Faical Akaichi

Faical Akaichi
Scotland's Rural College | SRUC · Food Marketing Research Team

PhD

About

52
Publications
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Introduction
Faical Akaichi Research Economist and Deputy Programme Director of Food Security MSc programme I am an applied economist with specialisation in behavioural economics, food marketing and econometrics. My research aims to further the understanding of individuals’ behaviour and its determining factors, and how policy can best make use of this understanding to promote more sustainable, ethical and healthier food production and consumption.

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Known in the literature as underutilized, neglected or orphan crops, these crops have been cited as having the potential to improve food and nutritional security. The literature also highlights however that consumers in developing countries are increasingly abandoning their traditional diets that these crops are part of, and are replacing them by w...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the paper is to provide an ex-ante evaluation of banning price promotions for discretionary foods (e. g., such as confectionary, crisps, biscuits, sweet and savory snacks, cakes) in Scotland. The methodology consisted of the estimation of demand systems by socioeconomic groups (i.e., lifestage and income groups) for 19 food groups us...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates whether and how the demand for animal-friendly pork can benefit from the individual and joint use of the label "Animal Friendly," "Organic," "Local," and "Low Fat." A choice experiment was conducted to collect the data. The data were analyzed using the random parameter logit and the latent class models. Three consumer segmen...
Article
Full-text available
Animal welfare scientists have accumulated knowledge and developed interventions to improve livestock welfare, but these are poorly adopted in commercial practice. Animal welfare interventions are rarely tested for economic viability and this limits their uptake. This study employs Stochastic Partial Budgeting (SPB) to determine the viability of an...
Chapter
This book provides practical information about interdisciplinary research, particularly to students and researchers of animal behaviour, animal welfare and veterinary sciences, to better understand how the integration of disciplines can advance animal welfare science. The book is divided into 2 parts. Part 1 gives guidance on how interdisciplinary...
Article
Full-text available
Dairy is a key investment sector for the Government of Malawi. On 1 October 2016, the Malawi Revenue Authority announced that milk, which until then had been exempted from value added tax (VAT), was going to be taxed at the standard rate of 16.5 percent. The measure has been met with strong opposition and thus, was short lived (eliminated in May 20...
Chapter
Intensive agriculture and meat-based westernized diets have brought a heavy environmental burden to the planet. Legumes, or pulses, are members of the large Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family, which comprise about 5% of all plant species. They are ancient crops whose popularity both for farmers and consumers has gone through several stages of acceptance...
Book
Modern agricultural practices have increased the efficiency of food production with a decrease in their cost and prices for consumers. However, to some extent this has been detrimental to the ethical way in which livestock are treated, particularly in more intensive production systems. On the demand side, an increasing number of consumers are inter...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to elicit the preferences of Omani small-scale vegetable farmers towards contracting with different emerging and other potential business partners along with other contract terms. To accomplish this, a discrete choice experiment was adopted to elicit farmers' preferences towards different contract models. The choice data was analyze...
Article
Intensive animal production practices lead to animal suffering worldwide. This study examined whether farmers cope with the negative impact of farming practices on their animals by ascribing them less capacity to suffer compared with other species. Most people like eating meat but find animal suffering emotionally disturbing. Human omnivores employ...
Article
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This study investigates the substitution and complementary effects for beef mince attributes drawing on data from large choice experiments conducted in the UK and Spain. In both countries, consumers were found to be willing to pay a price premium for the individual use of the labels “Low Fat” (UK: €3.41, Spain: €1.94), “Moderate Fat” (UK: €2.23, Sp...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of changes in prices is not only important because they directly affect households’ affordability and, therefore, their food security but also because they may trigger changes in the composition of their food and drink choices. Thus, an increase in prices may force a household with limited resources to choose a bundle of goods with low...
Article
Full-text available
When deciding whether to invest in an improvement to animal welfare, farmers must trade-off the relative costs and benefits. Despite the existence of effective solutions to many animal welfare issues, farmers’ willingness to pay for them is largely unknown. This study modelled pig farmers’ decisions to improve animal welfare using a discrete choice...
Article
We examine evidence from two unique discrete choice experiments (DCE) on long term care insurance and several of its relevant attributes, and more specifically, choices made by 15,298 individuals in the United States with and without insurance. We study the valuation of the following insurance attributes, namely daily insurance benefit, insurance c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper aims at comparing the performance of three conjoint analyses (CA) in terms of estimated partworths, predictive power and estimated WTP: choice experiment (CE); ranking conjoint analysis (RCA) and best-worst scaling (BWS). Comparisons are made in a non-hypothetical setting. For comparison purposes in the last two formats only the informat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper addresses a set of methodological questions. First, it assesses the variation of the level of ANA in different non-hypothetical CA formats. Second, it explores whether asking respondents to report the attributes they ignored after each choice set or at the end of the choice task yield comparable results. Lastly, it explores the implicati...
Article
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The estimation of marginal utility of income in discrete choice experiments is of crucial importance for the estimation of willingness to pay (WTP) and welfare estimates. Despite this central importance, there are only few investigations into the impact of the design of the cost attribute vector on choices and WTP estimates. We present a conceptual...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses a set of methodological questions. First, it assesses the variation of the level of ANA in different non-hypothetical CA formats. Second, it explores whether asking respondents to report the attributes they ignored after each choice set or at the end of the choice task yield comparable results. Lastly, it explores the implicati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a choice experiment (CE) administered to explore farmer preferences for conservation agreements to conserve rare breeds among a sample of 174 respondents in Transylvania (Romania). The study site was chosen due to the prevalence of small-scale and extensive farm systems threatened by a changing policy environment that is increa...
Article
This study assesses the comparability of discrete choice experiment (DCE), ranking conjoint analysis (RCA) and multiprofile best–worst scaling (BWS) in a nonhypothetical context in terms of estimated partworths, willingness to pay (WTP), response consistency and external validity. Overall, the results suggest that: (i) the conjoint analysis formats...
Article
Full-text available
Several animal welfare issues persist in practice despite extensive research which has been linked to the unwillingness of stakeholders to make changes. For example, most farmers do not perceive pig aggression to be a problem that requires action despite the fact that stress and injuries are common, and that several solutions exist. Frequent exposu...
Article
Full-text available
Aggression between pigs remains an important animal welfare issue despite several solutions existing. Uptake of livestock welfare research relies on various stakeholders being willing to recommend or adopt changes to farm structure or management (e.g., veterinarians, researchers, farmers). This survey provides insight into the attitudes and practic...
Article
The future of organic agriculture will, to a large extent, depend on consumer demand. As a result, the last three decades have witnessed a considerable increase in the number of papers that have attempted to identify the determinants of organic food consumption and whether organic foods are competing with other ethical food products such as local f...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyse the overall effect of promotions on consumers’ food purchases in Scotland and to consider the implications of the findings for food and health policy. Design/methodology/approach This is achieved by analysing a representative scanner panel dataset for the period 2006-13. The methodology consists of...
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with food consumption have become particularly pertinent issues given recent warnings that the planet recently has experienced its hottest year. One way proposed to reduce those emissions is through a carbon consumption taxes. This study uses consumption, nutrient and GHG emission data to estimate the impac...
Article
Full-text available
This cross-country investigation of food demand and its determinants confirmed a number of stylized facts: first, consumers respond to prices and the law of demand applies to all foods at a fairly high level of product disaggregation; second, most food products are necessities, as their demand responds positively but less than proportionally to cha...
Article
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Several studies on ethical and social food attributes have shown that consumers, especially in developed countries, are willing to pay a price premium for fair trade foods products. However, there is a scant literature on how consumers? preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for fair trade products are affected by the presence of other ethical fo...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the study is to investigate the eff ect of the oath script (HO) in an hypothetical Contingent Valuation survey in a Mediterranean country (e.g. Italy). Hence, there were conducted the CE surveys with three treatments: (1) CV without a cognitive task, (2) CV with a CT script, and (3) CV with a HO. Th e fi ndings showed that the eff...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess Scottish consumers’ demand for animal welfare and organic pork. The paper also tried to answer the following questions: first, are animal-friendly pork and organic-pork complements or substitutes (competing)? Second, what is the relationship between pork products with different animal welfare labels...
Article
This study measures consumers’ willingness to pay for the attributes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during production, food miles and origin (local/non-local) of rice products and assesses the interaction effects (complementarities and substitutions) between these food attributes using a non-hypothetical experimental auction. Results typically show...
Article
The effects of written information of key sensory characteristics of apple cultivars on hedonic ratings and willingness to pay (WTP) were measured in an experimental auction. Participants (n = 118, 95F, 23M, mean age 37 y.) rated, in three subsequent rounds, pleasantness and WTP based on (1) appearance only (n = 25), (2) appearance, written informa...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate risk factors associated with posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) development and the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and etiology of PSC. Of 195 consecutive patients from a private ophthalmology practice, diagnosed with PSC, serum vitamin D3 (25-OH D) levels were obtained for 175, and associations among risk factors, comorbid...
Article
Using multi-unit auctions, we examined the effect of different distributions of price discount across multiple units of a relatively new product on consumers’ Willingness to Pay (WTP), sales value and retailers’ revenue. We found that allowing the price discount to be increasing in the number of units increases willingness to pay, sales value and r...
Article
We examine the effect of varying the number of bidders and units on bid values in multi-unit auctions. Our results suggest that the uniform-price auction is sensitive to demand reduction, however, increasing the number of bidders or/and units can significantly decrease it.
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a multi-stage almost ideal demand system with censoring was estimated to assess Malawians’ demand for six dairy products (viz. fresh milk, powdered milk, margarine and butter, chambiko, yogurt and cheese). We found that the consumption of dairy products depended on whether the household was rural or urban, the region of the country (v...
Article
Full-text available
Conflicting findings have been found in previous research that compared choice-based conjoint analysis and ranking conjoint analysis in a public good setting.The present paper revisits this issue for a private good in a non-hypothetical context using small and large choice sets. Our results suggest that in a small choice set setting, participants’...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the effect of varying the number of bidders and units on bid values and demand reduction in multi-unit auctions using the uniform-price auction and the multi-unit Vickrey auction. Our results suggest that the uniform-price auction is sensitive to demand reduction, however, increasing the number of bidders or/and units can decrease the ef...
Article
As human life expectancy increases, the potential for nutraceutical products expands. Economic theory and sensory science were integrated to determine (1) consumer acceptance of potential health statements about a juice blend and (2) the relative satisfaction consumers derived from sensory and nutraceutical characteristics of a juice blend. Four no...
Article
Experimental auctions are normally conducted using single-unit auctions. In this paper, we use the multiunit Vickrey auction to assess the determinants of consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for organic milk in a multiunit shopping scenario. We also analyze the effect of positive and negative information about organic farming on WTP. Our results su...
Article
Full-text available
We report the result of experiments designed to assess the effect of initial endowments on willingness to pay values elicited from multi-unit Vickrey auctions. Comparing bids from an “endow and upgrade” approach with the “full bidding” approach, we find that the direction of the endowment effect generally depends on the number of endowed units of t...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the market potential of a locally produced and high quality food product (i.e. white bean “Mongeta Ganxet” (MG)) from Catalonia, Spain. Consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for the product is elicited using a non-hypothetical economic experiment and then the sensitivity of WTP values is anal...
Article
As human life expectancy increases, the potential for nutraceutical products expands. Economic theory and sensory science were integrated to determine (1) consumer acceptance of potential health statements about a juice blend and (2) the relative satisfaction consumers derived from sensory and nutraceutical characteristics of a juice blend. Four no...
Article
Full-text available
This study estimates the interaction effects (complementarities and competitions) of GHG emissions (during production), food miles, origin/locality attributes and taste on valuation for the rice products. Results suggest that labelling the hybrid rice as having lower GHG emissions can incentivize consumers to buy and consume more sustainable rice....
Article
Using multi-unit auctions, we examined the effect of different distributions of price discount across multiple units of a relatively new product on consumers’ Willingness to Pay (WTP), sales value and retailers’ revenue. We found that allowing the price discount to be increasing in the number of units largely increases willingness to pay, sales val...
Article
Full-text available
In most experimental auctions, it is a common practice to carry out several bidding rounds for the same product and to post the winning price at the end of each round. This practice can lead to an affiliation of participants' bids and biased value estimates if bids between subjects are inter-dependent. In this paper, the effect of posted prices on...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes the use of multi-unit auctions in studying consumers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for food products in a multi-unit shopping scenario. We show how this method can overcome the limitations of single-unit experimental auctions in obtaining useful information related to WTP for not just the first unit but also subsequent units of a pr...
Article
Full-text available
In most experimental auctions, it is a common practice to carry out several bidding rounds for the same product and to post the winning price at the end of each round. This practice can lead to an affiliation of participants’ bids and biased value estimates if bids between subjects are inter-dependent. In this paper, the effect of posted prices on...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Farm animal genetic resources (FAnGR) are globally threatened. This project seeks to explore the use of economic incentives for conserving rare breeds for more resilient agricultural systems.
Project
The transfer of animal welfare research into practice is often limited. Bridging the gap between research and commercial practice requires a multidisciplinary approach. I employ methods from animal science, psychology and economics to investigate the longstanding animal welfare issue of aggression between pigs.
Project
TRUE is a Europe wide research project that intends to explore and develope sustainable legume-based farming systems and agri-feed and food chains in the EU. Case studies with a range of legumes, sustainability assessments and the exchange of science, practice and policy will lead to reccommendations, how to grow legumes on European fields and how to have more pulses in European meals. More information can be found on www.true-project.eu or on social media @TRUElegumes