# Fabrizio NieriTrinity College Dublin | TCD · Hamilton Mathematics Institute

Fabrizio Nieri

PhD

## About

22

Publications

2,595

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413

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Introduction

My broad research interests lie at the interface between the physics and mathematics of Quantum Field Theory and String Theory, especially in exact results and non-perturbative dualities, with a particular focus on the emergence of algebraic and integrable structures in that context.

Additional affiliations

## Publications

Publications (22)

We consider two seemingly different theories in the $\Omega$-background: one arises upon the most generic Higgsing of a 5d $\mathcal{N}=1$ $\text{U}(N)$ gauge theory coupled to matter, yielding a 3d-1d intersecting defect; the other one arises upon simple Higgsing of a 5d $\mathcal{N}=1$ $\text{U}(N|M)$ supergroup gauge theory coupled to super-matt...

We consider 5d supersymmetric gauge theories with unitary groups in the $\Omega$-background and study codim-2/4 BPS defects supported on orthogonal planes intersecting at the origin along a circle. The intersecting defects arise upon implementing the most generic Higgsing (geometric transition) to the parent higher dimensional theory, and they are...

We construct an ϵ-deformation of W algebras, corresponding to the additive version of q-deformed quiver W algebras which feature prominently in the 5d version of the BPS/CFT correspondence and refined topological strings on toric Calabi-Yau's. This new type of algebras fill in the missing intermediate level between q-deformed and ordinary W algebra...

We construct an ϵ-deformation of W algebras, corresponding to the additive version of q-deformed quiver W algebras which feature prominently in the 5d version of the BPS/CFT correspondence and refined topological strings on toric Calabi-Yau's. This new type of algebras fill in the missing intermediate level between q-deformed and ordinary W algebra...

A bstract
We consider 4d $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 1 gauge theories with R-symmetry on a hemisphere times a torus. We apply localization techniques to evaluate the exact partition function through a cohomological reformulation of the supersymmetry transformations. Our results represent the natural elliptic lifts of the lower dimensional analogs as well...

We consider 4d $\mathcal{N}=1$ gauge theories with R-symmetry on a hemisphere times a torus. We apply localization techniques to evaluate the exact partition function through a cohomological reformulation of the supersymmetry transformations. Our results represent the natural elliptic lifts of the lower dimensional analogs as well as a field theore...

Inspired by 5d supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories placed on the compact space $\mathbb{S}^5$, we propose an intriguing algebraic construction for the $q$-Virasoro algebra. We show that, when multiple $q$-Virasoro "chiral" sectors have to be fused together, a natural $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$ structure arises. This construction, which we call the...

We consider type IIB SL(2,Z) symmetry to relate the partition functions of different 5d supersymmetric Abelian linear quiver Yang-Mills theories in the Ω-background and squashed S5 background. By Higgsing S-dual theories, we extract new and old 3d mirror pairs. Generically, the Higgsing procedure yields 3d defects on intersecting spaces, and we der...

We consider type IIB $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ symmetry to relate the partition functions of different 5d supersymmetric Abelian linear quiver Yang-Mills theories in the $\Omega$-background and squashed $S^5$ background. By Higgsing S-dual theories, we extract new and old 3d mirror pairs. Generically, the Higgsing procedure yields 3d defects on intersecti...

We consider $U(N)$ SQCD on $S^5$ and propose a Higgs branch-like expression for its partition function. We support the result by arguing that the knowledge of certain BPS codimension 2 and 4 defects arising from Higgsing is enough to reconstruct the bulk partition function, and that the defect partition functions satisfy a set of non-perturbative S...

We consider U(N) SQCD on S5 and propose a Higgs branch-like expression for its partition function. We support the result by arguing that the knowledge of certain BPS codimension 2 and 4 defects arising from Higgsing is enough to reconstruct the bulk partition function, and that the defect partition functions satisfy a set of non-perturbative Schwin...

A bstract
We propose a set of novel expansions of Nekrasov’s instanton partition functions. Focusing on 5d supersymmetric pure Yang-Mills theory with unitary gauge group on $$ {\mathrm{\mathbb{C}}}_{q,{t}^{-1}}^2\times {\mathbb{S}}^1 $$ ℂ q , t − 1 2 × S 1 , we show that the instanton partition function admits expansions in terms of partition funct...

We define an elliptic deformation of the Virasoro algebra. We argue that the
$\mathbb{R}^4\times \mathbb{T}^2$ Nekrasov partition function reproduces the
chiral blocks of this algebra. We support this proposal by showing that at
special points in the moduli space the 6d Nekrasov partition function reduces
to the partition function of a 4d vortex th...

We study partition functions of 3d $\mathcal{N}=2$ U(N) gauge theories on compact manifolds which are $S^1$ fibrations over $S^2$. We show that the partition functions are free field correlators of vertex operators and screening charges of the $q$-Virasoro modular double, which we define. The inclusion of supersymmetric Wilson loops in arbitrary re...

We consider 4d supersymmetric (special) unitary $\Gamma$ quiver gauge theories on compact manifolds which are $T^2$ fibrations over $S^2$. We show that their partition functions are correlators of vertex operators and screening charges of the modular double version of elliptic $W_{q,t;q'}(\Gamma)$ algebras. We also consider a generating function of...

In this thesis we study partition functions of supersymmetric gauge theories on compact backgrounds in various dimensions, with particular focus on infinite dimensional symmetry algebras encoded in these observables. The compact space partition functions of the considered theories can be decomposed into products of holomorphic blocks which are iden...

We study N=1 theories on Hermitian manifolds of the form M^4=S^1xM^3 with M^3
a U(1) fibration over S^2, and their 3d N=2 reductions. These manifolds admit
an Heegaard-like decomposition in solid tori D^2xT^2 and D^2xS^1. We prove that
when the 4d and 3d anomalies are cancelled the matrix integrands in the Coulomb
branch partition functions can be...

We analyze \( \mathcal{N} = 1 \) theories on S
5 and S
4 × S
1, showing how their partition functions can be written in terms of a set of fundamental 5d holomorphic blocks. We demonstrate that, when the 5d mass parameters are analytically continued to suitable values, the S
5 and S
4 × S
1 partition functions degenerate to those for S
3 and S
2 × S...

3d \({\mathcal{N}=2}\) partition functions on the squashed three-sphere \({S^{3}_{b}}\) and on the twisted product \({S^{2} \times S^{1}}\) have been shown to factorize into sums of squares of solid tori partition functions, the so-called holomorphic blocks. The same set of holomorphic blocks realizes \({S^{3}_{b}}\) and \({S^{2} \times S^{1}}\) pa...

We study at quantum level correlators of supersymmetric Wilson loops with
contours lying on Hopf fibers of $S^3$. In $\mathcal{N}=4$ SYM theory the
strong coupling analysis can be performed using the AdS/CFT correspondence and
a connected classical string surface, linking two different fibers, is
presented. More precisely, the string solution descr...

This thesis is organized as follows. In Chapter 1, we will introduce one side of the AdS/CFT correspondence, namely SYM4. We will show how to derive its action, and we will discuss the symmetries and some general aspects of the spectrum, objects that will play an essential role in the definition of the Correspondence. In Chapter 2, we will review t...

## Projects

Project (1)