Fabrizio Passarini

Fabrizio Passarini
University of Bologna | UNIBO · "Toso Montanari" Department of Industrial Chemistry CHIMIND

Professor

About

107
Publications
39,422
Reads
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3,907
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2021 - present
University of Bologna
Position
  • Full Professor
Description
  • Full Professor
September 2014 - September 2021
University of Bologna
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2002 - September 2014
University of Bologna
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
November 1996 - March 2000
Università Ca' Foscari Venezia
Field of study
  • Chemistry
October 1991 - July 1996
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Industrial chemistry

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
A 2-year monitoring campaign was carried out within the Marche Region (Italy) to quantify the potential still edible wasted food (seFW) within the sorted (seFW sorted ) and unsorted (seFW unsorted ) waste streams. Results were elaborated to estimate the distribution of seFW among the five provinces and the amount per capita. Results in terms of tot...
Article
The synthesis of bio-based functional molecules and their further conversion to value-added products are among the most investigated research fields within the green chemistry community. In this work, we review the preparation of bio-based glycidol and its use as starting material for other chemicals. Herein, we discuss the catalytic approach for t...
Article
Sustainability and environmental impact assessment are essential to orient new generation of materials for building and construction. In this study, life cycle assessment was applied to a set of 21 mural paints produced by a paint factory in Italy. Data collection covered upstream processes (i.e., raw materials extraction and supply), the core proc...
Article
Full-text available
The 2021 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, for the first time, stated that CO2 removal will be necessary to meet our climate goals. However, there is a cost to accomplish CO2 removal or mitigation that varies by source. Accordingly, a sensible strategy to prevent climate change begins by mitigating emission sources requiring...
Article
There are important questions surrounding the potential contribution of outdoor and indoor air quality in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and perpetuation of COVID-19 epidemic waves. Environmental health may be a critical component of COVID-19 prevention. The public health community and health agencies should consider the evolving evidence in their...
Article
Full-text available
The inhabitants of the world are expected to grow by two billion in the next two decades; as population increases, food demand rises too, leading to more intensive resource exploitation and greater negative externalities related to food production. In this paper the environmental impact of meals provided in school canteens are analysed through the...
Article
Raw materials form an industrial base to provide the wide range of products and services demanded by industry and society. In particular, manganese, nickel, and natural graphite are examples of materials having a globally consolidated supply chain with interlinked use in steelmaking and essential role in clean energy systems and e-mobility. A stabl...
Article
Full-text available
Due to increased awareness of the current and future issues with the environment, sustainable development has become a well-known concept and goal in the last decades. Based on this idea, organic agriculture is now fairly generalized in many farms and grape processing factories. Life cycle assessment (LCA) represents a valuable and standardized tec...
Article
The combined steam/dry reforming (S/DR) technology was used to produce syngas from clean biogas. In the reaction conditions proposed, the catalytic bed can produce, without deactivation, a syngas with a H2/CO ratio of ≈2 directly processable for methanol or Fischer-Tropsch syntheses. Starting from the laboratory data obtained in the industrial cond...
Article
Full-text available
The sustainability of agricultural practices is a key element for an effective implementation of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, particularly relating to ending poverty and hunger, responding to climate change and supporting the natural resources. As part of ongoing research and improvement in this field, this study aims to apply Life Cycle...
Article
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The aim of this concept paper is the description of a new tool to support institutions in the implementation of targeted countermeasures, based on quantitative and multi-scale elements, for the fight and prevention of emergencies, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. The tool is a cloud-based centralized system; a multi-user platform that relies...
Article
Full-text available
The transition towards renewable energy sources and “green” technologies for energy generation and storage is expected to mitigate the climate emergency in the coming years [...]
Preprint
Full-text available
Aim of this paper is the description of a new tool to support institutions in the implementation of targeted countermeasures, based on quantitative and multi-scale elements, for the fight and prevention of emergencies, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. The tool is a centralized system (web application), single multi-user platform, which relies...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives A number of studies have shown that the airborne transmission route could spread some viruses over a distance of 2 meters from an infected person. An epidemic model based only on respiratory droplets and close contact could not fully explain the regional differences in the spread of COVID-19 in Italy. On March 16th 2020, we presented a p...
Article
Copper is widely used in modern technology, but declining ore grades and depletion of natural deposits have raised concerns regarding sustainable demand-supply balance in the long term. The vulnerability to primary copper supply restrictions amplifies for countries dependant on imports, notably many EU Member States. Recycling of post-consumer scra...
Article
Full-text available
Background The burden of COVID-19 was extremely severe in Northern Italy, an area characterized by high concentrations of particulate matter (PM), which is known to negatively affect human health. Consistently with evidence already available for other viruses, we initially hypothesized the possibility of SARS-CoV-2 presence on PM, and we performed...
Article
Full-text available
A number of nations were forced to declare a total shutdown due to COVID-19 infection, as extreme measure to cope with dramatic impact of the pandemic, with remarkable consequences both in terms of negative health outcomes and economic loses. However, in many countries a “Phase-2” is approaching and many activities will re-open soon, although with...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic caused the shutdown of entire nations all over the world. In addition to mobility restrictions of people, the World Health Organization and the Governments have prescribed maintaining an inter-personal distance of 1.5 or 2 meters (about 6 feet) from each other in order to minimize the risk of contagion through the droplets tha...
Preprint
Full-text available
In previous communications, we have hypothesized the possibility that SARS-CoV-2 virus could be present on particulate matter (PM) during the spreading of the infection, consistently with evidence already available for other viruses. Here, we present the first results of the analyses that we have performed on 34 PM10 samples of outdoor/airborne PM1...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background An epidemic model based only on respiratory droplets and close contact could not fully explain the regional differences in the spread of the recent severe acute respiratory syndrome COVID-19 in Italy, which was fast and dramatic only in Lombardy and Po Valley. On March 16 th 2020, we presented a Position Paper proposing a research hypoth...
Article
The individual effects of nitrate, chloride and sulphate on weathering steel appearance, patina composition, corrosion rate and metal release (Fe, Cr, Mn, Cu, Ni) were investigated by accelerated ageing with anion solutions at environmental concentrations. The anions influence the growth and evolution of corrosion products in the following order: S...
Chapter
The application of a life-cycle perspective within the industrial sector may help companies in supporting all the planning activities aimed to promote new business opportunities. The usage of LCA is a common practice in corporates working in the field of chemistry. The development and production of fine/bulk chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, pe...
Article
Heterogeneous photocatalysis may diversify and augment access to unconventional water sources like wastewater. However, the energy embodied in water treatment and supply in photocatalytic systems make process efficiency considerations and environmental impacts assessment of primary relevance towards the setting of sustainable strategies. In this wo...
Article
Sustainable management strategies for securing long–term supply of rare earth elements is priority for Europe due to a complex and interlinked production chain and its dependence on Chinese export. Among rare earth elements, neodymium captured most attention due to its essential role in a wide spectrum of applications including green–energy technol...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of a “circular economy”, in which material in society is regarded as “a transient phase in anthropogenic resource utilization”, is a growing topic for discussion. The primary motivations for supporting a circular economy include a reduction of environmental impacts and conservation of natural resources. Australia is a vivid example of a...
Article
The present work was performed because of the paramount importance of terephthalic acid (PTA) in the current chemical industry. It represents the missing element for the production of 100% bio-PET (polyethylene terephthalate) and has a market in continuous growth. The other monomer, mono ethylene glycol (MEG), is already widely available from renew...
Article
Homologation of bio-ethanol to butanol and higher alcohols by means of Guerbet reaction has been performed with a novel ruthenium based bifunctional catalyst under homogeneous conditions in the presence of a basic co-catalyst. Reaction screening demonstrated that the new catalyst shows conversions and selectivity comparable with some of ruthenium b...
Article
Full-text available
Phase-out strategies for incandescent bulbs in favor of advanced energy-efficiency lighting systems such as fluorescent lamps and solid-state technology have considerably reduced the energy use for lighting, but have also resulted in dependence on many critical materials like rare earth elements and shifted the attention to sustainable use and reco...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EC Raw Materials System Analysis (MSA) was carried out in 2015 for 28 materials . The MSA study investigates the flows of materials through the EU economy in terms of entry into the EU, flows through the economy, stock accumulation, and end-of-life management, e.g., through disposal or recovery in the EU-28. The MSA study is a follow-up of the...
Article
Full-text available
The selective preparation of monoalkylglyceryl ethers (MAGEs) is an active task of research due to their broad range of applications. In this work, green feedstocks such as glycidol and alcohols were used to prepare MAGEs under mild reaction conditions (80°C, 3h, 0.5% in moles of catalyst) in the presence of acid heterogeneous catalysts. Nafion sho...
Article
Full-text available
With increased understanding of the effects of human activities on the environment and added awareness of the increasing societal value of natural resources, researchers have begun to focus on the characterization of elemental cycles. Indium has captured significant attention due to the potential for supply shortages and nonexistent recycling at en...
Article
The growing interest for new routes to obtain acetonitrile led to the development of catalysts active towards the ammoxidation of various substrates. Among these, a C2 molecule such as ethanol represents a good choice in terms of atom economy and, being renewable, sets the basis for a long-term sustainable process. This paper describes a fully inte...
Article
The aim of this work is to evaluate how the environmental impacts of the Romagna Compost composting plant (central Italy) have changed as a consequence of its expansion and adaptation. This led to a considerable evolution of the plant, from a traditional composting process to an integrated anaerobic-aerobic system. For this purpose, the Life Cycle...
Article
In order to evaluate the influence of pellet quality classes, as defined by the ISO 17225-2, particulate matter and gaseous pollutants were characterized for different class fueled pellets in the emissions of a stove at partial and nominal load. Total suspended particulate (TSP) was sampled with a dilution system, then characterized for total carbo...
Article
The disposal of any waste by recovering it within the production plant represents the ultimate goal of every bio-refinery. In this scenario, the selective preparation of monoalkyl glyceryl ethers (MAGEs) starting from glycidol, obtained as by-product in the epichlorohydrin production plant, represents a very promising strategy. Here we report the s...
Article
A new procedure based on switchable hydrophilicity solvents (SHS) was proposed for polyethylene and aluminium recovery from food aseptic packaging. Treatment with N, N-dimethylcyclohexylamine (DMCHA) allowed very high material recovery (>99% for aluminium and >80% for polyethylene), without compromising the quality in terms of oxidation or polymer...
Article
Copper is among the most important metals by production volume and variety of applications, providing essential materials and goods for human wellbeing. Compared to other world regions, Europe has modest natural reserves of copper and is highly dependent on imports to meet the domestic demand. Securing access to raw materials is of strategic releva...
Article
Full-text available
Italy, like every country member of the European Union (EU), will have to achieve the objectives required by the Energy Roadmap 2050. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the environmental impacts of residue recovery arising from the management of public and private green feedstocks, activity of the cooperative "Green City" in the Bologna distr...
Article
More than any other material, plastic is likely the commodity that has changed and characterized everyday life in the last 60 years. Although fairly young, the petrochemical industry has grown rapidly and moved to a variety of products and applications that has become one of the biggest industries worldwide. Notwithstanding such a presence in the m...
Article
Surface and building runoff can significantly contribute to the total metal loading in urban runoff waters, with potential adverse effects on the receiving ecosystems. The present paper analyses the corrosion-induced metal dissolution (Fe, Mn, Cr, Ni, Cu) from weathering steel (Cor-Ten A) with or without artificial patinas, exposed for 3 years in u...
Article
The present work deals with the production of glycidol through a new synthetic approach based on the conversion of 2-chloro-1,3-propanediol (β-MCH), a by-product in the epichlorohydrin production plant. β-MCH was converted with high yield (90%) and selectivity (99%) to glycidol using an alcoholic solution of KOH at room temperature in only 30 minut...
Article
In the past few decades, innovative approaches such as Green Chemistry and Green Engineering have come out in order to set the basic principles for a more sustainable chemical industry. However, researchers also need a more scientific and quantitative tool to address the sustainability behind the application of those principles. Therefore, a multi-...
Article
The amount of bottom ash produced in Italy from municipal solid waste incinerators is estimated at over a million tons per year. Up to now, it has almost all been disposed of in landfills. Therefore, large profit margins, from both the economic and environmental standpoint, can be expected from the recovery of this material, or at least from a frac...
Article
In order to evaluate non-steady phase contribution to the total emissions of a pellet stove in real domestic operations, particulate matter and gaseous emissions were determined separately for different operating conditions, i.e. ignition, partial load, increase in power and nominal load. TSP (Total suspended particulate) was sampled with a dilutio...
Article
The aim of this study is to assess indoor air quality in an educational institute located in a suburban area of the Po plain (Italy). Samplings are carried out in preschool and elementary school classrooms, and also in the garden of the institute, to have information on outdoor levels. The monitoring is performed to determine the most important ind...
Article
Many examples of symbiosis processes studied within the context of industrial research could be applied in Italian productive system, so as to make related environmental improvement an attractive process for industrial stakeholders. By now, Industrial Symbiosis is not systematically applied because of some difficulties mainly related to regulations...
Article
Pharmaceutical chemicals are complex, high value added products that typically impose significantly greater impacts on the environment per kilogram compared to basic chemicals. A variety of green metrics have been developed to guide the design of chemistries and processes that are more sustainable. Among these Process Mass Intensity (PMI) was selec...
Article
Full-text available
Glycerol is an important bio-platform molecule, potentially usable for the synthesis of various chemicals and fuel additives, the synthesis of acrolein by dehydration being one of the most studied reactions. Through the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology we investigated the production of acrolein from glycerol, by comparing two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator located in Rimini province (Italy) has been monitored for 15 years in order to assess its environmental impact. An integrated environmental monitoring system was designed and implemented over the years. Furthermore, the impact assessment was supported by other tools, such as life cycle analysis (LCA) and risk ass...
Article
Standard material flow analysis (MFA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) models were combined to analyze the historical evolution of greenhouse gas emissions of Italian aluminum over the years 1960-2009 with the aim of providing key features to Italy for prioritizing future industrial and environmental policies. Annual greenhouse gas emissions were ca...
Article
The study focuses on analysing the evolution of environmental impacts caused by a medium–large Italian WtE plant before and after revamping and maintenance operations, with the aim of providing an evaluation of how much these structural upgrade measures may affect the total environmental performance. LCA methodology was applied for the modelling an...
Article
The aim of this study is to apply the LCA methodology to the industrial chemical sector, in order to compare the traditional process for acrylonitrile production from propylene with alternative routes starting from propane, while assessing which one is the cleaner production in terms of sustainability, from a life cycle perspective. The model creat...
Article
This report briefly presents the aims and the fields of interest of the Environmental and Cultural Heritage Division (Italian Chemical Society) and the issues addressed during its national congress, held in Rimini in June 2013. The broad range of topics raised by different speakers, the variety of affiliations and institutions participating at the...
Article
The transportation sector constitutes the major end-use market for aluminium-containing products and expectations for the future do indicate that aluminium will increase at 140 kg per vehicle. Moreover, up to 75 % aluminium recycled in Europe is used in transportation: thus, metal scrap recovered from ELVs is a key lever to act for closing material...
Article
In order to determine the pollution sources in a suburban area and identify the main direction of their origin, PM2.5 was collected with samplers coupled with a wind select sensor and then subjected to Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) analysis. In each sample, soluble ions, organic carbon, elemental carbon, levoglucosan, metals, and Polycyclic A...
Article
Full-text available
End-of-life vehicles (ELV) have become a global concern as automobiles have become popular worldwide. An international workshop was held to gather data and to discuss 3R policies and ELV recycling systems, their background and present situation, outcomes of related policies and programs, the framework of recycling and waste management, and case stu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Biomass provides an attractive solution for residential heating systems based on renewable fuels, even though biomass-based domestic heating systems are recognized as significant particulate matter emitters; thus, a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was used in the study to compare two different appliances: a wood stove and a pellet stov...
Article
Full-text available
Life Cycle Assessment methodology was applied to the industrial sector, with the aim to evaluate the environmental sustainability of different chemical processes. In particular, the ammoxidation reaction to produce acrylonitrile was chosen as a case study, comparing the environmental loads of the traditional process (SOHIO) with the alternative rou...
Article
Industrial Symbiosis is strongly encouraged by European Commission, as described in the COM (2012) 582 - A Stronger European Industry for Growth and Economic Recovery and in related documents. In this work Italian efforts to introduce the legislation will be analyzed and compared with the international state of the art.
Article
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the opportunities existing on the Italian territory and the useful experiences realized in this area for purposes of development of a joint system (businesses - institutional bodies) intended to apply Industrial Symbiosis and to disseminate the methodology. Pilot projects, undertaken or in progress in the region...
Article
In order to assess the contribution of a Municipal Solid Waste incinerator to the area's total contamination, metals and soluble ions have been determined in bulk deposition collected at sites affected by different levels of plant emissions, according to the results of the Calpuff air dispersion model. Results show that in general fluxes monitored...
Article
Dynamic stocks and flows analysis was applied to the anthropogenic aluminum cycle in Italy in order to detect and quantify metal flows and in-use stocks over the years 1947-2009. The model utilized a top-down approach, including data for production, consumption, loss, and trade flows of aluminum. Seven end-use markets were considered, namely buildi...
Article
The characterization of corrosion patinas on bronzes is preliminarily connected to the determination of proper conservation strategies. Moreover, it also provides an essential contribution to the comprehension of the mechanisms of formation of patinas. Concerning the last aspect, several studies highlighted that bronze corrosion behaviour cannot be...