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  • Fabrizio Sossan
Fabrizio Sossan

Fabrizio Sossan
MINES ParisTech | ParisTech · Centre Procédés, Energies Renouvelables, Systèmes Énergétiques (PERSEE)

Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering

About

92
Publications
16,742
Reads
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1,066
Citations
Introduction
Hey there, my research interests are operations of renewable-based power and energy systems, with a special focus on planning, scheduling and control of energy storage systems.
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - present
MINES ParisTech
Position
  • Lecturer
August 2018 - February 2019
ETH Zurich
Position
  • Researcher
November 2017 - July 2018
National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the application of stochastic grey-box modeling to identify electrical power consumption-to-temperature models of a domestic freezer using experimental measurements. The models are formulated using stochastic differential equations (SDEs), estimated by maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), validated through the model residuals a...
Article
We propose and experimentally validate a control strategy to dispatch the operation of a distribution feeder interfacing heterogeneous prosumers by using a grid-connected battery energy storage system (BESS) as a controllable element coupled with a minimally invasive monitoring infrastructure. It consists in a two-stage procedure: day-ahead dispatc...
Article
Full-text available
We consider the problem of estimating the unobserved amount of photovoltaic (PV) generation and demand in a power distribution network starting from measurements of the aggregated power flow at the point of common coupling (PCC) and local global horizontal irradiance (GHI). The estimation principle relies on modeling the PV generation as a function...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose a control framework for a battery energy storage system to provide simultaneously multiple services to the electrical grid. The objective is to maximise the battery exploitation from these services in the presence of uncertainty (load, stochastic distributed generation, grid frequency). The framework is structured in two p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose and experimentally validate a scheduling and control framework for distributed energy resources (DERs) that achieves to track a day-ahead dispatch plan of a distribution network hosting controllable and stochastic heterogeneous resources while respecting the local grid constraints on nodal voltages and lines ampacities. Th...
Article
The displacement of conventional generation in favor of stochastic renewable requires increasing regulation duties from the remaining dispatchable resources. In high- and medium-head hydropower plants (HPPs), providing regulation services to the grid and frequently changing the plant’s set-point causes water hammer, which engenders pressure and str...
Preprint
Full-text available
Measurement-rich power distribution networks may enable distribution system operators (DSOs) to adopt model-less and measurement-based monitoring and control of distributed energy resources (DERs) for mitigating grid issues such as over/under voltages and lines congestions. However, measurement-based monitoring and control applications may lead to...
Chapter
Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESSs) have become practical and effective ways of managing electricity needs in many situations. This chapter describes BESS applications in electricity distribution grids, whether at the user-end or at the distribution substation level. Nowadays, BESS use various lithium-based technologies. BESS systems rely on thr...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper describes a method based on mixed-integer linear programming to cost-optimally locate and size chargers for electric vehicles (EVs) in distribution grids as a function of the driving demand. The problem accounts for the notion of single-port chargers (SPCs), where a charger can interface one EV maximum, and multi-port chargers (MPCs), wh...
Preprint
Full-text available
The displacement of conventional generation in favor of stochastic renewable requires increasing regulation duties from the remaining dispatchable resources. In high- and medium-head hydropower plants (HPPs), providing regulation services to the grid and frequently changing the plant's set-point causes water hammer, which engenders pressure and str...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper compares different charging strategies for electric vehicles (EVs) and mechanisms to support local distribution grids. First, a general scheduling problem for EVs based on convex optimization and linearized power grid models is presented. Then, it is shown how it can be adapted to model different charging strategies. These include: i) un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses linearized models of hydropower plants (HPPs). First, it reviews state-of-the-art models and discusses their non-linearities, then it proposes suitable linearization strategies for the plant head, discharge, and turbine torque. It is shown that neglecting the dependency of the hydroacoustic resistance on the discharge leads to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The simultaneous charging process of multiple electric vehicles (EVs) may cause violations of power distribution grids' operational constraints, such as voltage levels outside statutory limits, line currents above lines' ampacities, and congestion at the substation transformer. This paper investigates the impact on a medium voltage distribution gri...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper discusses linearized models of hydropower plants (HPPs). First, it reviews state-of-the-art models and discusses their non-linearities, then it proposes suitable linearization strategies for the plant head, discharge, and turbine torque. It is shown that neglecting the dependency of the hydroacoustic resistance on the discharge leads to...
Article
Full-text available
The paper considers the problem of estimating the parameters of the compound admittance matrix of three-phase untransposed low- and medium-voltage electrical distribution networks using synchrophasor measurements from phasor measurement units (PMUs). The work proposes and analyses the performance of a pre-processing strategy on the PMU's raw measur...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper contributes to improving the computational performance of controls of distributed energy resources (DERs) in distribution grids for efficient real-time control and short-term scheduling. The considered setting is a distribution grid with heterogeneous DERs controlled with model predictive control (MPC) to track a dispatch plan at its grid...
Article
Full-text available
Power systems with large shares of converter-interfaced renewables may be characterised by low grid inertia due to the lack of frequency containment provided by synchronous generators. Battery energy storage systems (BESSs), which can adjust their power output at much steeper ramping than conventional generation, are promising assets to restore sui...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a method to determine the optimal location, energy capacity, and power rating of distributed battery energy storage systems at multiple voltage levels to accomplish grid control and reserve provision. We model operational scenarios at a one-hour resolution, where deviations of stochastic loads and renewable generation (modeled t...
Article
We present a comparative study of different probabilistic forecasting techniques on the task of predicting the electrical load of secondary substations and cabinets located in a low voltage distribution grid, as well as their aggregated power profile. The methods are evaluated using standard KPIs for deterministic and probabilistic forecasts. We al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The displacement of conventional electricity generation in favor of stochastic renewables will require extended regulation capacity from remaining dispatchable plants, including hydropower power plants (HPPs), which may be subject to accelerated aging of its mechanical parts due to more severe regulation duties. This paper focuses on transient pres...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation is typically connected to power distribution grids, which are not designed to host a large amount of production if it is significantly larger than their nominal electricity demand. Given the prominent role of PV in energy transition pathways, modeling the existing power distribution infrastructure's constrai...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Charging many electric vehicles (EVs) might cause violations of cable ampacities, statutory voltage limits, and sub-station transformer ratings in power distribution grids. Besides affecting mobility patterns, autonomous driving will open new perspectives in terms of interactions with the power grid. This paper explores the potential of autonomous...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose and experimentally validate a scheduling and control framework for distributed energy resources (DERs) that achieves to track a day-ahead dispatch plan of a distribution network hosting controllable and stochastic heterogeneous resources while respecting the local grid constraints on nodal voltages and lines ampacities. Th...
Article
In this paper, we propose a re-dispatch scheme for radial distribution grids hosting stochastic Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) and controllable batteries. At each re-dispatch round, the proposed scheme computes a new dispatch plan that modifies and extends the existing one. To do so, it uses the CoDistFlow algorithm and applies a receding hori...
Article
Full-text available
A major concern associated to the massive connection of distributed energy resources is the increasing share of power electronic interfaces resulting in the global inertia reduction of power systems. The recent literature advocated the use of voltage source converter (VSC) interfaced battery energy storage system (BESS) as a potential way to counte...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents a method to determine the optimal location, energy capacity, and power rating of distributed battery energy storage systems at multiple voltage levels to accomplish grid control and reserve provision. We model operational scenarios at a one-hour resolution, where deviations of stochastic loads and renewable generation (modeled t...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper proposes a control method for battery energy storage systems (BESSs) to provide concurrent primary frequency and local voltage regulation services. The actual variable active and reactive power capability of the converter, along with the state-of-charge of the BESS, are jointly considered by the optimal operating point calculation proces...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a control method for battery energy storage systems (BESSs) to provide concurrent primary frequency and local voltage regulation services. The actual variable active and reactive power capability of the converter, along with the state-of-charge of the BESS, are jointly considered by the optimal operating point calculation proces...
Article
Full-text available
Distributed energy resources (DERs) installed in active distribution networks (ADNs) can be exploited to provide both active and reactive power reserves to the upper-layer grid (i.e., sub-transmission and transmission systems) at their connection point. This paper introduces a method to determine the capability area of an ADN for the provision of b...
Article
Full-text available
Global horizontal irradiance (GHI) is typically used to model the power output of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation. On the one hand, satellite estimations are nonpervasive and already available from commercial providers, but they have a limited spatiotemporal resolution. On the other hand, local estimations, e.g., from pyranometers, sky-cam...
Preprint
Full-text available
A major concern associated to the massive connection of distributed energy resources is the increasing share of power electronic interfaces resulting in the global inertia reduction of power systems. The recent literature advocated the use of voltage source converter (VSC) interfaced battery energy storage system (BESS) as a potential way to counte...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a comparative study of different probabilistic forecasting techniques on the task of predicting the electrical load of secondary substations and cabinets located in a low voltage distribution grid, as well as their aggregated power profile. The methods are evaluated using standard KPIs for deterministic and probabilistic forecasts. We al...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a comparative study of different probabilistic forecasting techniques on the task of predicting the electrical load of secondary substations and cabinets located in a low voltage distribution grid, as well as their aggregated power profile. The methods are evaluated using standard KPIs for deterministic and probabilistic forecasts. We al...
Preprint
Full-text available
We consider the problem of controlling heterogeneous controllable resources of a distribution network with the objective of achieving a certain power flow at the grid connection point while respecting local grid constraints. The problem is formulated as a model predictive control (MPC), where a linearized grid model, to retain convexity, based on s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The flexibility of distributed energy resources (DERs) accommodated in active distribution networks (ADNs) can be aggregated and then used to provide ancillary services to the transmission system. In this context, this paper presents a linear optimization method for the transmission system operator (TSO) to allocate its required active power reserv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Uncertainty levels in forecasting of renewable generation and demand are known to affect the amount of reserve required to operate the power grid with a given level of reliability. In this paper, we quantify the effects on the system reserve and reliability, due to the local dispatch of stochastic demand and renewable generation. The analysis is pe...
Article
Localised and high-frequency measurements of the global horizontal irradiance (GHI) are a key information to assess the level of power production of distributed photovoltaic generation. The paper presents a supervised machine learning-based procedure to estimate the GHI using images obtained from an all-sky camera installed at ground level. The tra...
Article
Multiple research works and power systems operational practices have qualitatively associated the progressive connection of stochastic renewable energy resources with the increase of power systems reserve requirements. At the same time, the price and technology of MW-class Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESSs) have considerably improved, which ope...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We consider the problem of estimating the unob-served PV generation and demand from aggregated measurements taken at a point of common coupling, e.g., at the grid connection point of a radial distribution system. We outline the formulation of an existing algorithm that achieves the disaggre-gation task by using measurements of the composite power f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes a two-layer control and coordination framework for distributed energy resources. The lower layer is a real-time model predictive control (MPC) executed at 10 s resolution to achieve fine tuning of a given energy set-point. The upper layer is a slower MPC coordination mechanism based on distributed optimization, and solved with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Uncertainty levels in forecasting of renewable generation and demand are known to affect the amount of reserve required to operate the power grid with a given level of reliability. In this paper, we quantify the effects on the system reserve and reliability, due to the local dispatch of stochastic demand and renewable generation. The analysis is pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we consider the provision of primary frequency control by using battery energy storage systems (BESSs). In particular, we use a standard droop-based frequency control for a BESS where the control action (i.e. the BESS power output) consists in the contribution of two additive terms: the regulating power, proportional to the frequency...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the allocation of frequency control services (FCSs) from aggregated resources of active distribution systems (ARADSs) for balancing the transmission system while considering credible contingencies as well as forecast error of loads and generations through scenarios. First the paper introduces a generic framework for modeling AR...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper discusses the model identification, validation and experimental testing of current-to-voltage dynamic circuit models for a grid-connected MW-class battery. The model refers to an utility-scale 720 kVA/560 kWh battery energy storage system (BESS) and is used in a model predictive control framework to forecast the evolution of the battery D...
Preprint
Full-text available
Multiple research works and power systems operational practices have qualitatively associated the progressive connection of stochastic renewable energy resources with the increase of power systems reserve requirements. At the same time, the price and technology of MW-class Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESSs) have considerably improved, which ope...
Article
In this paper, the problem of dispatching the operation of a distribution feeder comprising a set of heterogeneous resources is investigated. The main objective is to track a power trajectory, called the dispatch plan, which is computed the day before the beginning of operation. In this paper, we propose a method to optimally compute the dispatch p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the field validation of a method that performs steady-state model synthesis (SSMS) of active distribution networks using syncrophasor measurements. The validation is performed by applying the SSMS method on a real active distribution feeder network by utilizing the measurements from real Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) installed...
Article
Full-text available
One of the key aspects enabling the bulk integration of photovoltaic (PV) resources into the power grid is the short-term prediction of the maximum available power (from 100 ms to 5 minutes), and the quantification of the associated uncertainties. This is beneficial for the definition of robust control strategies able to account for the stochastic...
Article
Dispatching active distribution networks is expected to play an important role in the smart grid technologies. Voltage control is also starting to be widely proposed to avoid voltage violations in the electrical grid. The integration of the storage in the so called smart transformer (ST), which is a solid state transformer with control and communic...
Article
We compute an optimal day-ahead dispatch plan for distribution networks with stochastic resources and batteries, while accounting for grid and battery losses. We formulate and solve a scenario-based AC Optimal Power Flow (OPF), which is by construction non-convex. We explain why the existing relaxation methods do not apply and we propose a novel it...
Article
Due to the increasing proportion of distributed photovoltaic (PV) production in the generation mix, the knowledge of the PV generation capacity has become a key factor. In this work, we propose to compute the PV plant maximum power starting from the indirectly-estimated irradiance. Three estimators are compared in terms of i) ability to compute the...