justice has drew worldwide attention since the 1982 protest in USA to against duping toxic waste. In the globalization era, worldwide scholars and environmental activists are actively engaged in related studies and social movements. However, these researches and movements usually ignore the influences of local contexts on local enviro...
Article
We used statistical approach by coupling redundancy analysis with linear regression analysis, which is useful to understand potential sources of antibiotics in the tide rising and ebbing of surface water in the Yongjiang Estuary, China. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 29 antibiotics at five sites over four seasons and 13 en...
Article
Antibiotic resistance is a global threat posing risks to public health. China, as the largest consumer and producer of antibiotics, is generating a large amount of pharmaceutical waste sludge from the antibiotic manufacturing industry, which has the potential to be released into the environments by anthropogenic activities. Land application of phar...
Article
Full-text available
Urban flooding has become a serious issue in most Chinese cities due to rapid urbanization and extreme weather, as evidenced by severe events in Beijing (2012), Ningbo (2013), Guangzhou (2015), Wuhan (2016), Shenzhen (2019), and Chongqing (2020). The Chinese "Sponge City Program" (SCP), initiated in 2013 and adopted by 30 pilot cities, is developin...
Article
Freshwater systems are vitally important, supporting diversity and providing a range of ecosystem services. In China, rapid urbanization (over 800 million urban population) has led to multiple anthropogenic pressures that threaten urban freshwater environments. Microplastics (<5 mm) result from intensive production and use of plastic materials, but...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and urbanization are increasing the urban flood risk, which can cause adverse on socio-economic and environmental impacts. Green Infrastructure (GI) can reduce stormwater runoff and offer multiple benefits that have been initiated in the United Kingdom (UK) and China, namely Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) and Sponge Cities...
Conference Paper
This research paper maps two cases of waterfront zones in the City of Ningbo with risks of urban flooding. The study explores required transformations associated to national-level sponge city programme (SCP) of China and stormwater management measure. It will include addressing the followings: (1) flood risk attributes; (2) site management; (3) gre...
Article
Full-text available
For managing the worsening urban water disasters in China, the Government of China proposed the concept of “Sponge City” in 2013 and initiated the strategy in 30 pilot cities from 2015. Despite the promise of the concept, there have been many challenges in implementing the “Sponge City” program (SCP). In this manuscript, we discuss the hydrology-re...
Article
Full-text available
Blue‐Green Infrastructure (BGI) is recognized as a viable strategy to manage stormwater and flood risk, and its multifunctionality may further enrich society through the provision of multiple cobenefits that extend far beyond the hydrosphere. Portland, Oregon, is an internationally renowned leader in the implementation of BGI and showcases many bes...
Chapter
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A large proportion of the ‘Belt’ regions in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), such as North-western China, Western Asia, are considered drylands and are subject to different levels of desertification. The BRI has improved the international cooperation and economic development within these regions. However, there is a risk that desertification wil...
Chapter
This chapter aims to briefly introduce the recent research trend on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) since its inception in 2013. Since the scope of the BRI is very wide, the focus of this chapter and hence this volume is put on three themes: Business, Politics and History and Geography. The discussion in this chapter bring out the needs of colle...
Chapter
This chapter concludes the discussions from the articles featured in this volume. Future of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is positive and it can be a game changer. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners should be cautious of the challenges as a consequence of the development of the BRI.
Article
‘Sponge City’ is the term used to describe the Chinese government's approach to urban surface water management. The concept was conceived in 2014 in response to an increasing incidence of urban flooding or water-logging in Chinese cities. While ambitious and far-reaching in its aim (of decreasing national flood risk, increasing water supply and imp...
Article
Land degradation is an important environmental problem facing the world. "Land Degradation Neutrality" is one of the core indicators in the 15th goal of the "United Nations Sustainable Development Goals" for 2030. Mongolia is an important country for global land degradation. The increasingly serious land degradation has caused a direct impact on th...
Article
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Sustainable economic development could reduce vulnerability and enhance capacity to adapt to climate change. Paradigm-shifting developments, however, can be highly contested and produce diverse outcomes. New insights are needed as to how tensions and uncertainties emerging from these developments shape adaptive capacity. This paper investigates the...